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A comparative randomized study that will evaluate the effect of a monthly supplementation with 52000 units of Vitamine D3 vs hygienic-dietary measures in the development of respiratory infections such as COVID-19, H1N1, A, B Influenza during 6 months of follow-up in patients with serum vitamin D values +/- 20ng/ml.
Subjects (125) will be randomized to one of five mouthrinses and will be asked to give a saliva sample immediately before and after a 30-60 second mouthwash. Saliva samples will be collected from subjects at 15-minute intervals thereafter up to one hour (15, 30, 45 and 60 min). The saliva will be used for RT-PCR detection of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and viral infectivity assays, along with quantitative cytokine and chemokine concentration (pg/mL, Luminex). Subjects will complete a short survey on the taste and experience of using the mouthwash. Peripheral blood will be collected at the end of salivary collection. Subjects, except controls, will be provided materials and oral hygiene instruction related to daily use of oral hygiene products. In the seven-day period between study visit one and study visit two, subjects will be directed to brush with Colgate toothpaste (at least twice per day) and rinse with the Colgate mouthrinse (according to on-label procedures). Controls are asked to carry out their typical oral hygiene regimen with the products they typically use. All subjects keep a daily diary of oral hygiene performance, product usage, COVID-19 symptoms and exposures. Subjects complete study visit two one week after the baseline visit during which additional salivary (1 time point, 2 mL of saliva over 5 min, no rinse) will occur and blood samples collected. each subject will undergo a periodontal exam.
COVID 19 has become a pandemic and has led to high demand on healthcare systems. It can cause a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS CoV-2) which leads to a long hospital stay, developing important functional damage and making hospital discharge difficult. Elderly, obese and people with chronic diseases are more susceptible to contracting the disease, this profile of patients already has a predisposition for respiratory muscle weakness and in this context, after clinical stability, it is still necessary in a hospital environment to approach respiratory and motor physiotherapy. to optimize the recovery of these patients. Objective: Improved breathing, functionality, exercise capacity and muscle strength in non-critical patients. Method: Prospective randomized clinical study where one group received motor and respiratory physiotherapy and the other group performed the same therapy associated with inspiratory muscle training. Results: The findings will be compared before and after the approach and will be presented in graphs and tables. Statistical tests will be used considering a significance level of 5%.
The severity of COVID-19 is related to the level of hypoxemia, respiratory failure, how long it lasts and how refractory it is at increasing concentrations of inspired oxygen. The inability to perform hematosis due to edema that occurs from acute inflammation could be attenuated by the administration of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO). Recently, it has been reported benefits in this matter in patients with SARS-CoV-2 hypoxemic pneumonia in China; where the administration of repeated HBO sessions decreased the need for mechanical ventilation (MV) in patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit due to COVID-19. Hyperbaric oxygen is capable of increasing drastically the amount of dissolved oxygen in the blood and maintain an adequate supply oxygen to the tissues. In addition to this, it can influence immune processes, both humoral and cellular, allowing to reduce the intensity of the response inflammatory and stimulate antioxidant defenses. HBO is considered safe and it has very few adverse events, it is a procedure approved by our authorities regulatory for several years. In the current context of the pandemic by COVID-19 and worldwide reports of mortality associated with severe cases of respiratory failure, it is essential to propose therapeutical strategies to limit or decrease respiratory compromise of severe stages by COVID-19. That is why, it is proposed to carry out this research to assess whether HBO treatment can improve the evolution of patients with COVID-19 severe hypoxemia.
The purpose of this study is to determine if prophylaxis with RTB101 decreases the severity of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 among adults ≥ 65 years who reside in a nursing homes in which one or more residents or staff have laboratory-confirmed COVID-19
A randomised controlled trial designed to test whether an online expressive writing intervention (LIO-C) can reduce distress for English-speaking adults during the global COVID19 pandemic. Hypothesis: LIO-C will improve distress (as measured by K10) in adults at 1 week post-intervention compared to a neutral writing control during the COVID19 pandemic.
The COVID-19 pandemic has already overwhelmed the sanitary capacity. Additional therapeutic arsenals, albeit untested in the given context but previously proven to be efficacious in a related clinical context, that could reduce the morbidity rate are urgently needed. A decrease of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) is a validated bad prognosis marker in sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome. In contrast, auricular vagus nerve stimulation was proven not only to increase HRV values in healthy Humans, but also to reduce sepsis and increase survival, both significantly, in experimental models. Moreover, the heavy viral infection within the brainstem of deceased patients suggests that the neuroinvasive potential of SARS-CoV2 is likely to be partially responsible for COVID-19 acute respiratory failure and may bear relevance in tailoring future treatment modalities. Interestingly, the vagus nerve (or tenth cranial nerve) connects bidirectionally the brainstem to various internal organs including the lung and to one external organ, namely, the outer ear. Hence, the impact of auricular vagus nerve stimulation through semi-permanent needles will be studied, mostly used so far for pain alleviation, on the outcome of COVID-19 inpatients within 15 days.