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Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) might have high grade immune-related adverse events (irAEs) from rhumatologic, endocrinologic, cardiac or other system origin. This study investigates reports of drug induced irAEs with treatment including anti-PD1, Anti-PDL-1, and Anti-CTLA4 classes using the World Health Organization (WHO) database VigiBase and the french database Base Nationale de PharmacoVigilance (BNPV).
The Purpose of this project is to implement ENABLE (Educate, Nurture, Advise, Before Life Ends) at four community cancer practices that have a high percentage of rural and/or medically-underserved patients diagnosed with advanced cancer and their family caregivers. The ENABLE principal investigator (PI) and the Coordinating Center team are located at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). Site teams are - Spartanburg SC/Gibbs Cancer Center, Birmingham VA Medical Center, University of South Alabama/Mitchell Cancer Institute, UAB Division of Gynecologic Oncology and UAB Department of Hematology Oncology.
This study expands on a prior pilot study to refine the intervention messaging to focus on goal-oriented thinking, include a coach, and extend the intervention to a larger sample of young adult cancer survivors (aged 18-39 years) recruited from two National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers (Emory's Winship Cancer Institute in Atlanta; University of Kentucky's Markey Cancer Center in Lexington). Participants will be randomly assigned (stratified by age and sex) to one of the 8-week treatment conditions in a 2:1 ratio (2 to intervention: 1 to attention control).
Feasibility randomized controlled trial of standard care v standard care + acupuncture administered by specially-trained therapy radiographers in patients undergoing radiotherapy. It is a feasibility study to investigate all aspects of a future definitive randomized controlled trial, including statistical power calculation, hence there is no primary outcome or time point. Mixed methods: literature review, model validity, training and mentoring of radiographers, processes, resources, interventions, procedures, patient clinical outcomes, patient and stakeholder qualitative outcomes
This study examines the effect of a five-year multifactorial lifestyle intervention in the Oslo diet and antismoking study on long-term cancer risk. In 1972-1973, 1232 men with high cardiovascular risk profile were randomised to intervention including cholesterol lowering diet, weight loss and antismoking advice, or control (1:1). This study examines the effect of the intervention on 43-year cancer incidence and mortality.
The purpose of this study is to develop, implement and undertake a preliminary evaluation of a psychoeducational intervention for managing a cancer-related symptom cluster including pain, fatigue and sleep disturbance experienced by Vietnamese cancer patients.
Vitamin D deficiency is common among otherwise healthy pregnant women and may have consequences for them as well as the early development and long-term health of their children. However, the importance of maternal vitamin D status has not been widely studied. The present study is divided into a societal experiment (1) and a case-cohort study (2): 1. The present study includes an in-depth examination of the influence of exposure to vitamin D early in life and during critical periods of growth for development of type 1 diabetes (T1D), type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, obesity, asthma, arthritis, cancer, mental and cognitive disorders, congenital disorders, dental caries and bone fractures during child- and adulthood. The study is based on the fact that mandatory fortification of margarine with vitamin D, which initiated in 1937, was terminated in 1985. Apart from determining the influences of exposure prior to conception and during pre- and postnatal life, the investigators examined the importance of vitamin D exposure during specific seasons and trimesters, by comparing disease incidence among individuals born before and after the fortification. 2. Additionally, a validated method was used to determine neonatal vitamin D status using stored dried blood spots (DBS) from individuals who develop the aforementioned disease entities as adults and their time and gender-matched controls. Unparalleled, the study will help determine the effects of vitamin D exposure during critical periods in life. There are a sufficient number of individuals to verify any effects during different gestation phases and seasons of the year. The results, which will change our current understanding of the significance of vitamin D, will enable new research in related fields, including interventional research designed to assess supplementation needs for different subgroups of pregnant women. Also, other health outcomes can subsequently be studied to generate multiple new interdisciplinary health research opportunities involving vitamin D.
Regional anesthesia of the abdomen significantly reduce postoperative pain, spare the systemic opioids and decrease postoperative nausea and vomiting. Multiple regional techniques can be performed at the neuro-axis (epidural), the nerve root (paravertebral) and the peripheral nerve (transversus abdominis plane). Quadratus lumborum (QL) block is an addition into the league of truncal nerve block techniques that has been found to provide analgesia for abdominal surgeries. Several case reports have shown that local anesthetic injection around the quadratus lumborum muscle is effective in providing pain relief after various abdominal operations and in patients with chronic pain. The study hypothesis is that quadratus lumborum block in single shot may be more superior to transversus abdominus plane block as regard intra-operative and the post-operative analgesia.
The current study aimed to develop and assess an easy-to-use, highly accessible mobile and web-based application intervention to reduce sedentary behavior and increase physical activity in the hope of reducing the side effects of treatment and improving quality of life for the 13,000 or more prostate cancer survivors who are prescribed ADT each year in Canada. The study was conducted in two phases, where Phase one was focused on finding out about the attitudes and perceptions of sedentary behavior and the use of mobile applications among prostate cancer survivors using semi-structured interviews. Together with professional experts and a group of men who were diagnosed with prostate cancer, we developed RiseForTx - an application that is used on a smartphone or tablet to reduce time spent in, and to change patterns of, sedentary behaviour each day (Phase two). Part of the intervention was also focused on increasing daily steps to improve physical activity. We tested the intervention to examine (i) how the application works, (ii) if prostate cancer survivors like it and use it; and (iii) if sedentary behaviour and physical activity can reduce the impact of the side effects for treatment and improve quality of life among men on ADT.
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a persistent problem that limits activities and causes distress. Considering the high prevalence of CRF among HCT survivors and the limitations of currently existing treatments, there is a pressing need for establishing safe and effective options for reducing CRF after HCT. Based on evidence supporting the use of yoga for CRF in non-HCT populations, yoga is one option worthy of evaluation for ameliorating CRF in HCT patients. Yoga is easy to implement, may be appealing to HCT patients, and can be self-administered, which would encourage long-term use and potentially lead to a better control of persistent CRF in HCT survivors. The primary aim of the proposed study is to assess the feasibility of a yoga intervention for HCT survivors with CRF. Outcomes from this feasibility study will provide the information needed to design a larger, adequately powered randomized controlled trial to evaluate yoga for CRF in HCT survivors. This study will employ a mixed-methods, single-arm, pretest-posttest design with focus groups. Twenty HCT survivors who report at least moderate fatigue will be recruited from the HCT clinic, Michigan Medicine. Participants will be enrolled in a six-week Restorative yoga program. The program will consist of a weekly, 60-minute yoga group class led by a certified yoga instructor along with twice-weekly home practice using yoga DVD.