There are about 208 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Malawi. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This study will serve as a platform to evaluate new diagnostics in children suspected to have TB, to establish diagnostic performance (sensitivity and specificity) and calculation of positive and negative predictive values in a real-life cohort. Finally, this study will comprise results of several tests in its database. This will allow simulation of diagnostic algorithms, that may be composed of screening (i.e. rule-out) tests together with confirmatory tests to maximize sensitivity and specificity.
This study is a multi-centre interventional study at seven tertiary paediatric surgery centres in Ghana, Zambia, Malawi and Tanzania aimed at reducing mortality from gastroschisis.
A three arm cluster randomized trial randomizing government primary health clinics to a) standard of care (SOC) with clinic invitation only; b) standard of care (SOC) and one self-test kit to give to sexual partner (s); c) standard of care (SOC) and self-test kit and monetary incentive given to partner conditional on clinic attendance and completion of pre-set procedures to determine secondary accuracy. Trial to be conducted in four districts (Blantyre, Zomba, Machinga and Chikwawa) in Malawi in collaboration with the Ministry of Health. Two primary outcomes: 1. proportion of male partners of antenatal care clinic attendees reported by the woman to have tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) within 28 days of enrolling the woman 2. Number of new HIV positives identified by providing trial services to newly tested HIV positive clients in routine HIV testing service within 28 days of enrolling the index client. Data analysed as intention to treat with all eligible antenatal care (ANC) attendees and index clients at each health facility as the denominator, with unpaired t-test used to compare each intervention arm to the standard of care (SOC).
MTN-035 is a multi-site, randomized-sequence, three-period, open label crossover study that will enroll approximately 210 participants randomized (1:1:1:1:1:1) to one of six sequences of rectal microbicide placebo product application.
This a multi-center, parallel group, randomized controlled outcome assessor blinded trial with a qualitative descriptive component that seeks to assess the effectiveness of a brief facility-based video intervention to optimize retention and adherence to ART among pregnant and breastfeeding women with HIV infection.
The MTN-041 study is a multi-site exploratory study using focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) to identify individual, interpersonal, social and cultural factors that may affect potential uptake of two safe and effective HIV prevention products, the monthly dapivirine (DPV) vaginal ring (VR) and daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), by pregnant and breastfeeding women in Africa.
Depression is highly prevalent among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Malawi and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Besides its high prevalence, depression likely represents an important barrier to consistent HIV care engagement and long-term viral suppression. However, the potential for depression treatment to improve HIV care outcomes has received little attention in the region, in part because of limited mental health infrastructure. In this study, the investigators will evaluate the impact of a depression treatment program integrated within existing HIV clinics on depression response, retention in HIV care, and viral suppression. It is expected that this evaluation will yield important evidence on the impact of depression treatment integrated with HIV care for improving HIV care and mental health outcomes in Malawi.
This is a prospective, randomised, double-blinded, controlled clinical effectiveness trial of two supplementary foods in the treatment of MAM. The setting will be 21 rural sites in southern Malawi. The participants will be 1800 children 6-59 months old with MAM, defined as mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) ≥ 11.5 cm and < 12.5 cm and/or a weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) between -2 and -3 without bipedal edema. Children will receive approximately 75 kcal/kg/d (314 kJ/kg/d) of one of two RUSFs in two-week rations for outpatient therapy of MAM. The two supplements will be a novel, locally produced peanut/dairy RUSFs, one with a high protein quality (HIPRO RUSF) or one with a standard protein quality, referred to as control RUSF (C-RUSF). The primary outcome measures will be recovery from MAM (achieving MUAC ≥ 12.5 cm by 12 weeks) or failure (death, development of severe acute malnutrition, transfer to hospital for inpatient care, failure to recover from MAM by 12 weeks, default). Secondary outcome measures include rates of weight, height, and mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) gain, time to graduation, and adverse effects from the supplementary foods.
A pragmatic open, three-arm individually-randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation will be conducted in one primary health care centre in Blantyre, Malawi, where HIV and TB are major contributors to early mortality. Participants will be adults with symptoms of tuberculosis (cough of any duration) attending the primary clinic with an acute care episode. We will exclude adults who have taken treatment for TB within the previous 6-months, who are taking isoniazid preventive therapy, who are not resident of Blantyre, or who plan to move out of Blantyre in the following 6-months. Participants will be randomly allocated into one of three groups: Group 1: Standard of care: Participants will be seen by facility health workers and receive clinician-directed screening for HIV and TB according to Malawi national guidelines. Group 2: Optimised HIV testing and treatment linkage: Participants will be offered testing for HIV using rapid oral fluid kits by research assistants. Those with confirmed HIV infection will be linked to the HIV care clinic where facility healthworkers will screen for TB using standard sputum-based diagnostics. Group 3: Optimised TB diagnosis, HIV screening and treatment linkage: Participants will receive a high-throughput and high-sensitivity TB screening intervention, in addition to the HIV testing intervention. This will comprise of an initial digital chest x-ray classified by the CAD4TB image-recognition software as either "high probability of TB", or "low probability of TB". Participants whose x-rays are suggestive of TB will receive confirmatory sputum testing with Xpert MTB/Rif Ultra cartridges, whilst participants whose x-rays have a low probability of TB will be referred to facility healthworkers for routine care. All participants will be seen at the health facility at day 56, where they will be tested for HIV (if not on ART) and screened for TB. The Primary Trial Outcome will compare between groups the time to tuberculosis treatment initiation by day 56. The trial is sufficiently powered to permit 3 pairwise comparisons between groups (i.e. Group 1 vs. 2; Group 2 vs. 3; and Group 1 vs. 3). This three-arm pragmatic trial design allows us to efficiently answer two separate, important public health questions: firstly, by comparing Group 2 to Group 1, we should be able to determine whether HIV care should be prioritised for adults with TB symptoms. Additionally, by comparing Group 3 to Group 2, we will provide strong evidence for the effectiveness of an optimised and integrated HIV and TB diagnostic and treatment linkage approach.
The purpose of this study is to determine the serum IgA response of three dose levels of the oral RV3-BB vaccine when administered in a neonatal schedule or when administered as a high dose in an infant schedule.