View clinical trials related to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.Filter by:
On November 13th 2015, a terrorist attack killed 129 victims in Paris. An emergency crisis unit (CUMP) has been activated in Paris in the days following the attack and a subunit was in charge to answer to the phone calls of victims and their relatives. The purpose of this observational study is to document the evolution of psychiatric symptoms among subjects who called the CUMP and to collect information about the type of medical or non-medical care they were seeking for.
This study will examine the initial feasibility of a program called Islamic Trauma Healing by conducting a small feasibility study (N = 20) of Islamic Trauma Healing in Somalia on key targets of PTSD, depression, somatic symptoms, and quality of life. The hypothesis is that those in Islamic Trauma Healing will show a reduction of PTSD symptoms, depressive symptoms, and somatic symptoms and show improvement in quality of well-being. Feasibility will also be examined by examining at retention, satisfaction, and community feedback.
This study aims to investigate the effects of MDMA on prefrontal and amygdala activation, and to explore the relationship between these MDMA-induced neural changes and the acute behavioral effects of the drug in patients with PTSD.
Many patients who survive critical illness suffer from symptoms of anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after leaving the intensive care unit (ICU). Memories of frightening and delusional experiences in the ICU appear to be the strongest potentially modifiable risk factor. Research on the formation of fear and associated memories shows that if mitigating information about a traumatic event is introduced during the time between memory formation and its recall, the emotional experience of the memory can be modified in a positive manner. This means that in order to prevent mental health problems in critical illness survivors, psychological support needs to take place in parallel with medical treatment in the ICU. The Researchers hypothesize that early psychological support for the critically ill can decrease mental health morbidity in critical illness survivors. However, providing consistent psychological support intervention is a challenge for busy ICU clinicians. It is not feasible to hire behavioral medicine trained psychologists to become permanent ICU staff nationwide. Doulas, trained lay health care providers who provide emotional support to women in labor, have been identified as reliable yet affordable alternative. Given common elements of their services and our intervention, doulas are in an ideal position to administer early psychological support. The objective of this project is to refine and test a behavioral intervention to be administered in parallel with medical treatment in the ICU. This will be accomplished by training doulas in providing standardized psychological support intervention and refining the intervention based on stakeholder feedback
The fight against the scarcity of grafts is a major public health issue in France. Despite a very good success rate of transplants from brain-dead donors or living donors, the waiting time for transplantation continues to increase, leading to morbidity and mortality, as well as medical costs. Since 2005, the BioMedicine Agency has implemented a protocol authorizing kidney and liver samples taken from deceased donors after cardiac arrest (DDAC). This type of sampling has become a common practice in several regions of France and Europe. In case of DDAC, the sampling protocol poses a significant temporal constraint, since the patient must be taken within 6 hours after the cardiac arrest. This constraint leads to a specific organization of the announcement of the death and the request for non-opposition to the levy. The brutal loss of a loved one is a potentially traumatic experience for family members. The manifestations of the pathological components of mourning such as post-traumatic stress disorder, anxio-depressive syndrome, pathological bereavement, are often expressed early in the first year after the death of the loved one. Families of organ donor patients probably represent a population at high risk for the expression of psychiatric conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder or pathological bereavement. The limited time available to prepare relatives to make a decision could promote the expression of psychiatric morbidity in the short or medium term. The data on this new transplantation procedure and its psychological consequences are insufficient, and we consider that if a state of post-traumatic stress occurred in more than 50% of parents, the procedure of announcement would be reviewed. The purpose of this study is to test this hypothesis. Most of the work on relatives of potential organ donors has focused on procedures for brain death. Most of this work has focused on characterizing the determinants of acceptance or refusal of organ donation in the family. The literature relating to the follow-up of relatives of a patient after organ donation is very poor: very few studies have focused on the psychological consequences and / or the psychological state of this population in the period post-death. In addition, very few qualitative and quantitative studies make it possible to evaluate the appearance of psychopathological manifestations related to the announcement of death simultaneously with a request for organ removal. This research, therefore, will make it possible to estimate the possible psychological impact on the bereaved family as well as an assessment of the psychological state. A mixed methodology (quantitative and qualitative) will make it possible to highlight explanatory factors of the quantitative results.
The project will develop knowledge on how managers can lead the implementation of practices that have proven to be effective for post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) in child and adult specialized mental health services. Specifically, the project will test the effectiveness of an innovation named the Leadership and Organizational Change for Implementation (LOCI). This is an empirically and theoretically based innovation for implementation leadership that aims to support leaders in their organizational work of leading the implementation of EBPs in their clinics. It is hypothesized that the implementation of LOCI will improve leaders' general leadership qualifications, their implementation leadership qualifications, and the implementation climate in the clinics. Further, the investigators hypothesize that training in trauma screening will increase the amount of trauma screenings, moderated by the LOCI implementation, and also that training in trauma treatment will increase the amount of patients to be offered this kind of treatment, also moderated by the LOCI implementation.
Sexual assault victimization is a common and particularly harmful form of trauma that is associated with increased risk for high-risk drinking and other conditions of public health concern, such as PTSD. Given evidence that sexual assault survivors who have low social support or receive negative social reactions to sexual assault disclosure are more likely to experience PTSD and drinking problems, improving social support is a novel target for intervention. The proposed study will attempt to prevent the onset of high-risk drinking and PTSD in sexual assault survivors by developing a web-based early intervention aimed at increasing contact with social supporters and mitigating the harm of negative social reactions; ultimately, results will contribute to advancing the field's understanding of the potential for social support to mitigate the harm of trauma.
Veterans with co-occurring Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Substance Use Disorder (PTSD-SUD) experience more severe symptomatology and poorer response to existing treatments than Veterans with either disorder alone. Guilt is a common posttraumatic reaction and has been implicated as a risk factor for the development and maintenance of PTSD and substance use. Combat Veterans often report experiencing moral injury defined as perpetrating, failing to prevent, or witnessing acts that violate the values they live by in their civilian lives, which can lead to feelings of guilt and shame. Accordingly, reduction in guilt and increase in self-compassion may lead to improved quality of life for Veterans. This project will conduct a pilot study to evaluate changes in self-compassion, guilt, and PTSD-SUD symptom severity in a sample of Veterans after receiving 8 sessions of Mindful Self Compassion treatment. Findings will have significant impact on effective treatment options and lead to improvements in Veterans' quality of life and posttraumatic symptoms.
This is a double-blind, 2-group randomized controlled trial evaluating the effects of topiramate versus placebo in patients with comorbin PTSD and moderate-to-severe AUD. This trial will provide one of the first rigorous tests of whether the effects of topiramate in AUD generalize to patients with co-occurring PTSD, and one of the first rigorous tests of whether topiramate has beneficial effects on PTSD symptoms in this population. It will be the first study to test whether the rs2832407 genotype predicts clinical response to topiramate for AUD and PTSD in patients with both disorders. Further, it will contribute to the understanding of topiramate's mechanisms of action in the co-morbid AUD/PTSD population, and to the discovery of predictors of treatment response.
Nearly two-thirds of ACB people living in Ontario are classified as immigrant, refugee or undocumented [non-status/NS] (IRNS) individuals. IRNS people are more likely than the general population to be exposed to events that are associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Furthermore, the diagnosis of HIV is itself a traumatic life event. Nonetheless, significant gaps remain regarding the best strategies for supporting trauma-informed care among ACB IRNS individuals with HIV. Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ARTh) is an exposure-based therapy that incorporates rapid eye movements in a standardized administration over 1-5 sessions. ARTh is an effective brief treatment for PTSD symptoms; but, it's range of therapeutic benefit when applied to people with co-morbid HIV infections is unknown. No studies have leveraged neuroimaging to validate the self-reported empirical therapeutic benefit of ARTh. The investigators propose to investigate the implementation of ARTh, including understanding factors influencing its therapeutic outcomes. The three specific aims of this study are to (1) identify factors influencing the response to ARTh (2) identity neuroimaging indicators for treatment effects of ARTh, and (3) to identify factors influencing ARTh implementation. The investigators will conduct a pre-/post- evaluation of intervention outcomes of ARTh implemented in a sample (n=40) of HIV-positive ACB IRNS ages 18-45 years (Aim 1). The investigators will use statistical analyses to identify factors that may moderate the treatment response of ARTh on PTSD symptoms, HIV symptoms distress and quality of life (Aim 1). The investigators will use diffusion tensor imaging and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) metrics to assess structural and functional connectivity and examine their associations with PTSD symptoms and HIV symptom distress (Aim 2). Finally, the investigators will use process measures to study two specific implementation factors (acceptability and appropriateness) regarding ARTh use in this population. As a consequence of this research, the investigators expect to generate data that will be used to refine an ARTh implementation protocol that will be integrated into an adaptive implementation trial to reduce gaps in the HIV care continuum through the use of intervention packages for ACB people customized to the individual's needs.