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The financial burden, or financial toxicity (FT), of cancer is a consequential and growing problem, particularly for rural patients. It is important to improve our understanding of how financial navigation (FN) can reduce the material, psychological, and behavioral burden of costs associated with cancer care in both rural and non-rural community settings. The purpose of this study is to conduct a financial navigation program in 5 rural and 4 non-rural oncology practices in North Carolina and evaluate the effects of financial navigation on patient outcomes, including financial toxicity and health-related quality of life.
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of camrelizumab + apatinib mesylate neoadjuvant therapy combined with camrelizumab adjuvant therapy and camrelizumab adjuvant therapy alone in patients with technically resectable hepatocellular carcinoma.
Previous work suggests that topical treatment with 33% hydrogen peroxide can reduce lesion size and, in about half of patients, can cause complete pathologic response. For patients with reduction in lesions size, the required size of the surgical excision or radiation field will be similarly decreased, thus potentially limiting associated morbidity and better cosmetic outcomes. Additionally, patients that experience a complete pathological response will be able to avoid additional treatment with either surgery or radiation. This will benefit both patients as well as helping to decreased use of health care resources. For the current study we will be using 30% hydrogen peroxide as it is commercially available. If this study shows positive results, it could lead to significant benefit on both a patient and systems level. Locally, our cancer Centre treats approximately 700 new patients per year who fit into the study criteria and could potentially benefit from this novel neoadjuvant treatment that is fairly inexpensive.
This phase II trial studies the side effects of chemotherapy and intensity modulated radiation therapy in treating patients with low-risk HIV-associated anal cancer, and nivolumab after standard of care chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with high-risk HIV-associated anal cancer. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Chemotherapy drugs, such as mitomycin, fluorouracil, and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving nivolumab after standard of care chemotherapy and radiation therapy may help reduce the risk of the tumor coming back.
This clinical trial collects biospecimen samples to create a personalized ctDNA test to guide treatment for patients with gastrointestinal cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis. Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is the material that carries all the information about how a living thing will work and function. Everyone is born with the same DNA in all our cells throughout our body. Sometimes, some of the cells in the body develop abnormalities in the DNA that cause those cells to grow abnormally and uncontrollably. Cancer occurs when there is abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells. The DNA in cancer cells is therefore different from the DNA someone is born with. The Signatera ctDNA assay is a laboratory test that takes tumor (cancer) tissue and evaluates it for unique tumor DNA. This evaluation is used to create a report (otherwise known as an assay) personalized to each person's cancer. The personalized assay creates a personalized blood test to detect the level of abnormal DNA from the cancer that may be circulating in the body. Once this personalized blood assay is designed, it may be used to monitor a person's blood for the presence of ctDNA, which will indicate the presence or absence of cancer over time, even after treatment.
This phase II trial studies how well 68Ga-PSMA-11 positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) works in detecting the spread of cancer to the bones (bone metastasis) in patients with prostate cancer and increased PSA after treatment (biochemical recurrence) during androgen deprivation therapy. Diagnostic procedures, such as 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT, may help find and diagnose prostate cancer and find out how far the disease has spread.
This phase I trial studies if positron emission tomography (PET) imaging using 11C-YJH08 can be useful for detecting certain cell receptor expression in tumor cells in patients with prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic). 11C-YJH08 is a small-molecule radiotracer that binds to receptors on cells (glucocorticoid receptor) so that they show up better on the PET scan. Anti-hormone therapy (including enzalutamide) can cause more glucocorticoid receptors to be produced in tumor cells, which can make the tumor cells resist hormone therapies. If researchers can find a better way to detect whether glucocorticoid receptors are increasing during therapy, it may lead to more successful therapies using glucocorticoid receptor antagonists.
This study examines prevention and early detection of cervical cancer through self-administration screening of patients in Western Uganda. The cervix is the opening of the uterus or womb, which is the organ that supports babies before they are born. There are simple tests that let doctors know whether or not patients have cells that may become cancer. Some of the tests determine whether patients have an increased risk for cervical disease, but they do not actually confirm that they have it: these are called "screening" tests. This study may help researchers determine how to best deliver cervical cancer prevention services using the HPV test.
Toripalimab is a programmed cell death protein 1 antibody.This is an open-label, single arm, multi-center exploratory study.The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of therapy with toripalimab and sorafenib in patients with advanced stage hepatocellular carcinoma.
Despite the low androgen receptor (AR) transcriptional activity of treatment-emergent small cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer, there is persistent AR expression observed in the majority of treatment-emergent small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-SCNC) biopsies. This indicates that epigenetic dysregulation leads to reprogramming away from an AR-driven transcriptional program. Therefore, continuation of AR blockade in the form of apalutamide may provide additive benefit compared to immune checkpoint blockade alone. We hypothesize that the combination of apalutamide plus cetrelimab will achieve a clinically significant composite response rate with sufficient durability of response in mCRPC patients with evidence of treatment-emergent small cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer