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The aim of this study is to describe the effects of different levels of pressure support on ventilation-perfusion matching in patients recovering from ARDS, using electrical impedance tomography.
Acute respiratory failure (AFR) is a serious condition that requires prompt and appropriate intervention to prevent further deterioration and improve outcomes. Bronchoscopy is a commonly used diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in patients with respiratory failure. However, traditional low-flow oxygen supplementation during bronchoscopy may not provide adequate oxygenation and ventilation, leading to complications and worsening of the patient's condition. High-flow nasal cannula therapy has improved oxygenation and ventilation in critically ill patients, making it a promising alternative to traditional oxygen supplementation during bronchoscopy. The bronchoscope is passed through the nose during all procedures in our center. HFNC oxygen therapy is applied to both nostrils. The bronchoscope occupies one of the nares receiving oxygen therapy during bronchoscopy. As a result, the application of HFNC needs to be optimized. Therefore, the investigators designed a modified HFNC with a single cannula. However, limited data exist on the safety and efficacy of modified HFNC therapy in patients with respiratory failure undergoing bronchoscopy. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of modified HFNC therapy on the outcomes of undergoing bronchoscopy in patients with ARF. The findings of this study will contribute to understanding the role of modified HFNC therapy in managing ARF and inform clinical practice.
The purpose of this research study is to learn more about the connections between the brain, nerves, and diaphragm after experiencing a cervical spinal cord injury (SCI).The main question it aims to answer is: Changes in respiratory function and recovery using stimulation and respiratory exercise training in spinal cord-injured individuals. Participants will complete a maximum of 55 study visits. They will be asked to complete about 40 treatment sessions which include multiple stimulation sessions over the scalp and neck, followed by about 60 minutes of respiratory training. Assessment sessions will be completed prior at baseline, after 20 sessions and after 40 sessions of study treatment.
The aim of the data collection is to create an advanced reliable method to remotely monitor patient on chronic home non-invasive ventilation (NIV), both regarding ventilatory efficacy and patient comfort, both in the hospital and at home by assessing gas exchange, lung mechanics and the interaction between the patient and the ventilator. For this purpose, we will set-up of databank of synchronously acquired datasets of already standard care monitored parameters during NIV (transcutaneous monitoring of gas exchange; ventilator data including data on PVA), and newly non-invasively acquired data on patient effort (EMG, patient ratings) and lung (hyper)inflation (EIT), during the set-up and follow-up of standard care chronic NIV.
the study compares two non-invasive respiratory support modalities ie CPAP and High Flow nasal cannula oxygen for the treatment of severe hypoxemic respiratory failure attributed to Community acquired Pneumonia.
In patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure whose diagnosis is not established after initial evaluation, obtaining a histopathological diagnosis may improve the patients' prognosis. In our previous retrospective-controlled study, transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) can lead to an increased chance of establishing a diagnosis compared with transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB), with an acceptable safety profile. Therefore, further prospective randomized controlled studies exploring whether TBLC leads to improved prognosis for such patients are warranted.
The study's aim is to ascertain the best approach for providing sedation and pain management for patients who have sustained trauma and are requiring respiratory support from a mechanical ventilator. The common approach to patients who need mechanical ventilation is to provide continuous drips of sedatives and pain medicine and awaken the patient once a day to check the brain functions. Another approach is to provide pain medicine and reserve sedatives for only a short duration when needed. The difference between approaches has not been studied in Trauma patients.
The study aims to evaluates if the treatment with HFCWO Via The Vest® Airway Clearance System, in addition to standard care in critically ill patients admitted in the Respiratory Intensive Care Unit for acute respiratory failure or acute on chronic respiratory failure and unable to manage secretions, could primarily prevent the need for bronchoscopy, and secondarily shorten duration of non invasive respiratory therapy, shorten length of stay and reduce mortality.
A prior research indicated that asynchrony between the patient and ventilator occurred in 33 percent of 19,175 breaths, and was seen in every patient. The most prevalent kind of asynchrony was ineffective triggering (68%), followed by delayed termination (19%), double triggering (4%) and premature termination (3%). Asynchrony between the patient and ventilator increased considerably with decreasing levels of peak inspiratory pressure, positive end-expiratory pressure, and set frequency.Despite this, more asynchrony categories exist, and there is no widely accepted categorization. Major asynchronies, however, include auto trigger, ineffective effort, and double trigger, while minor asynchronies include early/late cycle, trigger delay, and spontaneous breaths during a mandatory breath. This study aims to compare the safety and efficacy of a closed-loop synchronization controller with conventional control of synchronization during invasive mechanical ventilation of spontaneous breathing of pediatric patients in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).
This study will determine whether selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) exacerbate opioid induced respiratory depression in patients initiating treatment for underlying conditions such as depression or an anxiety disorder. Next to paroxetine which has been evaluated in a previous study in healthy volunteers sertraline, citalopram and escitalopram will be evaluated with regards to its influence on opioid induced respiratory depression.