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Context and justification: There is growing evidence that the gut microbiota is a key element in the pathophysiology of cardio-metabolic diseases (CMD) such as Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). One hypothesis is that gut-derived metabolites (from diet) have an important role in the host metabolism. Preliminary results show that imidazole propionate (ImP), a degradation product of the essential amino acid histidine, is produced by the gut microbiota of T2D patients, but not healthy subjects. The gut microbiota itself is strongly influenced by diet and ethnicity. However, most dietary intervention studies have focused on the role of fiber intake and the effect of dietary protein on the gut microbiota composition and metabolite production is not well known. Our hypothesis is that, depending on the baseline gut microbiome composition, a diminution in protein intake could decrease the microbial production of metabolites such as ImP and improve the metabolism of the host. We also hypothesize that the effects of such an intervention could depend the ethnic background. Objective: To study the effects of a high protein (HP) vs a low protein (LP) diet on gut microbiota composition and production of pro-diabetic metabolites in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients from Caucasian and Caribbean ethnicity depending on baseline metagenomics richness. Study design: Randomized controlled three months dietary intervention study Study Population: T2D patients from Caucasian (N=80) and Caribbean (N=40) background who are on a stable dose of metformin and do not use insulin or proton-pump inhibitors. Intervention: Subjects will be randomized to either a high protein (HP) or low protein (LP) diet for three months. Individuals of Caucasian ethnicity, will also be stratified according to either a high or low gut microbiota gene richness. All subjects will receive pre-cooked meals 6 days per week and daily food packages. Subjects are required to keep food diaries three days a week and will also have weekly contact with an Pitié-Salpêtrière dietician. Outcome measures: Primary endpoint is the change in glycemic excursion (area under the curve) after a mixed meal test between baseline and 12 weeks after the beginning of the intervention. Furthermore, we will study oral and fecal microbiota composition changes as well as serum levels of intestinal metabolites, such as ImP, body weight and body composition at baseline and after 12 weeks. Sample Size: It is calculated that a total of 20 patients per arm are needed so 120 patients in total.
The goals of this project are to assess the efficacy of remotely delivered episodic future thinking for reducing delay discounting and improving management of type 2 diabetes, including glycemic control, weight loss, medication adherence, dietary intake, physical activity, and blood pressure. This will be accomplished by randomly assigning participants (N = 64) to episodic future thinking or control thinking groups, while tracking outcome measures before, during, and after the 4-month intervention, as well at a 6-month follow-up visit. Participants in both groups will also receive access to an information-based weight loss intervention.
the present study aimed to follow up our participants in order to consider the changes in weight and anthropometric measurements after the 12-month weight maintenance as well as the total of 18 months, consisting of the previously described 24 weeks active weight loss and a further 53 weeks weight maintenance. The secondary outcome was to compare the abdominal adiposity, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism during these periods.
This trial investigates the value created by the highly innovative Fresh Food Farmacy (FFF) program at Geisinger Health. The program provides food-insecure diabetics with healthy food for their entire household: at least two meals per day, five days a week. The program also provides education on how to prepare the food, and education on healthy living including diabetes self management. The research measures the effects of the FFF program on patient health and wellbeing.
A multi-centre, open-label trial to investigate the efficacy and possible mechanism of Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion treatment in patients with drug naive type 2 diabetes.
This observational retrospective study will describe characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who were initiating use or treatment with sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors and other diabetes medications (other glucose lowering drugs) in 2015-17 based on National Russian Diabetes Registry data.
Evaluation of safety, tolerability and superiority of RK-01, a valsartan plus celecoxib dual add-on to metformin-HCL XR over metformin in newly diagnosed and obese adult type 2 diabetes patients with high blood pressure, arthritis and inadequate glycemic control with metformin monotherapy, diet and exercise over 26 weeks of treatment. Objective: To assess effect of RK-01 on HbA1c levels, beta cell function and insulin resistance with co-administration of valsartan, celecoxib and metformin-HCl XR relative to metformin monotherapy. Hypothesis: After 26 weeks of treatment with valsartan, celecoxib and metformin-HCl XR provides greater improvements in glycemic, inflammatory and atherogenic parameters compared to metformin monotherapy.
The Revita™ System is being investigated to assess the ability to improve glycemic control in conjunction with diet and exercise in patients with Type 2 diabetes who are inadequately controlled with oral anti-diabetic medications. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the Fractyl DMR Procedure using the Revita™ System compared to a sham procedure. At 24 weeks, subjects randomized to the DMR procedure be continued to be followed per protocol till 48 Weeks and the Sham treatment arm will be offered to cross over to receive the DMR treatment and will be followed per protocol for 24 weeks post treatment.
P5.fi study - P4 together with a fifth 'P' and '.fi' for population health Finally Implemented in Finland - studies the value of returning genetic and metabolomic risk information in two diseases (coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes) and one feature (venous thromboembolism). The hypothesis of the study is that 1) combining genetic and metabolic risk with traditional risk factors adds value to the personal risk assessment of these diseases, 2) such risk information can be provided to individuals using a web based user portal in an easily understandable and useful format, and 3) receiving genetic and metabolomic risk information has an effect on the health of the study participants. The study is a continuation of FinHealth 2017 -study, which involved more than 7,000 Finns from around the country. The participants of FinHealth were invited to participate in P5.fi -study. The new research utilises information, samples, and measurements obtained in the FinHealth Study. Prospective clinical significance of selected genetic and metabolomic risk scores will be studied in 30.000 Finnish individuals. The study will analyze the genetic and metabolomic profile of the P5.fi participants and develop and test a protocol for returning them health related risk information. The impact of the intervention will by followed up by questionnaires and national health registers for five years.
This is a Phase 2a study designed to assess the safety and tolerability of MEDI0382 titrated up to a dose level of 100, 200 or 300 µg from 50 µg vs Placebo across 48 days in Japanese subjects. The study D5674C00001 can be conducted with a reasonable expectation of safety and tolerability in Japanese T2DM patients. The design of this study has taken into account the known benefits and risks of GLP-1 receptor agonists and glucagon receptor agonists as well as the translatable effects observed in nonclinical studies of MEDI0382.