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Clinical Trial Summary

Persons with an injury of the central nervous system clearly experience motor impairments. Among the most commonly described consequences are gait abnormalities and impaired balance. Although these are undeniably linked, they are also influenced by other factors. A recent systematic review (Xie, 2022) reports impaired balance, the presence of depression or anxiety, and decreased function of the lower limbs as important risk factors for fear of falling in persons after a stroke. Also for people with a spinal cord injury, the fear of falling has a major impact on their level of participation and quality of life (Sing, 2021). Preventing falls and reducing fear of falling is an important part of neurological rehabilitation programs as it is known that fear of falling has a negative impact on the patient's activity level. This in turn will lead to an increased risk of falling and a negative effect on neurological recovery due to insufficiently practicing their balance while walking. Since 2019 the rehabilitation center of UZ gent offers GRAIL training. This device aims to train walking balance and gait adaptability in a virtual environment. Patients who are admitted and/or undergoing ambulatory rehabilitation at UZ Gent are given the opportunity to complete a 5-week training schedule on the GRAIL. Before and after this training intervention period, the investigators evaluate the gait pattern of these patients. After the training period, the patients also complete a questionnaire about their experience while training on the GRAIL and often also indicate that they become more confident in their own balance when walking. That is why the researchers now also want to measure this. Research questions: 1. Do people with high confidence in their balance when walking differ from those with low confidence in their balance when walking? 2. Does GRAIL training have a different effect on confidence in balance than traditional rehabilitation? To answer the 2nd research question, patients who follow the traditional rehabilitation (control group) also receive the same tests as the people who follow GRAIL training. Randomization (prepared in advance via a computer program) determines who will follow the GRAIL training and who will follow the traditional rehabilitation.


Clinical Trial Description

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Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05503316
Study type Interventional
Source University Hospital, Ghent
Contact Anke Van Bladel, Phd
Phone 09 332 12 43
Email anke.vanbladel@ugent.be
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date September 5, 2022
Completion date September 1, 2024

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