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The pilot study will be a First In Human Clinical Trial to evaluate the Endolumik Gastric Calibration Tube and associated methods in a human clinical cohort of 20-30 bariatric patients at two high-volume bariatric programs. During this clinical study, the single-use, disposable Endolumik Gastric Calibration Tube will be used during twenty sleeve gastrectomy operations and gastric bypass operations.
Background: One-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) is an emerging type of bariatric metabolic surgery (BMS). Our study aimed to evaluate the short-term (≤30-day) postoperative safety of OAGB. Methods: Electronic medical records of all OAGBs performed between January 2017 and December 2021 at a high-volume bariatric center in Israel were scanned using the MDClone software. Data regarding patients' characteristics, surgical procedure, ≤30-day postoperative complications, and their classification according to Clavien-Dindo grade were gathered. Moreover, multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors related to early postoperative complications after OAGB. Results: A total of 6,722 patients underwent a primary (74.1%) or revisional (25.9%) OAGB procedure at our institution during the study period. Their preoperative mean age and body mass index (BMI) were 40.6±11.5 years and 41.2±4.6 kg/m2, respectively, and 75.0% were females. Respective mean operating time and length of stay were 67.3±26.6 minutes and 2.2±1.4 days. Complications occurred in 258 patients (3.8%), and include mainly bleeding (n=133, 2.0%), leaks (n=32, 0.5%), and obstruction/strictures (n=19, 0.3%). According to Clavien-Dindo classification, complication rate for grades 1-2 and grades 3a-5 were 1.6%; and 1.4%, respectively. The mortality rate was 0.03% (n=2). The rate of readmission and reoperation were 1.9% and 0.9%, respectively. Age ≥60 years, ≥3 hours of operating room time, and cholecystectomy concomitant with OAGB were independent predictors of early post-OAGB complications. Conclusions: OAGB was found to be a safe primary and revisional BMS procedure in the ≤30-day postoperative term. The most common early complications were gastrointestinal bleeding (2.0%), leak (0.5%), and stricture (0.3%).
This parallel, double-blind, randomised controlled trial aims to assess the effect of a polyphenol-rich dietary supplement on obesity parameters, in combination with a hypocaloric diet, for adults with morbid obesity, in many cases prior to bariatric surgery. Participants (n=40) will be randomly assigned to intervention group (IG) or control group (CG). Together with a regular hypocaloric diet (1,200 kcal/d), the IG will be given the supplement and the CG will be given a placebo. Both groups will take three capsules a day (400 mg per capsule, a total of 1,200 mg), distributed in three daily intakes (with meals). After 12 weeks and 3 visits (baseline visit, week 6 and week 12), pre and post intervention data and intervention versus placebo data will be analysed. Anthropometric and health parameters, dietary habits, lifestyle characteristics and physical activity will be assessed, and blood and urine samples will be collected in all three visits. Faecal samples will be collected at baseline and visit 3. Results will provide evidence on the effects of a combination of polyphenols on several well-established obesity parameters and will unravel possible underlying mechanisms by metabolomic analyses and microbiota diversity.
The present study relates to apparatus and methods that can be applied using non-invasive techniques for effectively reducing nutrient absorption in the small intestines of obese people.
Obesity has been considered as a risk factor for mortality and development of complications during infection with the influenza virus. Several case studies of severe and fatal infections have identified possible effects of obesity on disease progression; these effects include extensive viral replication in the deep lung, progression to viral pneumonia, and prolonged and increased viral shedding. These points may be linked to obesity which causes a chronic state of meta-inflammation with systemic implications for immunity: obese patients exhibit delayed and blunted innate and adaptive immune responses to influenza virus infection, and they experience poor recovery from the disease leading to an increased susceptibility to secondary bacterial infections and poor healing of the lung epithelium. Furthermore, in obese people, influenza virus may exploit the lack of antiviral pressure, generate a more virulent population and increase disease severity Due to the growing prevalence of obesity worldwide (500 million subjects in 2017), it is important to be able to offer vaccines that provide the highest protection for this at-risk population. The quadrivalent recombinant high-dose influenza vaccine has been shown to have greater immunogenicity and efficacy than standard influenza vaccine in non-obese adults older than 50 years. However, this vaccine has never been evaluated in obese subjects. Investigators thus planned this trial to assess whether the use of the new quadrivalent recombinant high-dose influenza vaccine (RIV4) will induce a better immunological answer than current quadrivalent standard vaccine (SD) in patients with severe obesity, with an acceptable safety profile, thus leading to a better protection against influenza in this population at high risk of influenza complications.
The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has proven to be an effective treatment for morbid obesity by reducing weight and comorbidities. Extending the pouch may improve weightloss without the increase of complications. Some patients regain weight after initially good weightloss. Placing a minimizer around the pouch may prevent weight regain.
This study will be investigated whether an ultrasound-assisted technique is better than a classical land-mark technique to facilitate spinal anesthesia in the lateral position in morbidly obese pregnant women with BMI ≥ 40 who will undergo elective cesarean section. The primary objective in this study is the rate of successful dural puncture at the first attempt. It was assumed that ultrasound could facilitate neuraxial blockade in grade 3 morbidly obese pregnant women according to the Who classification, whose topographic anatomy is difficult.
Our primary objective is to assess the effect of Liraglutide on weight loss in patients who have undergone secondary bariatric surgeries. We set out to assess if Liraglutide is a viable option to augment weight loss in said category.
The main adverse effect is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), with concern on the development of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma in the long term. However, the relationship between SG and GERD is complex. The aim of this study is to systematically evaluate all published data existing in the literature to evaluate the effect of sleeve gastrectomy on GERD, esophagitis, BE in order to clarify the long-term clinical sequelae of this procedure. This systematic review was conducted in accordance with the guidelines for Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analyzes (PRISMA). Published studies that contained outcome data for primary sleeve gastrectomy associated with the primary and secondary outcomes listed below were included.
Does weight loss surgery in patients with morbid obesity prior to knee replacement surgery improve outcomes from knee replacement surgery