View clinical trials related to Anesthesia.Filter by:
In order to evaluate the efficacy and necessity of continuous non-invasive arterial pressure (CNAP) by comparing it with non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) in order to understand whether it has advantages over oscillometric technique for detection of hypotensive episodes in healthy pregnant women who underwent cesarean section (C/S) under neuraxial anesthesia. This prospective study will evaluate healthy pregnant women at term, who were scheduled for elective C/S under spinal anesthesia. Subjects were randomly assigned into 2 groups to receive either CNAP and NIBP or only NIBP. A thirty percent decrease in systolic blood pressure from either baseline or the measured values in the first two minutes, or if the systolic blood pressure was less than 90mmHg, is considered hypotension. Pre-, peri- and post-operative specifications, newborn characteristics, and complications were recorded and compared.
The purpose of this study is to determine the overall optimal timing of when the Bispectral Index (BIS) monitor should be started: before or after the muscle relaxant is given.
The investigators will be studying the sedative drug dexmedetomidine using hybrid PET/fMRI/EEG imaging to better understand the neuropharmacology of anesthesia/artificially induced sleep.
Through this quantitative, multivariate factorial experimental research of the Parallel Randomized Clinical Trial type, it is intended to analyze the effectiveness in reducing levels of anxiety, stress and pain through pre-anesthetic assessment and pain neuroscience education in patients undergoing elective total abdominal hysterectomy.
The aim of this study is to compare the anesthesia methods in percutaneous nephrolithotomy in terms of safety and effectiveness in elderly men.
Aim of this study is to determine the success of combined serratus anterior and PECS-2 block as the main anesthetic method in breast cancer surgery and also to investigate the patient acceptability of this combination and its relationship with surgeon satisfaction.
This study evaluates the influence of different dose and methods of propofol on emergence agitation(EA) through a randomized controlled trial when preschool children undergoing ambulatory surgery of inguinal hernia.
The study investigates the technical feasibility of using mobile health trackers for monitoring of hospitalized patients. Therefore the measurement accuracy of several vital parameters in postoperative hospitalized patients will be compared to clinical gold standard. Factors that could have an influence on the measurement accuracy of the mobile sensors will be investigated.Furthermore patient compliance in continous use of mobile health trackers and technical feasibility of needed data flow will be analyzed. In addition, patients' activity levels are recorded and correlated with various clinical parameters.
Rates of major complications and mortality in the first weeks after surgery remain very high: postoperative mortality is still around 2% in central Europe and the United States. Postoperative deaths are a consequence of postoperative complications. Postoperative complications that are most strongly associated with postoperative death include acute kidney injury and acute myocardial injury. To avoid postoperative complications it is thus crucial to identify and address modifiable risk factors for complications. One of these modifiable risk factors may be intraoperative hypotension. Intraoperative hypotension is associated with major postoperative complications including acute kidney injury, acute myocardial injury, and death. It remains unknown which blood pressure value should be targeted in the individual patient during surgery to avoid physiologically important intraoperative hypotension. In current clinical practice, an absolute mean arterial pressure threshold of 65mmHg is used as a lower "one-size-fits-all" intervention threshold. This "population harm threshold" is based on the results of retrospective studies. However, using this population harm threshold for all patients ignores the obvious fact that blood pressure varies considerably among individuals. In contrast to current "one-size-fits-all" perioperative blood pressure management, the investigators propose the concept of personalized perioperative blood pressure management. Specifically, the investigators propose to test the hypothesis that personalized perioperative blood pressure management reduces the incidence of a composite outcome of acute kidney injury, acute myocardial injury, non-fatal cardiac arrest, and death within 7 days after surgery compared to routine blood pressure management in high-risk patients having major abdominal surgery. The investigators will perform preoperative automated blood pressure monitoring for one night to define individual intraoperative blood pressure targets. Automated blood pressure monitoring is the clinical reference method to assess blood pressure profiles. The mission of the trial is to reduce postoperative morbidity and mortality after major surgery. The vision is to achieve this improvement in patient outcome by using the innovative concept of personalized perioperative blood pressure management. This trial is expected to change and improve current clinical practice and will have a direct impact on perioperative blood pressure management guidelines.
Aging is a physiological process. In the elderly, loss of functional reserve in all organ system, regression in anabolic processes and increase in catabolic processes are observed s (1). The number of geriatric patients is also increasing in our country. Technological developments in anesthesia and surgery technics show that we will provide medical services to more elderly patients over time(2). Cystatin C is excreted only by the kidney (7, 8). Serum cystatin C level is not affected by body muscle mass, age and gender. The half-life is short. Because of all these features, it is thought to be more sensitive than creatinine in evaluating kidney functions (8,9). In this study, it was aimed to compare the effects of low flow and normal flow desflurane anesthesia applied in geriatric patients on postoperative liver and kidney functions and serum cystatin C levels.