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NCT ID: NCT03555669 Enrolling by invitation - Depression Clinical Trials

Project SOAR-Mental Health Malawi: Depression and HIV Integration

Start date: April 24, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Depression is highly prevalent among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Malawi and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Besides its high prevalence, depression likely represents an important barrier to consistent HIV care engagement and long-term viral suppression. However, the potential for depression treatment to improve HIV care outcomes has received little attention in the region, in part because of limited mental health infrastructure. In this study, the investigators will evaluate the impact of a depression treatment program integrated within existing HIV clinics on depression response, retention in HIV care, and viral suppression. It is expected that this evaluation will yield important evidence on the impact of depression treatment integrated with HIV care for improving HIV care and mental health outcomes in Malawi.

NCT ID: NCT03549156 Not yet recruiting - Malnutrition Clinical Trials

Comparison of a Two Ready-to-use Supplementary Foods of Differing Protein Quality for the Treatment of MAM.

Start date: June 1, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This is a prospective, randomised, double-blinded, controlled clinical effectiveness trial of two supplementary foods in the treatment of MAM. The setting will be 21 rural sites in southern Malawi. The participants will be 1800 children 6-59 months old with MAM, defined as mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) ≥ 11.5 cm and < 12.5 cm and/or a weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) between -2 and -3 without bipedal edema. Children will receive approximately 75 kcal/kg/d (314 kJ/kg/d) of one of two RUSFs in two-week rations for outpatient therapy of MAM. The two supplements will be a novel, locally produced peanut/dairy RUSFs, one with a high protein quality (HIPRO RUSF) or one with a standard protein quality, referred to as control RUSF (C-RUSF). The primary outcome measures will be recovery from MAM (achieving MUAC ≥ 12.5 cm by 12 weeks) or failure (death, development of severe acute malnutrition, transfer to hospital for inpatient care, failure to recover from MAM by 12 weeks, default). Secondary outcome measures include rates of weight, height, and mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) gain, time to graduation, and adverse effects from the supplementary foods.

NCT ID: NCT03519425 Not yet recruiting - Hiv Clinical Trials

A Pragmatic Randomised Study to Optimise Screening, Prevention and Care for Tuberculosis in Malawi

Start date: August 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

A pragmatic open, three-arm individually-randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation will be conducted in one primary health care centre in Blantyre, Malawi, where HIV and TB are major contributors to early mortality. Participants will be adults with symptoms of tuberculosis (cough of any duration) attending the primary clinic with an acute care episode. We will exclude adults who have taken treatment for TB within the previous 6-months, who are taking isoniazid preventive therapy, who are not resident of Blantyre, or who plan to move out of Blantyre in the following 6-months. Participants will be randomly allocated into one of three groups: Group 1: Standard of care: Participants will be seen by facility health workers and receive clinician-directed screening for HIV and TB according to Malawi national guidelines. Group 2: Optimised HIV testing and treatment linkage: Participants will be offered testing for HIV using rapid oral fluid kits by research assistants. Those with confirmed HIV infection will be linked to the HIV care clinic where facility healthworkers will screen for TB using standard sputum-based diagnostics. Group 3: Optimised TB diagnosis, HIV screening and treatment linkage: Participants will receive a high-throughput and high-sensitivity TB screening intervention, in addition to the HIV testing intervention. This will comprise of an initial digital chest x-ray classified by the CAD4TB image-recognition software as either "high probability of TB", or "low probability of TB". Participants whose x-rays are suggestive of TB will receive confirmatory sputum testing with Xpert MTB/Rif Ultra cartridges, whilst participants whose x-rays have a low probability of TB will be referred to facility healthworkers for routine care. All participants will be seen at the health facility at day 56, where they will be tested for HIV (if not on ART) and screened for TB. The Primary Trial Outcome will compare between groups the time to tuberculosis treatment initiation by day 56. The trial is sufficiently powered to permit 3 pairwise comparisons between groups (i.e. Group 1 vs. 2; Group 2 vs. 3; and Group 1 vs. 3). This three-arm pragmatic trial design allows us to efficiently answer two separate, important public health questions: firstly, by comparing Group 2 to Group 1, we should be able to determine whether HIV care should be prioritised for adults with TB symptoms. Additionally, by comparing Group 3 to Group 2, we will provide strong evidence for the effectiveness of an optimised and integrated HIV and TB diagnostic and treatment linkage approach.

NCT ID: NCT03483116 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Rotavirus Infections

A Phase II Dose-ranging Study of Oral RV3-BB Rotavirus Vaccine

Start date: June 15, 2018
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to determine the serum IgA response of three dose levels of the oral RV3-BB vaccine when administered in a neonatal schedule or when administered as a high dose in an infant schedule.

NCT ID: NCT03477279 Recruiting - Hiv Clinical Trials

Developing and Assessing a Male Engagement Intervention in Option B+ in Malawi

Start date: September 25, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

There is promising evidence that couple-based approaches within Malawi's Option B+ prevention of mother to child transmission program could address help address 1) poor male engagement in the HIV continuum of care, 2) low male adoption of biomedical HIV prevention approaches, 3) sub-optimal female engagement in the continuum of care, and 4) poor or uncertain infant outcomes. Our team has developed an intervention to address these challenges, and will conduct a randomized controlled trial (N=500 couples) to assess intervention effectiveness at one year.

NCT ID: NCT03422185 Completed - Hypertension Clinical Trials

Understanding Local Determinants of Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes

Start date: May 2013
Study type: Observational

Cross-sectional survey of all adults residing in two defined geographical regions in urban Lilongwe and rural Karonga District. Participants were interviewed, had anthropometric measures taken, and had fasting blood specimens taken.

NCT ID: NCT03399318 Recruiting - Malaria Clinical Trials

Aggressive Antipyretics for Fever Reduction in CNS Malaria

Start date: July 2, 2018
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The study will examine whether prophylactic and scheduled treatment with acetaminophen and ibuprofen can decrease the maximum temperature experienced during the acute illness in children with CNS malaria.

NCT ID: NCT03385590 Not yet recruiting - Healthy Clinical Trials

Feasibility and Acceptability of a Soy-fiber-maize Complementary Food in Malawi.

Start date: September 1, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this intervention study is to assess the feasibility and acceptability of soy-fiber-maize versus soy-maize complementary foods on bowel movement frequency, transit time, growth, gastrointestinal symptoms, microbiota composition and activity.

NCT ID: NCT03385252 Recruiting - Infant Malnutrition Clinical Trials

The Mazira Project: An Evaluation of Eggs During Complementary Feeding in Rural Malawi

Start date: January 22, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The Mazira Project is a study of the effect of egg consumption on growth, development and gut health of infants in Malawi. The study randomly assigns infants to receive one egg per day over six months or to receive an equivalent value of food at the end of six months. Growth, achievement of developmental milestones, gut microbiome composition and other measures of nutritional status are compared between the two groups to determine whether regular egg consumption benefits Malawian infants.

NCT ID: NCT03376217 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Malaria in Pregnancy

Assessing the Effectiveness of Community Delivery of Intermittent Preventive Treatment in Pregnancy (IPTp) in Malawi

Start date: January 1, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The overall aim of the study is to learn whether utilization of Health Surveillance Assistants (HSAs) for delivery of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnant women (IPTp) can increase coverage of three or more IPTp doses compared to IPTp delivery only at antenatal clinics (ANC), while at the same time improve or maintain ANC attendance. This will be a cluster randomized trial, including a total of 20 health facilities (HF) which will be randomly assigned to either the intervention (10) or non-intervention group (10); all HSAs affiliated with a HF will be in the same group.