There are about 518 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Saudi Arabia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a widely employed procedure in ambulatory surgery. Pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy arises significantly from port site incisions in the anterior abdominal wall. Innervation of the anterior abdominal wall is segmentally supplied by pain afferents in the plane of fascia between transversus abdominis and the internal oblique muscles. Opioids analgesia is used to control postoperative pain, but it carries the risk of increased nausea and vomiting, ileus and sedation that may delay hospital discharge. Several techniques have been tried as.neuroaxial narcotics, intraperitoneal lavage of local anesthetic and transversus abdominis plan (TAP) block and successfully reduced opioid use and improve postoperative analgesia. The ultrasound-guided erector spinae plan(ESP) block is a recently described technique which produces reliable unilateral analgesia at thoraco-lumbar dermatomes. ESP block carries the advantages of being simple, safe, easily recognizable by ultrasound, and a catheter can be threaded to extend the duration of analgesia. Few case series reported the efficacy of (US)-guided ESP blocks in reducing postoperative pain and opioids consumption. Because of that, the investigators aimed to test the hypothesis that US-guided ESP blocks can decrease opioid consumption during the first 24 h after of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in comparison with the conventional systemic analgesia.
We will assess effectiveness of health education on improving knowledge and practice regarding Breast cancer(BC) detection and screening tools among female teachers after six weeks, three months in health education group in compare with control group.
Regional eye blocks are usually preferred for ophthalmic procedures. Peribulbar block (PBB) is a safe alternative for patients undergoing cataract surgery. Many studies tried to solve this issue by means of prolonging the duration of action of the local anesthetics used. Several drugs were tried as adjuncts to local anesthetics, and their effects have been studied. Midazolam added to the list of adjuvant used in the subarachnoid or epidural block can produce analgesia, probably mediated by the benzodiazepine-Gamma Amino-Butyric Acid(GABA) receptor complex. The investigators hypothesized that the addition of midazolam to lidocaine will improve the quality of the peribulbar block; fasten the onset and prolonging its anesthetic and analgesic duration.
The aim of this study is to determine the effect of ICON on White spot lesions compared to CPP-ACPF plus.
To verify the exact location of cuff of the endotracheal tube in children.
Non-invasive respiratory support has been emerging in the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants to minimise the risk of lung injury. Intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) provides a method of augmenting continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) by delivering ventilator breaths via nasal prongs.It may increase tidal volume, improve gas exchange and reduce work of breathing. However, NIPPV may associate with patient-ventilator asynchrony that can cause poor tolerance and risk of intubation. It may also in increased risk of pneumothorax and bowel perforation because of increase in intrathoracic pressure. On the other hand, neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a newer mode of ventilation, which has the potential to overcome these challenges. It uses the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) as a signal to synchronise the mechanical ventilatory breaths and deliver an inspiratory pressure based on this electrical activity. Comparing NI-NAVA and NIPPV in preterm infants, has shown that NI-NAVA improved the synchronization between patient and ventilator and decreased diaphragm work of breathing . There is lack of data on the use of NI-NAVA in neonates post extubation in the literature. To date, no study has focused on short-term impacts. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the need of additional ventilatory support post extubation of NI-NAVA and NIPPV and also the risk of developing adverse outcomes. Aim: The aim is to compare NI-NAVA & NIPPV in terms of extubation failure in infants< 32 weeks gestation. Hypothesis: Investigators hypothesized that infants born prematurely < 32 weeks gestation who extubated to NI-NAVA have a lower risk of extubation failure and need of additional ventilatory support.
Aim The Aim of the current study is to establish the association between periodontitis and adverse pregnancy outcomes in metabolic syndrome (Mets) patients and to evaluate the effect of intervention. Objectives 1. To evaluate the changes in periodontal status of pregnant women with metabolic syndrome after non surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) 2. To evaluate the inflammatory marker levels in serum of pregnant women with metabolic syndrome after non surgical periodontal therapy 3. To evaluate the effect of NSPT on adverse pregnancy outcomes of women with metabolic syndrome
Objective: To evaluate the effect of intrauterine navigation using intrauterine insemination catheter (IUI) one day prior to day 3 embryo transfer (ET) on pregnancy rate. Design: Pilot randomized controlled study. Setting: Tertiary referral center, King Fahad Medical City. Patients: Patients who underwent ET during the period of the study after two or less in-vitro fertilization failures and fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Interventions: Mock ETs were performed on day 2 post oocytes retrieval using intrauterine insemination catheter, followed by day 3 ET. Main Outcome Measure: Pregnancy rate. Key Words: embryo transfer, mock embryo transfer, endometrial receptivity, endometrial scratching, IVF.
Study to investigate if the study drug ticagrelor and ASA is more effective than Placebo (inactive tablet) and ASA in preventing new stroke events.
Background & Purpose: Cervical radiculopathy is a neurological disorder, which commonly results because of nerve compression. There are different types of physical therapy interventions that are used for cervical radiculopathy. The evidence of effectiveness of manual therapy in cervical radiculopathy is still limited. Short-term hypoalgesic effects after manual therapy was found in different musculoskeletal conditions. However, the effectiveness of manual therapy in patients with cervical radiculopathy hasn't been investigated yet. Therefore, the aim of study is to examine the short-term effect of manual therapy (mobilization) on the sensory features in patients with chronic cervical radiculopathy.