View clinical trials related to Anesthesia.Filter by:
To determine whether the addition of erector spinae plane (ESP) catheters to existing multimodal analgesic regimen with intrathecal morphine provides superior postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing hepatic resection compared with patients not receiving ESP catheters.
Recovery from surgery is a complex process, depending on the characteristics of the patient, the anesthesia used, and the time required for surgical management. In the context of emergency surgery, the perioperative period is associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality, which may lead us to suspect an alteration in the quality of recovery. Different scales to measure the quality of post-operative recovery have been developed. The QoR-40 and QoR-15 questionnaires assess recovery after elective surgery.These scoring tools accurately measure postoperative recovery by addressing key domains: pain, physical comfort, physical independence, psychological support and emotional state. Their use is recommended as an endpoint for assessing patient comfort in clinical trials, according to the Standardized Endpoints in Perioperative Medicine (StEP) initiative. In addition, monitoring of the QoR-15 is recommended by the American Society for Enhanced Recovery. A recent French translation of the QoR-15 score has been validated for use in scheduled surgery. All of these scores, regardless of the language in which they are translated, have been developed and validated in patients who have undergone scheduled surgery. Until now, no validated scoring tool has been available to assess recovery after emergency surgery, whether traumatological or not.
The study's primary aim is to develop and validate a multivariable diagnostic model for the prediction of difficult videolaryngoscopy (the 'PeDiAC classification') in children undergoing general anesthesia with tracheal intubation. The secondary aim is to compare the diagnostic performance of the PeDiAC-classification with the Cormack-Lehane classification.
The anesthetic techniques for videolaparoscopic surgery include general anesthesia, and locoregional anesthesia in association with general anesthesia in order to reduce or abolish post-operative pain with a simultaneous reduction in the use of opioids and days of hospital stay. From the studies published so far on videolaparoscopic surgery in general, it is clear that the transversus abdominal plane (TAP) block could have a role in reducing the stretch wall pain secondary to pneumoperitoneum and incisional, although its role in this regard is not yet clear, nor significant statistically results have been produced. The use of erector spinae plane (ESP) block for the management of visceral pain is finding more and more space in the literature, with promising results. For videolaparoscopic gynecological surgery, the techniques of locoregional anesthesia studied in association with general anesthesia, up to now, include wall blocks, TAP block and ESP block, while neuraxial anesthesia has no indications in this regard. Although videolaparoscopic hysterectomy is considered less painful than the open-abdomen technique, it requires careful management of post-operative pain. The pain of this surgery is the result of the sum of incisional pain, at the insertion points of the laparoscopic trocars, pain due to pneumoperitoneum usually referred to the shoulder, and visceral pain purely dependent on surgical maneuvers. There is currently no strong evidence to support the use of locoregional anesthesia techniques in videolaparoscopic gynecological surgery. Few studies have been produced about this topic, and they are mostly case series or randomized controlled trials that take into consideration only one technique among those possible. To date, no study compares the various techniques to evaluate the possible superiority of one over the other. In our hospital anesthesists carry out, in normal clinical practice, all the aforementioned local anesthesia techniques. The purpose of our work is to evaluate, with a randomized non-sponsored study, the efficacy of the ESP block and the TAP block for intra and post-operative pain control in videolaparoscopic hysterectomy, and to compare the two techniques. Based on the evidence available in the literature, the two techniques are already part of the current clinical practice of the Anesthesia Unit of our hospital and the choice of one technique over the other is based on anesthetist clinical evaluation to date. The anesthetists involved in the study are adequately trained on both anesthetic procedures.
A multicenter, randomized, open-label, active controlled pragmatic clinical trial that evaluates the safety and efficacy of S (+) -ketamine for postoperative acute pain in adults in perioperative settings.
Obesity is an important public health problem all over the world, and its prevalence is increasing every year. In obesity, significant changes occur in the mechanical properties of the lungs and chest wall due to fat deposits in the mediastinum and abdominal cavities. Upper abdominal surgical procedures usually cause impairment of respiratory functions by affecting respiratory volume and capacity. The risk of postoperative pulmonary complications increases with the decrease in restrictive capacities, hypoxemia, and increased respiratory work. It may also be due to causes such as diaphragm dysfunction, postoperative pain, and surgical incision.Ultrasonography (USG) is a method accepted for evaluating the normal and pathological conditions of the diaphragm. M-mode is used to evaluate the anatomical and functional disorders of the diaphragm. The diaphragm evaluation is performed with the anterior approach in the supine position and with different respiratory maneuvers (sniffing, deep inspiration, normal inspiration). The aim of the study was to evaluate the diaphragm function by using USG and spirometry methods in patients who underwent bariatric surgery and to investigate the effect of postoperative pain score on diaphragm function.
Pediatric Validation of CONOX Monitoring device (qCON and qNOX indices) for anesthesia depth during surgery
The objective of the study is to investigate, in patients aged 70 years and over undergoing major non-cardiac surgery, the effect of electroencephalic (EEG)-guided anesthesia on postoperative neurocognitive disorders when controlling for intraoperative nociception, personalized blood pressure targets and using full information provided by the processed EEG monitor (including burst suppression ratio, density spectral array and raw EEG waveform). This prospective, randomized, controlled trial will be conducted in a single Canadian university hospital. Patients aged 70 years and over, undergoing elective major non-cardiac surgery will be included. The administration of sevoflurane will be adjusted to maintain a BIS value between 40 and 60, a suppression Ratio at 0%, a direct EEG display without any suppression time and a spectrogram with most of the EEG wave frequency within the alpha, theta and delta frequencies in the EEG-guided group. In the control group sevoflurane will be administered to achieve an age-adjusted minimum alveolar concentration of [0.8-1.2]. A nociception monitor will guide intraoperative opioids' infusion and individual blood pressure targets will be personalized in both groups. The primary endpoint is the incidence of neurocognitive disorder (NCD) at postoperative day 1 evaluated by the Montréal Cognitive Assessment. Secondary endpoints include the incidence of postoperative neurocognitive disorder at different timepoints and the evaluation of cognitive trajectories among EEG-guided and control groups.
The purpose of the study is to evaluatethe effects of rhomboid intercostal block( RIB ) on postoperative pain after thoracoscopic surgery compared with local anesthetic infiltration ( LA )
Pharyngeal packing is a frequently used application to reduce the incidence and severity of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients who undergo nasal surgery. This study aims to compare the pre / post-operative gastric volumes of patients with ultrasonography (USG) in order to evaluate the effectiveness of pharyngeal packing in patients undergoing nasal surgery and to show its effects on PONV. Forgetting the pharyngeal packing in the mouth in the post-operative period may cause some respiratory complications such as difficult ventilation after extubation. Therefore, its effectiveness must be proven in order to be recommended for its use despite such risks.