There are about 508 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Pakistan. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The objective of this study was to evaluate effectiveness of pharmacist intervention in improving disease knowledge, adherence to treatment, health related quality of life and direct cost of treatment. The study also documented patient satisfaction with pharmacist counselling as a quality control measure. This is a randomized controlled single-blind two-arm trial in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in Karachi, Pakistan. The study will enroll patients with established diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis over three months. The patients after signing written consent would be randomized through a computer-generated list in control group, i.e., usual care and intervention group, i.e., pharmaceutical care with a ratio of 1:1. The study will take place in three patient-visits over the course of three months. The patients would be intervened by pharmacist in intervention group while those in control group will have usual care. Primary outcomes include change in mean score at follow-up, i.e., week 12, for disease knowledge, adherence to medications and rehabilitation/physical therapy, health related quality of life (HRQoL). The secondary outcomes include change in the mean direct cost of treatment and patient satisfaction from pharmacist counselling. This is a novel study that evaluates the role of pharmacist in improving treatment outcomes of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The results of this trial could set the foundation for future delivery of care for such patients in Pakistan. The results of this trial would be published in a peer-reviewed journal.
The aim of this research is to find and compare the effect of traditional physical therapy and Cyriax manipulation on pain, range of motion and disability in patients with cervical discogenic pain. Randomized controlled trials done at Benazir Bhutto hospital, Rawalpindi . The sample size was 40. The subjects were divided in two groups, 20 subjects in traditional physical therapy group and 20 in Cyriax manipulation group. Study duration was of 6 months. Sampling technique applied was purposive non probability sampling technique. Only 25-45 years individual with cervical discogenic pain were included. Tools used in the study are Numeric pain rating scale (NPRS) and neck disablity index (NDI). Data was be analyzed through SPSS 21.
Taste changes are common in cancer patients receiving concurrent chemoradiation which become a significant complaint and a cause of distress and morbidity. Loss of gustatory function further advances to malnutrition, weight loss, reduced quality of life, poor compliance and even diminished response to drug therapy. Taste is an essential sensation which serves oral intake of food and enables to prevent the ingestion of potentially harmful and poisonous substances. The sense of taste is crucial for an individual's well-being and psychological health. Taste changes may advance to reduced appetite, dietary insufficiency, food repulsion affecting body weight and anorexia further leading to impaired immunity, decline in health status and malnutrition. As taste impairment is not a life-threatening event therefore it might not be reported by some patients. Hence, this aspect is neglected despite being a common and distressing side-effect of chemoradiation. Due to the location of the cancer and the long-term effects of cancer therapies, patients with oral cavity cancers have a specially high prevalence of chemosensory disorders. Zinc is comparatively non-toxic if taken orally, and rather non-toxic in contrast to other trace metals such as manganese and iron. Zinc is an integral element in both the maintenance and repair of taste buds. It is involved in promoting the diffusion of taste stimuli to taste buds. Salivary zinc has been found in association with Gustin (carbonic anhydrase, CA VI), a zinc-metalloprotein enzyme that may be involved with providing nutrition to the human taste buds. Zinc influences the synthesis of gustin required for the growth, development, maintenance and production of taste buds and regulation of taste function. The hypothesis was: Null hypotheses: There is no difference in the taste acuity between test and control group with the administration of zinc sulfate. Alternative hypotheses: There is a difference in the taste acuity between test and control group with the administration of zinc sulfate. Thus, the present study aimed to observe changes in taste function of oral cancer patients by detection and recognition thresholds before beginning their treatment (before chemoradiation and intervention), at the end of chemoradiation and a month after and to evaluate the preventive effect of zinc sulfate on chemoradiation-induced taste changes. To the best of our knowledge, similar study has not been conducted before in our region.
Data will be collected from 40 patients with hemiplegia, caused by stroke from DHQ hospital Jhelum. its an RCT Neurodynamics with conventional treatment to experimental group and conventional treatment alone to control group will be applied for 6 weeks. Simple random sampling will be done and randomization will be done through tossing a coin. Intervention wil be applied and assesment will be done through fugl-meyer upper extremity scale, Modified Aashwarth scale,goniometry and action research arm test at zero, 3rd and 6th week.
The study was conducted in tertiary care hospital of Lahore. Patient undergoing Whipple procedure were studied by compiling demographic details of the patients, common presenting symptoms, various indications for Whipple's procedure, the cofactors which affect the procedures outcome and morbidity and mortality of the patients.
The rationale of this study is to find out the surgical outcome and success rates of tragal cartilage and temporalis fascia, subsequently to develop guide line in light of the results of this study for our department as our institute is going to follow one patient in one bed policy in future. The purpose of this study is to compare the graft success rate of cartilage versus temporalis fascia in tympanoplasty type I in our institute, as no such study has been conducted in our province before.
Muscle strain injuries are common in sports but are often misdiagnosed and maltreated. Their significance is often underestimated because most athletes can continue their daily activities soon after the injury. Proximal hamstrings strains have attracted greater attention because they have a high incidence which is approximately 42%.
The aim of the study is to investigate the analgesic effects of the subcutaneous wound infiltration with tramadol, ketamine, dexamethasone, dexmedetomidine and midazolam as adjuvant to ropivacaine, compared to ropivacaine alone in patients undergoing Video-Assisted thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) procedures.
an observational cross-sectional study is done to calculate the electrolyte imbalance at different stages of chronic kidney disease at tertiary care hospital.
Gallbladder disease is one of the most common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Various studies have shown an association between gallstones and an alteration in the serum lipids. The objective of this study will be to compare serum lipid profile of gallstone patients with the controls.