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Clinical Trial Summary

Increasingly, elderly patients undergo anesthesia and surgery. Methadone is a great opioid for perioperative pain management, however, to date there are no pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic studies that asses a methadone dose adjustment in the elderly patient. The present study is aimed to characterize the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic age-related changes of methadone in the adult population and further to design reference dosing protocols for intraoperative methadone use according to patient age.

Clinical Trial Description

The subjects will be recruited from adult patients who undergo elective laparoscopic abdominal surgery at UC Christus Clinical Hospital (Santiago, de Chile). Patients will be randomly divided into four groups according to the dose of intravenous methadone to be administered during anaesthetic induction. BIS-guided and standard general anaesthesia will be administered with routine monitoring. Methadone will be administered once the patient is intubated and has hemodynamic stability. The only opioids that patients will receive will be remifentanil and methadone. Upon admission to the Post-anesthesia care unit, the patient is given a Patient-Control Analgesia pump for intravenous administration of morphine. Clinic evaluations will be carried out periodically and blood samples for measurement of plasma methadone will be taken at different times. Samples will be analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography spectrofluorometric method. The data obtained will be collected in a form within the REDCAP application, to subsequently generate an encrypted database. Groups will be compared regarding pain score, drugs used, opioid consumption, side effects, time of recovery, and patient satisfaction. One, two and three-compartment linear models will be used to fit the plasma methadone concentration data over time. Models are parameterized in terms of elimination clearance, compartment distribution clearance, central volume and peripheral volume of distribution, as appropriate. The use of rescue morphine in the Post-anesthesia care unit will be used as a measure to relate the methadone dose (mg/kg) with the analgesic efficacy using an EMAX model. The data will be modelled using NONMEM VII. A proportional term will be used for variability between subjects. Additive and proportional terms will be used to characterize the unknown residual variability. Sample size calculations were estimated using a simulation-based approach and previous work with a similar methodology. To achieve an adequate representation of all age groups 60 patients will be required, distributed among 20 patients between 18 and 40 years, 20 patients between 41 and 65 years, and 20 patients> 65 years. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04526236
Study type Interventional
Source Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Contact Victor Contreras, MSN
Phone 2223439217
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase Phase 4
Start date September 9, 2019
Completion date September 1, 2021

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