Clinical Trials Logo

Type 2 Diabetes clinical trials

View clinical trials related to Type 2 Diabetes.

Filter by:

NCT ID: NCT06363747 Not yet recruiting - Obesity Clinical Trials

The Medically Reproducing Bariatric Surgery (MRB) II Study

Start date: June 3, 2024
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Roux-en-Y (RYGB) gastric bypass reduces the size and capacity of the stomach and bypasses a portion of the small intestine which leads to decreased food intake and higher levels of a gut hormone called GLP-1 (glucagon-like-peptide-1). These changes lead to weight loss, improved blood sugars and often remission of type 2 diabetes but most patients do not qualify or want surgery. The investigators are searching for ways to make the beneficial effects of RYGB available to most type 2 diabetes patients rather than a select few that undergo RYGB. The investigators believe that parts of RYGB can be medically reproduced through a combination of diet and medicine. Once weekly injectable GLP-1 medicine that leads to weight loss and improved blood sugar control in type 2 diabetes are now FDA approved. Optifast is a medically supervised diet that safely reduces calorie intake to 800 calories per day for three months by replacing normal meals with specially prepared bars and shakes which leads to weight loss and improved blood sugar control in type 2 diabetes. Normal meals are then gradually reintroduced over 6 weeks and the bars/shakes are stopped. The investigators hypothesize that Optifast (diet) + once weekly GLP-1 will lead to weight loss and improvement in blood sugar control in type 2 diabetes similar to what is seen after RYGB.

NCT ID: NCT06350604 Recruiting - Hypertension Clinical Trials

Project WHADE: A Partner-Based Physical Activity Program for Women

Start date: January 2, 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study is designed to test the feasibility and acceptability of a new method for supporting physical activity among women ages 40-65 who have risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Each participant receives a trained physical activity coach and a physical activity partner; the partner is another woman in the program. Partners communicate with each other between weekly coaching sessions to provide support for physical activity behavior change.

NCT ID: NCT06348251 Recruiting - Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trials

FoodSteps for Binge Eating & Food Insecurity

Start date: March 26, 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to conduct a pilot trial of a mobile intervention that targets binge eating and weight-related behaviors, to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of the intervention among adults with recurrent binge eating, diabetes, and food insecurity.

NCT ID: NCT06338215 Not yet recruiting - Depression Clinical Trials

Advice of Moderate Drinking Pattern Versus Advice on Abstention on Major Disease and Mortality

UNATI
Start date: May 1, 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The goal of this clinical trial is to test two advices on alcohol drinking in more than 10.000 Spanish adult drinkers (men of 50 or more years and women of 55 or more years). The main question it aims to answer is to test the non-inferiority advice of a moderate alcohol drinking pattern on all-cause mortality and other chronic disease like cardiovascular disease, cancer or type 2 diabetes. Participants will receive during 4 years an advice to drink alcohol following a Mediterranean Alcohol Drinking Pattern (MADP): consuming alcohol in moderation, avoidance of binge drinking and preference for red wine. Researchers will compare those who will receive a MADP advice with those who will receive an advice on abstention to see if the advice on MADP is not inferior than the abstention advice to prevent all-cause mortality and other chronic diseases.

NCT ID: NCT06331338 Recruiting - Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trials

Effects of Using Decision Cycle for Person-Centered Glycemic Management in Type 2 Diabetes

Start date: February 14, 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Decision cycle for person-centered glycemic management is a new diabetes decision making .It is defined as a purposefully designed holistic care intervention .The goal is to improve the self-care behavior of patients with type 2 diabetes, thereby improving glycated hemoglobin levels and delaying the occurrence of complications.

NCT ID: NCT06329544 Not yet recruiting - Obesity Clinical Trials

High Fructose Diet, the Gut Microbiome, and Metabolic Health

Start date: April 15, 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Americans commonly consume excess amounts of dietary fructose. Added fructose has been shown to have an adverse impact on metabolic health, including increased insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. However, the mechanisms that link dietary fructose and metabolic health are poorly understood. Malabsorption or incomplete metabolism of fructose in the small intestine is common in the population. Excess fructose reaches the colon where it may change the structure and function of the gut microbiome, alter bacterial metabolites and trigger inflammatory responses impacting T2D risk. To elucidate whether commonly consumed levels of dietary fructose influence metabolic outcomes through altering the gut microbiome, the research team will randomize 30 participants to a controlled cross-over dietary intervention, in which the participants will consume 12-day isocaloric, added fructose or glucose diets (25% of total calories) separated by a 10-day controlled diet washout period. The research team aims to: 1. Determine the relationships between high fructose consumption, the gut microbiome and metabolic risk. 2. Characterize the causal role(s) that fructose-induced alterations to the gut microbiome have on metabolic risk using a germ-free mouse model. The research team will measure 1) microbiota community structure and function via metagenomic sequencing of stool, 2) fecal metabolites via targeted and untargeted metabolomics, 3) anthropometrics, 4) insulin resistance, serum markers of T2D risk and inflammatory cytokines, 5) fecal microbial carbohydrate oxidation capacity and 6) liver fat via MRI elastography. The research team will use novel statistical approaches, including Distributed Lag Modeling, to understand the complex relationships between diet, the microbiome, metabolites and health outcomes. The research team will then conduct controlled dietary interventions and fecal microbiome transplantation studies in germ-free mice. Donor fecal samples from human participants in both the glucose and fructose arms of the clinical intervention will be transplanted into germ-free and colonized mice to establish a causal relationship between fructose-induced changes to the gut microbiome, liver fat and metabolic and inflammatory changes known to increase risk for T2D. The research team aims to comprehensively assess the structural and functional changes to the gut microbiome brought about by a high fructose diet. Determining the impact of excess fructose on the microbiome will help identify novel means by which fructose contributes to metabolic disease risk. In addition to identifying strategies to improve metabolic health in adults, data from this proposal could help inform targeted approaches to mitigate future disease risk in vulnerable populations that consume high levels of fructose, such as children.

NCT ID: NCT06327503 Not yet recruiting - Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trials

Salivary Signal Molecules for Neural and Vascular Homeostasis in T2DM

Start date: April 1, 2024
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Various signal molecules are detected in blood and tissues of patients with T2DM, that are important for the function of neural tissue in diabetic setting. Among them, specifically important are neuroprotective and neurotrophic growth factors such as nerve growth factor (NGF), glial cells - derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Furthermore, several other signal molecules are discovered to affect vascular tissues homeostasis in T2DM, including soluble alpha-klotho (s-Klotho), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Most of these molecules are also detected in saliva in various states and diseases of orofacial system, but data about their levels in saliva of T2DM patients are lacking, although neural and vascular diabetic complications are present in orofacial tissues and organs. Also, there is no data about presence and levels of s-Klotho in saliva of healthy or T2DM patients, although it was reported that this molecule exerts protective effect on the salivary glands tissue. Salivary opiorphin is recently discovered pentapeptide, primarily isolated from saliva. It acts as an inhibitor of the enzymes that perform degradation of endogenous antinociceptive molecules enkephalins, affecting nociceptive signal transduction. This may be of special importance since some intraoral complications of T2DM (e.g. burning mouth) may have underlying peripheral neural changes as a pathophysiological mechanism. Against this background, the aim of the study is to detect the presence and levels of mentioned signal molecules in saliva of patients with and without T2DM.

NCT ID: NCT06324669 Recruiting - Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trials

The Effect of a Ketone Drink on Blood Glucose Levels in People With Type 2 Diabetes

Start date: March 16, 2024
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Ketones are naturally produced by our body and can affect our blood sugar levels. Ketones could be important in the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The purpose of this research is to determine if a ketone drink can lower blood sugar in people with T2D following a meal. This research will provide new knowledge about the regulation of blood sugar. This may also inform if ketone drinks could be used as a treatment for T2D.

NCT ID: NCT06323174 Recruiting - Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trials

A Research Study to See How Much CagriSema Lowers Blood Sugar and Body Weight Compared to Placebo in People With Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Diet and Exercise

REIMAGINE 1
Start date: March 19, 2024
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study will look at how much CagriSema helps participants with type 2 diabetes lower their blood sugar and body weight. CagriSema is a new investigational medicine. Doctors may not yet prescribe CagriSema. CagriSema will be compared to a "dummy" medicine (also called "placebo") that has no effect on the body. Participants will get either CagriSema or "dummy" medicine. Which treatment participants get is decided by chance. For each participant, the study will last for about one year.

NCT ID: NCT06323161 Recruiting - Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trials

A Research Study to See How Much CagriSema Lowers Blood Sugar and Body Weight Compared to Placebo in People With Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Once-daily Basal Insulin With or Without Metformin

REIMAGINE 3
Start date: March 26, 2024
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study will look at how much CagriSema helps people with type 2 diabetes lower their blood sugar and body weight. CagriSema is a new investigational medicine. Doctors may not yet prescribe CagriSema. CagriSema will be compared to a "dummy" medicine (also called "placebo") that has no effect on the body. Participant will get either CagriSema or "dummy" medicine and which treatment they get is decided by chance. Participant will take the study medicine together with their current diabetes medicine (once-daily insulin with or without metformin). For each participant, the study will last for about one year.