There are about 18173 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Canada. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
To develop and validate a specific questionnaire of sexual quality of life in several languages and cultures (France, Brazil, Australia) allowing a meaningful and comprehensive assessment of the sexuality of patients infected with HIV and HCV; Propose reference scoring for sub-populations.
The quality of care associated with medical procedures, such as procedural sedation, has historically been assessed from the perspective of the healthcare professional, wherein the appropriateness of the services provided and the skill with which this care was performed were considered. However, more recently, the perspectives of consumers of healthcare services (i.e. the patients) have also been sought in the form of patient satisfaction. A review of the literature shows that patient satisfaction is routinely assessed when determining the effectiveness of sedation; however, it is less frequently assessed as the primary outcome. In child-specific, validated studies, limitations are noted with respect to being validated in a language other than English and failing to encompass a variety of procedures. As a result, these validated tools are not appropriate for use with pediatric populations undergoing procedural sedation in North America, nor are these validated tools amenable to comparison with our proposed tool.
The FDA have revised the data on soy and concluded that a heart health claim is no longer justified based on more recent studies. They are allowing and established panel for public input. The selected studies have not been meta-analyzed, therefore we will conduct a meta-analysis of the 46 FDA selected studies to assess the effect of soy protein on surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease (LDL-C and TC).
The investigators plan to evaluate the correlation between carotid plaque enhancement on Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), significant coronary artery disease (CAD), and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in a systematic manner. The investigators hypothesize that increased levels of CEUS-detected vulnerable carotid plaque will be predictive of CV risk determined by angiography and future cardiovascular events.
The purpose of this study is to compare LY900014 with insulin lispro (Humalog) in participants with type 1 diabetes mellitus. There are 2 parts to this study. Part A is investigating how the body processes LY900014 and the effect of LY900014 on blood sugar levels compared to insulin lispro (Humalog) when study treatment is given by subcutaneous injection. Part B of the study is investigating how the body processes LY900014 and the effect of LY900014 on blood sugar levels compared to insulin lispro (Humalog) when study treatment is given by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) pump. Screening is required within 28 days prior to the start of the study. For each participant, the study will last about 40 days in each part.
Low back pain (LBP) encompasses heterogeneous patients unlikely to respond to a unique treatment. Identifying sub-groups of low back pain may help to improve treatment outcomes. Our objective was to identify variables associated with a favorable outcome in soldiers with sub-acute and chronic LBP participating in a multi-station full-body supervised exercise program. The results obtained may permit generation of potential treatment effect modifiers that will eventually have to be validated before being recommended for clinical practice.
This is a Phase 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study enrolling 90 healthy, overweight, middle aged subjects (30 placebo, 30 low dose and 30 high dose AMAZ-02 intervention), 40-65 years of age, who are otherwise healthy. AMAZ-02, a food derived ingredient, will be given as a daily oral dose for 4 months.
During dietary fat absorption, the gut packages the majority of the fats into lipid particles that are secreted into blood circulation. The gut is also capable of storing a considerable amount of fats that can be released at a later time upon receiving certain stimulus signals. One of the signals is glucose ingestion. This protocol examines how glucose ingestion releases gut lipid store. Participants drink a fatty formula and 5-9 hours later drink either a glucose solution or water (as control). One hour later, duodenal biopsy specimen are taken for analysis of lipid stores in the gut cells.
When doctors and nurses use accepted guidelines for quickly treating patients who come to the emergency department (ED) with a possible heart attack, patients do better. Research shows that there are racial-identity- and ethnicity-based differences in the symptoms these patients have, when and why they seek care, the treatments they receive, and how well they fare afterwards. There is also Canadian evidence that there may be racial-identity-based disparities in the care some patients receive, and it has been suggested that health professionals may unconsciously treat patients of different racial identities differently. But it is not known if there is racial-identity variation in the care given to Canadian patients with heart attack symptoms in the critical first hours after coming to an ED, or in their experiences of this care. The investigators collected information from the health records of patients who come to EDs with symptoms of heart attack. The investigators recorded events and times such as what provisional diagnosis was assigned to the patient, how often they received pain medication, how long until certain tests were performed and what treatments were offered. The investigators also collected information about things that might affect delivery of care, e.g., the number of doctors and nurses who were on duty. Participants also completed a short questionnaire about their reasons for coming to the hospital, how long they waited before coming and why, and what their experience in the ED was like. The investigators reviewed this information to see if there are racial-identity-based differences in the care received by patients with heart attack symptoms. The findings could identify important disparities, which could in turn inform future projects to correct these disparities, for example, education of health professionals about ethnic differences in ideas of health and illness.
The general objective of this project is to investigate the interplay of the gut microbiome - endocannabinoid axis with host environmental factors and intestinal, metabolic and mental health status in free-living adults with various metabolic statuses and lifestyles.