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This study will investigate the effect of high-carbohydrate vs. high-fat overfeeding (130% of energy requirements) on whole body insulin sensitivity. Following habitual diet, participants will be randomly allocated to either a high-carbohydrate or a high-fat diet intervention for 14-days. On days 0, 7 and 14 participants will undergo anthropometric and metabolic testing (primarily an oral glucose tolerance test [OGTT]).
The reason for this study is to see if the study drug tirzepatide (LY3298176) is effective and safe compared to dulaglutide in participants with type 2 diabetes in Japan.
Diabetic patients with and without chronic cough will be included in this study. After giving their informed consent, the patients will perform a spirometry, chest X-ray at the inclusion visit. Cough will be assessed using the cough visual analog scale (VAS) and the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ). Within 60 days, the patient will perform neurophysiological tests. The neurophysiological assessment will be concluded with a skin biopsy to evaluate small fiber neuropathy. The aim of the study is to compare the proportion of small fiber neuropathy between diabetic patients with chronic cough and those without chronic cough.
The two main questions that this research study will answer: 1. will a 16-week community-based diabetes prevention program for delivery to at-risk mothers and children in a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) setting show (a) pre- and post-intervention improvements to Type 2 Diabetes risk factors in 60 mother-child dyads; (b) intervention vs. control improvements to T2D risk factors in 30 mother-child dyads; and (c) maintenance effects to changes to Type 2 Diabetes risk factors in 30 mother-child dyads; and 2. based on the acceptability, adoption, relevance to FQHC and participants, feasibility, fidelity, program costs, and factors influencing sustainability of this program, can it be disseminated nationwide to other FQHC's? The investigators hypothesize that participants (a) will show improvements following the intervention to T2D risk factors, (b) in the intervention will show significant improvements to T2D risk factors in versus the controls, and (c) will maintain the benefits beyond the 16-week intervention. The investigators also predict that this program will meet criteria to be disseminated nationwide to other FQHC's.
Bioequivalence Study of Empagliflozin Tablets and Jardiance® Under Fasting and Fed Conditions in Chinese Healthy Volunteers.
Context and justification: There is growing evidence that the gut microbiota is a key element in the pathophysiology of cardio-metabolic diseases (CMD) such as Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). One hypothesis is that gut-derived metabolites (from diet) have an important role in the host metabolism. Preliminary results show that imidazole propionate (ImP), a degradation product of the essential amino acid histidine, is produced by the gut microbiota of T2D patients, but not healthy subjects. The gut microbiota itself is strongly influenced by diet and ethnicity. However, most dietary intervention studies have focused on the role of fiber intake and the effect of dietary protein on the gut microbiota composition and metabolite production is not well known. Our hypothesis is that, depending on the baseline gut microbiome composition, a diminution in protein intake could decrease the microbial production of metabolites such as ImP and improve the metabolism of the host. We also hypothesize that the effects of such an intervention could depend the ethnic background. Objective: To study the effects of a high protein (HP) vs a low protein (LP) diet on gut microbiota composition and production of pro-diabetic metabolites in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients from Caucasian and Caribbean ethnicity depending on baseline metagenomics richness. Study design: Randomized controlled three months dietary intervention study Study Population: T2D patients from Caucasian (N=80) and Caribbean (N=40) background who are on a stable dose of metformin and do not use insulin or proton-pump inhibitors. Intervention: Subjects will be randomized to either a high protein (HP) or low protein (LP) diet for three months. Individuals of Caucasian ethnicity, will also be stratified according to either a high or low gut microbiota gene richness. All subjects will receive pre-cooked meals 6 days per week and daily food packages. Subjects are required to keep food diaries three days a week and will also have weekly contact with an Pitié-Salpêtrière dietician. Outcome measures: Primary endpoint is the change in glycemic excursion (area under the curve) after a mixed meal test between baseline and 12 weeks after the beginning of the intervention. Furthermore, we will study oral and fecal microbiota composition changes as well as serum levels of intestinal metabolites, such as ImP, body weight and body composition at baseline and after 12 weeks. Sample Size: It is calculated that a total of 20 patients per arm are needed so 120 patients in total.
The goals of this project are to assess the efficacy of remotely delivered episodic future thinking for reducing delay discounting and improving management of type 2 diabetes, including glycemic control, weight loss, medication adherence, dietary intake, physical activity, and blood pressure. This will be accomplished by randomly assigning participants (N = 64) to episodic future thinking or control thinking groups, while tracking outcome measures before, during, and after the 4-month intervention, as well at a 6-month follow-up visit. Participants in both groups will also receive access to an information-based weight loss intervention.
the present study aimed to follow up our participants in order to consider the changes in weight and anthropometric measurements after the 12-month weight maintenance as well as the total of 18 months, consisting of the previously described 24 weeks active weight loss and a further 53 weeks weight maintenance. The secondary outcome was to compare the abdominal adiposity, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism during these periods.
This trial investigates the value created by the highly innovative Fresh Food Farmacy (FFF) program at Geisinger Health. The program provides food-insecure diabetics with healthy food for their entire household: at least two meals per day, five days a week. The program also provides education on how to prepare the food, and education on healthy living including diabetes self management. The research measures the effects of the FFF program on patient health and wellbeing.
A multi-centre, open-label trial to investigate the efficacy and possible mechanism of Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion treatment in patients with drug naive type 2 diabetes.