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This phase II trial tests whether reduced dose radiation therapy after transoral robotic surgery works in treating patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal cancer. HPV positive oropharyngeal cancer has a better prognosis than oropharyngeal cancer not caused by HPV. A standard of care treatment for HPV positive oropharyngeal cancer is transoral robotic surgery followed by radiation therapy. However, this treatment is associated with many long-term side effects including difficulty swallowing. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving reduced dose radiation therapy after transoral robotic surgery may improve swallowing outcomes and quality of life compared to standard of care dose radiation therapy after transoral robotic surgery.
This is a phase 2 trial investigating the effect and safety of pembrolizumab and photodynamic therapy (PDT) in metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma failed at least one line of systemic treatment. The primary efficacy hypotheses are that the objective response rate (ORR) of combination of PDT and pembrolizumab could be improved compared with pembrolizumab for both primary and metastatic lesions.
Recently, oncology has moved to a new clinical practice, more personalized, called Predictive Oncology (PO). PO comes from our knowledge about tumor heterogeneity that implies that each disease, thus each patient, is unique. PO's goal is to identify and administrate the right treatment to the right patient. For this, PO requires to go through 3 majors steps: 1. A good characterization of the tumor to identify candidates, 2. A well-established panel of drugs targeting the identified candidates, 3. A relevant model to functionally test these candidates. The first point could easily be addressed with recent technologies that now allow the Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) and/or the simultaneous analysis of transcriptomic profiles from thousands of patients. The last two points have not been efficiently achieved so far, which prevents PO to be really efficient. Indeed, even if NGS allows the identification of potential targets, the presence of a molecular candidate does not necessary means obligatory functional response. The number of drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration remains limited and most frequent targets in solid tumors (for ex. RAS, P53, MYC, RB1 ...) still do not have specific drugs approved in clinic. Finally, available pre-clinical models still present many major inconvenient: - Chimiogrammes on 2D cultures are not sufficiently relevant to be really predictive of the in vivo situation; - Patient derived xenograft (PDX) are not adapted for clinical use because not all tumors graft and the time to develop a PDX is too long (several months), thus incompatible with the history of the disease (especially for most severe patients). Furthermore the host (NOD-SCID mouse) is immuno-depressed, preventing to objectively test antibodies-mediated drugs. Recently, the 3D cell culture technology has proven its superiority to predict drug response over classical 2D chimiogrammes. It consists in growing "mini-tissues", or organoid-derived from tumor/healthy tissues, thanks to the amplification of stem cells contained within the sample. The generated organoids are personalized and biologically relevant (organoids are expend form the patient's stem cells which self-organized according to the architecture of the tissue they are originating from), they are genetically stable, their growth is compatible with patient's disease history (organoids grow in few weeks), easy and convenient to achieve, even from small biological material quantities (0.5< x < 1cm3), and they can be amplified, frozen and thawed on demand. Moreover, organoids can be made more complex with the addition of other cell types (fibroblasts, immune cells …). None of the actual available pre-clinical model regroups all these characteristics. The constitution of a "next generation" biobank of liver samples (Metastases to the liver and Hepato Cellular Adenocarcinoma) will be very useful in the context of predictive oncology. For this, a biopsy needs to be dissociated and grown in Matrigel™, in presence of a well-defined list of growth factors. Once the culture is established, organoids can be frozen then defrost on demand. Our main objective is to evaluate the feasibility for building a biobank of liver-derived organoids, from liver metastases of colorectal cancers, hepatocellular adenoma and adenocarcinoma (waste tissues). Applications related to organoids derived from tumors are quasi indefinite, from drug screening assays, tests for novel therapies or original drug combinations, to patients' stratifications or fundamental research. In our case, we are interested in building this a biobank in the prospect of using it to build the "next generation of model for predictive oncology" to study liver-related cancers and related drugs testing. Briefly, we want to implement these organoids with cells from the microenvironment in order to makes the global model more pertinent for drug testing. If successful, the generation of such biobank, including both tumor-derived organoids and healthy counterpart, could be really helpful for the scientific and medical community.
This research is being done to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Onvansertib in combination with Paclitaxel in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) that has spread to other parts of the body. The names of the study interventions involved in this study are: - Onvansertib - Paclitaxel
This Phase 1b/2a study will assess the efficacy, safety, and pharmacodynamics of CyPep-1 when administered directly into measurable tumor lesions in combination with the anti-PD-1 antibody pembrolizumab. Additionally, the study will assess anti-tumor effects of CyPep-1 on injected lesions and non-injected target lesions identified at baseline, as well as local and systemic immunological effects of CyPep-1 in combination with pembrolizumab.
This was a prospective, multicentre, randomised controlled clinical study to explore the safety and efficacy of esophageal arterial infusion chemotherapy in patients with resectable locally advanced oesophageal cancer, and to compare its safety and efficacy with systemic intravenous chemotherapy. The rate of surgical R0 resection as well as progression free survival (PFS) were the main indicators.
The investigators will compare the application of two different creams for the treatment of low-risk skin cancers-superficial basal cell carcinoma (sBCC) and squamous cell carcinoma in situ (SCCis). 5-Fluorouracil cream is currently FDA approved for the treatment of superficial basal cell carcinoma and is routinely used by dermatologists across the country and at Boston Medical Center (BMC) for SCCis. The normal treatment regimen is 4 weeks of the 5-fluorouracil cream for both skin cancers. The application of a compounded cream consisting of 1:1 ratio 5-fluorouracil with calcipotriene will be tested. This combination cream has been shown to clear pre-skin cancers called actinic keratoses and prevent future skin cancers from developing. This combination cream for 7-14 days to see if this shorter treatment course provides clearance of the 2 types of skin cancer. This combination cream is successfully used in this manner to treat other subtypes of related skin cancers. This will be a pilot study with The primary endpoint for this pilot randomized single blinded clinical trial will be the response to treatment (yes versus no). The lesions will be assessed clinically for clearance of cancer, as would normally be done and is consistent with how comparable studies have assessed clearance. Participants will be followed closely afterwards for three years with visits at 6 months, which does not vary from standard practice. If the lesions are not clear of cancer or equivocal clinically, the lesions will be re-biopsied and normal standard of care procedure will take place.
Gastric cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis has a poor prognosis, with little treatment options available. The current treatment strategy consists of palliative systemic chemotherapy. However, previous research suggests that systemic chemotherapy is less effective against peritoneal carcinomatosis than against metastases that spread hematogeneously. Several studies suggested that in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, intraperitoneal chemotherapy may be superior compared to intravenous chemotherapy. Intraperitoneal chemotherapy could lead to higher concentrations of chemotherapy in the peritoneal cavity for a longer period of time, resulting in an increased cumulative exposure to the peritoneal metastases. A few Asian studies have shown promising results with intraperitoneal chemotherapy in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of gastric origin. However, intraperitoneal chemotherapy combined with systemic chemotherapy has not been investigated in Western patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of gastric origin yet. The objective of this trial is to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of intraperitoneal administration of irinotecan, added to systemic capecitabine/oxaliplatin (CAPOX) in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of gastric origin.
The purpose of this study is to test a new method of experimental treatment for cutaneous squamous cell skin cancer, using small adhesive-like patches (a micro-needle applicator or MNA for short), which have dozens of very small micro-needles loaded with extremely low doses of doxorubicin, a chemotherapy agent. The overall goal of this study is to test the safety and effectiveness of these patches. The investigators have established the highest tolerated dose at 50 micrograms in a previous study for a different type of cancer that affects the skin. The investigators will thoroughly evaluate the skin where the patches are applied.
This is a multi-national, phase II, parallel-arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-arm study designed to assess the efficacy and safety of SIRT-Y90 followed by atezolizumab plus bevacizumab [study arm], versus SIRT-Y90 followed by placebo [control arm] in patients with locally advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC).