There are about 1314 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Pakistan. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The aim of this research is to find and compare the effect of mirror therapy and constrained induced movement therapy in upper limb rehabilitation among chronic stroke patient .Study conducted in THQ Hospital Depalpur. The sample size was 36. Patients were divided into two groups. In group-A patients were treated with mirror therapy and in group-B patients were treated with constrained induced movement therapy. Both therapy sessions lasting for 60 minutes for total 1 hour in a day, 5 times a week and for consecutive 3 weeks in a month. Sessions consist of total 20 min of passive mobilization to both groups, 30 min session for MMT to 1 group, 30 min session to CIMT (task specific) to another group, and 10 minutes standard ADL activities. The outcome was calculated with FMA-UE and modified Ashworth scale. Data was analyzed by SPSS 22.
This study will compare the short-term effects of static and dynamic stretching on the physical performance of undergraduate students who are not involved in athletic activities. It will be observed if a significant difference lies between these stretchings.
Low back pain is one the leading cause of disability and affecting many individuals. Chronic low back pain is associated with restriction in daily physical activities that ultimately leads to disuse atrophy of muscles. The objective of the study is to find out the effects of Back Muscles Endurance Training on pain, disability, endurance and Lumbar flexibility in patients with chronic mechanical low back pain.
Dental caries is highly prevalent across the globe including Pakistan and is associated with tooth loss, malocclusion and temporomandibular joint problems and sometimes may cause life threatening infections. Streptococcus mutans is considered to be one of the major pathogen responsible for the development of dental caries. As treatment of dental carries is quite expensive, main focus is on the prevention of dental carries. Chlorhexidine is the gold standard mouthwash used for the prevention of dental carries but its use has been associated with certain side effects including staining of teeth, burning sensation and a bitter taste in the oral cavity. Many populations use medicinal plants as traditional or alternative treatments for various ailments due to their better safety profiles, health beneficial effects, lower cost and easy availability. Among the plant species used for medicinal purposes are those of the genus Morus. Its most commonly used species are Morus alba, rubra and nigra that have also shown antimicrobial properties against various infections in addition to other health promoting effects. Moreover, morus alba fruit has not been evaluated for its antimicrobial activity against oral pathogens including streptococcus mutans. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial properties against salivary streptococcus mutans and alteration of pH in the saliva of patients with dental caries before and after the use of chlorhexidine and morus alba fruit extract mouthwashes. This study is double blinded randomised clinical trial. Sample size is calculated according to open Epi calculator and came out as 1 in each group. We will take sample size as 120 and the sampling technique will be non-probability consecutive sampling. Morus alba extract preparation will be done in the Botany department of Lasbella University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences (LUAWMS) Balochistan. According to inclusion criteria and after obtaining informed consents, samples of saliva of the individuals of 18-40 year of both genders will be collected from the OPD of Dentistry department, Civil hospital Uthal Balochistan at the beginning of the study and two weeks after the treatments. The total 120 subjects will be equally divided into three groups, 40 participants in each group (A, B and C). The subjects in group A will be given chlorhexidine mouthwash and the subjects in group B and C will be given 20% and 30% aqueous extracts of morus alba fruit in the form of mouthwashes respectively. The samples of saliva will be analysed for S.mutans counts and pH levels at baseline and 15 days after the use of respective mouthwash. Culture procedure for S.mutans count will be Dilution and Spread plate technique.
This research aims to compare the effect of weighted and elastic resistance training of gluteus maximus in subjects with sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Randomized clinical trials were done. The sample size was 54. The subjects were divided into two groups, 27 subjects in the weighted resistance training group and 27 in the elastic resisted training group. The study duration was of 1 year. The sampling technique applied was the non-probability connivance sampling technique. Only 20-40 years of symptomatic subjects with pain in the SI region for at least 12 weeks (chronic) and had no previous physical therapy treatment were included. Tools used in the study are numeric pain scale, dynamometer, and Oswestry disability index. Data was be analyzed through SPSS 21.
Menopause is defined as a permanent cessation of menstrual cycle for 12 months due to intrinsic diminution of ovarian oocytes among women in older age. Globally reported mean age for menopause is 48.78 years (ranges from 46-52 years) (1). Menopausal age reported among Asian and African population was lower as compared to European women (2, 3). Among postmenopausal women, age related various central nervous system, musculoskeletal, urogenital, metabolic and skin changes ensue along with osteoporosis (T-score = ≤ -2.5) and decreased bone mineral density due to estrogen deficiency that is directly associated with fragility fractures and disability among this age group (2, 4, 5). Therefore, recruitment of older adults in resistance training program is crucial in inducing increases in muscle strength and ameliorating glucose tolerance and increased insulin sensitivity along with improvements in BMD and BMR(6).
The purpose of the study is to compare the effects of compressive myofascial release and conventional knee osteoarthritis treatment to correct lateral patellar tracking. A randomized control trial was conducted at Railway General Hospital, Ahad Medicare clinics and physiotherapy Centre and The Health Professional physiotherapy clinic Bahria town phase 6. The sample size was 52 calculated through open-epi tool. The participants were divided into two interventional groups each having 26 participants. The study duration was six months. Sampling technique applied was non probability convenient sampling for recruitment and group randomization using sealed enveloped method. Only participants who were 50 years above with grade 2 and 3 knee osteoarthritis were included in the study. Tools used in this study are Q angle, numeric pain rating scale, goniometry and WOMAC questionnaire, Self structured Questionnaire. Data was collected at baseline, at the end of 3rd session and 6th session. Data analyzed through SPSS version 23.
This is an observational study examining the psychosocial impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in several low-resource countries (Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iraq, Somalia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Turkey) and an English-speaking country (USA). The data will be obtained on the measures of wellbeing (WHO-5), psychological distress (K10), post-traumatic stress (PCL-5), post-traumatic growth (PTGI), and pandemic-related stress [using a newly developed Covid Psychosocial Impacts Scale (CPIS)]. Depending on the context, the data will be collected online employing either unilingual (in native language) or bilingual survey (with English as a second language) from 500 participants (aged 18 and above) in each of the eight locations using convenience sampling. Where applicable in some countries (Turkey, Somalia), a follow-up survey will be repeated after 12 months in the same cohort, which will provide a comparable data set longitudinally. The findings will enable us to examine the psychosocial impacts of COVID-19; validate the translations of the CPIS and standardized measures; and determine the trajectory of study variables with pandemic exposure.
The aim of this study is to find the effectiveness of exercise therapy and manipulative therapy for patients with maigne's syndrome. It is a Randomized clinical trial and convenient random sampling is to be used with an inclusion criteria of patients having maignes syndrome without having neurological signs and specific spinal pathology like disc lesion ,malignancy or inflammatory disease and any other major medical conditions .
To determine the effects of 30 min brisk walk on Pulmonary Functions on COPD patients To determine the effects of 30 min brisk walk on Health related Health-related quality of life (HRLQ) on Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients