There are about 85 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Uruguay. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The goal of this observational study is to estimate the prevalence of the use of protective ventilation with low tidal volume ventilation in the transition of spontaneous ventilation modes in patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure in ICUs in Latin America and its association with patient outcomes. The main questions it aims to answer are: - what is the prevalence of the use of low tidal volume ventilation (VT <8 mL/kg of predicted body weight) in the first 24 hours of spontaneous ventilation modes in patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure? - Is there an association between the rate of adherence to low tidal volume ventilation in spontaneous ventilation modes and the ability to stay off ventilatory support and mortality? Participants are patients with acute respiratory failure under mechanical ventilation. Investigators will collect data on the ventilatory parameters of participants - 24 hours before they begin to be ventilated with spontaneous modes of ventilation - during the first 24 hours of spontaneous ventilation Investigators will collect several patient-centered clinical outcomes at 28 days after study inclusion, including ventilator-free days and mortality
Colonoscopy is the gold standard in bowel assessment when there is suspicion of colon and rectum pathology. Bowel cleansing is necessary to ensure an optimal visualization of colonic mucosa, allowing this form of detection and removal of polyps. Nowadays international recommendations have multiple bowel preparations. There are differences among them regarding adherence, tolerance and adverse effects. Lactulose (LAC) is widely used in treating constipation. However, there are some randomized clinical assays using LAC as bowel preparation with excellent results according to bowel preparation and tolerance scales. Adherence to bowel preparation significantly affects the result in the endoscopic study. Safety of polyethylene glycol (PEG) formulations has been validated in several studies, it presents little severe side effects and the advantage of its applicability to patients with several comorbidities (heart, liver and kidney without water deprivation). However, its main disadvantage lies in the need to ingest large amounts of liquid (3-4L), generating intolerance thereto in 15%-45% of patients. Bowel cleansing preparation with PEG is widely used in clinical practice. Considering that according to international studies reporting better tolerance and adherence with LAC; it is suggested to compare the level of bowel preparation, tolerance and adherence between two groups with LAC and PEG.
The purpose of this trial is to evaluate the efficacy of photobiomodulation of the major salivary glands on salivary parameters in children with caries activity.
This is an observational study in which data from women with Chagas disease who will take or have already taken nifurtimox during pregnancy and the impact on their babies are studied. Chagas disease is an inflammatory, infectious disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. This parasite is mainly spread by insects called triatomine bug. If Chagas disease is left untreated, it can later cause e.g. serious heart and digestive problems. Nifurtimox has been used for more than 50 years to treat Chagas disease in children and adults. It is not recommended to be used during pregnancy as data from animal studies indicate that it may harm the baby. Currently, there are not enough data to know if this is also the case in humans. In this study, researchers want to collect data on the safety of nifurtimox use in pregnant women. To do this, researchers will collect the following information: - Birth defects (abnormal and problematic structures or functions, a child is born with) - Pregnancy outcomes (like live birth, preterm birth, still birth/death of the unborn baby, miscarriage, or abortion) - Certain health problems of the child up to 12 months of age - Certain health problems of the women experienced during pregnancy The data will be collected from different sources including telephone calls with the women or their doctor, CRFs (case reprt forms) or from medical records The researchers will compare the proportion of children with birth defects, pregnancy outcomes or certain health problems of the child or the women during pregnancy with available data on these outcomes in the general population. The study will run for approximately 10 years.
The natural history of SMA patients has changed, due to the improvements in treatment and technological advances. The systematic collection of data from routine clinical practice in multiple Latin American countries, harmonized to an internationally aligned core data set, is important to advancing the understanding the natural history of disease in the region and the influence of different drug treatments on patient outcomes. These data are critical to improving the care of these patients. So far, clinical trials regarding therapeutic approaches for SMA patients only cover a subgroup of the broad spectrum of severity of SMA. Thus, there is a strong need to monitor the full range of treated and untreated SMA patients in a real-world context.The aim of this study is to set up a regional healthcare provider (HCP) entered registry. The planned SMA registry will provide an online platform to collect longitudinal data on SMA patients across Latin America to achieve a better understanding of the clinical characteristics of SMA patients, the natural history of the disease, the use of DMTs and patients' outcomes, as well as to support further research projects and regional data generation.
Myofascial pain is one of the most prevalent conditions within temporomandibular disorders. Despite its high prevalence, health systems pay insufficient attention to it. Patients frequently receive multiple unnecessary and sometimes aggressive treatments. In this context, acupuncture has been studied as a plausible therapy for these conditions. However, researchers have encountered various methodological difficulties when demonstrating its actual effect. The main historical challenge in this area involves the difficulties inherent to using appropriate acupuncture controls such as placebos that allow for double blinding and cause minimum tactile stimulation. In a previous study, a validated an improved novel placebo acupuncture non-penetrating device with double blinding capability was presented. This project will allow to test the performance of this new placebo acupuncture device in a clinical experimental setting. The study will try to determine the actual effectiveness of acupuncture in treating craniomandibular pain of myofascial origin. The design will be a randomized, triple blind, placebo controlled, crossover clinical trial. The protocol follows the STRICTA (Standards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trials of Acupuncture) recommendations, and ethical approval was obtained. The central hypothesis is that acupuncture will be more effective than a placebo. Another hypothesis is that neither patients nor acupuncturists will be able to distinguish real acupuncture devices from placebo devices. The study will include consecutive patients diagnosed with pain in the craniomandibular region of muscular/myofascial origin according to accepted criteria. Sample size calculations were made with the assumption of an 80% power and a statistical difference accepted at the 5% level. A total of 60 patients will be included. Patients will be randomly divided into two groups: real acupuncture or placebo. Five sessions will be performed on each patient on a weekly basis. The total time for each intervention will be 30 minutes. A crossover design will be applied after a "washout" period of 14 days. Outcome measures will include pain, stress levels, quality of life, and mandibular dynamics, using validated and published criteria. Baseline measurements will be taken pre-treatment and at each treatment session. Follow-up outcomes will be measured after three and six months. A strict protocol for bias control will be followed. The triple-blind design will prevent the patient, the acupuncturist, and the person performing the statistical analysis from knowing what type of treatment each patient receives each time. Examiners will be calibrated and blinded to the treatment status. Data will be analyzed using a generalized mixed model framework and logistic regression models. Also, Fisher's exact test will be used to analyze the devices' blinding capability.
A cytotoxic complication caused by chemotherapy is hand-foot syndrome, also known as palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE). The mechanism is not yet clear, but it is thought that the chemotherapeutic agent generates cytotoxicity on the acral epidermis. Clinically it manifests as erythema and edema on the palms of the hands and feet, dry and scaly skin, accompanied by a sensation of tightness and pain. Extreme cases present blisters and ulcerations that may require hospitalization. It can also be accompanied by paresthesias. The main objective will be to evaluate if photobiomodulation is effective in reducing PPE induced by Capecitabine and 5-Fluorouracil chemotherapy. It will be a 4 week treatment, with 2 groups: G1 - Moisturizing cream and Photobiomodulation; G2: Moisturizing cream and photobiomodulation sham.
The purpose of this study is to better characterize and understand the population of patients with ambulatory or acutely decompensated heart failure in the American continent, getting to know their sociodemographic, clinical and paraclinical characteristics
Methods: International, seven-day observational cohort study of complications following elective or emergency surgery. Objectives: To provide detailed data describing post-operative complications and associated mortality. Number of participants: Our aim is to recruit as many patients from as many hospitals as possible in Latin American nations. Eligible countries for participation: Countries and dependencies in Latin America that are situated in the area stretching from the northern border of Mexico to the southern tip of South America, including the Caribbean. Inclusion criteria: all adult patients aged 18 years or older undergoing elective or emergency surgery during the seven-day study period with a planned overnight stay. Exclusion criteria: patients who are undergoing planned day-case surgery or radiological procedures. Statistical methodology and analysis: Single and multi-level logistic regression models will be constructed to identify factors independently associated with these outcomes and to adjust for differences in confounding factors. A single final analysis is planned at the end of the study. A pre-defined analysis will focus on outcomes of patients who have undergone caesarean section. Study duration: Each nation will select a 7-day period between 1st April and 31th October 2022.
Objective: to assess the perinatal results in Uruguay during the semester of successful control of the COVID 19 pandemic to evaluate the impact of the crises in the public and private sub sectors of the Health System. Methodology: An analytical observational study was carried out, comparing the semesters from March 15 to September 30, 2019 (year prior to the COVID 19 pandemic) with the same period 2020 (year of the COVID 19 pandemic), in the 2 sub sectors of public and private health care.