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Proper preoperative sedation can reduce patients' anxiety, enhance patients' cooperation and reduce perioperative complications. The investigators would explore the sedative effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) with the administration of oral, intravenous and nasal drops, and detect DEX blood concentration in 15 participants, respectively. Pharmacokinetic parameters are detected at 8 time points ( before DEX administration, 10 min, 20 min, 30 min, 45 min, 60min, 90min and 120 min after administration). 3 ml arterial blood was collected at each time point. The blood samples are detected by mass spectrometer. The aim of this study is to investigate appropriate administration time and route for DEX sedation.
The goal of this pilot study is to test the Mindful Recovery OBOT Care Continuum (M-ROCC) model in primary care office-based opioid treatment (OBOT). M-ROCC features integration of evidence-based mindfulness training with weekly group-based opioid treatment. Primary outcomes include (1) Feasibility measured by implementation of the curriculum into two CHA primary care sites and attendance at weekly sessions; (2) Acceptance via self-report and qualitative interviews. Secondary outcomes include anxiety reduction.
Anxiety is common among primary care patients, but is undertreated. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether a brief anxiety treatment designed for VA primary care is more effective at reducing anxiety symptoms in Veterans compared to usual care. The investigators will also examine whether Veterans like the brief treatment and whether the treatment can be feasibly delivered in primary care. Forty-eight adult Veteran primary care patients from the Syracuse VAMC who are experiencing anxiety symptoms will be recruited and randomly assigned to receive the brief anxiety treatment or usual care. The brief treatment consists of up to six 30-minute sessions with a cognitive-behavioral skills focus. The investigators will compare anxiety symptom severity between the two groups at baseline and at post-assessment 16 weeks later.
Compare the effect of a single exposure to a therapy dog and handler within the pediatric emergency department patient with anxiety by measuring the change in patient perception of anxiety before and after dog exposure using the FACES scale. We will also measure galvanic skin response (resistance to electrical current).
The main objective of the study is to evaluate the use of Virtual Reality (VR) in managing pain and anxiety levels during common pediatric orthopaedic outpatient procedures which include: cast application, cast removal, hardware removal (ie. pins and screws), suture and staple removal and botox injections. Pain levels however will only be measured during hardware removal, suture and staple removal and botox injections as there is not expected pain from the other procedures. Additional objectives will include evaluating overall satisfaction with the use of VR by the parents/guardians and healthcare provider as well as measuring the overall time of the procedure between the intervention and control group.
In Finland about 50% of surgical operations for all under 16 years of age are made as day surgery which means that the patient comes to the hospital and is discharged on the day of the operation. Day surgery will continue to grow in the next few years. Its benefits include shorter hospitalization, family reunion and rapid recovery. The preschool children and their parents who come in for day surgery feel fear, anxiety and stress, which depend on the amount of knowledge and its quality. By developing the preparation of preschool children and their parents for day surgery, and by testing new methods more attention can be paid to the special features of day surgery, supporting the families, and increasing family involvement in the whole process. The purpose of this study is to describe and evaluate the effectiveness of a new mobile application intervention compared to the effectiveness of the traditional preparing method when measuring preschool children's fear and pain and their parents' anxiety and stress. The aim is to produce new information and to develop day surgery of preschool children. The study consist of two phases. The first phase of the research is a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. The purpose of the review is to assess and describe the methods previously used in the preparation of parental day surgery and their effectiveness for preschool children fear and pain and parents' anxiety and stress. The second phase of the study is carried out as a randomized controlled trial (=RCT). The parents of the preschool children are randomized to the mobile application group (n = 50-60) and the control group (n = 50-60). The sample size is based on power-analysis, with anxiety as the primary outcome. The material for the second phase of the study is collected at the day surgery department of the Oulu University Hospital. The study group is prepared for day surgery with a new mobile application and the control group according to the traditional preparing method. The study examines the effectiveness of a new intervention compared to the effectiveness of the traditional preparing method when measuring preschool children's fear and pain and their parents' anxiety and stress. The collected data are analyzed using the Mann-Whitney, t-test, Khi square test, and Fisher's accurate test.
Children who will have surgery and need anesthesia, and their parents are often anxious and show signs of stress and discomfort. A main reason for concern and anxiety is fear of anesthesia and surgery, and lack of knowledge of what is going to happen. The purpose of the study is to see if a specific preoperative information brochure aimed at the parents will make the parents feel better prepared for the procedures.
Political and civil instability in Pakistan has placed many segments of society under stress. A 5-session group intervention incorporating principles of stress management, problem solving, behavioural activation, peer-support and adaptive leadership has been developed and successfully piloted for business professionals working under stressful conditions in Pakistan. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an adapted version of the intervention in improving psychological well-being amongst a group of trainee civil servants in the country. A two-arm single blind, randomised controlled trial of the group intervention will be conducted among trainee civil servants in Pakistan. The participants are newly inducted civil servants (n=240) undergoing a 6 months' induction training. The participants will be randomised on a 1:1 allocation ratio (120 in each arm), with the intervention arm receiving the group intervention integrated into their orientation sessions and the control arm receiving orientation sessions alone. Outcome assessments will be conducted immediately post-intervention and 3 months after the completion of the intervention. The primary outcomes will be change in the prevalence of psychological distress as measured by Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and improvement in coping strategies as measured by Brief Cope Questionnaire. Secondary outcomes include symptoms of anxiety (measured by Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7)), well-being (measured by WHO5 well-being index) and psychological capital (measured by Psychological Capital Questionnaire). The primary analyses will be intent-to-treat consisting of all participants included, according to the groups in which they will be randomized. The primary analysis will involve comparing pre to post changes in prevalence of psychological distress and coping strategies of the participants randomly assigned to the two conditions, using Fisher's exact test. Primary analyses will be non-parametric tests; however sensitivity analyses will use parametric models such as linear and logistic regression to control for baseline values of the participants' characteristics. Ethical principles of voluntary informed consent, maintaining anonymity and confidentiality, data management and storage will be followed.
Aim: Aerobic and resistance exercise showed anxiolytic effects in clinical populations. Climbing could further enhance self-efficacy. Aim of the study is to examine whether climbing exercise and aerobic exercise, compared to social contact control, reduces symptoms of disease in out-patients with anxiety disorder (AD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Further analyses are aiming to reveal differences between climbing - and aerobic exercise. Design: Randomized controlled clinical trial Participants: Thirty out-patients diagnosed with International Classification of Disease-Version 10 (ICD-10) (F40, F41, F43.1) for AD or PTSD. Intervention: Out-patients will be assigned randomly to a climbing exercise group (a), aerobic exercise group (Nordic walking) (b) or social contact control group (c). Measurements: Primary outcome is symptom severity in AD or Post Traumatic Stress Disorders. Further secondary outcomes are evaluated by psychological questionnaires assessing depression, worry symptoms, quality of life, self-efficacy and affective responses. Metabolites of neurotransmitters, immune-activation markers and anthropometric data will be additionally provided as secondary physiological outcomes. Duration: Intervention duration is four weeks with 2 x 75 min for every group (climbing exercise, aerobic exercise, social contact control). Measurement points are set at the beginning (t1), at the end of the intervention (t2) and 3 (t3) and 6 (t4) months follow-up.
This study will assess the anxiety that patients are experiencing during a Mohs micrographic surgery. The study will compare the feelings of anxiety experienced by patients returning for Mohs surgery after already undergoing the surgery at least one time to feelings experienced by patients who have never had Mohs surgery before. The study will also compare the feelings experienced by patients who have read a vignette about the typical Mohs experience to the feelings of patients who have not read a vignette.