There are about 136 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Kuwait. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
In Kuwait, the total number of COVID-19 confirmed cases exceeds 5000 patients. Risk factors of possible risk factors of confirmed COVID-19 infection that developed major organ dysfunction are not yet identified among patients in Kuwait. we aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of hospitalized symptomatic COVID-19 positive patients, assess possible risk factors of confirmed COVID-19 infection who developed major organ dysfunction, determine risk factors for renal dysfunction and their outcome and assess the response of critically ill patients to different therapeutic modalities.
The age-related loss of muscle mass and function, sarcopenia, has several deleterious effects, such as a reduction in the quality of life and an increase in the incidence of falls, often leading to hospitalisation. The prevalence of sarcopenia is unclear but is estimated to be between 4.6 and 7.9% and the loss of skeletal muscle mass and function is accelerated in people with type 2 diabetes. With the percentage of older people and the percentage of people with type 2 diabetes predicted to rise in coming years it is crucial to develop therapies to increase muscle mass and function. Alterations in nutrition have also been suggested to be of therapeutic use in sarcopenia. Epidemiological data showed that the consumption of fatty fish is positively associated with muscle function in older population, indicating a potential role for long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn-3 PUFA) in increasing muscle mass and function in older people. The aim of the current study, therefore, is to determine the effects of krill oil supplementation on muscle size and function in adults with muscle weakness and type 2 diabetes.
The purpose of the current study was to compare the visual performance after bilateral implantation of the Panoptix IOL , or the AT LISA IOL or Tecnis Symfony IOL . The focus was on intermediate vision, defocus curves, and contrast sensitivity.
phacoemulsification with insertion of EYHANCE IOL to improve near and intermediate vision
to evaluate the effect of intense pulsed light on resistant patients with Meibomian gland dysfunction
The standard of care for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma is radical chemoradiation(CRT).Recent advances in radiation techniques and supportive measures resulted in improvemnent of locoregional control and quality of life.However distant failure is still the main challenging reason of poor survival Addition of systemic therapy to concurrent CRT is widely used and accepted as an option to reduce these failures ,however selection of chemotherapy regimen and timing in relation to CRT is controversial. Doublet and triplet chemotherapy regimens using cisplatin and 5FU are throughly investigated in this setting.Inspite of significant improvement in disease free survival and overall survival they were poorly tolerated.Hence,minority of patients in the daily practice could tolerate those studied regimens as propsed. Recently, in multicenter randomized trial, Zhang and his group investigated gemcitabine and cisplatin as induction chemotherapy (ICT) added to CRT.It showed improvement in recurrence free survival and overall survival.More importantly 96.7% of the experimental arm completed the treatment protocol. This was further confirmed by an updated network of meta analysis by Bongiovanni et al.Again the question of "when" is still valid.Our proposal is to compare tolerable regimen in induction versus adjuvant settings.
Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is an immune-mediated inflammatory disease primarily affecting the axial skeleton. The most frequent axSpA symptom is chronic, often inflammatory back pain (IBP) that might be difficult to distinguish from other causes of chronic back pain (CBP). Many participants report persistent pain, including back pain, which impacts disease activity and quality of life including creating burdens such as sleep disturbance, social isolation, loss of productivity, as well as anxiety and depression. Despite this, there is a lack of detailed data and knowledge on pain in radiographic-axial spondyloarthritis (r-axSpA), including pain types, how it is localized, and how these different facets of pain are impacted by treatment. This study will assess the real-world effectiveness of upadacitinib on early and sustained pain control, and the association between pain and clinical/patient-reported outcomes in radiographic axSpA participants. Upadacitinib is being developed for the treatment of r-axSpA. Approximately 877 adult participants with activer-axSpA will be enrolled across approximately 19 countries in Europe, North America, South America, and Asia-Pacific. Participants will receive oral upadacitinib tablets as prescribed by the physician prior to enrolling in this study in accordance with the terms of the local marketing authorization and professional and reimbursement guidelines with regards to dose, population and indication. The overall duration of the study is approximately 30 months. There may be a higher burden for participants in this study compared to usual standard of care. Participants will attend regular visits per routine clinical practice. The effect of the treatment will be checked by medical assessments, checking for side effects, and questionnaires.
A retrospective analysis of the adult COVID-19 patients admitted to the ICU. A chart review will be conducted and multiple baseline characteristics, demographics, and treatments given will be recorded. Variables collected will include Age, Gender, BMI, Smoking status, Past medical history, Vital signs on admission, symptoms on admission, duration of symptoms, laboratory results on admission, treatment given. Treatment options will include (Steroids, plasma exchange, IVIG, antibiotics, mode of respiratory support). Primary outcomes will include; Death, duration of ICU stay, duration of mechanical ventilation, in-hospital complications. A regression model will be used to predict poor prognostic factors. Inclusion criteria: patients with confirmed PCR results for COVID-19 AND require ICU admission. Exclusion criteria: those with negative results, pediatric patients and those not requiring ICU admission.
To assess the prevalence and risk factors for depression and burnout among residents across surgical specialties in Kuwait.
Background: Ankle fractures are some of the most common orthopedic presentations, however, controversy in their management and their post-operative rehabilitation protocols exist. Most displaced ankle fractures treated with anatomical reduction and stable internal fixation to allow early range of motion by allowing rigid fixation and restoration of ankle joint congruence. Post-operative rehabilitation protocols varies between surgeons and institutions with the majority emphasising early rehabilitation protocols. The use of a splint. The rational for splinting ankle fractures after rigid fixation is to decrease pain level, rest the soft tissues and prevent equinus deformity. Up to date there is no scientific research to question the benefit of routine use of splints after rigid fixation of ankle fractures. Methods: A prospective multi-centre randomised control trial. Approximately fifty patients will be enrolled from 3 hospitals (Adan, Mubarak and Farwaniya hospital) over a 1 year period. The studied sample will be randomised into 2 groups using computerised randomisation software: splint group and no-splint group. The patients will be examined at set intervals for pain, swelling, deep-vein thrombosis and a set of scoring tools. The tools include: visual analogue score (VAS) for pain, Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hindfoot score, physical and radiological assessment at 2 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year intervals. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences program (SPSS) will be used for statistical analysis Results/outcomes: Functional scores, symptoms and signs, complications, radio-graphic and clinical follow up will be recorded.