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NCT ID: NCT05409274 Active, not recruiting - Covid19 Clinical Trials

Understanding COVID-19 Infections in Pregnant Women and Their Babies in 5 African Nations (periCOVID Africa)

Start date: November 1, 2020
Study type: Observational

Develop coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) surveillance in pregnancy in The Gambia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique and Uganda Estimate the seroepidemiology of COVID-19 infection among pregnant women in these countries Define the immune response to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in pregnant women and their babies and determine the presence of antibodies in cord blood Work with communities to develop understanding of infection prevention and control techniques to reduce the spread of COVID-19 amongst the pregnant population

NCT ID: NCT05383742 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Tuberculous Meningitis

Trial of a Six-Month Regimen of High-Dose Rifampicin, High-Dose Isoniazid, Linezolid, and Pyrazinamide Versus a Standard Nine-Month Regimen for the Treatment of Adults and Adolescents With Tuberculous Meningitis

Start date: August 15, 2022
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to compare a 6-month regimen of high-dose rifampicin (RIF), high-dose isoniazid (INH), linezolid (LZD), and pyrazinamide (PZA) versus the World Health Organization (WHO) standard of care (SOC) treatment for tuberculosis meningitis (TBM).

NCT ID: NCT05362955 Not yet recruiting - HIV Infections Clinical Trials

5-fluorouracil Following Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Treatment Among HIV-positive Women in East Africa

Start date: June 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This is a single arm study on the safety, feasibility, and acceptability of adjuvant, self-administered, intravaginal 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) following treatment for high-grade cervical precancer (CIN2/3) among women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

NCT ID: NCT05343390 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Package of Resources for Assisted Contact Tracing: Implementation, Costs, and Effectiveness

Start date: November 1, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Having health workers assist HIV-infected persons with the recruitment and testing of their sexual contacts and biological children is an effective and efficient way of identifying additional HIV-infected persons in need of HIV treatment and HIV-uninfected persons in need of HIV prevention. However, in Malawi, a country with a generalized HIV epidemic, health workers lack the counseling and coordination skills to routinely assist their HIV-infected clients with these services. This study will determine how to help health workers to effectively and efficiently provide these services to their patients through a set of digital capacity-building tools.

NCT ID: NCT05323396 Recruiting - HIV Coinfection Clinical Trials

HIV And Parasitic Infection (HAPI) Study

Start date: May 2, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The overall goal of this study is to determine if periodic de-worming of persons living with HIV in intestinal parasite-endemic regions will lead to decreased morbidity and mortality associated with HIV by reducing immune activation and intestinal damage associated with these diseases. The hypothesis for this project is that intestinal parasitic infections contribute to a modifiable pro-inflammatory state in persons living with HIV (PLWH). Aim 1: Determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in PLWH receiving care at an HIV-treatment center in Lilongwe, Malawi using a highly sensitive multi-parallel stool PCR test. Hypothesis: highly sensitive stool PCR testing will demonstrate that disease burden of parasitic infection in PLWH in Malawi is higher than historically reported based on stool microscopy. Aim 2: Determine the impact of parasitic infection on intestinal damage and immune activation by measuring sCD14, sCD163, and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) in PLWH. Hypothesis: plasma biomarkers reflecting intestinal damage and immune activation are elevated in those with HIV and parasitic co-infection compared with parasite-negative participants with HIV. Aim 3: Determine the impact of eradication of parasitic infection on intestinal damage and immune activation by measuring sCD14, sCD163, and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) in PLWH before and after treatment of parasitic co-infection. Hypothesis: plasma biomarkers reflecting intestinal damage and immune activation are elevated in those with HIV and parasitic co-infection, and these biomarkers decrease with anti-parasitic treatment.

NCT ID: NCT05307991 Recruiting - HIV Infections Clinical Trials

Integrating Enhanced HIV PrEP Into a STI Clinic in Lilongwe

Start date: March 9, 2022
Study type: Observational

This is a prospective cohort study evaluating acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of integrating HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) into a sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic alongside assisted partner notification and etiologic STI testing in Lilongwe, Malawi.

NCT ID: NCT05244954 Enrolling by invitation - Malaria,Falciparum Clinical Trials

Comparing Chemoprevention Approaches for School-based Malaria Control

Start date: February 1, 2022
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

This is an individually randomized, controlled, single blind three arm clinical trial of malaria chemoprevention strategies Arm 1: Intermittent screening and treatment (IST) - students will receive treatment if they have a positive high sensitivity rapid diagnostic test (RDT). Arm 2: Intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) - all students will receive treatment. Arm 3: Control - students will receive standard of care (no preventive treatment). Outcomes include P. falciparum infection and parasite density, gametocyte carriage and gametocyte density, anemia, cognitive function and educational testing, as well as infection prevalence in student's households to assess the impact on transmission.

NCT ID: NCT05177393 Recruiting - Esophageal Cancer Clinical Trials

Treatment Outcomes of Esophageal Cancer

Start date: February 28, 2019
Study type: Observational

This study will be a carried out through a prospective observational cohort design in conjunction with researchers in the African Esophageal Cancer Consortium (AfrECC). The purpose of this research is to prospectively evaluate outcomes related to existing treatment strategies for esophageal cancer (EC) at participating sites within AfrECC.

NCT ID: NCT05168813 Recruiting - HIV Infections Clinical Trials

Efficacy Study of COVID-19 mRNA Vaccine in Regions With SARS-CoV-2 Variants of Concern

Start date: December 1, 2021
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The study will evaluate the clinical efficacy of different dosing regimens of the Moderna COVID-19 mRNA vaccine (100 mcg) in preventing COVID-19 disease in people who are living with HIV or have comorbidities associated with elevated risk of severe COVID-19, with the different vaccine regimens assessed determined by whether the participant had evidence of prior SARS-CoV-2 infection at enrollment.

NCT ID: NCT05154513 Recruiting - HIV Infection Clinical Trials

Long-Term Clinical, Immunologic, and Virologic Profiles of Children Who Received Early Treatment for HIV

Start date: February 2, 2022
Study type: Observational

IMPAACT 2028 is an observational prospective study to characterize a cohort of early treated children who may participate in future research related to HIV remission or cure. Up to approximately 250 participants will be in the study for approximately seven years. No intervention is provided in the study.