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In this study, we aimed to assess the cervicovaginal environment (pH, Nugent score, soluble immune factors and bacterial profile) in women with reproductive failure because of either repetitive abortion or infertility of unknown origin and compare it to that of healthy fertile women. The second objective was to evaluate the ability of Lactobacillus salivarius CECT5713 to modulate such parameters and to increase pregnancy rates in women with reproductive failure. The administration of L. salivarius CECT5713 (~9 log10 colony-forming units (CFU)/day) for 6 months or until a diagnosis of pregnancy to women with reproductive failure resulted in an overall successful (term) pregnancy rate of 56%.
The study aim to determine if medical abortion facilitated by a physician online (s.c. telemedicine), combined with a simplified physical exam, is equally effective, safe and acceptable to women in South Africa as standard medical abortion care.
The investigators plan a trial comparing telephone consultations for women requesting early medical abortion (EMA - under 10 weeks pregnant) to regular face-to-face consultations. In Scotland, 7 out of 10 women having an abortion choose EMA. The clinic visit to discuss EMA is lengthy (2-3 hours). Much time is spent between having tests and waiting to consult a doctor or nurse. Women can struggle with time off work or childcare for lengthy daytime appointments. There is some evidence from other countries that telephone consultations for EMA are a safe and acceptable alternative. In this study, women seeking EMA will be randomised to face-to-face (standard care) or a planned telephone consultation (in advance of the clinic visit). The investigators will determine the success of the EMA in both groups, women' satisfaction with the consultation and possible advantages and disadvantages. If telephone consultations prove to be effective and acceptable then this will change EMA provision throughout Scotland.
This study will assess the impact of providing medication abortion-seeking clients a choice for follow-up in practice. Clients presenting at or less than 63 days pregnant (based on last menstrual period) at the study site for first trimester medication abortion will be invited to participate. We hypothesize that providing clients with flexible follow-up options will improve follow-up rates. This study is not to assess efficacy or safety of follow-up methods--that has been well established in practice and research. This is to assess choice of follow-up.
This is a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial evaluating the use of High-frequency Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (HfTENS) compared to sham TENS for pain control during medication abortion with mifepristone and misoprostol through 70 days' gestation.
Primary Objective: To assess whether usual care plus auricular acupressure with beads reduces subject-reported maximum pain during first trimester vacuum aspiration compared to usual care plus placebo. Secondary Objective: To assess whether usual care plus auricular acupuncture with Pyonex™ needles reduces subject-reported maximum pain during first trimester vacuum aspiration as compared to usual care plus placebo. This assessment will replicate the previous trial and strengthen the evidence that auricular acupuncture is beneficial for aspiration abortion pain Exploratory Objective: To assess whether usual care plus either auricular acupressure with beads or auricular acupuncture with Pyonex™ needles reduces subject-reported anxiety scores during first trimester vacuum aspiration as compared to women receiving usual care plus placebo.
A therapeutic abortion is one of the most common procedures performed in Canada, with approximately 100,000 occurring annually. 95% of induced abortions are done surgically, with just over two thirds of these procedures taking place in the first trimester. This study will be a randomized, controlled, double-blinded, single-centre superiority trial with three parallel groups; oral morphine vs intravenous fentanyl vs intravenous ketamine. The primary outcome will be immediate post-operative pain following a first trimester therapeutic abortion as assessed using the visual analogue scale. Randomization will be performed as block randomization with a 1:1:1 allocation ratio. In total, 123 participants will be recruited and randomized, with 41 being assigned to each treatment arm. This study will be conducted at the Women's Clinic at Kingston General Hospital in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Women from Kingston and the surrounding areas are referred to this clinic and can self-refer for therapeutic abortion. The investogators hope that this research will move us towards a better form of pain control for our participants undergoing first trimester surgical abortion, without increasing length of stay, side effects, or adverse events. This, in turn, will hopefully improve access to optimal pain control to participants undergoing first trimester surgical abortion in an outpatient setting.
The investigators are conducting a study on pain control for dilation and curettage (D&C). Participants are eligible to enroll if they are a planning to have a D&C in a participating clinic. The investigators are studying how different ratios of medication to liquid affect pain when injected around the cervix. Both potential methods use the same dose of medication, though researchers would like to know which one works better. To be in this study, participants must be over the age of 18 with an early pregnancy loss or undesired pregnancy measuring less than 12 weeks gestation undergoing D&C while awake in clinic.
Dilation and Curettage (D&C) is often performed in the first trimester for surgical abortion and management of miscarriage and can be painful for patients before and after the procedure. Most procedures are performed while the patient is awake or with minimal sedation in the clinic setting, and a key component of pain control is the paracervical block, or injecting lidocaine into the tissue around the cervix1-10. A paracervical block with 20cc of 1% buffered lidocaine has been proven to provide superior pain control than a sham paracervical block13. However, many providers often use similar doses of lidocaine in a higher volume to improve pain control4-5. At UCSD and UCLA, some providers routinely use a 20cc of 1% buffered lidocaine block and some routinely use a 40cc of 0.5% buffered lidocaine block. This practice has not been studied in a randomized controlled trial. The purpose of this study is to compare pain control during D&C with a 20cc 1% buffered lidocaine with vasopressin paracervical block compared to a 40cc 0.5% buffered lidocaine with vasopressin paracervical block. An inclusion criterion for this study is that patients must specifically be referred to family planning clinics at UCSD and UCLA for an in-clinic D&C. Therefore, the D&C is a required procedure for both study groups. The only difference in care between the study groups will be which paracervical block they receive.
This study evaluates dextromethorphan as a non-opioid adjunctive medication for pain control during medication abortion. This is double-blinded, four-arm randomized controlled trial enrolling 156 women over a period of 9-12 months: Receiving narcotics+dextromethorphan, narcotics and placebo (microcrystalline cellulose), no narcotics and dextromethorphan and no narcotics and placebo (microcrystalline cellulose).