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Clinical Trial Summary

This clinical trial investigates contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM) in detecting breast cancer. CEM is similar to standard mammography, but it includes an injection of an iodine-based contrast, which makes tissue and blood vessels more visible in scans. Diagnostic procedures, such as CEM, may increase the chance of finding breast cancers and decrease the risk of having unnecessary biopsies.

Clinical Trial Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To compare the accuracy of CEM and low energy (LE) images (equivalent of full field digital mammogram [FFDM] as the standard of care) for the detection of additional cancer sites in the affected breast and in the contralateral breast. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value of CEM compared to LE CEM images (FFDM equivalent), digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and ultrasound for the detection of additional malignant lesions in the ipsilateral and contralateral breast. II. To evaluate the difference of the index cancer size estimation among CEM, LE images, DBT, and ultrasound compared to pathology measurements as the ground truth. III. To evaluate the incremental cancer detection rate provided by CEM, DBT, and ultrasound (US) compared to the outside facility (OSF) diagnosis. EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the rate of referral to breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the study cohort. II. To evaluate the performance of MRI for breast cancer diagnosis and compare it with other imaging modalities of CEM, LE images, DBT, and US. III. To evaluate the feasibility of CEM-guided biopsy of CEM-only detected lesions. OUTLINE: Patient receive iodinated contrast agent intravenously (IV) and undergo CEM. Patients who have not undergone DBT as part of their screening or diagnostic imaging within 3 month, undergo DBT. Patients medical records are reviewed. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 12 months. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05036083
Study type Interventional
Source M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date March 19, 2021
Completion date December 31, 2021

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