There are about 370 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Pakistan. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous autoimmune disease mainly affecting stratum basal of the epithelium. It is very painful and hamper the daily routine of patients e.g. (talking, drinking, eating, maintaining normal relationships). Different topical treatments have been tried for the symptomatic relief of OLP which include topical corticosteroids (TCSs), topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs) retinoids, photochemotherapy; amitryptaline; thalidomide; amlexanox and traditional medicines such as curcumin, selenium-ACE combined with itraconazole, glycyrrhiza glabra and aloe vera. But the exact treatment is still unknown. Objective: To compare the efficacy of Dexamethasone, Doxycycline, Nystatin and Promethazine cocktail with Triamcinolone as topical treatment of OLP Subjects and Methods: 40 patients of symptomatic OLP will be randomly divided in to study and control group. Study group will be given a cocktail containing dexamethasone, doxycycline, nystatin and promethazine and will be advised to rinse with 1 and half teaspoon of this cocktail 3 times a day for 2 minutes for the period of 8 weeks. Study group is also advised to apply an orabase containing 0.1% triamcinolone on lesions 3 times a day for the period of 8 weeks. The control group will be advised to apply only triamcinolone orabase 3 times a day for 8 weeks.
To examine the impact of health determinants at the individual (e.g. health related behaviors) and societal level (e.g. environmental factors, health related policy, quality of health systems) on health outcomes (e.g. death, non-communicable disease development) across a range of socioeconomic and health resource settings. Additional components of this study will examine genetic factors for non-communicable diseases. This will be examined both through a cross sectional component, and prospectively (cohort component).
to see the effects of slabutamol and IV furosemide in the treatment of transient tachypnea of newborn
The CHAIN Network aims to identify modifiable biomedical and social factors driving the greatly increased risk of mortality among young undernourished children admitted to hospital with acute illness, as inpatients and after discharge. The study will inform priorities, risks and targeting for multi-faceted interventional trials. CHAIN is a multi-centre cohort study with a nested case control analysis of stored biological samples. Study sites are located in Africa and South Asia. Children will be recruited at admission to hospital, stratified by nutritional status. Exposures will be assessed at admission, during hospitalisation, at discharge, and at two time points after discharge. The main outcomes of interest are mortality, re-admission to hospital and failure of nutritional recovery up to 180 days after discharge. To determine community health norms, an additional sample of children living in the same communities will be enrolled and assessed at one time point only.
This research studies the effect thermotherapy as treatment of Old World CL which is not invasive, non-toxic, and the short treatment. While the current standard treatment comprise daily painful injections with antimonials,
The purpose of this international, multicenter service review is to describe and compare ventilation management in patients at risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) versus patients not at risk and patients with established ARDS, and to ascertain whether certain ventilator settings and ventilation parameters are associated with pulmonary complications or development of ARDS after start of ventilation in patients in intensive care units (ICUs) in Asian countries. Participating centers will include adult patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in the ICU during a 28-day period. Patients' data will be collected during the first 7 days in the ICU, or until ICU discharge. Follow up is until ICU discharge. The primary outcome includes two main ventilator settings, i.e., tidal volume and the level of positive end-expiratory pressure. Secondary endpoints are development of ARDS in patients without ARDS at the onset of mechanical ventilation, worsening of ARDS in patients with ARDS at the onset of mechanical ventilation, pulmonary infection, other pulmonary complications, need for tracheostomy, duration of ventilation, length of ICU stay and ICU mortality.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of LUS on the diagnosis and management of childhood pneumonia in developing countries
Objectives Primary objectives: - To determine the efficacy of Hydroxyurea in the study participants. - Hypothesis: The study will result in either maintenance or rise in hemoglobin as compared to the control treatment. Secondary objectives: - To determine the compliance of Hydroxyurea in study participants. - To determine the safety of Hydroxyurea in the study participants. Design and Outcomes An open label randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy and safety of Hydroxyurea on beta thalassemia major patients. It is a six months study. Findings of physical examination, vital sign variables, laboratory variables and ultrasound at baseline, during and end of the study will be listed. Schedule of intervention is mentioned in section 6.1. later in the protocol. Interventions and Duration Hydroxyurea will be given to the participants in intervention arm along with the standard treatment if thalassemia (blood transfusion and iron chelation therapy) and the control arm will receive the standard treatment (blood transfusion and iron chelation therapy) only. Each participant will be followed up for 6 months after initiating the intervention. Intervention will be given for 6 months or until the participant withdraws from the study or due to any reason, the investigator stops the intervention. Sample Size and Population This pilot study will be done on 100 patients initially. Stratified randomization will be done on the basis of presence of Xmn polymorphism. And the study population will be assigned to intervention or control arm randomly through a computer software (randomizer.org).
Citicoline, is a naturally occurring compound and an intermediate in the metabolism of phosphatidylcholine. Phosphatidylcholine is an important component of the phospholipids of the cell membranes. Citicoline is composed of two molecules: cyti¬dine and choline. Both these molecules enter the brain separately and by passing through the blood-brain barrier where they act as substrates for intracellular synthesis of CDP-choline . This drug has been widely used in adults who suffer from acute ischemic strokes for than 4 decades with good results and has been proved to have a very good safety profile as well. It has various therapeutic effects at several stages of the ischemic cascade in acute ischemic stroke. 1. It stabilizes cell membranes by increasing phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin synthesis and by inhibiting the release of free fatty acids . By protecting membranes, citicoline inhibits glutamate release during ischemia. In an experimental model of ischemia in the rat, citicoline treatment decreased glutamate levels and stroke size. 2. Citicoline favors the synthesis of nucleic acids, proteins, acetylcholine and other neurotransmitters, and decreases free radical formation Therefore, citicoline simultaneously inhibits different steps of the ischemic cascade protecting the injured tissue against early and delayed mechanisms responsible for ischemic brain injury. 3. citicoline may facilitate recovery by enhancing synaptic outgrowth and increased neuroplasticity with decrease of neurologic deficits and improvement of behavioral performance. Considering these pharmacologic properties of citicoline, we are planning to see its effects in newborns who have HIE which causes a global acute ischemic changes in developing brain.
This is a single center, randomized control. Sixty eligible subjects will be recruited into 3 study treatment groups (n=20 per group) through computerized randomization. Subjects in group 1 will be treated with 8% arginine containing paste(Colgate® Sensitive Pro-Relief™), group 2 with 5% topical fluoride varnish (Acclean) and group 3 with self-adhesive resin (Seal and protect, Dentsply). The subjects in the study will be evaluated for tactile and air-blast hypersensitivity criteria at baseline, two and four weeks.