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NCT ID: NCT06080477 Not yet recruiting - Psychosis Clinical Trials

Enhancing Mental Health Outcomes for Patients With Psychosis in Malawi Through Community-based Rehabilitation

Start date: October 30, 2023
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The overall aim of the proposed study is to determine the feasibility, acceptability, fidelity, and preliminary effectiveness of the adapted nurse-led, community-based rehabilitation treatment model for community-dwelling individuals living with psychosis in Blantyre, Malawi using a pilot randomized controlled trial.

NCT ID: NCT06062238 Not yet recruiting - Tuberculosis Clinical Trials

Study to Assess Efficacy and Safety of M72/AS01E-4 Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (Mtb) Vaccine in Adolescents and Adults

Start date: February 2024
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, clinical trial to assess the prophylactic efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of the investigational M72/AS01E-4 Mtb vaccine when administered intramuscularly (IM) on a 0,1-month schedule to adolescents and adults. This trial will be conducted in 3 cohorts: Interferon gamma release assay (IGRA)-positive Cohort, IGRA-Negative Cohort and Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Cohort.

NCT ID: NCT06047821 Recruiting - Diarrhea Clinical Trials

Enterics for Global Health (EFGH)

Start date: August 25, 2022
Study type: Observational

Diarrhea remains a leading cause of death among young children, with the majority of diarrhea deaths occurring in low- and middle-income countries. Childhood diarrhea caused by a type of bacteria called "Shigella" is responsible for an estimated 60,000 deaths each year and may cause particularly severe illness among children. Currently, there are several promising vaccines to prevent Shigella diarrhea in development, but key information is still needed to inform future vaccine studies. The purpose of this study, titled Enterics for Global Health (or the "EFGH"), is to determine the number and rate of new cases of Shigella diarrhea among children 6 to 35 months of age presenting to health facilities with diarrhea or dysentery. Over a two-year period, the EFGH study will enroll 1,400 children from each of the seven countries: Peru, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Mali, Malawi, Kenya, and The Gambia (9,800 children total).

NCT ID: NCT06031272 Not yet recruiting - HIV-1-infection Clinical Trials

Pausing Antiretroviral Treatment Under Structured Evaluation

Start date: December 4, 2023
Phase: Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

The main purpose of this study is to see if it is safe to give the study antibodies (3BNC117-LS-J and 10-1074-LS-J) by intravenous infusion to people with HIV (PWH), and to see if they cause any side effects. In addition, to see how the study antibodies affect the level of HIV in the blood when participants are not taking regular HIV treatment for an extended period. This extended period of not taking regular HIV treatment is called an analytical treatment interruption (ATI).

NCT ID: NCT06007105 Recruiting - Schizophrenia Clinical Trials

SUCCEED Africa: Support, Comprehensive Care and Empowerment of People With Psychosocial Disabilities

Start date: July 18, 2023
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Although psychotic disorders typically affect less than 1% of the population, they are a significant cause of disability worldwide. Psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions and suicidal ideation can be profoundly disturbing, and negatively impact daily living. However, the social consequences of psychosis are often even more troubling than the symptoms. For example, people with psychosis have a high risk of experiencing violence, poverty, homelessness, incarceration, and unemployment, among other adverse outcomes. There is a need for a range of accessible, appropriate interventions for people with psychosis to be delivered to those in the most vulnerable situations, including in low-resource settings in sub-Saharan Africa. A systematic review recently carried out as part of the formative research for SUCCEED identified 10 studies evaluating the impact of interventions for people with psychosis in Africa, most of which had a strongly clinical focus. The review concluded that there was a need for further research involving people with lived experience of psychosis in designing and evaluating holistic interventions that meet their diverse needs, within and beyond the health sector. SUCCEED Africa is a six-year Health Research Programme Consortium (RPC) that has brought together people with lived experience of psychosis and people with professional experience (researchers, clinicians) from four African countries (Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe) to co-produce a community-based intervention for psychosis, using a Theory of Change-driven approach. The SUCCEED intervention takes the World Health Organisation's (WHO's) CBR Matrix as a point of departure to consider the multifaceted needs of people living with psychosis and other psychosocial disabilities, and how best to meet these needs by mobilising the resources of individuals and families affected, as well as their broader communities. This protocol describes a pilot study in which the SUCCEED intervention will be delivered and evaluated on a small scale, in preparation for a larger multi-country research evaluation using more rigorous methods, including randomised controlled trials in Nigeria and Zimbabwe and observational studies in Malawi and Sierra Leone, respectively. The main outcome of interest is change in subjective quality of life among participants with lived experience of psychosis who are offered the intervention over a four-month follow up period.

NCT ID: NCT05997511 Active, not recruiting - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Leveraging Community Health Workers to Combat COVID-19 and Mental Health Misinformation in Haiti, Malawi, and Rwanda

Start date: August 1, 2023
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Partners In Health (PIH), in collaboration with Harvard Medical School, aims to develop and evaluate an SMS-based intervention for Community Health Workers (CHWs) to combat COVID-19 and mental health-related misinformation in Haiti, Rwanda, and Malawi. The study involves three aims: identifying locally relevant misinformation through a card-sorting exercise with CHWs, developing targeted messages through cognitive interviewing, and evaluating the effectiveness of SMS-based educational message dissemination via a randomized controlled trial. The evaluation will assess the impact on public health practices, knowledge and attitudes among CHWs, and knowledge and attitudes among community members.

NCT ID: NCT05980156 Completed - Malaria,Falciparum Clinical Trials

Comparing Chemoprevention Drugs for School-based Malaria Control

Start date: February 13, 2023
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

This is an individually randomized, controlled, single blind three arm clinical trial of malaria chemoprevention strategies Arm 1: Intermittent preventive treatment with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (IPT-DP). Arm 2: Intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) plus chloroquine (CQ) (IPT-SPCQ). Arm 3: Control - students will receive standard of care (no preventive treatment). Outcomes include P. falciparum infection and parasite density, anemia, cognitive function and educational testing, as well as infection prevalence in young children sleeping student's households to assess the impact on transmission.

NCT ID: NCT05973084 Recruiting - Clinical trials for SARS CoV 2 Infection

COVID-19 Transmission and Morbidity in Malawi

Start date: January 17, 2023
Study type: Observational

SARS-CoV-2 transmission was expected to have a devastating impact in sub-Saharan African countries. Instead, morbidity and mortality rates in nearly the whole region are an order of magnitude lower than in Europe and the Americas. To identify what is different requires a better understanding of the underlying immunological substrate of the population, and how these factors affect susceptibility to infection, progression of symptoms, transmission, and responses to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. Study objectives 1. Determine the risk and predictors of infection and disease among contacts of SARS-CoV-2 infection subjects in Malawi 2. Determine whether innate immune responses lower the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and disease, and acquisition and duration of vaccine responses. 3. Assess whether alterations in innate immune responses relevant to SARS-CoV-2 are associated with malaria or intestinal parasite infections. 4. Assess the acquisition and longevity of antibodies (Ab) and cellular adaptive responses elicited by SARS-CoV-2 infection and vaccination. 5. Assess whether malaria and intestinal parasite infections, chronic/mild undernutrition, and anemia mediate alterations in Ab and other adaptive cellular responses to SARS-CoV-2 through innate immune responses or a different unknown mechanism.

NCT ID: NCT05901727 Recruiting - HIV Clinical Trials

DSD Models at Malawi Sentinel Sites (SENTINEL 2-Malawi)

Start date: June 1, 2021
Study type: Observational

To achieve global goals for the treatment of HIV, many countries are piloting and scaling up differentiated service delivery models (DSD). A handful of efforts have been formally described and evaluated in the literature; many others are being implemented formally or informally under routine care, without a research or evaluation goal. For most countries however, we have little evidence on progress and challenges at the facility level-the number of patients actually participating in DSD models, health outcomes and non-health outcomes, effects on service delivery capacity and clinic efficiency and operations, and costs to providers and patients. AMBIT is a set of data synthesis, data collection, and data analysis activities aimed at generating information for near- and long-term decision making and creating an approach and platform for ongoing evaluation of differentiated models of HIV treatment delivery. The first AMBIT protocol, "Gathering Records to Evaluate Antiretroviral Treatment" (GREAT, Malawi NHRC 2376), collects and analyzes comprehensive patient medical record data, allowing us to assess the effect of DSD models on patients' clinical outcomes and to evaluate uptake of DSD models at scale. The Sentinel-Malawi study, the second AMBIT protocol, is examining the effect of DSD models on patient and provider satisfaction, service delivery capacity and quality, costs to patients, and other outcomes for which data are not routinely collected in patient-level medical records. The first round of Sentinel-Malawi was conducted in 2021. We are now amending the protocol to allow up to two additional annual rounds of data collection, in 2022-2023. We collected clinic aggregate data, conducted surveys of patients and providers, and observed operations at a selected set of 12 Malawian healthcare facilities and their affiliated DSD models in Round 1. Round 2 and 3 will collect the same types of data at 12 facilities in Malawi and will expand the study's research questions to include differentiated models of HIV testing and linkage to care. Results are expected to inform Malawian policy makers and other local and international stakeholders on the actual implications of DSD models for patients, health system operations, and healthcare budgets.

NCT ID: NCT05808218 Recruiting - Behavior Clinical Trials

WASH For Everyone: Testing Alternative Approaches to Sanitation and Hygiene Behaviour Change in Chiradzulu, Malawi

Start date: April 13, 2023
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study aims to assess the impact of multiple community-based behaviour change approaches on sanitation and hygiene behaviours in rural Malawi. Three different sub-districts (Traditional Authorities) in Chiradzulu District will be selected, each receiving a different combination of community-based interventions or will serve as controls. Eligible communities, households, and individuals will be randomly selected in each Traditional Authority and sanitation and hygiene behaviours assessed through self-report and direct observation after 1 year of intervention.