There are about 180 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Iceland. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The World Health Organisation Patient Safety Challenge: Medication Without Harm has brought our attention to the importance of medication-related harm as a global public health issue. One of the major contributing factors is polypharmacy, the usage of multiple medicines at the same time. People are getting older and living longer with chronic diseases; they need more medications, which frequently leads to polypharmacy. Subsequently, they are at more risk of medication-related harm. The planned project is an epidemiological study on polypharmacy, medication appropriateness, risk factors, and clinical outcomes post-discharge from a hospital for surgical patients. The study group hypothesise that pre-and post-operative polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate prescribing is common, especially among older patients, patients with a high comorbidity and frailty burden, and patients undergoing more complicated surgery. Our hypothesis is additionally that preoperative polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate prescribing is associated with a higher short- and long-term mortality, a longer primary hospitalization length of stay, and a higher risk of readmission.
The study evaluates if the Newborn Behavioral Observation system, a relationship building tool, delivered to at risk mothers will have, on one site, an effect on maternal sensitivity and the other site on Childs responsiveness, measured by the Emotional Availability (EA) Scales at 4 months post partum.
We will evaluate a brief group-based cognitive-behavioral treatment program for adolescents aged 13-17 years with internalizing problems.
Drug treatment is often the first and only line of treatment available for ADHD. However, some do not benefit from medication. The importance of psychotherapy is becoming more widely accepted. In this study a group of university students diagnosed with ADHD will be offered cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) in groups. The treatment will be provided by a Clinical Nurse Specialist in psychiatric nursing (CNS), in cooperation with school counsellors at the University of Iceland and the Reykjavík University. Brief CBT treatment will be offered, i.e. six group sessions, once a week over a period of six weeks. Little is known about the effects of CBT for adults diagnosed with ADHD. The study could provide knowledge about the effects of CBT on depression, anxiety and ADHD, and on attitudes, for individuals with ADHD. The resulting knowledge might lead to improved well-being and increased quality of life.
This single case series feasibility study is designed to investigate the feasibility of remote recruitment and delivery of a brief visuospatial interference intervention for decreasing the number of intrusive memories of trauma among trauma-exposed women in Iceland. The current study is an extension on two studies already preregistered (NCT04209283 and NCT04342416) that included some aspects of in-person recruitment and/or intervention delivery (rather than fully remote as we aim for here). The intervention is a simple cognitive task (a memory cue followed by playing the computer game "Tetris") with accompanying information. A within-subjects multiple baseline AB design is used, in that the length of baseline ('A'; no intervention) and intervention ('B') phases vary within-subjects across individual intrusive trauma memories. Participants will aim to complete at least one week of the baseline ('A') phase followed by at least two intervention sessions with a researcher remotely (via telephone or secure video platform). Intervention sessions comprise the simple cognitive task alongside accompanying information presented in the form of brief animated videos (e.g., explaining the target symptom). Participants are instructed that they may continue using the technique self-guided in subsequent weeks, and they may opt for additional intervention sessions with remote researcher support (maximum 6 intervention sessions). Participants will be asked to monitor the occurrence of intrusive memories of trauma in a daily diary. It is predicted that participants will report fewer total intrusive memories in the fifth week after the second intervention session (primary outcome) compared to in the first baseline week. The investigators will also explore whether the frequency of targeted intrusive memories is going to decrease relative to non-targeted intrusive memories. Furthermore, the investigators will explore whether having fewer intrusive memories is related to functioning and/or PTSD, depressive or anxiety symptoms.
Previous studies show that the majority NMIBC patients experience side effects to BCG and therefore terminate the instillations before completing all planned instillations. This will increase their risk of recurrence and potential cystectomy. The purpose of this study is to investigate if NMIBC patients who experience severe side effects to BCG instillations will experience fewer or less severe side effects if reducing dwell-time of BCG instillations. The study will include patients from Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.
Previous Icelandic studies regarding prevalence of diabetes have mostly used data from the capital area. Information on the proportion of people at risk at developing T2DM or having undiagnosed T2DM among people living in rural Northern Iceland is unknown. Clinical guidelines recommend that patients with prediabetes (diabetes warning signs) should be referred to a counselling program. The study will evaluate effectiveness of nurse-coordinated Guided Self-Determination (GSD) follow up program toward health promotion, for people at risk of T2DM.
This is an R01 funded project that focuses on the utility of metabolomics as a biomarker for OSA. Aims 1 and 3 leverages banked samples previously collected from subjects with and without OSA at the University of Pennsylvania and University of Iceland. Aim 2 is a prospective study that will collect serum samples from OSA subjects at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Iceland.
The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of chitosan diet supplementation to a placebo supplement on changes in gut microbiota, body weight and different health parameters among different population groups, being either obese (BMI 30-50) and undertaking major changes in lifestyle (patients) or being those not undergoing any major lifestyle changes (volunteers, BMI 18.5-35).
The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to explore symptoms and well being of people diagnosed with COVID-19 from the outset of the pandemic until June 2020.