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HIV/AIDS clinical trials

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NCT ID: NCT05330923 Not yet recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Effect of NNRTI or INSTI on Nonalcoholic Steatosis in HIV/AIDS Patients

Start date: May 1, 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Identifying patients at risk of NAFLD(Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease), especially severe disease with NASH(nonalcoholic steatohepatitis) and fibrosis, is critical. Prevalence of NAFLD in PLWH(People Living With HIV) evaluated by different imaging techniques including US (ultrasonography), elastography, CT(computed tomography ), and magnetic resonance varies from 13% to 58.6% in all published studies. In previous studies, the effect of ART(Anti-Retroviral Therapy) on NAFLD was limited. A cross-sectional analysis found that INSTI(Integrase strand transfer inhibitor) was associated with a higher prevalence of steatosis in AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) patients. However, it is not clear whether there is a difference in the degree of nonalcoholic steatosis between AIDS patients receiving NNRTI(non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors). Therefore, the investigators plan to conduct a prospective study to assess whether there is any difference in the degree of nonalcoholic steatosis and fibrosis between Chinese HIV(human immunodeficiency virus)/AIDS patients after initial treatment with NNRTI or INSTI, or switching from NNRTI to INSTI.

NCT ID: NCT05307250 Recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

M-Suubi: A Multi-Level Integrated Intervention to Reduce the Impact of HIV Stigma

Start date: March 15, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

M-Suubi, a three arm cluster randomized study will examine the effects and cost-effectiveness of a multi-level intervention on HIV viral suppression among 840 adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) enrolled in 42 secondary schools with a boarding section. The investigators will test the effects of a group-based HIV stigma reduction intervention for educators (GED-HIVSR), over and above the effects of multiple family groups with HIV stigma reduction combined with family economic empowerment (MFG-HIVSR plus FEE), relative to Bolstered Standard of Care (BSOC). ALHIV will be randomized at the school level to one of three study arms

NCT ID: NCT05278559 Not yet recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Can Undetectable (Viral Load) = Untransmissible (Virus) Change the Life Course of Adolescents Living in Africa

Start date: March 15, 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

The scientific breakthrough related to Undetectable (viral load) = Untransmissible (virus) has had a major impact on motivation to take up and adhere to antiretroviral therapy among people living with HIV all over the world. The aim of the study is to work with MoHCC and other stakeholders to explore whether routine VL testing using DBS can provide sufficiently robust evidence of 'undetectability' to support introduction of U=U messaging in ALHIV. The study will provide scientific evidence on whether routine VL testing using DBS as available in LIC can provide sufficiently robust evidence of 'undetectability' and on the variability of an individual's virological response over 12 months. It will provide contextually orientated evidence to inform U=U messaging which has the potential to change the motivation of ALHIV to engage with their treatment and care.It will also explore responsible ways to disseminate this message to ALHIV living in Zimbabwe, and across the Southern African region.

NCT ID: NCT05213689 Not yet recruiting - HIV Infections Clinical Trials

HIV Self-Testing and Comic Intervention With Refugee Adolescents and Youth

Start date: February 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

HIV is the leading cause of death for adolescents and young people (AYP) in sub-SaharanAfrica (SSA). Uganda hosts 1.4 million refugees/displaced persons and the Bidi Bidi refugee camp in Northern Uganda is the second-largest refugee settlement in the world and the largest in Africa. There are reports of high sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) among refugees during the journey from South Sudan to Uganda and in the refugee settlements, yet low rates of HIV testing and access to HIV prevention services, particularly tailored for gender, age, and the refugee settlement context. This study aims to develop, implement and evaluate an oral HIV-self testing (HIVST) intervention with displaced/refugee AYP aged16- 24 in Bidi Bidi. HIVST is acceptable and properly used with AYP in other SSA regions, yet there are knowledge gaps regarding the best way to link HIVST to HIV care. This study aims to explore how user-developed educational comic books can improve linkage to care with HIVST. This trial focuses on implementing a randomized trial with displaced/refugee AYP aged 16-24 living in Bidi Bidi (Arm1: HIVST; Arm 2: HIVST + comic book; Arm 3: comic book; Arm 4: standard of care). The study will assess changes in HIV testing practices, HIV status knowledge, and linkage to HIV prevention and care between the 4 arms.

NCT ID: NCT05206019 Not yet recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Study to Evaluate Pharmacokinetic and Safety of Albuvirtide Between Intravenous Drip and Intravenous Injection

Start date: February 1, 2022
Phase: Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

This is a single-center,randomized,open, single-dose, parallel-design study, which will be only enrolled Chinese healthy volunteers.

NCT ID: NCT05193942 Recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Type 1 Hybrid Trial of Our Plan - a Brief, Couples-based HIV/STI Prevention Intervention

Start date: February 17, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This webapp, couples-based HIV/STI prevention intervention project will use a Type 1 Hybrid Design Trial to determine efficacy to reduce HIV risk via uptake of evidence-based strategies and a tailored prevention plan among male couples who are in a new relationship (defined as 1 year or less). In addition, the project will be one of the first studies to investigate how intervention usage is associated with the outcomes over time, as well as explore best practices for future implementation and dissemination of such interventions by considering a variety of potential contexts. As such, the project is innovative, timely, and rigorous with sound scientific premise for helping to advance and bridge webapp HIV prevention science with existing community-level services.

NCT ID: NCT05174936 Not yet recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

ResIlience-based Stigma REdUction Program ("Rise-up")

Start date: December 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Stigma and discrimination related to HIV and AIDS ("HIV-related stigma") have been identified worldwide as major barriers to HIV treatment and care, posing challenges to HIV prevention efforts and provision of adequate care, support, and treatment. Despite decades of global efforts to tackle HIV-related stigma, previous interventions designed to reduce stigma have been largely ineffective. The knowledge gaps and challenges for combating HIV-related stigma are partly rooted in the complexity and diversity of the stigma and partly in the limitations in current conceptualization of stigma reduction efforts. Recent research, including our own preliminary data, has shown the promise of resilience approaches that focus on the development of strengths, competencies, resources, and capacities of people living with HIV (PLWH) and those of their real or surrogate family members and healthcare facilities to prevent, reduce, and mitigate the negative effects of stigma. However, the resilience approach, while hypothesized, has not been widely tested in intervention trials. In the current application, we propose to develop, implement, and evaluate a theory-guided, multilevel multimode resilience-based intervention via a stepped-wedge randomized trial among 800 PLWH and their real or surrogate family members as well as 320 healthcare providers in Guangxi, China where we have built a strong research infrastructure and community collaboration through NIH-funded research since 2004. The primary outcome will be viral suppression among PLWH, and the intermediate outcomes will include resilience resources at the levels of individuals, the real or surrogate family members, and healthcare facilities as well as chronic stress response and adherence to treatment and care. The proposed study is innovative as it addresses a number of knowledge gaps in HIV-related stigma reduction intervention research based on both a conceptualization of stigma reduction and advancement in intervention research methodology (e.g., multilevel and multi-component intervention modality, a stepped wedge design, the addition of biomarkers to assess the effects of stigma, and targeting primary HIV clinical outcomes such as viral suppression). The proposed research is significant as it addresses a critical public health issue in the US and globally. The proposed intervention protocol, if proven efficacious, has the potential to be replicated in other low- and middle-income countries to mitigate the negative impact of stigma on the HIV treatment and care continuum.

NCT ID: NCT05161689 Recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Addressing the Continuum of Care Among High-risk Thai Men

Start date: November 27, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Young Thai men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at high risk for HIV. However, the Thailand National HIV Strategy does not adequately cover HIV prevention for YMSM using specific methods relevant to them, and instead uses a one-size-fits all approach. Partnering with the Thailand Ministry of Public Health (MOPH), the proposed study seeks to finalize, implement and evaluate a multicomponent, multi-level, community mobilization, combination intervention (HUG-M+) to address the entire Continuum of Prevention and Care. The investigators propose to test the efficacy of this approach by conducting research in two Northeastern Thai cities, one randomized to the intervention condition, which will receive HUG-M+ and the other to the control condition, where standard of care will be provided. If HUG-M+ is found to be efficacious, it might be scaled up, with the support of the MOPH, to other regions in Thailand, elsewhere in Asia and the US.

NCT ID: NCT05131165 Active, not recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

INcentives and ReMINDers to Improve Long-term Medication Adherence

INMIND
Start date: October 25, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The study will test the feasibility and acceptability of using text messages and behavioral economics-based incentives to support anchoring Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) adherence to an existing routine in order to improve long-term ART medication adherence. The intervention phase of the three-phased study will constitute the pilot RCT. A sample of 150 clients who have initiated ART in the preceding three months will be randomized to either usual care (C = 50) or one of the two INMIND intervention groups (daily text message reminders with or without incentives) for three months (T1 = 50; T2=50). Subsequently, behavioral persistence will be evaluated for six months post-intervention. Assessments will be conducted at baseline, month 3, and month 9. The primary outcomes are 1) electronically measured mean medication adherence during the intervention and 2) six months post intervention, along with 3) timeliness of medication adherence during the intervention and 4) six months post-intervention.

NCT ID: NCT05121064 Not yet recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Common Elements Treatment Approach HIV Alcohol Reduction Trial in Zambia

CHARTZ
Start date: August 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study, which is part of the Zambia Alabama HIV Alcohol Comorbidities Program funded by NIH-NIAAA, is designed to examine the efficacy of brief and in-depth cognitive behavioral therapy-based interventions to address, unhealthy alcohol use, comorbid mental health symptoms, and HIV treatment outcomes among people living with HIV in Zambia. A 3-arm trial will be conducted with participants randomized to a brief intervention alone, the brief intervention plus referral to Common Elements Treatment Approach (CETA), or standard of care (SOC).