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NCT ID: NCT03549754 Recruiting - Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trials

DISCOVER Global Registry

Start date: February 17, 2018
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

To provide real world data on patient characteristics, disease management, healthcare utilization, and outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and established micro- and/or macrovascular disease

NCT ID: NCT03544645 Completed - Diabetes Mellitus Clinical Trials

Are Audiovisual Materials Superior to Printed Materials in Improving Awareness Among Type 2 Diabetic Patients?

Start date: July 16, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This research evaluates the effectiveness of video educations against patients fixed believes and knowledge that either not precise or overestimated, and compare with classic educational method such as Brochure. As many researches indicates the difficulties to initiate insulin therapy for type 2 diabetic patients due to overestimated barriers such as needle anxiety, feelings of guilt and failure, concerns about hypoglycemia, sense of loss of control over one's life and reduced quality of life. This research will introduce different educational tools to evaluate their effectiveness in breaking psychological insulin barriers.

NCT ID: NCT03536845 Recruiting - Epilepsy Clinical Trials

Vitamin D Supplementation to Prevent Vitamin D Deficiency for Children With Epilepsy

Start date: January 1, 2018
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

To determine the maintenance dose of vitamin D supplementation required for children with epilepsy to maintain normal vitamin D level.

NCT ID: NCT03535064 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

The Association of Hand Hygiene Practice on Primary Schoolgirls Absence Due to URIs in Riyadh City, 2017-2018.

Start date: January 28, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Research Problem: Upper respiratory infections (URIs) are a common reason for absence from schools as it is estimated that children get six to eight episodes every year. In Jazan (2013-2014), 34% of primary health care centre attendees who were complaining of URIs were under 15 years old and 42% of them were positive when tested for viruses by nasopharyngeal swabs. An intervention for URIs prevention is hand hygiene, as it has been shown to have an impact on reducing the risk of respiratory infections by 50% among children in Karachi, Pakistan by encouraging hand washing with soap. Another randomised controlled trial study conducted in Spain among primary school students showed a statistically significant 38% reduction in the absenteeism rate due to URIs in the intervention group who received education about hand hygiene and used hand sanitisers which were distributed among schools. Also, the Chinese conducted a cluster randomised control trial evaluating the effect of a hand washing programme and revealed a 38% reduction in absence due to URIs among primary schoolchildren. This preventive measure is questionable, as a randomised controlled trial done among primary school students in New Zealand revealed that encouraging the use of hand sanitisers in schools did not have an impact on reducing acute respiratory infections or absenteeism. The questionable effect was also documented in a systematic review and meta-analysis for randomised controlled trials about the effectiveness of hand hygiene in decreasing absences through illness in educational settings. Research Significance: Appropriate hand hygiene is recommended as a non-pharmacological preventive measure against respiratory infections. But this preventive measure is questionable as the results of randomised controlled trials about the effectiveness of different hand hygiene interventions in reducing absence due to upper respiratory tract infection in different educational settings are controversial. Furthermore, previous studies of hand hygiene interventions were low in quality and it is recommended to improve future studies relating to it. Also, there is no research on the effectiveness of these measures in Saudi Arabia. So, this piece will add new knowledge to local and international literature. In addition, this study may help the school health administration to develop a hand hygiene programme. Objectives: - To determine if hand hygiene education is associated with school absence rates due to URIs reduction among primary schoolgirls in Riyadh city, 2017-2018 - To measure post-intervention total primary schoolgirl's absence rate (both groups) in Riyadh city, 2017-2018. - To measure post-intervention primary schoolgirls' absence rate due to upper respiratory infections (both groups) in Riyadh city, 2017-2018. Methodology: Cluster RCT will be conducted among primary schoolgirls attending public schools in Riyadh city in the first education semester. Sampling will be multistage to end up with four schools. 616 schoolgirls who are attending the selected classes will be invited to the study. Two schools will be randomly assigned to the intervention, which includes one-hour hand washing workshop at the beginning of the study, in addition to posters. Parents will self-administer the questionnaire at baseline, in addition to a follow-up phone interview questionnaire.

NCT ID: NCT03527628 Recruiting - Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trials

OPTmizing Advanced Stage HodgkIn LymphoMa patIentS Therapy

Start date: January 1, 2018
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

This is a prospective, multi-center, open-label, phase II clinical trial, aims to assess the effectiveness of the combination ACVD (Adriamycin, Cyclophosphamide, Vinblastine and Dacarbazine) and BV (Brentuximab Vedotin) in PET-2 positive advanced-stage HL patients, in order to improve the overall long-term disease control in the entire cohort of advanced-stage HL.

NCT ID: NCT03521492 Completed - Clinical trials for Early Childhood Caries, Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D Status With Early Childhood Caries

Start date: October 30, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Studies that give people vitamin D supplements to prevent caries have found that vitamin D is effective at preventing the development of caries. The aim of Study: To determine if there is a relationship between vitamin D deficiency and the development of Early Childhood Caries (ECC).

NCT ID: NCT03512444 Recruiting - Wound Clinical Trials

Does Circumferential Negative Pressure Therapy Impair Distal O2 Saturation?

Start date: April 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Abstract: Background: Circumferential negative pressure wound therapy (CNPWT) is commonly used to manage wounds and enhance the healing process. A theoretical concern was recently raised that CNPWT may have a negative effect on perfusion distally. Objectives: We aim to evaluate the effect of circumferential negative pressure therapy (CNPT) on distal O2 saturation in healthy volunteers. Design: Randomized controlled non-inferiority study. Methods: Fourteen healthy adult volunteers with O2 saturation ≥95% (by index finger pulse oximetry) will be invited to participate in the study. After obtaining a written informed consent, CNPWT foam/dressing will be applied in a sandwich-like manner on the middle third of each arm and a negative intermittent pressure of 125 mmHg will be applied to one arm chosen randomly, using the contralateral arm as control. The pressure will be applied 5 minutes on and 2 minutes off for 9 hours. Individual's participation will be terminated if O2 saturation drops below 92% at any study time. The outcome measure is index finger O2 saturation and will be checked every 30 minutes using a pulse oximetry. The area under the curve (AUC) of O2 saturation in the 2 arms will be compared using ANCOVA. Sample size was calculated to have 90% power, assuming a type one error of 5%, non-inferiority margin of 24 (mean AUC difference), SD of 20, and drop out of 2 participants. Importance: The study is expected to provide conclusive evidence on the effect of intermittent CNPT on distal O2 saturation. The results would have direct implications for CNPWT.

NCT ID: NCT03501186 Recruiting - Chronic Stroke Clinical Trials

Effects of Backward Gait on Sand on Improving the Gait Parameters of Patients With Chronic Stroke.

Start date: January 12, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Gait training in stroke is a complex process of motor learning although restoring patients ability to walk would not prepare the individual with the challenges faced in the real environment. The aim is not simply walking in controlled environment, but to achieve dynamic walking. Dynamic walking is the ability of an individual to adjust to the changing surfaces and terrains. thereby returning to achieve active participation in the community. Hence, recovery of walking ability is the primary goal when planning treatment for patients with stroke.

NCT ID: NCT03471195 Active, not recruiting - Cerebral Palsy Clinical Trials

Salivary Cytokine Profile as a Biomarker for Dental Pain

Start date: January 1, 2018
Study type: Observational

always reliable.Pain is an important diagnostic tool in dentistry. The type of treatment, extent of treatment and, sometimes, even the decision on whether to treat or not is dependent on the pain history obtained from the patient.The absence of an accurate description of dental pain is a factor that severely limits dental treatment planning in children with CP. The aim of this study is to study to evaluate the salivary cytokine profile of children with CP who have severe dental problems and to compare this to verbal children who have a similar dental profile.

NCT ID: NCT03468361 Enrolling by invitation - Hypertension Clinical Trials

Diuretic Effect Evaluation of Petroselinum Crispum (Parsley) in Hypertensive Patients

Start date: March 1, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The use of alternative therapy, particularly herbal treatment is becoming prevalent among patients. Many herbs are in-use for various ailments such as diabetes, digestive problems, fever, hepatitis and hypertension etc. The common belief is, herbs are safe and easy to access as compared to conventional therapy, however, most of the studies reported different side effects which may be toxic at times. These adverse effects are mostly due to incorrect use or lack of patient education. Parsley is a plant with antioxidant, diuretic and antimicrobial properties. Literature reported use of parsley as a diuretic by different communities in throughout the world. In vitro studies in animal have also reported the diuretic effect as well as proposed mechanisms for the use of parsley as diuretic however none of the studies have been conducted to investigate the diuretic effect of parsley in humans. This study aims to evaluate the diuretic and hence antihypertensive effect of parsley in hypertensive patients.