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In the proposed study the investigators will develop an early prenatal preventive intervention targeting anxiety and conduct a randomized controlled trial in Pakistan to test its efficacy in reducing generalized anxiety disorder and major depression in mothers in late pregnancy and the postnatal period. Investigators will evaluate the impact of the intervention on fetal and infant growth restriction as well as examine how the impact of the intervention is mediated (to elucidate mechanisms) and/or modified (to help optimize future adaptations of the program) by various social factors. A cost-effectiveness evaluation will shed light on the costs and benefits of intervention components in relation to outcomes, enabling policy-makers and public health planners to scale up this intervention according to resource budgeting requirements.
The purpose of this research is to find out how people with epilepsy and possible symptoms of anxiety or depression are doing for 6 months after a regular epilepsy clinic visit. Participants in this study will complete questionnaires either by phone or via the patient portal.
The proposed randomized study evaluates whether a controlled breathing intervention could be efficacious for reducing pain in the MRI-guided breast biopsy setting. Support for this intervention stems from experimental and clinical studies on the effects of controlled breathing on pain. Implementing a controlled breathing intervention during MRI-guided breast biopsy has the potential to provide effective pain management in this outpatient setting. The primary study objectives are to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of a novel audio-recorded controlled breathing intervention for reducing breast and body pain in women undergoing MRI-guided breast biopsy. The secondary study objectives are to evaluate the effects of controlled breathing on measures of physiological reactivity (i.e., blood pressure and heart rate), pain catastrophizing, and self-efficacy for pain and anxiety.
The purpose of this study is to look at the best ways to prevent anxiety and depression in older Latino adults who are at risk for developing anxiety and depression. Participants will be randomized to either a health promotion intervention or a healthy lifestyles education program.
This study will evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of Learning to BREATHE (a mindfulness intervention for adolescents) plus an ecological momentary intervention (Learning to Breathe Plus), and will examine the extent to which mindfulness reduces dysregulated stress physiology, perceived stress, and anxiety in adolescents from high conflict homes.
In October, 2017, Northern California experienced devastating and historic wildfires. Sonoma Rises is an app designed for anyone who was impacted by this event and is intended to help survivors of disaster find their new normal. This study will assess the feasibility and efficacy of a self-help post-disaster mental health intervention delivered via a mobile app with a sample of teens who are experiencing post-disaster mental health symptoms.
The cystoscopy procedure may cause pain and anxiety in patients. Since cystoscopy causes more pain in men, studies on pain and anxiety during cystoscopy are more common in men than women. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of watching relaxing video during cystoscopy on the pain and anxiety levels of female patients.
This study will examine the effects of a school based exercise programme on anxiety and behaviour levels in children with autism.
A mixed methods randomized controlled feasibility and acceptability study will be conducted to determine the effects of a self-managed, focused breathing intervention on anxiety in persons who have been diagnosed with Parkinson's disease.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with fear provoking exposures is the most effective therapy for anxiety disorders. The investigators aim to enhance this therapy with the use of virtual reality exposures. The human subjects study will test the effects of using VR for exposures compared to traditional imaginal exposures on anxiety symptom improvement, functioning, child engagement in and response to exposures, completion of exposure homework between treatment sessions, and length of treatment in weeks and length of treatment among children with anxiety disorders and/or obsessive compulsive disorder. The funding award supports the development of the technology and the human subjects study. The subcontract to Mayo supports expert input to identify clinically relevant content for therapeutic videos on the VR system and the human subjects study to test the VR system.