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Clinical Trial Summary

A prospective randomized study was performed including consecutive patients who underwent an elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for symptomatic cholelithiasis during the 18 months period. This prospective randomized trial aims to compare two umbilical closure techniques for trocar site hernia (TSH) in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Clinical Trial Description

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is currently the gold standard in the treatment for symptomatic cholelithiasis that offers a variety of advantages over conventional open surgery such as shorter recovery time, better cosmesis, less wound complication rates, and less pain (1,2). Despite these advantages, LC can result in unique complications. Among these complications, trocar site hernia (TSH) is one of the most important complications because laparoscopic cholecystectomy promises smaller abdominal incisions and better cosmetic outcomes. A second surgical intervention due to TSH may overshadow the gains of the previous laparoscopic surgery. In studies conducted to date, the rate of trocar hernia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been presented at very different rates. Many studies have shown that the most frequent site of TSH is the umbilical trocar site (3-6). To avoid this important complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, many different techniques have been described to date for trocar port fascia repair (7-12). Most of these techniques require special devices. In addition, a few studies compare these techniques with standard fascial closure, which is mostly used by surgeons (11,12). We hypothesized that the fascial closure of the umbilical trocar incision under the intra-abdominal vision with the laparoscopic camera could be reduced TSH. This prospective randomized controlled study aims to assess whether fascial closure of umbilical trocar site under direct laparoscopic vision in LC can reduce the incidence of TSH. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05208385
Study type Interventional
Source Samsun Education and Research Hospital
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date January 1, 2021
Completion date December 27, 2021

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