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This study is a randomized, blinded study to evaluate the lot-to-lot consistency of immunogenicity, safety, and immune persistence of three consecutive manufacturing lots of EV71 vaccine, in 1500 children aged 6-35 months. The primary immunogenicity endpoint is the anti-EV71 neutralizing antibody geometric mean titer (GMT) 30 days after the final dose. The secondary immunogenicity endpoints are the geometric mean fold increases and seroconversion rates of anti-EV71 neutralizing antibodies 30 days after the final dose. The immune persistence endpoints are the seropositive rates as well as GMT of anti-EV71 neutralizing antibodies 12 and 24 months after the final dose. The safety endpoints are the number of adverse events/reactions within 30 minutes after each dose, the number of solicited adverse events/reactions within 7 days after each dose, the number of unsolicited adverse events/reactions within 30 days after each dose, and the number of serious adverse events (SAE) from the first dose to 6 months post the final dose.
The present study was undertaken in order to describe the clinical profiles of food selective behavior in 35-65 years dental and non-dental populations.
Dental caries represents a challenge for Oral Health Services in several African Countries, like Uganda. Few studies have been reported the burden of oral health, its prevention and non-operative treatment among school children in African countries. Aim: To assess the prevalence and risk factors of dental caries and the effectiveness of strategies to prevent and treat dental caries using a non-operative approach among children in Gulu Municipality, Uganda. Methods: The proposal RCT is structured in three phases: 1. A descriptive cross-sectional survey to collect oral data among 610 school children selected using a multistage cluster sampling; 2. A randomized unblinded two-arm trial to assess the difference in the treatment/prevention of dental caries using non-operative means among school children in the Ugandian Gulu municipality; and 3. A comparison of oral health conditions between a group of children who will be given dental cleaning tools and followed up over time versus a control group. The oral health status of the participants will be assessed according to WHO and ICDAS guidelines. Stata 14.0. will be used for analysis; descriptive statistics will be carried out to analyze continuous and categorical variables and chi-square test as well as independent tests for bivariate analysis and modified poisson regression. In addition, the factors associated with dental caries will be determined by linear regression models using a statistical significance level of 5% (α = 0.05). Discussion: This trial will be the first trial conducted in Uganda assessing a school-based caries prevention programme using the WHO and ICDAS standardized international guidelines. The findings obtained will increase knowledge on oral health in Uganda school children and the effectiveness of community-based caries prevention programme in this population.
The Phase I clinical trial is divided into two parts. The first part uses an open-label design, while the second part uses a randomized, double-blind, and controlled design. The goal of this clinical trial is to evaluate the tolerability and safety of a bivalent (EV71/CA16, Enterovirus 71/Coxsackievirus A16) inactivated enterovirus vaccine (Vero cell) developed by Sinovac. The vaccine will be administered to healthy adults, children aged 6 to 12 years, and children aged 6 to 71 months. The Phase II clinical trial will also use a randomized, double-blind, and controlled design to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of the same bivalent inactivated enterovirus vaccine (Vero cell) developed by Sinovac. This trial will involve healthy children aged 6 to 71 months.
As part of the Reference Center for Rare Diseases of the Robert Debré Hospital, many children have eating and verbal oral disorders. In this doctoral research, we question the psychological impact of oral disorders on the dynamics of family functioning.Our research entitled: Evaluation and Remediation of Orality Disorders (ERTO) aims to evaluate the impact of psychological care of the child and a support program for parents. We hypothesized that this comprehensive management could contribute to improving disorders and consequently modify parental representations of the child and his disorders. In addition, care focused on intra-family relations and communication would allow a decentralization and a repositioning of the problem of disorders within the family dynamic. The results of this research will have concrete applications for the management of children suffering from oral disorders.
This study evaluates the relationship of endocannabinoids in saliva with inflammation and oral dysbacteriosis present in people with periodontal disease and prediabetes/type 2 diabetes
As oral health has a major impact on general health and quality of life, good oral health are essential. The aspects of oral health that are most important for each individual vary, and quality of life is subjective, and influenced by the person´s experiences, perceptions, expectations and ability to adapt to circumstances. FDI World Dental federations definition of oral health is; "Oral health is multifaceted and includes the ability to speak, smile, smell, taste, touch, chew, swallow, and convey a range of emotions through facial expressions with confidence and without pain, discomfort, and disease of the craniofacial complex.
In a crossover, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study, 40 volunteers will receive the following formulations: hydrogels containing LAs (local anesthetic) - lidocaine and prilocaine (both at 2.5%) encapsulated in CLN (XAN-CLN) or not (XAN-CLN ), EMLA (topical anesthetic available on the market) and placebo hydrogel. The formulations will be applied for 2 minutes, bilaterally on the palatal mucosa (first premolar region), in two distinct sessions. Soon after removal of the topical formulation, an AL will be performed at the region using 0.3 mL of anesthetic solution at an injection speed of 1 mL/min. Pain resulting from needle insertion and LA injection will be measured using two visual analog scales (VAS).
The study aims at describing the prevalence of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection in anal and oral samples of men with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and detecting risk factors for the infection.
The program titled "Campus to Community: breaking the barrier in oral health education and dental care" is uniquely designed program to link University (Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences) to community (Sanghutar, Ramechhap). Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Teaching Hospital has established a model dental clinic in the premises of Him Ganga Secondary School, Shangutar which is operated by council registered Dentist and dental hygienist. The objective of this study is to assess oral health condition of the children aged 6-15 years of the school followed by application of pit and fissure sealant (PFS) in non-carious permanent molar and Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in carious permanent teeth. Data will be recorded according to the WHO Oral health assessment form for children, 2013 by a calibrated dentist from Dhulikhel Hospital and retention of PFS and efficacy of SDF application will be followed up after 6 months by the same investigators. The program is proposed with the expectation that proper oral hygiene prevention program combined with preventive procedures like pit and fissure sealant and SDF can reduce the burden of oral diseases in rural setup.