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This is an effectiveness study into a program ("HiRO") for improving social-emotional development, self esteem and the perceived classroom peer context in primary school students (aged 4-13 years). To this end, schools are divided into three conditions based on the choice of the schools (non-randomized): 1) School As Usual, 2) HiRo without judo classes, and 3) HiRO with judo classes. In all participating schools, social-emotional skills, self-image, emotional problems, and classroom peer context are measured three times by means of questionnaires (both self-report and parent-report). In The Netherlands primary schools are obliged to offer students training in social-emotional development. Schools can decide to develop their own program or make use of existing programs delivered by third parties, such as HiRO. In this study HiRO is compared to school as usual, that is, any other program offered to promote social -emotional development than HiRO. The main questions to answer are: - What is the effect of HiRO on the development of prosocial behavior? - What is the effect of HiRO on the development of emotional problems (depression, anxiety)? - What is the effect of HiRO on self-esteem? - What is the effect of HiRO on perceived peer context? Researchers will compare HiRO with and without judo to "school as usual" testing the following hypotheses: HiRO will result in increased prosocial skills as compared to school as usual. HiRO will result in decreased emotional problems as compared to school as usual. HiRO will result in increased self-esteem as compared to school as usual. HiRO will result in improved perceived peer context as compared to school as usual.
The goal of this clinical trial is to test the beneficial impacts of a web based intervention program called Developing Inclusive Youth for children in 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade. The main questions it aims to answer are: - Does the Developing Inclusive Youth (DIY) program, which is a web-based curriculum tool with a teacher-led classroom discussion, reduce prejudicial attitudes and biases as well as increase intergroup friendships for a sample of 8 -11 year old children enrolled in 3rd , 4th, and 5th grade U.S. classrooms? - Does the Developing Inclusive Youth (DIY) program lead to grade-related, gender-related and ethnic-related differences regarding reducing prejudicial attitudes and increasing intergroup friendships? - Does the Developing Inclusive Youth (DIY) program change teacher attitudes regarding the malleability of prejudice, the importance of intergroup friendships, and comfort levels with discussing social inclusion and exclusion experiences in the classroom? Student participants will take 15-20 minutes to use a Chrome notebook and headphones to access the online tool and the teacher will then lead a classroom discussion lasting 25-30 minutes. The intervention program will occur once a week for eight weeks. The student outcome measures, given at pretest and posttest, are also assessed with Chrome notebooks while children are sitting at their desks in the classroom. The outcome measures take 25-30 minutes. Researchers will compare children in the intervention classes to children in other classes of the same grade at their school to see if the tool promotes positive peer relationships and reduces prejudice and bias. Teacher participants will take a 25-minute online pretest and posttest survey in their classroom to assess their theories of prejudice, their awareness of their students' intergroup friendships, comfort with discussing peer social inclusion and exclusion in class, and their awareness of student experiences of exclusion.
A pilot randomized controlled trial was carried out. Fifty nursing students were randomly assigned either a 50-minute brief motivational intervention with individual feedback or a treatment-as-usual control condition. The intervention was delivered by undergraduate peer counsellors trained in Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students. Primary outcomes for testing efficacy were alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences.
Using a hybrid type III trial with a cluster randomized design, the digital peer support training for adolescent mental health protocol aims to implement a multidisciplinary program, which translates theoretical and empirical work from implementation science, communication science, and developmental psychology, to train adolescents in effective digital peer support for mental well-being. With the lack of theoretically driven and empirically grounded program to train adolescents in providing digital peer support for mental well-being, this study involves the design and implementation of such a program using that addressed four research questions: (a) what is digital peer support for adolescents, (b) how do peers provide effective peer support online, (c) how do we implement digital peer support training among adolescents, (d) what are the facilitators and barriers in training adolescents to provide effective peer support, and (e) how do we scale up and sustain digital peer support training among adolescents for far-reaching and long-lasting effectiveness?
Does the presence of fellow pupils and parents improves a pupil's resistance to undergo a nasopharyngeaal swab test?
Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects about 50,000 people in Spain, so it is essential to implement health interventions that meet their needs and demands. Expert patient programs facilitate health-related empowerment through peer learning. From a study of focus groups that identified the characteristics and contents of an expert patient program for MS and the ongoing pilot tests, the need for implementation in the different reference units of Catalonia is established. Hypothesis: The territorial implementation in Catalonia of a Catalonia® Expert Patient Program for people with MS (PPEC-EM) based on peer learning will improve the quality of life, knowledge and self-management related to the health process of the participants. Objective: To deploy and evaluate the territorial implementation of a PPEC-EM based on peer learning regarding the quality of life, knowledge and self-management related to the health process of the participants. Methodology: Pre-post intervention multicenter clinical study. This study will begin after the approval of the respective Ethics Committees. The deployment will consist of 12 groups of patients (2 per unit): 6 groups with people with recurrent MS and 6 groups with people with progressive MS. A patient with MS previously trained by a team of health professionals will lead 9 educational group sessions (1 weekly session for 9 weeks) with 12 people with the same disease in order to improve the impact and self-management according to the health process. The main variable is the improvement of the quality of life and the secondary ones are the emotional impact, activation of the person, knowledge on the MS, fatigue, habits and lifestyles, use of the sanitary services and program-related experience of participants. All variables will be measured before and after the intervention and after 6 and 12 months. A pre-post comparability analysis will be developed in relation to the variables studied.
The coronavirus pandemic has had demonstrable impact upon healthcare workers. For healthcare workers this has meant disruption to vital access to peer support networks. In May 2020 the United Nations (UN) published a policy brief highlighting the importance of supporting mental health and wellbeing for communities affected by coronavirus. There is a need to find innovative solutions to facilitate support in the post-COVID-19 era and some innovations are emerging to fill this void but an evidence, long-term, sustainable, solution is yet to be proposed. In response, a digital app has been co-developed by UK researchers and healthcare staff with the intent to facilitate a virtual peer support mechanism for National Health Service (NHS) staff.
The aim of this randomized, two-arm, investigator initiated, multi municipal, parallel-group superiority trial is to compare the effect on self-reported personal recovery of the following interventions: (1) 10-week group-based peer support intervention "Paths to everyday life" (PEER) added to service as usual (SAU); and (2) SAU alone. The primary outcome is self-reported personal recovery at end of intervention. Secondary and exploratory measures include empowerment, quality of life, functioning, hope, self-efficacy, self-advocacy and social network. The investigators, hypothesize that the superiority of the PEER intervention will be applicable for secondary outcomes and exploratory measures at end of intervention so that improvement in empowerment, hope, self-efficacy, self-advocacy, social network, quality of life and functioning will be improved among participants allocated to the PEER intervention.
This study aims to translate the original Counselor Competencies Scale-Revised (CCS-R, English version) into traditional Chinese. It will then test the psychometric properties of the newly translated CCS-R to examine its factorial structure using both exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and CFA.
After surgery for rectal cancer, many people undergo changes in bowel habits, which may include the need to empty their bowels more often, accidental leakage of stool or gas, the sudden urge to go to the bathroom, and more. The term "Low Anterior Resection Syndrome" or LARS is used to describe these symptoms. LARS has a negative impact on one's quality of life, and can lead to frustration, as there is no single intervention that has proven to be effective for LARS, and each patient has to undergo trial and error to find one's solution. As people struggle with LARS, they describe feeling hopeless and isolated. Peer support is a supportive relationship between individuals who share common experiences or face similar challenges. The goal of our study is to evaluate whether use of an online peer support application with trained mentors who themselves have lived or are living with LARS will empower patients to better manage their LARS symptoms and improve their quality of life.