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Venous thromboembolism (VTE - blood clots that form in deep veins or in the lungs) has been identified as a leading cause of death in economically developed countries for pregnant and recently-pregnant women. There is evidence that clotting parameters can take up to 6 weeks to return to normal for women who have had term deliveries, however there is an absence of information on time taken for clotting parameters to normalise following abortion. As such, existing guidelines are based solely on expert opinion and recommend durations of VTE prevention from as short as 7 days, up to 6 weeks following abortion. All women are assessed for risk of VTE, but data are needed to inform an evidence-based approach to prevention of VTE in these women. The findings from this pilot study have the potential to inform clinical guidance and possibly a larger study subsequently.
In the Republic of Georgia, the medical abortion regimen involves three in-person visits. This study aims to pilot and evaluate a simplified medical abortion service delivery model that will reduce the number of in-person visits to only one visit for diagnosis and counseling. Medication will be mailed along with two multi-level pregnancy tests to study participants, who will assess their abortion outcome at home.
This study aims to assess efficacy and safety outcomes of a model of abortion care implemented in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The study involves telehealth for counseling and information, to maintain social distancing, but requires participants to pick up their medications in the clinic in keeping with the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) requirements. The study will compare efficacy of this model to usual in-clinic care based on published rates. It will also investigate participant acceptability and feasibility of this model of care.
The investigators plan a trial comparing telephone consultations for women requesting early medical abortion (EMA - under 10 weeks pregnant) to regular face-to-face consultations. In Scotland, 7 out of 10 women having an abortion choose EMA. The clinic visit to discuss EMA is lengthy (2-3 hours). Much time is spent between having tests and waiting to consult a doctor or nurse. Women can struggle with time off work or childcare for lengthy daytime appointments. There is some evidence from other countries that telephone consultations for EMA are a safe and acceptable alternative. In this study, women seeking EMA will be randomised to face-to-face (standard care) or a planned telephone consultation (in advance of the clinic visit). The investigators will determine the success of the EMA in both groups, women' satisfaction with the consultation and possible advantages and disadvantages. If telephone consultations prove to be effective and acceptable then this will change EMA provision throughout Scotland.
The research question begin addressed by this study is "Is Very Early Medical Abortion (VEMA - before a pregnancy is visible on ultrasound scan) as effective as medical abortion when performed later and an intrauterine pregnancy can be visualised with ultrasound?". This is important to patients and public, because delays to abortion care can cause mental distress, and pain and bleeding are worse at later gestations. The study is examining whether earlier or delayed administration of abortion medications affects the efficacy and side effects of the medical abortion process, in women with very early pregnancies. Any women who had a positive pregnancy test, requesting abortion, but did not have a visible pregnancy on ultrasound scan could take part in the study. Women with signs, symptoms or ultrasound findings suggesting ectopic pregnancy would not be included. This study will be conducted at a community sexual and reproductive health centre that provides abortion care. The participants will be involved in the study for a maximum period of 4 weeks. They will be randomly allocated to either immediate abortion care or delayed abortion care. In each arm of the study they will receive clinical care that they would otherwise routinely receive. In addition to this, they will receive a telephone call follow up with a short questionnaire to complete over the phone. This study is being conducted in Scotland but the results will be combined with findings from similar research groups across Europe as part of a consortium of researchers. This consortium is coordinated by the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden.
This study aims to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of dispensing mifepristone via a mail-order pharmacy. The investigators will recruit patients at up to 10-15 primary care and internal medicines sites not currently providing abortion services around the country. Patients will go through routine in clinic visits to determine eligibility and then will receive the medications in the mail at their preferred address. The investigators will survey patients 3 and 14 days after the initial clinic visit and interview providers at the end of the study.
This randomized trial will evaluate the effect of adding auriculotherapy (i.e. acupuncture applied to the ear) using either gold beads or Pyonex needles in addition to usual care for the relief of pain and anxiety during medication abortion. The control group will receive placebo auriculotherapy plus usual care. Participants will receive the assigned treatment immediately after they receive their initial abortion medication. The investigators will assess pain and anxiety via text message once daily for four days, and in person at a one-week follow-up visit.
The investigators are conducting a study on pain control for dilation and curettage (D&C). Participants are eligible to enroll if they are a planning to have a D&C in a participating clinic. The investigators are studying how different ratios of medication to liquid affect pain when injected around the cervix. Both potential methods use the same dose of medication, though researchers would like to know which one works better. To be in this study, participants must be over the age of 18 with an early pregnancy loss or undesired pregnancy measuring less than 12 weeks gestation undergoing D&C while awake in clinic.
The majority of abortions in the United Kingdom (UK) are performed before 9 weeks (63 days) gestation using a method known as Early Medical Abortion (EMA). EMA involves an assessment visit and provision of two types of medication . The assessment visit usually involves Ultrasound to confirm gestation, detailed personal history, safeguarding assessment and contraception planning, before arranging treatment and follow up. The process is long and lots of information is given to women attending the service. In NHS Lothian (National Health Service, Lothian Health Board), the average appointment length for combined assessment and provision of the first part of treatment is 3 hours. Despite how common abortion is ( 1 in 3), many women presenting for abortion care are not aware of what the procedure will involve. This may in part to the social stigma surrounding abortion and unintended pregnancy in general. This stigma can in turn result in feelings of anxiety and shame about the decision to terminate a pregnancy. There is evidence that short videos shown to patients prior to abortion or contraception consultations can improve their ability to recall information and can make them feel more confident about the procedure. Additionally, abortion care providers have found patients who have seen videos to be better prepared and informed and this allows consultations to progress more easily and allow greater time for discussion of contraceptive methods. We have prepared a video approximately 3 minutes in length to provide information about EMA. It summarises the process described above using simple language and animated characters. The video has been translated into French, Portuguese and Swedish and has been adapted to reflect subtle differences in practice and law in these countries. We have partners in services in these three countries who will be conducting the trial there in accordance with this protocol and their own local ethics and clinical governance requirements.
This mixed-methods study follows a prospective cohort of patients receiving Mifeprex ® (mifepristone) for medication abortion dispensed by pharmacists after undergoing standard clinical evaluation. Women participating in this study will obtain mifepristone and misoprostol from the pharmacy instead of in the clinic. To assess feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of pharmacy dispensing of mifepristone, the study will survey patients, evaluate their clinical outcomes from electronic health records, and survey and interview pharmacists at study sites.