Clinical Trials Logo

Clinical Trial Summary

The development of type II diabetes (T2D) is strongly associated with obesity and both are well-established risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Knowing that vascular dysfunction is an early event in the development of cardiovascular disease in obese diabetic (OB-T2D) patients, The investigators set their long-term goal to define molecular mechanisms of vascular dysfunction and corrective strategies that target these mechanisms such as physical activity and weight loss. The investigators recently discovered that human adipose tissues release extracellular vesicles (adiposomes) that are efficiently captured by endothelial cells. Adiposomes are known to carry bioactive cargos such as proteins and micro RNAs; however, their lipid content has not been studied nor has their ability to transfer their lipid cargo to endothelial cells. In the current application, the investigators propose to investigate the role of adiposomes in communicating the unhealthy milieu, mainly dysregulated lipids, to endothelial cells in OB-T2D subjects. On top of these lipid species that the investigators propose to be carried by adiposomes are glycosphingolipids (GSLs). These lipids originate from the glycosylation of ceramides, a chemical process that is upregulated in the presence of inflammation and high glucose levels. Preliminary findings showed that in endothelial cells, GSL-rich adiposomes disturb plasma membrane structure and subsequently induce endothelial dysfunction. Moreover, the investigators found that preconditioning endothelial cells with high shear stress (which is an exercise mimetic) protected endothelial cells from the detrimental effects induced by adiposomes. Therefore, the central hypothesis is that adipose tissues in OB-T2D patients release GSL-loaded adiposomes that induce vascular endothelial dysfunction. The researchers propose that exercise and weight loss interventions (bariatric surgery) will restore adipose tissue homeostasis, reduce GSL-loaded adiposomes, and subsequently alleviate vascular risk in OB-T2D patients. The investigators will test the hypotheses by pursuing the following aims: aim 1: Investigate the role of GSL-rich adiposomes in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction in OB-T2D adults; aim 2: Test the effectiveness of exercise training in reducing adiposome-mediated effects on vascular function; and aim 3: Examine changes in adiposome/caveolae axis following metabolic surgery and their association with vascular function.

Clinical Trial Description


Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05199454
Study type Interventional
Source University of Illinois at Chicago
Contact Abeer M Mohamed, MD, PhD
Phone 312-355-8099
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date May 16, 2022
Completion date December 31, 2026

See also
  Status Clinical Trial Phase
Recruiting NCT04101669 - EndoBarrier System Pivotal Trial(Rev E v2) N/A
Recruiting NCT04243317 - Feasibility of a Sleep Improvement Intervention for Weight Loss and Its Maintenance in Sleep Impaired Obese Adults N/A
Terminated NCT03772886 - Reducing Cesarean Delivery Rate in Obese Patients Using the Peanut Ball N/A
Completed NCT03640442 - Modified Ramped Position for Intubation of Obese Females. N/A
Completed NCT04506996 - Monday-Focused Tailored Rapid Interactive Mobile Messaging for Weight Management 2 N/A
Recruiting NCT06019832 - Analysis of Stem and Non-Stem Tibial Component N/A
Active, not recruiting NCT05891834 - Study of INV-202 in Patients With Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome Phase 2
Active, not recruiting NCT05275959 - Beijing (Peking)---Myopia and Obesity Comorbidity Intervention (BMOCI) N/A
Recruiting NCT04575194 - Study of the Cardiometabolic Effects of Obesity Pharmacotherapy Phase 4
Completed NCT04513769 - Nutritious Eating With Soul at Rare Variety Cafe N/A
Withdrawn NCT03042897 - Exercise and Diet Intervention in Promoting Weight Loss in Obese Patients With Stage I Endometrial Cancer N/A
Completed NCT03644524 - Heat Therapy and Cardiometabolic Health in Obese Women N/A
Recruiting NCT05917873 - Metabolic Effects of Four-week Lactate-ketone Ester Supplementation N/A
Active, not recruiting NCT04353258 - Research Intervention to Support Healthy Eating and Exercise N/A
Completed NCT04507867 - Effect of a NSS to Reduce Complications in Patients With Covid-19 and Comorbidities in Stage III N/A
Recruiting NCT03227575 - Effects of Brisk Walking and Regular Intensity Exercise Interventions on Glycemic Control N/A
Completed NCT01870947 - Assisted Exercise in Obese Endometrial Cancer Patients N/A
Recruiting NCT05972564 - The Effect of SGLT2 Inhibition on Adipose Inflammation and Endothelial Function Phase 1/Phase 2
Recruiting NCT06007404 - Understanding Metabolism and Inflammation Risks for Diabetes in Adolescents
Recruiting NCT05371496 - Cardiac and Metabolic Effects of Semaglutide in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction Phase 2