There are about 858 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Saudi Arabia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Gaze stability exercise is a medical procedure for persons with unilateral vestibular disturbances such as vestibular neuritis or persons who have had tumors of their 8th nerve. They are a crucial part of the vestibular dysfunction rehabilitation protocols in health centers. These activities which involve turning one's eyes at different angles while having their eyes focused on an optotype are aimed at helping improve the vestibular ocular reflex (VOR), visual acuity during head movements and also reducing vertigo and dizziness. Study aim: This review will be establishing the effectiveness of applying gaze stability with balance exercises procedure among participants who are suffering vertigo due to vestibular neuritis. Methods: Twenty volunteers between the age of 25-59 years old, diagnosed, and confirmed to be suffering from vestibular neuritis and vertigo will be used in this study. Gaze stability exercises will be performed while patients are in a seated position. Each exercise will last for 30 seconds and be done in phases that included; eyeball movement, saccadic eye movement, pursuit eye movement, vergence eye movement, and vestibular-ocular reflex exercise. Balance exercises will be performed in a standing position including both static and dynamic training with or without closing eyes. The following outcome measures for each participant will be assessed pre-and post-treatment after completing four weeks of intervention. They include; Arabic version of Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (A-ABC scale), Arabic version of Dizziness Handicap Inventory (A-DHI), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living (Katz ADL). The findings will then be subjected to statistical methods and data analysis using the SPSS toolkit. In this study we hypothesis that practicing gaze stability and balance exercises will have a positive influence on balance and activities of daily living among vestibular neuritis patients.
Gait in children with spastic CP is often characterized by abnormal gait kinematics as knee flexion and equines foot which associated with such gait deviations, an elevated walking energy cost is often observed which may contribute to activity limitations. The ability to maintain proper joint alignment of the lower extremity, and control the position of the foot in standing and walking is a critical treatment objective for gait in children with cerebral palsy. Lower extremity orthoses, such as ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) are widely recommended in children with spastic cerebral palsy to prevent the development or progression of this deformity and to improve the dynamic efficiency of the child's gait. The use of Kinesio taping in pediatric rehabilitation becomes increasingly popular in recent years. Recent systematic reviews reported moderate evidence that Kinesiology taping is a useful adjunct to physiotherapy intervention in higher functioning children with CP. Combination tapings is a technique first introduced by Kenzo Kase, in which Kinesio taping is coupled with the rigid athletic tape to maximize the treatment benefits. This approach remains briefly addressed in the literature with no prior studies has examined the effects of combination tapings in the CP pediatric population. Hypothesis: there is no difference between the effect of combining tapings and ankle-foot orthosis on spatiotemporal gait parameters in spastic cerebral palsied
Cigarette smoking in conjugation with bad oral hygiene is considered a typical predisposing factor for many oral diseases including denture stomatitis. This study investigated the effect of Rose Bengal (RB)-and Curcumin (CUR)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) in comparison with nystatin therapy in the intervention of denture stomatitis in cigarette smokers. Overall, 45 habitual cigarette smokers aged ~58 years having denture stomatitis were categorized into three groups: Group-I - RB-mediated PDT, Group-II - CUR-mediated PDT, and Group-III - Nystatin therapy. The primary outcome of the interest was: counts of Candida colony from denture surface and palatal mucosa, calculated as CFU/mL, whereas the prevalence of Candida species determined in 3 research groups comprised the secondary outcome. Oral swab specimens were gathered from the denture surfaces and palatal mucosa. All clinical assessments were performed at baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks. C. albicans was the most prevalent yeast identified on both denture surfaces and palatal mucosa, followed by C. tropicalis and C. glabrata. A considerable decrease in the CFU/mL scores were observed in Group-I and Group-II at the end of the interventions and on the 12-week follow-up (p<0.05). Group-I, II, and III demonstrated clinical efficacy rates of 53%, 51%, and 49%, respectively. CUR-and RB-mediated PDT was found to be as effective as topical Nystatin therapy for the intervention of denture stomatitis among cigarette smokers.
This study aims to evaluate the short-term effects of resisted sprint training on sprint performance together with lower limb physiological and functional performance in young professional football players.
Background: Bikini line laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe method, used as a scarless cosmetic port technique for gall bladder diseases in morbid obese patients as a day case. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of an elective Bikini line laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the morbid obese patients with chronic calcular cholecystitis, and review our experience with Bikini line laparoscopic cholecystectomy as minimal invasive scarless technique. We issued a modifications in order to minimize the number of ports (Brief ports) and modify port sites, using the Bikini line laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a cosmetic and hidden scar laparoscopy for obese patients concerned with aesthetic results and body image. Aiming at faster recovery, decrease pain and improve cosmoses. Bikini Line laparoscopic cholecystectomy is technically safe and effective day surgery procedure for chronic cholecystitis patients with higher patient satisfaction regarding pain and cosmoses. Obesity, intended as BMI 40, does not have any obstacle on the technical feasibility of BLLC.
A double-blind randomized controlled study was carried out on 34 children (19 boys and 15 girls) in the age ranged from 7 to 9 years old with spastic hemiplegia were randomly allocated to one of two groups: control or study group. The two groups received traditional therapeutic exercises for 12 weeks. Additionally, study group received rESW (one session/week) on gastrocnemius and soleus muscles (1500 shots/muscle, frequency of 4Hz, energy of 0.030 mJ/mm2). All children were evaluated at baseline, and after 12 weeks by Modified Ashworth Scale, Biodex system 4 isokinetic dynamometer, Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-88), dimensions "D" standing and "E" walking, Trost Selective Motor Control Test, and Single Leg Standing Test.
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic scoliosis has been identified as a common spinal malalignment that negatively impacts the respiratory system and physical conditioning in adolescents. Hippotherapy is an equestrian intervention that optimizes physical performance and mobility in a bunch of contexts; however, its influence on pulmonary function remains unclear. AIM: This research aimed to analyze the impact of ten weeks of hippotherapy combined with Schroth exercises on ventilatory function and aerobic capacity in AIS. DESIGN: Randomized Controlled Trial SETTING: Outpatients attend a single center that includes a rehabilitation room and recreational riding center. POPULATION: Forty-five patients were arbitrarily recruited to the experimental (N= 22) and control group (N=23). METHODS: Patients in the experimental group received 30 minutes of walking and sitting trot training, 15 sessions split into 2 phases over ten weeks. The two groups attended a 60-minute session of Schroth's intervention, 3 times/ week for 10 weeks. Two-way ANOVA for between-group comparisons and independent t-test for within-group comparisons were used in the statistical analysis.
In this study, the effect of photodynamic therapy (indocyanine green mediated) on the clinical, biological and inflammatory aspects was assessed in diabetic patients having peri-implantitis
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) is primarily a respiratory viral infection. At the time of writing this protocol, more than 25 million people have been affected globally. Of these, more than 850000 have died directly due to the disease. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, there are as of now over 30000 cases and deaths from COVID 19. This has been declared as a Pandemic by WHO and has brought normal life to a standstill. There are many uncertainties regarding the pathophysiology and clinical course of this disease. It is estimated that 80 percent of those infected will not need special care. However, 1 in 5 (20%) patients will require hospitalization. Of these, typically, 5 percent will be critically ill and ventilated. Of those ventilated, 20 to 60 percent will die. However, this can vary from country to country due to various reasons. For example, in one study, 71.6% were hospitalized in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and 4.6% were admitted to intensive care. The rest of those who are hospitalized (95%), are at risk of having long term sequelae. From the SARS CoV infection data, 50 per cent had changes consistent with inflammatory lung disease at 4 weeks, and at 15 years, 4.6% (SD 6.4%) had pulmonary fibrosis. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) had typical lower lobe fibrotic changes in more than one-third of the patients. SARS CoV2 virus shares 79.5% sequence identity with SARS CoV and 50% with MERS CoV. The SARS CoV2 may also have similarities in the inflammatory response; emerging data shows that COVID 19 patients also have new interstitial lung disease changes and thromboembolic disease. These patients may have long term physiological disability such as exertional hypoxia, breathlessness, reduction in static and dynamic lung volumes and diffusion factors. There is currently no data available to predict who is at risk of developing long term chronic thromboembolic disease and interstitial lung disease. More importantly, there are no data available on the pathological changes of inflammatory lung disease. Pathologically classifying the disease may have a significant impact on the choice of the treatment for these patients who otherwise have the potential to be disabled lifelong. With appropriate phenotyping, appropriate risk reduction strategies and targeted therapies can be considered. Furthermore, studying biomarkers that could potentially identify those at-risk patients from very early on can provide an opportunity to start on the treatment very early on in the natural course of the disease history.
Texting and writing are common hand activities among college students. Students tend to spend increasing hours of texting and writing for every day activities in addition to the academic assignments that are mainly on line and through distance education. The effect of such daily activities on hand grip and key pinch strength has not been studied among college students.