View clinical trials related to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.Filter by:
Older adults are becoming a growing proportion of people utilising mental health services. However, the needs of this population are poorly understood despite the evidence that mental health conditions are manifested differently in old age. One of those conditions is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) which has been associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes in old age, including health problems, difficulties in daily functioning, less satisfaction with life and multiple psychiatric co-morbidities, such as depression and anxiety. Despite the serious consequences, PTSD symptoms in old age tend to be underreported or misperceived as a physical illness or part of an ageing process. Traumatic life experiences do not necessarily lead to PTSD. Psychological resources, including emotional stability and social support, allow individuals to find appropriate coping strategies and maintain well-being in old age. Group identification, defined as a sense of belonging to a specific group, influences the response to social support and may be important in predicting distress in old age. On the other hand, socioeconomic deprivation is likely to increase this distress as exposure to traumatic events is more prevalent in disadvantaged populations. The present study will investigate the impact of those factors on distress in old age. The researcher will recruit 85 older adults from the Older People Psychological Therapies Service, who are in receipt of psychological treatment for PTSD, anxiety or depression. Participants will be asked to provide basic demographic information to determine their likely level of socioeconomic deprivation. They will also complete six measures to screen for cognitive impairment and measure symptoms of anxiety, depression and PTSD, as well as lifetime trauma exposure, emotion regulation and group identification. The findings will help improve the diagnostic process and development of psychological treatments for PTSD in older adults by expanding our knowledge of distress in old age.
This study will determine (i) the magnitude of immediate and sustained effects of a current clinical standard interactive computer attention processing training (APT) when combined with intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS), a type of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and (ii) determine how APT + iTBS changes the neurocognitive system of attention in individuals with persistent attention deficits related to mTBI and PTSD.
PTSD is prevalent among Veterans and is associated with physical and functional impairments in addition to PTSD symptoms. Veterans with PTSD experience more chronic pain and pain-related functional limitations than Veterans without PTSD. Mind-body interventions such as yoga and meditation are non-pharmacological options for treating both chronic pain and PTSD. This pilot study will add an existing mantram repetition (MR) component designed for Veterans with PTSD to an active yoga intervention known to improve function in chronic back pain patients. The study will examine the acceptability of the interventions, adverse events, and the feasibility of recruitment, attendance, retention, treatment fidelity, and assessments by recruiting and randomizing 32 VA patients with PTSD to either yoga plus MR or to a relaxation/health education control. Health outcomes including pain-related function, pain, and PTSD symptoms will be measured. If feasible, the data will be used to plan a full-scale trial of enhanced yoga for pain in VA patients with PTSD.
Psychiatric diagnosis is based mainly on questioning the patient and subjective impression rather than a quantitative assessment. The assessment is usually done with long time intervals between assessments and arbitrary in relation to the clinical course of the disorder. Post-traumatic stress disorder has physiological, physical, and behavioral manifestations. These changes appear as a response to different situations during the day and can be measured directly and indirectly in order to obtain an objective, quantitative and fuller picture of the severity and changes in the disorder. This is a non-interventional pilot study, using a system that collects data through wearable sensors and smartphone over a long period of time for patients suffering from PTSD and enables data analysis and characterization of a personal digital phenotype using a dedicated algorithm. Based on this pattern, the investigators will attempt to support the establishment of the PTSD diagnosis. During the course of the study, the therapeutic procedure will not be affected by the study and will be independent of the research.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), an invisible wound of war, affects approximately 20%1 of the 18.5 million U.S. veterans and places them at higher risk for impaired biopsychosocial functioning. PTSD symptom severity (PTSDSS) is significantly correlated with stress and psychosocial consequences of inability to regulate emotions, control impulsive behaviors, and function within family and society. Alarming veteran PTSD rates and its insidious effects demand empirically validated treatment programs. More than a million veterans receive new diagnoses of each year. VA PTSD therapy programs reach only 1% of veterans. Nearly 35% of veterans do not respond to widely used psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy treatments. Training a service dog (SD) is a novel rehabilitative animal-assisted intervention that shows promise in other populations. This project evaluates the efficacy of a service dog training program (SDTP) as an alternative and adjunctive treatment and rehabilitative option for veterans with PTSD.
On November 13th 2015, a terrorist attack killed 129 victims in Paris. An emergency crisis unit (CUMP) has been activated in Paris in the days following the attack and a subunit was in charge to answer to the phone calls of victims and their relatives. The purpose of this observational study is to document the evolution of psychiatric symptoms among subjects who called the CUMP and to collect information about the type of medical or non-medical care they were seeking for.
This study will examine the initial feasibility of a program called Islamic Trauma Healing by conducting a small feasibility study (N = 20) of Islamic Trauma Healing in Somalia on key targets of PTSD, depression, somatic symptoms, and quality of life. The hypothesis is that those in Islamic Trauma Healing will show a reduction of PTSD symptoms, depressive symptoms, and somatic symptoms and show improvement in quality of well-being. Feasibility will also be examined by examining at retention, satisfaction, and community feedback.
This study aims to investigate the effects of MDMA on prefrontal and amygdala activation, and to explore the relationship between these MDMA-induced neural changes and the acute behavioral effects of the drug in patients with PTSD.
Many patients who survive critical illness suffer from symptoms of anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after leaving the intensive care unit (ICU). Memories of frightening and delusional experiences in the ICU appear to be the strongest potentially modifiable risk factor. Research on the formation of fear and associated memories shows that if mitigating information about a traumatic event is introduced during the time between memory formation and its recall, the emotional experience of the memory can be modified in a positive manner. This means that in order to prevent mental health problems in critical illness survivors, psychological support needs to take place in parallel with medical treatment in the ICU. The Researchers hypothesize that early psychological support for the critically ill can decrease mental health morbidity in critical illness survivors. However, providing consistent psychological support intervention is a challenge for busy ICU clinicians. It is not feasible to hire behavioral medicine trained psychologists to become permanent ICU staff nationwide. Doulas, trained lay health care providers who provide emotional support to women in labor, have been identified as reliable yet affordable alternative. Given common elements of their services and our intervention, doulas are in an ideal position to administer early psychological support. The objective of this project is to refine and test a behavioral intervention to be administered in parallel with medical treatment in the ICU. This will be accomplished by training doulas in providing standardized psychological support intervention and refining the intervention based on stakeholder feedback
The fight against the scarcity of grafts is a major public health issue in France. Despite a very good success rate of transplants from brain-dead donors or living donors, the waiting time for transplantation continues to increase, leading to morbidity and mortality, as well as medical costs. Since 2005, the BioMedicine Agency has implemented a protocol authorizing kidney and liver samples taken from deceased donors after cardiac arrest (DDAC). This type of sampling has become a common practice in several regions of France and Europe. In case of DDAC, the sampling protocol poses a significant temporal constraint, since the patient must be taken within 6 hours after the cardiac arrest. This constraint leads to a specific organization of the announcement of the death and the request for non-opposition to the levy. The brutal loss of a loved one is a potentially traumatic experience for family members. The manifestations of the pathological components of mourning such as post-traumatic stress disorder, anxio-depressive syndrome, pathological bereavement, are often expressed early in the first year after the death of the loved one. Families of organ donor patients probably represent a population at high risk for the expression of psychiatric conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder or pathological bereavement. The limited time available to prepare relatives to make a decision could promote the expression of psychiatric morbidity in the short or medium term. The data on this new transplantation procedure and its psychological consequences are insufficient, and we consider that if a state of post-traumatic stress occurred in more than 50% of parents, the procedure of announcement would be reviewed. The purpose of this study is to test this hypothesis. Most of the work on relatives of potential organ donors has focused on procedures for brain death. Most of this work has focused on characterizing the determinants of acceptance or refusal of organ donation in the family. The literature relating to the follow-up of relatives of a patient after organ donation is very poor: very few studies have focused on the psychological consequences and / or the psychological state of this population in the period post-death. In addition, very few qualitative and quantitative studies make it possible to evaluate the appearance of psychopathological manifestations related to the announcement of death simultaneously with a request for organ removal. This research, therefore, will make it possible to estimate the possible psychological impact on the bereaved family as well as an assessment of the psychological state. A mixed methodology (quantitative and qualitative) will make it possible to highlight explanatory factors of the quantitative results.