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Clinical Trial Summary

90% of breast cancer survivors experience cancer-related fatigue which decreases the physical activity. Moreover, due to the cancer treatments depression and anxiety will be happened. Previous studies showed the effect of physical activity on reduction of depression and anxiety; therefore the aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of aerobic exercises and laughter yoga compared with yoga in anxiety and depression levels in breast cancer survivors.


Clinical Trial Description

204 breast cancer survivors will be randomized to each of these three groups: Group 1, 12 weeks aerobic exercises; Group 2, 12 weeks of laughter yoga; and Group 3, 12 weeks of yoga. To assess the effectiveness of these exercises in depression and anxiety levels, patients will complete the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) questionnaire before and after the 3-month exercise. For secondary outcomes, patients will complete the following questionnaires before and after the 3-month exercise: 36-item short-form survey (SF-36), Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ), Insomnia Severity Index, Beck's depression inventory-Ⅱ (BDI-Ⅱ), Chalder's chronic fatigue syndrome, and five facet mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ). The effectiveness of the mentioned exercises in primary and secondary outcomes will be assessed using ANOVA/ANCOVA analysis by adjusting the baseline assessment. Mean difference (MD) and standardized mean difference (SMD) with their 95% confidence interval (CI) will be reported to show the effectiveness of aerobic exercises and laughter yoga compared with yoga in different outcomes. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05203029
Study type Interventional
Source Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Contact Dr. Rahmanian, MD, Ph.D
Phone +983132371103
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date January 5, 2022
Completion date May 2022

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