View clinical trials related to Cerebral Palsy.Filter by:
Adapted sport is constantly evolving thanks to the technological and scientific advances in the field of sports that are being developed in our era. Until a few years ago, the study of training, loads, volumes and work intensities were the focus of attention, but nowadays, expanding towards recovery of the individual and consequently to an improvement of the assessments and treatments from the point of view of the alteration of the movement. Impaired motor control is a consequence of most central nervous system (CNS) movement disorders, such as cerebral palsy. A common physical examination includes assessment of passive muscle elongation endurance, isometric and isotonic testing. This test is used to judge the degree and nature of muscle hyperendurance, to determine etiology at the muscle tissue and/or motor control level, and to infer consequences for overall motor performance in functional tasks. Although this physical examination is in widespread clinical use and provides clinically essential information, it is still a subjective assessment and depends on several factors such as intra- and inter-examiner variability.this variability and subjectivity calls for a consensus on the interpretation and measurement of muscle neurophysiological responses in patients with neurological diseases.Generally, the assessment instruments used for the analysis of hypertonia in adapted sports are based on standardized tests and trials. Specifically, in CP (Cerebral Palsy)-Football, hypertonia is assessed by the degrees of spasticity of the modified Ashworth Scale. There is a need for instrumental assessment to validate subjectivity and thus facilitate the applicability, objectivity, characterization and monitoring of the pathology, such as surface electromyography (EMS). The tests will be performed in a control group of healthy subjects and an experimental group with subjects belonging to the Spanish National Football Team of cerebral palsy and acquired brain damage. After collecting the records, the behavioral patterns in both groups will be evaluated, establishing possible differences between them for the clinimetric indicators analyzed related to muscle activity, thus allowing a characterization of the sample. Subsequently, by means of the post-exertion assessment of the experimental group, we will analyze the influence of muscle fatigue after an international soccer match. Therefore, the development of the project aims to provide clinical health professionals and professionals in sports physical activity with evaluative tools (EMG) sensitive to clinical changes that allow characterizing, classifying and observing the evolution of their athletes through a simple, fast and agile characterization of indicators based on surface electromyography for patients with cerebral palsy and acquired brain damage.
Spasticity is often observed as muscle tightness and stiffness in the upper and/or lower limbs. Upper limb spasticity can interfere with joint movement and its severity can range from mild to severe. This study will assess how effective OnabotulinumtoxinA is in treating pediatric participants with Spasticity. Change in disease activity will be evaluated. OnabotulinumtoxinA is approved drug for treatment of Spasticity. Approximately 106 pediatric participants aged 2-17 years with spasticity associated with cerebral palsy will be enrolled in approximately 10 sites across Mexico. Participants will receive OnabotulinumtoxinA as prescribed by their physician in accordance to local label and followed for 12 months. There is expected to be no additional burden for participants in this trial. Participants will attend regular visits to a hospital or clinic in their routine practice.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a chronic condition which affects the development of motor function and posture, occurs as a result of injury or malformation in the developing central nervous system before, during or immediately after birth. Depending on the health conditions accompanying motor and sensory problems of children with CP in the pre-school period, they are insufficient to be active in their daily lives, to play games, to spend time with their peers and to perform self-care activities. In addition to care difficulties, economic difficulties, problems in reaching rehabilitation centers, many problems such as fear of their children's future, falling behind their peers, and who will take care of their children after them cause anxiety and stress for families. We can foresee that parenting attitudes may change in line with the anxiety and stress created by all these difficulties. The investigator planned to do this study because we found that there is a need for studies examining the effects of the attitudes and anxiety levels of families of children with CP on children's activity and participation and social skills.
The aim of the observational study is to compare static, kinematic and kinetic parameters with normal gait parameters in cases with Idiopathic toe walking (ITW) and Diparetic Cerebral Palsy (DCP) who have Gross Motor Function Classification System 1 level with the 3D Gait Analysis method, and to enable the early diagnosis of DCP and ITW. Male and female cases aged between 3-18 years will be included. This study will be carried out at Acıbadem Altunizade Hospital.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is currently one of the major causes of disability in children. The presence of various disorders (muscle stiffness, architectural bone defects, spasticity) leads to a number of functional impacts, including severe impairment of mobility, particularly locomotion. Locomotion can be assessed using a motion capture system that enables 3-dimensional analysis, in order to help make treatment decisions and quantify them. Although these systems are currently considered to be the gold standard, the fact remains that they cause a certain amount of patient fatigue (long set-up times) and that walking is assessed in a laboratory rather than in real life. Today, technological advances have brought to the fore other gait analysis devices, such as inertial measurement units (IMUs). Various systems incorporating IMUs in the feet, for example, respond to these problems of analysing walking in real-life situations. The IMUs record the movements and orientation of the foot in space; the data is then processed by algorithms to recognise walking steps and calculate the spatio-temporal parameters of locomotion. Additional IMUs positioned on the body can be grafted onto this system to provide a more precise analysis of locomotion, in particular by calculating the movements of the various joints of the lower limb. However, before such devices can be used in a pathological paediatric population, they must be validated in a healthy population. This validation must be conducted using a precise method that has been widely documented in the COSMIN recommendations (Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments). The first stage will assess the safety of the IMU devices in a healthy paediatric population, and the validity of the spatio-temporal parameters. If these properties are deemed to be compliant, these same parameters will be assessed in a paediatric population with cerebral palsy in the second stage.
Cerebral Palsy (CP) leads to motor impairments and impacts activities of daily living and academic and social achievement (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Children with CP present impaired procedural learning abilities that is the ability to acquire cognitive-motor skills with practice (Gagliardi et al., 2011; Gofer-Levi et al., 2013). However, some rehabilitative rhythmic interventions, such as adaptive dance training, appear to improve motor, cognitive, psycho-emotional, and social functions in these children (Cherriere, Martel, et al., 2020; Cherriere, Robert, et al., 2020). Rhythm seems to be an important factor in these benefits, probably because regular rhythm improves motor control and learning (Thaut, 2015; Lagarrigue et al., 2021; Ghai et al., 2022). To validate this hypothesis, the investigators propose to evaluate the effects the presence of a regular rhythm on learning of a danse choreography in typically developing children and children with CP.
Research Aim: This study investigates whether a 12-month treatment with hypertonic saline (salty water) can reduce antibiotic use in individuals with neuromuscular disease or cerebral palsy who frequently experience chest infections due to difficulty clearing mucus from their airways. Methodology: Participants will be randomly assigned to receive nebulised hypertonic saline (7% salt in water) or normal saline (0.9% salt in water). The study is open-label as both participants and researchers are aware of the treatment, necessary due to the differing tastes of the solutions. Two centers, Royal Brompton Hospital in London and Queens Medical Centre in Nottingham, will conduct the research. Before starting the treatment, participants will undergo various assessments, including questionnaires to measure quality of life and treatment satisfaction, sputum/throat swab collection, lung clearance index, forced oscillation technique, electrical impedance tomography, and lung ultrasound. Once these assessments are completed, participants will take the assigned treatment at home, administered twice daily for 12 months, with monthly follow-ups regarding difficulties and chest infections. After 12 months, the treatment will cease, and participants will repeat the assessments. Significance: This research will provide valuable insights into the efficacy of nebulised hypertonic saline for individuals with neuromuscular disease or cerebral palsy, potentially aiding both patients and doctors in making informed treatment decisions. Dissemination: The study's findings will be shared through publication in scientific journals and presentation at conferences.
Children with cerebral palsy (CP) show varying degrees of motor impairment and movement disorders whose perceptive-visual contribution has yet to be established. The literature reports that children with CP have more frequent neuro-visual disorders. The link between the location and size of the brain lesion and neurovisual symptomatology has yet to be explored. In this retrospective clinical data study, we will investigate in children with PC whether there is an anatomo-clinical correlation between visuo-spatial disorders is the brain injury of interest to the dorsal visual pathway. We will explore the volume of grey and white matter parietal involvement. To test visuo-spatial disorders, we will use the PVSE (Visuo-Spatial Elementary Perception) test which does not require motor skills or language and is therefore suitable for children with a PC. This test will make it possible to better identify the deficit or deficits in order to adapt an early remediation. It could serve as a reference for comparing several pathologies/etiologies.
This RCT aims to investigate the effect of repetitive transcranial magnatic stimulation (rTMS) in treating children with hemiplegoc cerebral palsy. The study will measure any improvement in spasticity after using contra-lesional inhibitory rTMS follow by intensive limb training. Participants will attend a 10-day rTMS treatment sessions, follow by intensive training of the impaired limb. They will also undergo MRI scans before and after the treatment to investiagte the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms that lead to changes clinically by using TMS as well as MR-DKI. Researchers will compare the intervention group and the sham group to see if rTMS could result in improvement of participants' spasticity.
Spastic plantar and palmar flexion deformities are very common in children with cerebral palsy (CP). These deformities usually involve spasticity of the plantar or palmar muscle complexes, weakness of the antagonist dorsiflexor muscles of the ankle or wrist, and also involve soft tissue/muscle contractures and require a multimodal treatment approach. Physical therapy (PT), occupational therapy (OT), serial casting (SC), and botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injections had shown positive results in both of these deformities. Recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses showed that extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is effective in reducing spasticity, pain intensity, and increasing range of motion and motor function when combined with PT or BoNT-A injections in neurological conditions like stroke, CP, multiple sclerosis. ESWT can be a complimentary therapy to obtain an earlier efficacy, better efficacy, a sustained effect for a longer period, and less adverse events. The objective of this study was to show the effects of ESWT when combined with intermittent SC, BoNT-A injections and PT or OT on spasticity, passive range of motion (pROM) of children with CP having spastic equinus foot deformity or wrist palmar flexion deformity.