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Many patients who survive critical illness suffer from symptoms of anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after leaving the intensive care unit (ICU). Memories of frightening and delusional experiences in the ICU appear to be the strongest potentially modifiable risk factor. Research on the formation of fear and associated memories shows that if mitigating information about a traumatic event is introduced during the time between memory formation and its recall, the emotional experience of the memory can be modified in a positive manner. This means that in order to prevent mental health problems in critical illness survivors, psychological support needs to take place in parallel with medical treatment in the ICU. The Researchers hypothesize that early psychological support for the critically ill can decrease mental health morbidity in critical illness survivors. However, providing consistent psychological support intervention is a challenge for busy ICU clinicians. It is not feasible to hire behavioral medicine trained psychologists to become permanent ICU staff nationwide. Doulas, trained lay health care providers who provide emotional support to women in labor, have been identified as reliable yet affordable alternative. Given common elements of their services and our intervention, doulas are in an ideal position to administer early psychological support. The objective of this project is to refine and test a behavioral intervention to be administered in parallel with medical treatment in the ICU. This will be accomplished by training doulas in providing standardized psychological support intervention and refining the intervention based on stakeholder feedback
The overall aim of this study is to explore if a structured drug review will change clinical symptoms and the psychotropic drugs prescription rate in the elderly living in nursing homes (participants of the study). The study will examine how training of nursing home physicians on reviewing prescription lists using the Norwegian general practice criteria - Nursing homes (NorGeP-NH) will influence the participants` clinical symptoms such as cognition, depression, anxiety and their quality of life. Secondary, we will analyse how a structured drug review will influence further psychotropic drug prescribing rates in nursing homes. The hypothesis for this study are: 1. Training of nursing home physicians on doing a systematic drug review will decrease the participants' clinical symptoms and improve their Quality of Life. 2. A systematic drug review will decrease the psychotropic drug prescription rates compared to before the drug review.
Supporting patients in exerting choice over their treatment is a central aspect of modern healthcare. In Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services, then patients treated at step 2 are only and always offered cognitive-behaviourally informed guided self-help (GSH), when they are deemed suitable for treatment at step 2 of IAPT services (termed CBT-GSH). Step 2 interventions are guided self-help (GSH) delivered by Psychological Wellbeing Practitioners (PWPs). Recently, a new type of GSH has been developed and found to be feasible and effective in IAPT services - this is called cognitive-analytic guided self-help (CAT-GSH). This research aims to test the efficacy of CAT-GSH by comparing outcomes over time achieved in both types of GSH and interviewing participants about their experience of the GSH. The methodology to support patient choice is a patient preference trial. In this method, then patients that meet inclusion criteria for the trial are offered and choose between either CAT-GSH and CBT-GSH. Those patients that are unconcerned with the type of treatment are randomised to either CAT-GSH or CBT-GSH. The primary outcome measure is the Beck Anxiety Inventory. No changes to the standard practice of the PWPs will occur during the trial, the trial will be situated in a standard IAPT service and be a therefore conducted in a routine practice setting.
The goal of this randomized trial is to examine the effectiveness of a tailored Internet-based Preparation Program (WebTIPS) in reducing anxiety and improving the recovery process in children undergoing surgery. Two hospitals and all parent-child dyads and healthcare providers (HCPs) will be randomized to either a Web-based Tailored Intervention Preparation for Surgery (WebTIPS) Group or to a Web-based Information (WebINFO) Group, the attention control group. The WebTIPS group will receive the newly developed intervention with short message service (SMS) two-way communication between an HCP and patient, while the WebINFO Group will only receive an internet and mobile platform with information on the management of preoperative anxiety and perioperative pain. The aims of this study are to: Primary aim: Quality of Clinical Care: Determine whether and to what extent WebTIPS is more effective than an attention control intervention in reducing preoperative anxiety among children ages 2-7 years old undergoing anesthesia and outpatient surgery. Secondary aims: Quality of Clinical Care: 1. Examine the impact of WebTIPS on Post-Anesthesia care unit based postoperative clinical recovery parameters, such as pain and emergence delirium. 2. Examine the impact of WebTIPS on home-based postoperative clinical recovery parameters such as pain, new onset behavioral changes and return to normal daily activity over 2 weeks. 3. Determine if the use of WebTIPS reduces parental preoperative anxiety. Experience of Care: Examine the effects of WebTIPS on parental satisfaction with the overall experience of the surgical episode. Cost of Care/Resource Use: Determine if WebTIPS modifies healthcare resource use, as measured by 30-day charges adjusted for Medicaid cost-to-charge ratios.
Musculoskeletal (MSK) pain is a major public health concern. Approximately one in four consult their general practitioner (GP) with a musculoskeletal problem during the course of a year, making it the largest diagnostic group. Modifiable factors including affective disorders (e.g. anxiety and depressive symptoms) and sleep problems may be important prognostic factors for MSK pain. However, there is a lack of prospective research examining the interaction between these conditions in patients with MSK pain in a GP-setting.
This study will evaluate a Mind-Body Medicine curriculum for high school peer counselors in order to answer the following research questions: 1. Will peer counselor participation in the Mind-Body Medicine curriculum increase their sense of self-regulation, responsibility, social competence, and empathy; decrease anxiety; and increase hope? 2. What are the experiences of peer support counselors participating in the Mind-Body Medicine curriculum?
This mixed methods study proposes a culturally adapted cognitive behavioural therapy (CA-CBT) model for an East Asian demographic in Canada. The client population of East Asian youth who have been diagnosed with anxiety and/or depression are the focus of the study. CBT has been proven as a very effective form of therapy, and when adapted can promote positive mental health outcomes for a growing and increasingly vulnerable population. Developing a culturally adapted version of CBT (CA-CBT) for this population adds a practical treatment that improves access to culturally relevant care.
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of preoperative operating room environment introduction on preoperative hypertension and blood pressure in hypertensive patients.
This study is evaluating how well a music therapy program works to improve anxiety and stress in adolescents and young adults receiving cancer treatment.
The investigators aimed to investigate the effect of menstrual cycle phases on preoperative anxiety in women under general anesthesia.