There are about 400 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Pakistan. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
the study is basically aimed at comparing two techniques of herniotomy by comparing there recurrence rates
Oral health is an important component of general health and oral cavity acts as a mirror to the health of individuals and communities. Inadequate focus on primary prevention of oral diseases, poses a sizeable challenge for numerous countries, especially low and middle income countries. Mobile phone technology is relatively new and its successes in chronic disease is well documented but there is little evidence available in its use for improving oral health and dietary habits of children. This will be a Pilot Randomized Control Trial (RCT) . It will be conducted in public and private sector schools of Quetta city, Pakistan. Study will comprise of intervention and a control arm. Duration of intervention is 6 months. In the intervention group, study participants will be the parents. School teachers will send oral health education and reminder messages on frequent intervals to educate children's parents on oral hygiene and reinforce their behaviors to improve their child oral health. The primary school children in the control group will not receive any intervention
The study has both quantitative and qualitative components. The objective of the quantitative study is to: Determine if supported implementation of the LTP plus programme improves infant development compared to standard implementation of the LTP plus programme. The objective of the qualitative study is: Process evaluation and finding out about implementation challenges (from the perspective of the mothers and the people delivering both the LTP plus and the supported implementation intervention).
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a highly prevalent functional bowel disorder routinely encountered by healthcare providers although it's not life-threatening, this chronic disorder has ability to reduce patients' quality of life and imposes a significant economic burden to the healthcare system.Despite the high prevalence of IBS and its association with disability and adverse effect on health related quality of life we are not aware of any published trial of psychological intervention for IBS from Pakistan. We aim to test the feasibility and acceptability of culturally adapted Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for the management of IBS in Karachi, Pakistan compared to treatment as usual.
Like many developing countries, Pakistan faces a public health challenge of low and incomplete immunization rates of children, only 54% of children aged 12 to 24 months are fully immunized, which leaves children susceptible to vaccine-preventable diseases. The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is a low-cost and effective health intervention, but the uptake is low, delayed, and completion rates are poor. Door-to-door campaigns can increase coverage, but are extremely expensive. Incentive-based approaches have been rigorously demonstrated to effectively increase take-up and completion rates of immunization, and there is substantial evidence that small incentives can have a large impact on the take up of preventative health behavior in general. There are two major constraints to scaling these findings, however. This study will attempt to find the most effective incentive design that helps increase the coverage of full immunization rates among children between the ages of 0 - 24 months in the city of Karachi, Pakistan. The study proposes to conduct a randomized control trial involving small conditional cash transfers (mCCTs) to determine the optimal CCT amount (high versus low), schedule (flat versus increasing) and design (lottery versus sure payment) that would lead to the highest increase in immunization rates. Interactive Research and Development's digital immunization registry will be used to enrol and randomize the study participants and generate CCTs disbursed through a mobile money transfer platform and mobile top - ups . The three year study will be conducted in Karachi, Pakistan enrolling a sample of 11,200 children, 0-2 years of age. The study aims to provide evidence regarding the most cost-effective way to structure incentives in terms of size, schedule, and design; and address the challenge of delivering small incentives in a way that is inexpensive, logistically simple, and not subject to leakage.
The idea of "Mouth-Body Connection" has recently been introduced, according to which oral health is considered as a vital constituent of general health; like-wise many systemic disorders have oral manifestations. Recently it is submitted that incident and prevalent chronic periodontal infection, known as chronic periodontitis (CP) possibly has a causal relationship with diabetes mellitus (DM) having effects on HbA1c, fasting plasma/ blood glucose (FPG/ FBG) and fasting plasma/ blood insulin (FPI/ FBI) levels. Experimental research has suggested that treating CP may improve glycemic control and insulin resistance in Non-Insulin Dependent Type-2 DM patients (T2DM). However, there is limited data concerning the need and effects of adjunct antibiotic therapy (AAT) along with scaling root planning (SRP) in treating CP for long lasting results. Therefore, it is suggested that further research with larger samples must be undertaken for a successful periodontal therapy that may help improve glycemic control at desired levels and longer durations. This study is designed to evaluate effects of periodontal therapy [SRP, metronidazole (MET) and oral hygiene instructions (OHI)] through three-arm trial experiment comprising of SRP+MET+OHI, SRP+OHI and OHI+ Delayed Therapy (DT) groups on HbA1c, FPG, FPI levels and Insulin Resistance calculated through Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA-IR) to fill research gap. This study will target around 1000 patients with CP screened for T2DM at selected Periodontal Clinics of Dow University dental hospitals to recruit 150 participants randomly allocated in each group (50 in each group). Post-therapy follow-up results will be assessed at 1, 3 and 6 months to evaluate short and long term changes in status of CP, FPG, FPI and HbA1c.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disease that results in joint inflammation, pain and swelling. It may progress to advance stages that render patients unable to carry out their daily activities. It also results in joints deformity and is a leading cause of disability globally. Patient education plays an important role in the management of disease. Adequate patient knowledge and awareness about disease may help in incorporating the ailment in daily life. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the benefit of a disease education literature in Urdu language and with culturally relevant illustration for rheumatoid arthritis patients.
The use of Smartphone has been adopted faster than any other device in the history of digital electronics. Hence it is estimated that in 2016, 2.1 billion were found registered Smartphone users in the world and Pakistan was ranked 10th in the list of top 10 countries with largest number of mobile phone subscribers. Despite of its useful and timely utilization, the excessive use of Smartphone coerce the Individual to be dependent on the use of Smartphone psychologically and even physically. Furthermore, among the users, adolescents and young adults used Smartphone (90%) more than any other age groups. Moreover, this prevalence is expected to rise in the future due to the easy availability and swift changes and addition of new applications to Smartphone technology. Subsequently, the excessive and irrational use of Smartphone leads to Smartphone addiction which impact on individual mental health, physical health, and disrupt social, economic and educational functions. So, this study aims to assess the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) as an evidence based remedy in the treatment of Smartphone addiction. The study will comprise of two groups; one will receive CBT (intervention group) and the other one will be on Treatment As Usual (TAU). The aim of the study is to assess the effectiveness of CBT primarily by measuring the addictive smartphone usage assessed by Smart Phone Addiction Scale (SAS) and also on secondary outcomes including time management, academic performance and social functioning of adolescents. These assessments will be conducted before intervention (on the baseline assessment sessions), during the Intervention and after the intervention (on follow up assessment sessions). A total of 120 students were calculated on the basis of 80% statistical power required to detect the effect as indicated by previous study and will be selected from different educational institutions. SPSS 23.0 will be used for data analysis. The primary analysis will be mixed ANOVA to compare the between group and within group means differences on measures used in the study. Multiple Hierarchical Regression analysis will also be used for the prediction of outcome variables from the demographics. The total duration of the study is one year. This study primarily aims to assess the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) as an evidence based remedy in the treatment for Smartphone addiction. The basic purpose is to minimize the severity of Smartphone addiction up to manageable level. Furthermore, there are certain psychiatric symptoms that are found to be associated with the addictive usage of Smartphone like stress, depression, anxiety, hyperactivity, attention deficits and conduct problems. The study design will also allow to assess the effectiveness of CBT on such outcomes: (a) The depression, anxiety and stress level of the participants (b) The time management of the participants (c) The emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity and attention deficit problems, peer relationship problems and pro-social behavior aspects of the participants (d) The satisfaction level of the participants.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of nifedipine and labetalol in terms of control of BP in pre eclamptic pregnant patients Design: Randomised control trial SETTING: Department Obstetrics & gynaecology, Services Hospital, Services Institute of Medical Sciences. Lahore POPULATION: Pregnant patients with BP 160/110 or symptoms of severe preeclampsia METHODS: Patients are randomised to receive nifedipine (10 mg tablet, orally, up to five doses) and intravenous placebo saline injection or intravenous labetalol injection (in an escalating dose regimen of 20, 40, 80, 80 and 80 mg) and a placebo tablet every 15 minutes until the target blood pressure of ≤140/90mmHg is achieved. Crossover treatment is given if the initial treatment regimen is unsuccessful
Gestational diabetic mellitus (GDM) patients randomised to metformin or insulin group.Aim was to achieve blood sugar levels of Blood sugar fasting (BSF) <5.3 mmol/l and 1 hour post meal<7.8mmol/l. Both groups were followed till delivery and outcome studied.