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NCT ID: NCT05197049 Recruiting - Crohn Disease Clinical Trials

A Study of Guselkumab Subcutaneous Therapy in Participants With Moderately to Severely Active Crohn's Disease

Start date: January 17, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of guselkumab in participants with Crohn's disease.

NCT ID: NCT05196035 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Chronic Kidney Disease

A Study to Learn More About How Well the Study Treatment Finerenone Works, How Safe it is, How it Moves Into, Through, and Out of the Body, and the Effects it Has on the Body When Taken With an ACE Inhibitor or Angiotensin Receptor Blocker in Children With Chronic Kidney Disease and Proteinuria

Start date: January 19, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Researchers are looking for a better way to treat children who have chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is long-term kidney disease, and proteinuria, a condition in which a person´s kidneys leak protein into the urine. The kidneys filter waste and fluid from the blood to form urine. In children with CKD, the kidney´s filters do not work as well as they should. This can lead to accumulation of waste and fluid in the body and proteinuria. CKD can lead to other medical problems, such as high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Vice versa, hypertension and proteinuria can also contribute to worsening of CKD. Therefore, the treatment of CKD aims to control blood pressure and proteinuria. There are treatments available for doctors to prescribe to children with CKD and hypertension and/or proteinuria. These include "angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors" (ACEI) and "angiotensin receptor blockers" (ARB). Both ACEI and ARB can improve kidney function by helping the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) to work normally. The RAAS is a system that works with the kidneys to control blood pressure and the balance of fluid and electrolytes in the blood. In people with CKD, the RAAS is often too active, which can stop the kidneys from working properly and cause hypertension and proteinuria. However, ACEI or ARB treatment alone does not work for all patients with CKD as they only target the angiotensin part of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. The study treatment, finerenone, is expected to help control RAAS overactivation together with an ACEI or ARB. So, the researchers in this study want to learn more about whether finerenone given in addition to either an ACEI or ARB can help their kidney function. The main purpose of this study is to learn more about whether finerenone added to either ACEI or ARB can help reduce the amount of protein in the participants' urine more than a placebo. A placebo looks like a treatment but does not have any medicine in it. Participants will also continue to receive their other medications. To see how the treatment work, the doctors will take samples of the participants' urine to measure their protein levels before and during taking treatment and after their last treatment. In addition, blood samples will be taken to monitor kidney function, electrolytes and the amount of finerenone in the blood as well as for other tests. This study will include children with CKD and proteinuria aged from 6 months up to less than 18 years. The participants will take: - either finerenone or the placebo, in addition to - either ACEI or ARB, whichever they take as part of their normal treatment Two visits are required up to 104 days, to check whether a child can take part in the treatment phase of the study. If participants qualify for the treatment phase, they will then undergo treatment for about 180 days. During this time, they will visit the study site at least 7 times. During these visits, the participants will: - have their blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, height and weight measured - have blood and urine samples taken - have physical examinations - have their heart examined by an electrocardiogram and echocardiography (a sonogram of the heart) - answer questions about their medication and whether they have any adverse events , or have their parents or guardians answer - answer questions about how they are feeling, or have their parents or guardians answer - answer question about how they like the study medication, or have their parents or guardians answer The doctors will keep track of any adverse events. An adverse event is any medical problem that a participant has during a study. Doctors keep track of all adverse events that happen in studies, even if they do not think the adverse events might be related to the study treatments. The doctors will check the participants' health about 30 days after the participants take their last treatment.

NCT ID: NCT05187559 Recruiting - Stroke, Ischemic Clinical Trials

Effectiveness of a Neuromuscular Exercise Program and Visual Feedback in the Management of Body Position for Stroke Survivors

Start date: December 1, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The aim of the biomedical research is to evaluate the changes of body position management during standing and walking for stroke patients, using innovative training methods during the rehabilitation.

NCT ID: NCT05164445 Recruiting - Lung Cancer Clinical Trials

The Role of Interventional Pulmonology, Microbiota and Immune Response in the Patient With Lung Cancer

Start date: September 1, 2019
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study is designed to evaluate complications, specificity, diagnostic yield of radial endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial cryobiopsy and transbronchial forceps biopsy with fluoroscopy in the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesion; the interplay between non-small-cell lung cancer associated-bacteria along the gut-lung axis and immune response in the cancer microenvironment.

NCT ID: NCT05161975 Not yet recruiting - Cachexia Clinical Trials

Vitamin K2 Supplements for Muscle Recovery

Start date: December 15, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Ankle injury is one of the most common injuries which can have long term consequences. Ankle immobilization is often applied for up to six weeks to ensure healing of the soft tissue and fractured bones after such an injury. This causes significant wasting of the lower leg muscles driven by inflammation and oxidative stress. The rate of muscle atrophy and recovery after injury varies significantly by sex and age. These differences might be linked to changes in gene and protein expression associated with regulation of protein synthesis and proteolysis. Interventions that reduce the deleterious effects of ankle injury as well as understanding of the underlying mechanisms could be particularly useful in promotion of healthy ageing. Vitamin K includes a group of structurally related compounds. Phylloquinone (vitamin K1) and menaquinones (vitamin K2s) of which MK-4 and MK-7 are the most important. Vitamin K2 has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects and thus may be effective in reducing muscle atrophy during limb immobilization and improving recovery of muscle function after injury. This aim of the current study is to investigate if vitamin K2 supplements can ameliorate muscle atrophy and improve recovery of muscle function after ankle injury. The investigators will study younger (18-39 year old) and older (40-60 year old) men and women to assess effects of sex and age.

NCT ID: NCT05155943 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Left Atrial Appendage Aneurysm

K2 Medical KALPA X™ Mapping, Imaging and Navigation Device

Start date: December 14, 2020
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This prospective, multi-center, non-randomized, single-blinded, open-label, single-arm, comparator study will enroll up to 100 eligible subjects from multiple sites undergoing LAAC procedure to evaluate the safety and performance of the KALPA™ mapping, imaging and navigation device in patients undergoing Left Atrial Appendage Closure (LAAC).

NCT ID: NCT05144503 Recruiting - Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Trials

Safety and Performance of the SpherePVI™ Catheter to Treat Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation

Start date: July 22, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

A prospective, single-arm, single-center study to evaluate the safety, performance, and effectiveness of the SpherePVI™ Catheter for treating paroxysmal AF.

NCT ID: NCT05053139 Recruiting - Haemophilia A Clinical Trials

A Research Study Investigating Mim8 in Adults and Adolescents With Haemophilia A With or Without Inhibitors

Start date: December 2, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study is investigating how Mim8 works compared to other medicines in people with haemophilia A, who either have inhibitors or do not have inhibitors. Mim8 is a new medicine that will be used for prevention of bleeding episodes. Mim8 works by replacing the function of the missing clotting factor VIII (FVIII). When and how often participants will receive Mim8 is dependent on their previous treatment - but is otherwise decided by chance. The study will last for 72-124 weeks (17-29 months) depending on how long participants will be followed before it is decided when they start receiving Mim8 - the period before this is decided is called the 'run-in'. Participants will have 13-17 clinic visits. Mim8 will be injected into a skinfold on the stomach with a thin needle either once a week or once a month.

NCT ID: NCT05021835 Recruiting - Inflammation Clinical Trials

ZEUS - A Research Study to Look at How Ziltivekimab Works Compared to Placebo in People With Cardiovascular Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease and Inflammation

Start date: August 30, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study is conducted to see if ziltivekimab reduces the risk of having cardiovascular events (for example heart attack and stroke) in people with cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease and inflammation. Participants will either get ziltivekimab (active medicine) or placebo (a dummy medicine which has no effect on the body). This is known as the study medicine. Which treatment participants get is decided by chance. Participants chance of getting ziltivekimab or placebo is the same. Ziltivekimab is not yet approved in any country or region in the world. It is a new medicine doctors cannot prescribe. Participants will get the study medicine in a pre filled syringe. Participants will need to use the pre filled syringe to inject the study medicine into a skinfold once-monthly. The study is expected to last for up to 4 years. Participants will have up to 20 clinic visits. Participants will have blood and urine samples taken at most of the clinic visits. Participants will have their heart examined using sound waves (echocardiography) and electrodes (electrocardiogram). Women cannot take part if pregnant, breast-feeding or planning to get pregnant during the study period.

NCT ID: NCT05021575 Completed - Clinical trials for Cardiovascular Diseases

Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on a Health Care System: Case Study of the CirculatORy System in LiThuania

Start date: June 1, 2020
Study type: Observational

Coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) affected the health care systems all around the world. The collateral damage of the pandemic on the cardiovascular (CV) care and CV mortality has been noticed and reported early. In Lithuania, first quarantine measurements were introduced on 16th March and lifted on 16th June of 2020, limiting contact appointments to urgent care only. This led to a substantial proportion of routine cardiovascular appointments, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures being cancelled and greatly limited the availability of cardiovascular care. The prognostic impact of this has not been appropriately analysed. Also, comprehensive analyses of the changes in national CV services, including outpatient care and hospitalisations and CV mortality, during different periods of the pandemic (during first and second waves and in between) are scarce. The objectives of this population-based study were: (1) to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on CV care (2) to compare rates of outpatient care visits and hospitalisations of cardiovascular patients in different periods of 2019 and 2020 (3) to compare the rates of CV mortality in Lithuania in different periods of 2019 and 2020 (4) to investigate sex and age differences in CV care and CV mortality