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Study of progression of fibrosis in ILD
Open-label observational study which includes COPD patients that are receiving treatment with Spiolto® Respimat® for approximately 6 weeks, which is the average time between two medical consultations.
This will be a phase IV, open label, multicenter, randomized pragmatic study in frail elderly patients with COPD. Participants will be treated with either inhaled LABD alone or LABD combined with inhaled glucocorticosteroids. The main aim of the study is to assess whether, in elderly patients with COPD and one or more cardiac comorbidities (heart failure, and/or ischemic heart disease, and/or atrial fibrillation) recently hospitalized because of an acute exacerbation of COPD, 12 months treatment with LABD(s)+ICS can increase the time to first re-hospitalization (all cause) and/or death for any cause when compared with LABD(s) alone. Patients will be followed-up for 3 months after completion of the 12 month treatment period.
For patients admitted to the medical ward, it is often difficult to predict if their clinical condition will deteriorate, however subtle changes in vital signs are usually present 8 to 24 hours before a life-threatening event such as respiratory failure leading to ICU admission, or unanticipated cardiac arrest. Such adverse trends in clinical observations can be missed, misinterpreted or not appreciated as urgent. New continuous and wearable 27/7 clinical vital parameter monitoring systems offer a unique possibility to identify clinical deterioration before patients condition progress beyond the point-of-no-return, where adverse events are inevitable. The WARD-COPD project aims to determine the correlation between cardiopulmonary micro events and clinical adverse events during the first four days after hospital admission with acute exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD).
COPD is characterized by lung injury and inflammation caused by noxious particles and gases, including those emanating from cigarette smoke and air pollution. Despite the clear detrimental impact of poor air quality on respiratory outcomes, regardless of smoking status, to investigators' knowledge, there are no studied environmental interventions targeting indoor air quality to improve respiratory health of smokers, thus ignoring a potential target for harm reduction. Investigators propose a randomized controlled intervention trial to test whether targeted reductions of multiple indoor pollutants (PM, SHS and NO2) in homes of smokers with COPD will improve respiratory outcomes. Investigators have chosen a potent, multimodal intervention (active air cleaners + Motivational intervention for SHS reduction) in order to maximize the opportunity to prove that there is a health benefit to active smokers with COPD from indoor air pollution reduction.
Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) is a non-invasive imaging tool widely used for various indications. Contrast media (CM) is used to enhance the intravascular lumen and organ parenchyma, depending on the indication. Recent technical advances in CT scan techniques allow for a very fast scan acquisition with substantially increased image quality in terms of temporal and spatial resolution. However, with faster scan acquisition, challenges arise with regard to CM bolus timing. The risk of outrunning the CM bolus in these fast acquisitions is higher, resulting in a decreased intravascular attenuation and subsequent hypothetical increase in non-diagnostic image quality. Previous studies have investigated the reduction of CM volume. When reducing the CM volume, the total injection time decreases and the window of peak enhancement shortens and becomes more narrow. The latter increases when injecting small CM volumes with higher flow rates. Although the peak enhancement increases, the window of peak enhancement decreases more rapidly. Thus, when administered with the same flow rate, the peak of the enhancement curve will be lower, narrower and faster compared to larger CM volumes. This, in combination with the faster scan acquisition makes the timing of the start of the scan highly important, since scanning at the peak enhancement is necessary to achieve a diagnostic image quality. New bolus tracking auto-delay software (Fully Automated Scan Technique, FAST, Siemens Healthineers) automatically estimates the delay needed to scan at the peak of the enhancement curve. With help of this software, the optimal individual scan delay and enhancement can be achieved, and the risk of non-diagnostic scans should decrease. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the performance of the Bolus Tracking Auto-Delay (FAST) software in patients receiving a standard chest CT with regard to the number of non-diagnostic scans (< 300 HU) and compare this with standard care (manual set pre-scan delay).
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a common progressive lung disease which causes breathlessness and frequent exacerbations, with patients often requiring hospitalisation. Patients with severe COPD commonly become housebound and lose their independence. They have a higher symptom burden than those with incurable lung cancer, yet are less likely to receive specialist palliative care, or to have been engaged in advance care planning (where patients discuss and often document their wishes regarding their future care). Hospital admissions become increasingly common towards the end-of-life; therefore, hospitalisation is a good opportunity to identify patients at risk of poor outcome. Such patients may wish to consider alternatives to admission and avoid intrusive treatments. Unfortunately, predicting which patients are likely to die in the near future is challenging thus far. The first step required to improve provision of palliative care services, and ensure patients are given the opportunity to make truly informed decisions about their future care, is accurate identification of those most likely to benefit. Well-designed clinical (prognostic) tools outperform clinician judgement in most settings. The investigators will compare the accuracy of one year mortality prediction of several clinical tools in patients who survive a COPD exacerbation requiring admission. This will initially be performed using existing data collected during previous research (the 1,593 patient validation study for the PEARL score - Previous admissions, extended Medical Research Council Dyspnoea score, Age, Right and Left heart failure), then confirmed in at least 310 patients admitted uniquely and consecutively with an exacerbation of COPD. The latter group of patients will be invited to participate in a longitudinal follow-up study, assessing symptom burden, quality of life, and readmissions over one year.
This study will investigate the effects of positive expiratory pressure (PEP) on hyperinflation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Inspiratory capacity (IC) is the primary outcome
The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of a home-based exercise training program in COPD patients who did not participate in an inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation program within the last 2 years.
This is a qualitative research exploration engaging clinical staff at all levels from 10 Practice-Based Research Networks (PBRNs) serving US patient populations of differing gender, racial, ethnic, urban/rural and socio-economic blends, in the incorporation of a one-page, five-item questionnaire with selective PEF measurement (CAPTURE).