There are about 18690 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Canada. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This single arm, prospective study will determine the prostate-specific quality of life (QOL) of patients undergoing undergoing a 2 fraction MRI-guided stereotactic ablative body radiation (SABR) protocol. We propose prescribing a prostate dose of 26 Gy in 2 fractions and a dose of up to 32 Gy to the dominant intraprostatic lesion (DIL) in 2 fractions over one week.
Hip fractures are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly with over 30,000 hip fractures occuring in Canada annually and over 1300 in Saskatchewan. The estimated cost associated with hip fractures is over $600 million nationally and 28 million dollars in Saskatchewan. Hip fractures cause a great deal of pain and immobility and are mainly treated with surgical fixation. In the perioperative period, hip fracture patients are treated mainly with opioids and other adjuncts such as NSAIDS and acetaminophen. Opioid consumption in the elderly population can predispose to delirium and respiratory complications such as atelectasis, respiratory depression, and pneumonia. Fascia iliaca blocks have been shown to be an effective mode of analgesia for patients with hip fractures, but are underutilized for varying reasons including culture of practice, expertise with performing the block, and having a dedicated service to do so. This study aims to compare the efficacy of fascia iliaca blocks to standard treatment (opioids) in the management of pain in hip fracture patients with a particular focus on outcomes such as the incidence of delirium, respiratory complications, and length of stay in hospital. Our idea is that if we can reduce the amount of opioids these patients receive then they will have improved pain control, fewer respiratory complications, earlier time to mobilizing, and shorter hospital stays. As far as we are aware this relation has not been well studied.
The objective of the current study is to assess the prevalence of poor food literacy in young adults with type 1 diabetes through a national on-line survey. More specifically, the research question to be investigated as part of this project is: What is the current level of food literacy among young adults with type 1 diabetes? We hypothesize that at least 50% of young adults with type 1 diabetes have a poor level of food literacy.
This phase II trial studies the side effects of bevacizumab and anetumab ravtansine or paclitaxel in treating participants with ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer that does not respond to treatment. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab and anetumab ravtansine, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving bevacizumab and anetumab ravtansine or paclitaxel may work better in treating participants with ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer.
Postprandial triglycerides are a strong risk factor for heart disease. The purpose is to assess the effects of a low-glycemic versus high-glycemic meal after 90 minute exercise sessions that are done 4 times a week for 6 weeks on postprandial triglyceride level. Secondary measurements include other lipids and body composition.
Memory and cognitive declines are associated with normal brain aging but are also precursors to dementia, in particular the so called the pandemic of the century, Alzheimer's disease. While currently there is no cure or "vaccine" against dementia, there are hopes to delay the onset of the disease by living a brain-healthy life style. The proposed research offers a novel approach to prevent dementia and age-related cognitive disorders. We propose to use our developed brain fitness APP for the aging population with dementia. The proposed APP is based on the premise of brain plasticity, and targets the brain functions that are declining with normal aging and dementia. In a pilot study, we showed very positive effects of our custom designed brain exercises to strengthen left-right side brain connectivity in older adults when used regularly. Leveraging our previous design, we have developed an end-user product with additional features and enhanced user interface and user experience that will allow it to be used for neuro-cognitive rehabilitation by an individual without supervision The proposed APP will be tested on 30 individuals with cognitive impairment. We anticipate the frequent use of the proposed APP will help to slow and even reverse the progression of the cognition decline in individuals with mild cognitive impairment or dementia.
This is a prospective, single institution, phase I-II study of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for unresected breast cancer. Twenty-four patients with advanced breast cancer who are not candidates for surgery (metastatic disease, unresectable, medically inoperable) or decline surgery will be enrolled in a prospective study using SBRT (4 fractions of radiation therapy over 12-15 days) as the primary treatment modality.
In this study, the investigators aim to better characterize the outcomes of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) survivors, to examine whether subgroups of children with PARDS can be identified, and to determine whether an earlier diagnosis of PARDS using a computerized decision support system will improve the care of these children.
Schizophrenia is associated with long-lasting health, social and financial burden for patients, families, caregivers and society. Unfortunately, 25-30% of schizophrenia patients respond poorly to antipsychotic medication. Moreover, psychotherapeutic treatment alternatives are very limited for this suffering population. This unmet clinical need requires innovation and action. Psychotherapeutic treatment alternatives such as Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) provide at best moderate results. Using immersive virtual reality, we recently tested a novel psychotherapeutic intervention, Avatar Therapy (AT), where the therapist engages in a dialogue with the patient through a virtual representation of the patient's distressing voice. This approach, being both relational and experiential, provides a unique opportunity to aid patients gain control over their voice. The results of our pilot study on AT were clinically promising for the severity and distress related to hallucinations, positive symptomatology and emotion regulation. To further research in this field, the primary goal of this randomized-controlled, single-site parallel study is to show that AT is superior to CBT for the treatment of persistent auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia. Our secondary goal is to examine the effects of these interventions on emotion regulation, mood symptoms (anxiety and depression), self-esteem, level of functioning and quality of life.
Objectives 1. Evaluate the ability of aesthetic physicians to accurately inject a specific amount (i.e., 0.2cc) of HA soft tissue filler; and 2. Investigate the effect of different HA gel properties (e.g., G', cohesivity, viscoelasticity) on an injector's performance accuracy.