There are about 151 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Kazakhstan. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Recruitment of patients with COPD. Assessment of clinical status, determination of vitamin D and cathelicidin levels. In the group with vitamin D deficiency, patients receive cholecalciferol (vitamin D) daily for 3 months. After 3 months, the clinical status was assessed again, the level of vitamin D and cathelicidin was determined. When vitamin D levels normalize, cholecalciferol replacement therapy is discontinued for 3 months. After that, a control inspection and laboratory tests are performed.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of life of AMD patients related to vision using the short version of the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25), patients' social support, and their relationship with demographic and clinical variables.
The study of children under one year of age for molecular genetic testing-VDR (rs1544410, rs2228570), RANKL (rs9594738, rs9594759) with the study of the frequency distribution of alleles and genotypes by polymorphisms, analysis of the relationship of molecular genetic markers with indicators of bone metabolism.
Reflux symptoms index (RSI) were developed to identify a clinical index of suspicion for laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) in patients with ear, nose, and throat symptoms. RSI is an efficient diagnostic tool for LPR/ It is easy to use, even for those who know little about LPR. It does not require special equipment or examinations and is inexpensive. Thus, it can be considered highly efficient and cost-effective. The study will focus on translating and testing the RSI into Kazakh language and comparing its results in healthy people and people with laryngopharyngeal reflux.
To study of the evolution of general movements in children, to develop criteria for early diagnosis of neurological disorders to reduce early neurological disability. It is observational longitudinal analytical cohort study.
Despite modern approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of acute bowel obstruction (ABO), postoperative mortality ranges from 5 to 32%, and complications occur up 23% of cases. One of the formidable infectious and inflammatory complications of ABO is sepsis. The main component of the development of sepsis in ABO is bacterial translocation (BT). BT is the migration of intestinal bacteria or their products through the intestinal mucosa into the mesenteric lymph nodes and further into normally sterile tissues and organs. Today there are several methods for detecting BT: 1. direct method - the detection of 16s rRNA (ribosomal ribonucleic acid) in mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN); 2. indirect method - the detection of serum lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) and presepsin (Soluble CD14 subtype or sCD14-ST). The aim of this study is to determine the diagnostic and prognostic significance of bacterial translocation as a predictor of the complications development in patients with malignant and benign acute bowel obstruction by assessing the relationship of biomarkers in the systemic circulation (LBP, sCD14-ST) with the detection of microorganism genes (16s rRNA) in mesenteric lymph nodes.
Lung-protective ventilation (LPV) during general anesthesia can trigger the development of early postoperative pulmonary complication (PPC) and ventilator associated lung injury. One of the proven components of the LPV is low tidal volume (TV). Data on the positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) parameters adjustment in laparoscopic surgery, as well as the effects on the respiratory biomechanics, lung tissue and respiratory muscles damage are limited and not clear. The objective of the study is to evaluate the ability of the esophageal pressure (Pes) based controlled personalized PEEP adjustment, to improve the biomechanics of the respiratory system and oxygenation due to laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
The NUCaCD study aims to develop a reliable registry of patients suffering inflammatory bowel diseases in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
This article describes a case of successful treatment of a 59-year-old man with sepsis as a result of periprosthetic infection against the background of severe SARS-CoV-2-19, who was hospitalized for 59 days, 57 of which were in the intensive care unit. Vibroacoustic pulmonary therapy, the concept of noninvasive ventilation, syndrome therapy, combination antibiotic therapy taking into account the pathogen and antibiotic sensitivity were used in the treatment.
To evaluate whether retrograde venous reperfusion of a renal graft before antegrade arterial reperfusion can reduce ischemic-reperfusion injury. All registered eligible candidates for kidney transplant will be randomized to receive either: - retrograde venous, then arterial reperfusion or - antegrade arterial reperfusion.