View clinical trials related to Infarction.Filter by:
Ischemic stroke occurs when an artery to the brain is blocked. If the artery remains blocked for more than a few minutes, the brain cells may die. This is why immediate medical treatment is critical. Luotai® is the brand name of Panax notoginseng finished product. 2 kinds of formulation are available, the lyophilized powder for Injection and gelatin based soft capsule. They are being used for decreasing incidence of cerebral infarction or ischemic stroke. This study will be conducted as an observational study, regarding the safety, effectiveness of Luotai treatment in acute ischemic stroke patients. This study will be carried out in approximately 360 patients with acute stroke in 6 hospitals in Vietnam - Bạch Mai Hospital, 108 Military Hospital, 103 Military Hospital, Trung Vuong Hospital, Phu Tho General Hospital, 115 Hospital. STUDY PROCEDURES: Participants will be enrolled in an unbiased manner (by consecutive sampling) and consecutive sampling method. The investigators will record participants' information required by the Case Report Form. The study which last for about 3 months, and in each of the visit, the information will be collected includes informed consent, demographic data, ischemic stroke assessment, concomitant medication, adverse reactions. A travel transportation allowance of VND 300,000 will be given for each visit. Participants will receive Luotai and other medications according to the local hospital practice in accordance with the terms of the local marketing authorization in Vietnam. The recommended dosage of Luotai is: Luotai™ injectable lyophilized powder for consecutive 14 days, Luotai soft capsules for 65 days. The participation of the study is fully voluntarily. Patients decide not to participate in the study will not be disadvantaged in any way. All collected information from participants is protected as confidential. The results of the study may be published in medical literature, but participants will not be identified. This study does not include any procedure/test that there were not indicated according to local clinical practice. There is no specific associated risks or discomforts in this study related to the participation. The results of this research may guide in further understanding the Ischemic Stroke.
The purpose of the study is to assess the frequency and intensity of intramyocardial haemorrhage in patients with primary STEMI and different reperfusion strategies.
This study evaluates the use of early mechanical circulatory support in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock. Patients are treated according to the National Cardiogenic Shock Initiative protocol, which emphasizes early identification of cardiogenic shock and rapid delivery of mechanical circulatory support based on invasive hemodynamics. All patients treated in this manner are enrolled in the National Cardiogenic Shock registry.
Platelets play a key role in the athero-thrombotic process. However, the in vivo mechanism accounting for thrombus growth at site of coronary atherosclerotic lesion has not been fully elucidated. While platelet adhesion and aggregation on the thrombogenic core of atherosclerotic plaque is an established mechanism for thrombus growth, the role of systemic factors, which may contribute to thrombus via amplification and propagation of platelet aggregation, is still to be clarified. There is a growing body of evidence that lipopolysaccharides (LPS), are implicated in athero-thrombosis. Circulating levels of endotoxins have been associated with human atherosclerosis progression, particularly in smokers or in patients with infections. Furthermore, endotoxins seem to be implicated in the thrombotic process through several mechanisms including up-regulation of macrophage tissue factor expression and amplification of platelet response upon interaction with Toll-like receptor 4. The relationship between endotoxins and platelets may be relevant in the context of acute coronary syndromes as endotoxins could locally amplify platelet-derived thrombus growth but this issue is still unexplored. Previous studies demonstrated that low-grade endotoxemia is detectable in human circulation, likely as consequence of enhanced gut permeability, and may be responsible for leucocyte-platelet aggregate and eventually thrombosis. We hypothesize that low-grade endotoxemia may be observed in patients with coronary heart disease and may favor, at site of coronary unstable plaque, thrombus growth. To explore this issue, we will measure Escherichia Coli (EC)-LPS concentration and biomarkers of platelet activation in coronary thrombus and intra-coronary blood of patients with STEMI and stable angina (SA), respectively, and in peripheral circulation of both patients and controls. EC DNA will be searched in serum of all patients by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Furthermore, to substantiate that LPS could be biologically active, we will perform immune-histochemical analysis of thrombi and in vitro studies to assess the interplay between LPS and platelet activation.
This study aims to evaluate the use of the chest pain choice (CPC) decision aid as a tool to facilitate discussion between the patient and his/her attending physician with regard to subsequent management plans. Patients aged 21 years and above with low-risk chest pain, as determined by the HEART score (HEART score 0-3), will be included. The investigator's hypothesis is that incorporating the Chest Pain Choice visual aid in shared decision making can help to reduce unnecessary admissions for low risk chest pain to the observation ward, as well as increase patient knowledge with regards to their own condition.
The purpose of this study is to prospectively observe the incidence rate of acute kidney injury (AKI), major adverse renal and cardiovascular events (MARCE) in participants who were diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and have completed primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedure following an injection of iso-osmolar contrast medium iodixanol (Visipaque) during the in-hospital period and up to 30 days post-PCI follow-up period. The study will provide a better safety profile of Visipaque as the contrast medium in PCI procedure.
Management of NSTEMI in emergency departements represent 10% of the global activity. Since the the last European Society of Cardiology recommendation the use of an 1 hour rule-in and rule-out protocol is recommended combined with high-sensitivity troponin. But studies show 3% of the patients are false negative using this protocol. This study aims at analysing the feasibility of this protocol in an Emergency Departement and the security of this protocol if combined with a pre-troponin probability score.
Post stroke aphasia (PSA) is one of the most frequently happened deficency of stoke, affecting speaking,comprehension, writing and reading of language. Generally, PSA is commonly seen in cortical damage, but in recent years it has been found that subcortical injury is also an important cause of PSA, which is called subcortical aphasia. Using fMRI technology, we aim to investigate the language function of patients with subcortical cerebral infarction at different stages of recovery , and explored the mechanism of post-injury language reorganization in the brain. We recruited 60 first-episode acute cerebral infarction patients with one-side lesion in subcortical white matter (40 with left injury and 20with right injury) and 20 health volunteers. All subjects are right-handed, and screened with MMSE, HAMD and HAMA to exclude cases of psychosis, post-stroke dementia and depression. Each patient were arranged to have three test sessions at different stages after the infarction (T1:within 3 days after onset of the stroke ; T2:28 ±3days after onset; T3: 90±3days after onset), with fMRI and Western aphasia battery (WAB) in each session. The purpose of this study is to explore the pathogenesis of subcortical aphasia, and to understand the dynamic reorganization of language network during the recovery of language function.
The RIGHT study is a large randomized study dedicated to post-PPCI anticoagulation in STEMI patients. The investigators propose to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of anticoagulation prolonged for at least 48 hours after the procedure vs. no prolongation of anticoagulation after procedure in patients with STEMI treated with bivalirudin during PPCI (primary hypothesis). When allocated to anticoagulation prolongation by randomization, the subject will be assigned to UFH, enoxaparin or bivalirudin (same regimen allocated by centre) for at least 48 hours after PPCI. The results from this study are expected to provide guidance on the risk/benefit of post-procedural anticoagulation in patients with STEMI.
The aim of the study is to investigate the adherence to prescribed post-infarction medication and to cardiac rehabilitation in patients after acute myocardial infarction. In addition, their impact on cardiovascular events will be investigated.