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It has been reported that peripheral and lymph node resident Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4)+ T cells expressing Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) contribute to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) persistence during Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). In HIV-infected individuals, PD-1 expression on CD4+ T cells correlates with HIV disease progression, and loss of HIV-specific CD4+ T cell function can be reversed in vitro by PD-1 blockade. There are only a limited number of case reports describing the evolution of HIV-infected patients with concurrent oncological disease treated with immunological checkpoint inhibitors. However, this case provides very limited information on the effect of pembrolizumab on the HIV reservoir. Here, the investigators aim at describing changes in the HIV reservoir and in the HIV-specific immunity in HIV-infected patients on ART who receive immunological checkpoint inhibitors for the treatment of cancer, especially for metastatic melanoma.
A cluster randomised trial to determine the impact of an integrated community-based package of HIV services incorporating HIV testing, linkage to care and ongoing adherence support, combined with sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services and general health counselling for 16 to 24 year olds on population level HIV viral load in a high HIV prevalence setting.
The purpose of this study is to describe pharmacokinetics of maraviroc (MVC) 300 mg and atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r) 200/100 mg QD in HIV-infected stable patients.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of two broadly neutralizing antibodies, VRC01LS and 10-1074, on the maintenance of HIV suppression in a cohort of early-treated children in Botswana.
This study evaluates the use of ABI-1968, a topical cream, in the treatment of anal precancerous lesions in adults with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
The purpose of this pilot study is to examine the effects of eight 5-day cycles of subcutaneous recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) given every 8 weeks on levels of replication-competent HIV in CD4 cells and on the size of HIV viral reservoir in up to 20 participants with chronically suppressed HIV infection (viral load <50 copies/mL).
This study, "Linking Infectious and Narcology Care - Part II (LINC-II)," will implement and evaluate a multi-faceted intervention (LINC-II), via a two-armed randomized controlled trial among 240 HIV-infected PWID in St. Petersburg. LINC-II, comprised of pharmacological therapy (i.e., rapid access to ART and receipt of naltrexone for opioid use disorder) and 12 months of strengths-based case management, will assess HIV outcomes (e.g., HIV viral load suppression), impact on care systems and cost-effectiveness of the intervention.
This randomized phase III trial studies how well human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine therapy works in reducing high-grade cervical lesions in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and HPV. Vaccines made from HPV peptides or antigens may help the body build an effective immune response to kill the HPV virus and prevent cervical lesions from developing or coming back after being removed.
This study is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to assess the feasibility, tolerability, and safety of using opioid receptor antagonists (naltrexone and nalmefene) to treat pain among HIV-infected persons with heavy alcohol use and chronic pain.
This study evaluates the use of ABI-1968, a topical cream, in the treatment of anal precancerous lesions in adults with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.