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Health literacy is the ability to access, understand, evaluate and apply information in order to communicate with health professionals and understand health instructions but also, promote, maintain and improve health throughout life. Health literacy is known as a health determinant. Level of Health Literacy (HL) is low or limited within 47% of interrogated people in Europe, resulting in an inability to understand and/or use written texts and digital concepts about one's health. There is a demonstrated link between low HL and low therapeutic adherence, an increase in the number of re-admissions, and more generally poor health or survival that is even more limited. An association between low LS and higher health care costs has also been reported in the USA and Switzerland. WHO highlight the central role of LS in health inequalities, regardless of the region of the world. We chose to conduct this study in patients hospitalized for an acute cardiovascular event: acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), as these patients have cumulative risk factors for misuse and medication errors. They are hospitalized in emergency, for shorter and shorter periods and are discharged with complex drug treatments. The data show that the return home after acute hospitalization for these conditions is a particularly high-risk period for medication errors and misuse, especially with low HL. The proportion of patients with preventable ADR in the weeks following their return home ranges from 23% to 30% and nearly 60% are re-hospitalized within 6 months. Our hypothesis is that in patients hospitalized for AMI or ADHF with low HL levels, information on discharge treatment using appropriate tools and techniques will reduce the risk of patient-related medication errors or misuse within 30 days of discharge. The purpose of this study is to develop an educational intervention model adapted to low HL levels and routinely feasible, even in case of short stays, in complementarity with traditional therapeutic education programmes that require higher investments and are therefore not accessible to all patients. This innovative approach could then be applied to a large number of chronic diseases.
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is still one of the major cause of morbi-mortality in Europe. After an ACS, patients should be treated with secondary prevention medication to reduce the risk of recurrence. However, it is known that patients do not take all their medicines as expected, which leads to readmission at the hospital. To enhance drug adherence, the investigators sought to develop an interactive e-learning tool for these patients. This e-learning includes information about the disease, the acute care and the subsequent medications being prescribed. The tool is now ready to use and the investigators want to assess if it has the impact to enhance self-care management of ACS patients.
Health literacy (HL) is the ability to access, understand, evaluate and apply information in order to communicate with health professionals and understand health instructions but also, promote, maintain and improve health throughout life. Health literacy is known as a health determinant. An association has been shown between low health literacy and low health outcomes such as increased number of unscheduled hospitalization or emergency visits, low medication adherence and poor health status. These have been particularly demonstrated with cardiovascular diseases, which combine risk factors (emergency hospitalization, reduction in the length of hospital stays, and complex secondary preventive drug treatments). Despite many scientific international literature about health literacy and health outcomes, no information is available in France on the prevalence of low health literacy level of patients, notably cardiovascular patients. The investigating team's hypothesis is that knowing the prevalence of low HL levels in cardiovascular patients would help to better tailored a communication intervention dedicated to the needs of these low-HL patients with the final aim of increasing their adhesion to preventive drugs and behavioural recommendations. The first aim of the present study is to estimate the prevalence of low HL level among patients discharged after acute myocardial infarction or acute decompensation of chronic heart failure. Secondary aims are to assess factors associated with the level of HL and identify barriers and facilitators of low HL patients to understand medical information on their disease. The results of this study will guide the design of the intervention of an interventional study on HL of cardiovascular patients.
Introduction: Patients suffering a time-critical medical condition require rapid prehospital assessment and treatment and most often quick transportation to definitive care. This can be decisive for patient outcome. In order to minimize time from assessment to treatment, thus lowering mortality and morbidity, it is important to have a well-coordinated chain of care. The efficient use of Ground Emergency Medical Services (GEMS) and Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) is essential in such a chain of care. Objectives: The aim is to describe differences in mortality, morbidity, assessment and treatment of two time-critical conditions, traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acute myocardial infarction (MI), in patients assessed by GEMS and HEMS respectively. Method: The project consists of a descriptive observational study and comparative cohort study. Inclusion criteria are patients considered to be suffering from TBI and acute MI, which are treated by GEMS or HEMS in the regions of Uppsala, Jämtland/Härjedalen, Dalarna and Värmland. Clinical significance: The results expect to be the basis for further studies aiming to optimize the utilization of GEMS and HEMS.
Incidence of ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction(STEMI) is rising and the existing emergency medical aid system for STEMI was not enough for timely perfusion treatment. No existing research with high-quality data focuses on the characteristic of STEMI incidence and regional network construction. Aiming of Guangdong GAMI(reGional network for Acute Myocardial Infarction) project is to establish effective collaborative regional network system for STEMI patients treatment.
The purposes of this study is to evaluate the improvement of a stress management involved cardiac rehabilitation program on the psychological states, quality of life and clinical outcomes of patients after acute myocardial infarction or heart failure.
A pilot study to evaluate the safety and feasibility of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction by catheter transplantation
Sacubitril/Valsartan (SAC/VAL) is a new treatment of congestive heart failure (CHF) recently indicated as class I, level of evidence B in the recent European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines 2016 of CHF. PARADIGM-HF trial demonstrated a significant improvement of morbidity and mortality with SAC/VAL in comparison to enalapril. So far, no data available about the effect of usage of SAC/VAL post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) except in animal experimental models. The purpose of the research is evaluation of the effects of SAC/VAL in post-AMI in comparison to the traditional Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors (ACEs inhibitors) or Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs) in a real-life clinical trial in treatment of post-AMI patients with reduced left ventricular (LV) systolic function.
Adherence to cardiac rehabilitation is poor, and worse for minorities, women, and those with lower levels of education. Patients less likely to be referred to and complete cardiac rehab are at highest risk of adverse outcomes and thus have the most to gain from participation in cardiac rehab. To improve participation, healthcare systems need to limit barriers to enrollment and promote adherence to rehabilitation.
VIABILITY study aims to investigate the link between systemic inflammation, pancoronary plaque vulnerability (referring to the plaque vulnerability within the entire coronary tree), myocardial viability and ventricular remodeling in patients who had suffered a recent ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). The level of systemic inflammation in the acute phase of the myocardial infarction and at 1 month will be assessed on the basis of serum levels of inflammatory biomarkers (hsCRP, matrix metalloproteinases, interleukin-6). Pancoronary plaque vulnerability will be assessed: (1) in the acute phase of the infarction, based on serum biomarkers known to be associated with increased plaque vulnerability, such as adhesion molecules (V-CAM or I-CAM) determined from the blood samples collected in the first day after STEMI; (2) at 1 month after infarction, based on computed tomographic angiography analysis of vulnerability features present in all coronary plaques. Myocardial viability and remodeling will be assessed based on: (1) 3D speckle tracking echocardiography associated with dobutamine infusion; (2) MRI imaging associated with complex post-processing techniques for mapping myocardial fibrosis and scar at the level of left atrium and left ventricle. At the same time, CT imaging features associated with systemic and local inflammation, such as global epicardial fat or local pericoronary epicardial fat will be quantified in order to investigate the impact of inflammatory-mediated plaque vulnerability on the extent of myocardial damage in acute myocardial infarction. All these parameters will be investigated in patients with successful primary revascularization performed in a timely manner for ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction, who will be divided into 2 groups: group 1 - patients who present persistence of an augmented inflammatory status defined as serum levels of hsCRP>3.0 mg/dl at discharge from the hospital or at 7 days postinfarction (whichever comes first), and group 2 - patients with no persistence of augmented inflammatory status (hsCRP<3.0 mg/dl). The primary endpoint of the study will be represented by the rate of post-infarction heart failure development, defined as the rate of re-admission in the hospital for heart failure or by a significant decrease in the ejection fraction (<45%). The secondary endpoints of the study will be: - rate of re-hospitalization - rate of repeated revascularization - rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE rate, including cardiovascular death or stroke)