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The aim of the study is to investigate and compare two strategies of portion control in toddlers aged 24 to 59 months (snack replacement and snack reduction). The investigators aim to compare the effect of these strategies on habitual dietary intake (total energy intake (kcal), sugar intake (g), intake of fruits and vegetables, and intake at a test meal provided in the home (total energy intake (kcal) and intake of each component of the meal, e.g. intake of vegetables). Outcome measures will be compared to baseline within strategies and also between strategies to explore which portion control strategy might be most effective.
Research suggests that individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) experience low motivation for change (Skodal, Buckley, & Charles, 1983). Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT; Linehan, 1993) includes commitment strategies that are designed to improve motivation. No studies have examined the effectiveness of these strategies. The proposed study will evaluate the efficacy of a brief DBT intervention consisting of commitment strategies plus skills training for people who self-harm. Participants will be randomly assigned to either a single orientation session of (1) commitment strategies plus psychoeducation or (2) psychoeducation. Immediately following their orientation session, all participants will be enrolled in a 90 minute group skills training session. Primary outcomes include autonomous motivation and frequency of self harm behaviours. Assessments will be conducted at six time points: baseline, after the initial orientation session, after the skills training group session, and at one week, one month, and three month follow-up