There are more than 415,498 clinical trials published worldwide with over 60,000 trials that are currently either recruiting or not yet recruiting. Use our filters on this page to find more information on current clinical trials or past clinical trials (free or paid) for study purposes and read about their results.
This is an open label study of Ampligen in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.
The purpose of this study is to determine if a brief counseling intervention, delivered by telephone, is more effective than standard ED care, to reduce future alcohol related injuries and alcohol related negative consequences, among patients treated in the ED for injuries from an MVC and other injury mechanisms.
Patients with biopsy proven new world cutaneous or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis will be treated with sodium stibogluconate (Pentostam).
Although the results of studies looking at tetrabenazine have shown its effectiveness in the management of hyperkinetic(too much) movement disorders, it has not been made available in the U.S. The drug must be obtained from Cambridge Laboratories, the distributor, using an individual IND (#16,161). The cost of the drug is passed on to the patient. The purpose of the protocol is to provide an efficacious drug, with few side effects, in an attempt to get rid of a variety of incapacitating dyskinesias (abnormal movements).
Ultrasound is widely applied in many fields of medicine but less commonly used in the evaluation of tongue movement and swallowing abnormality. Fuhrman RAW reported the usefulness of using ultrasound to evaluate poor tongue coordination . Peng CL stated that ultrasound could provide excellent quantitative and qualitative bases of tongue movement during swallowing using cushion-scan technique . Videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is widely accepted as the gold standard of evaluating swallowing abnormality because it is able to evaluate the whole swallowing procedure without interference of pharyngeal contraction and foreign body sensation when swallowing is examined by using a fiber-optic laryngoscope. One of the most important information that VFSS can provide is the detection of subclinical silent aspiration. The decision and management of many patients with swallowing abnormalities are usually based on the VFSS findings . As shown in many reports, our experiences showed that VFSS provided extremely important information of understanding the pathophysiologic change of dysphagia due to variable etiologies, such as in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer suffering from radiation therapy  and in patients with stroke . Using the findings of VFSS, physicians and medical staffs can make important decision whether oral feeding should be given, which safety swallowing maneuver works and what is the appropriate choices of food consistency safe to dysphagic patients. The difficulties of VFSS are usually in the transportation of paraplegic and hemiplegic patients from ward to the examining chair. The frequency and examination duration of VFSS is usually limited for avoiding unnecessary radiation exposure. Hence, ultrasound provides a role in evaluating oral condition with the benefits of convenience of transportation and availability as well as no radiation exposure. Therefore, validation of the value of ultrasound for the oral swallowing with correlation of VFSS is important to test the clinical feasibility. Peng CL et al reported their experiences of using real-time ultrasound in the evaluation of intrinsic tongue movement [2, 6, 7]. The findings of submental ultrasound are quite different from the findings of VFSS which provides the surface information of the tongue in the swallowing of radiopaque barium sulfate bolus. Combined real-time B mode and M mode ultrasound, it was reported the potential of digital data analysis of oral phase swallowing. Kuhl V et al reported the usefulness of ultrasound in the evaluation of laryngeal elevation in patients with dysphagia . They found significant decrease of laryngeal elevation in patients diagnosed as neurogenic dysphasia . Casas et al successfully combined ultrasound examination and plethysmography to evaluate the swallowing condition of children with cerebral palsy . The results of these studies explained the potential of ultrasound in oral swallowing and dynamic laryngeal movement. Our experiences of VFSS showed the usefulness VFSS in diagnosing and management of patients with swallowing problem or dysphagia [4, 5, 10, 11]. To our knowledge, there was little experience of comparing between ultrasound and VFSS in patients with swallowing problem. Therefore, we conducted this study to correlate submental ultrasound and VFSS findings and tried to find out the clinical feasibility and usefulness. Purposes: This study was to evaluate the usefulness of submental ultrasound (SM US) in oral phase swallowing in correlation with videofluoroscopic study (VFSS). 1. To compare normal volunteers and patients with swallowing abnormality with submental ultrasound. 2. To evaluate and compare patients with swallowing problem using submental ultrasound and VFSS. Type of study: Retrospective. Time of study: Jan 2004 - July 2006.
The hypothesis of this study proposal is that pediatric urinary stone formers have genetic risk factors which predispose their urinary stone production. 50-60% of pediatric stone patients have a positive family history of urinary stone disease. Several genetic mutations have been identified which predispose patients to various types of urinary stones. These genetic mutations can also lead to other significant sequela besides stones, including osteopenia/osteoporosis (bone loss). Furthermore, metabolic abnormalities can be identified in more than 50% of pediatric stone formers, some of which can be improved and/or alleviated with medical intervention to help decrease rate of stone formation and the need for hospitalization and surgical intervention.
This research is planned to build a basis about effect of acupuncture for chronic low back pain with economical efficacy. It is consisted with two sub research. First,clinical research to know the effect of acupuncture for chronic low back pain will be processed with acclate, randomized, patient, outcome-assessor masking. 130 subjects would be collected and devided into two groups(Experimental and placebo). Experimental group will undergo with real acupunture treatment twice a week, for 6 weeks and acupuncture spots would be selected for each person by clinical specialist. Placebo group will undergo with Park-sham needle and same 8 acupuncture spots would be used for all subjects also twice a week, for 6 weeks. The effect will be accessed by VAS, x-ray, ODI, SF-36, EQ-5D, BDI before and the last treatments. Second is qualitative research to make a basis through the economic evaluation and satisfaction of acupuncture treatment for chronic low back pain. 15 persons who have been treated at oriental medical hospital for chronic low back pain and 15 in experimental group and 15 in placebo group who participate the clinical research will be collected and through the personal interview, satisfaction about the treatment and economic efficacy will be evaluated.
Research Hypothesis: Treatment with dasatinib 100 mg QD is superior to imatinib 600 mg QD in terms of complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) in chronic phase (CP) Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) subjects who are imatinib failures or who have achieved only a suboptimal response after 3-18 months (12-77 weeks) of therapy with imatinib 400 mg. Primary Objective: The primary objective of this study is to compare the rate of CCyR of dasatinib (100mg QD) to high-dose imatinib (600 mg QD) therapy at 6 months after randomization in CP Ph+ CML subjects who are imatinib failures or who have achieved only a suboptimal response after 3 - 18 months of imatinib monotherapy at 400 mg/day.
Previous studies indicate that the variant status of detoxification proteins is different among Taiwanese and other ethnic groups. For example, in Taiwanese, the major SNPs of CYP2C9 are CYP2C9*2 (430C>T) and CYP2C9*3 (1075A>C) and their frequencies are different from that in Caucasians . The second example is that the frequency of the A(TA)7TAA allele in the promoter area of the UGT1A1 gene is substantially lower, while for the rate of variation within the coding region is much higher in Taiwanese than that in Caucasians (14.3% vs. 35.7- 41.5% and 29.3% vs. 0.1%, respectively) . The third example is that the frequency of 388A>G of the OATP2 gene in Taiwanese (0.68)  is in between that in European Americans (0.30) and African Americans (0.74) . Therefore, the investigators hypothesize that, in Taiwanese the SNPs of detoxification proteins modulate the lipid-lowing effects of RVA and fenofibrate may be different from those for Caucasians.
Diabetic patients have an excess risk of mortality due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) compared to non-diabetics. Cardiovascular disease mortality rate is reportedly on the rise in several countries in the region, including urban China, Malaysia, Korea and Taiwan. Cardiovascular diseases and stroke are always the number 2 and 3 killers for Taiwanese population in recent years, and they really cost much from our medical resource. For treating dyslipidemia, one of the major risk factor for CVD, statins have been well documented to reduce CV deaths both for primary and secondary prevention in several large-scale trials. It has been reported that the clinical benefits of treating dyslipidemia in patients with diabetes mellitus should be at least equivalent to the benefits observed among those with cardiovascular disease. A meta-analysis of seven trials of statins found that treatment for about 5 years resulted in a 25% reduction in the combined outcome of coronary heart disease death and non-fatal myocardial infarction. Fibrates are another group of hypolipidemic drugs that regulate lipid metabolism and are used quite often in daily practice for diabetic dyslipidemia, because of its beneficial effect to reduce high TG and increase low HDL-C, which are the characteristic lipid abnormalities commonly seen in the patients with diabetes or metabolic syndrome. However, in recently published FIELD study, fenofibrate did not significantly reduce the risk of the primary outcome of coronary events in 9,795 participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The higher rate of starting statin therapy in patients allocated placebo might have masked a moderately larger treatment benefit. Furthermore, all the treatment trials to back up the lipid treatment guideline were conducted in Caucasians and no data about the combination therapy with fibrate and statin was published before.