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150 morbidly obese patients divided into to equal groups, group A underwent single anastomosis sleeve jejunal bypass with biliary limb length of 200 cm from the duodenal-jejunal flexure and group B underwent mini gastric bypass, group C underwent sleeve gastrectomy. All patients were followed for at least one year. all cases were evaluated as regard BMI, complications, nutritional status and obesity-related comorbidities.
With the development of technology, the safety of anesthesia devices and the progression of monitoring techniques affect the anesthetic management. There are some disadvantages such as high cost of inhalation anesthetics and long postoperative recovery time. The effects of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA), which has been used for many years and whose positive aspects are well known, on antioxidant system in high risk patients such as morbid obese should be investigated. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of desflurane anesthesia and total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) on the antioxidant system in morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery.
bilateral continuous erector spinae plane blockade may represent a valuable alternatives to thoracіc epidurals analgaesіa in treatment of thoracic neuropathic pain. There were 3 cases reported in 2017 suggested that the erector spinae plane block provides visceral abdominal analgesia in bariatric surgery and at end of the report they recommended further clinical investigation. The investigators hypothesіzed that performing the erector spinae plane (ESP) block at T7 would provide effective abdominal analgaesіa іn patients undergone laparoscopic bariatric surgery. The investigators aimed to compare the analgesic effect of erector spinae plane block and opioid based general anesthesia for laparoscopic bariatric surgeries.
The prevalence of obesity in Spain is about 21.6%. The discouraging results provided by dietary treatment, together with the lack of funding for pharmacological treatment, have led to the progressive use of bariatric surgery (CB). Besides weight loss, CB associates a beneficial effect on metabolic comorbidities. However, 25-30% of operated patients present a weight response considered inappropriate, they do not resolve their comorbidities and/or present a weight-regain shortly after surgery. Therefore, predictive strategies are necessary to allow a correct selection of obese patients who are candidates for CB. The main hypothesis of the study is that various factors such as psychopathological profile, body composition and metabolic alterations related to morbid obesity can influence the response to bariatric surgery.
Background: Obesity and hiatal hernia are both risk factors of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and the incidence of hiatal hernia is much higher in morbidly obese patients. Many believe that higher intra-abdominal pressure with higher esophagogastric junction (EGJ) pressure gradient in morbidly obese patients is the main mechanism accounting for the occurrence of GERD. Hiatal hernia, on the other hand, is associated with structure abnormality of EGJ. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has been becoming a standalone bariatric surgery for decades, and it has been proved to effectively induce long-term weight loss in morbidly obese patients. Some studies found morbidly obese patients benefited from resolution of GERD after SG, however, other studies had the opposite findings. Some morbidly obese patients had aggravating GERD or de novo GERD after SG. The mechanism is still unclear now. It might result from removal of fundus and sling muscular fibers of EGJ, increased intra-gastric pressure (IIGP), and hiatal hernia after surgery. High resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) is used to access esophageal and EGJ function objectively. Impedance reflux was more frequently observed in patients having gastroesophageal reflux (GER) symptoms after SG. In addition, previous studies also found decreased EGJ resting pressure, decreased length of lower esophageal sphincter (LES), and presence of hiatal hernia were associated with more GERD after SG. Objective: To evaluate the long-term EGJ function and GERD in morbidly obese patients with hiatal hernia receiving laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) with or without hiatal hernia repair (HHR).
This prospective study will assess the value of different supplements to orpofol bases anesthesia in morbidly obes e patients scheduled for balloon insertion. Two common drugs will be added to propofol bases anesthesia;Ketamine or fentanyl. Effect on prpofol consumption, post-procedure recovery profile, and patient satisfaction will be the study objectives.
Postoperative nausea and vomiting is a common adverse effect after sleeve gastrectomy, mostly due to increased intragastric pressure. The present trial aimed to assess the effect of pyloric injection of mixture of magnesium sulfate and lidocaine on postoperative gastric intraluminal pressure and incidence of nausea and vomiting.
Low-flow anesthesia has been used for years with positive results, but its effects on hemodynamic parameters and oxygenation are not clearly known in high-risk morbidly obese patients who are prone to pulmonary dysfunction related to the obesity. Therefore, this prospective randomized study aimed to compare the effects of low-flow (0.75 L/min) and normal-flow (1.5 L/min) anesthesia on hemodynamic parameters and oxygenation in morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery.
The hypothesis of this study is that surgical techniques primarily designed for weight loss, ameliorates gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in morbidly obese patients. Therefore the present study intends to evaluate such impact on patients submitted to two of the most common techniques available, the Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy.
The aim of the current study was to explore the effect of a 6-months motivational physical activity intervention (MPAI) on different psychosocial variables (e.g. motivation, health-related quality of life, self-esteem, etc.) and on the physical activity levels of bariatric surgery patients. Comparing with a control group (CG), we tested the differences obtained on these variables between before surgery and just after the MPAI (7-months after surgery). Additionally, we explored the (possible) prolonged effects of the intervention by doing re-tests 13, 25 and 37- months after surgery.