There are about 125 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Iceland. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This study will assess the benefits and harms of screening for monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). The overall and disease-specific mortality will be compared between screened and not screened participants. All individuals registered as inhabitants in Iceland and born in 1975 or earlier have been invited to participate. The hypothesis is that an early detection of multiple myeloma (MM), through follow-up of MGUS, will improve overall survival and decrease complications associated with diagnosis and treatment of MM.
This study is done to evaluate the effects of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) for primary care patients that have mild to moderate symptoms of depression and anxiety. Half of the study participants will receive treatment as usual (TAU), and the other half will receive TAU plus MBCT. The investigators will be comparing changes in symptoms of depression and anxiety between the groups, and hypothesize that the TAU plus MBCT group will have significantly lower symptoms of depression and anxiety compared to TAU group post-intervention
Hypertension is a common consequence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, not all individuals with OSA have hypertension and there are major individual differences in blood pressure response to positive airway pressure treatment of OSA. This project is focused on determining the basis of these individual differences in blood pressure response to OSA and will evaluate the possible underlying reasons for these differences. The results will help clinicians to know whether or not to expect a reduction in blood pressure (BP) to OSA treatment in a given patient and thereby personalize patient management.
Handling oxygenation targets (HOT) is standard of care in the intensive care unit (ICU), however the quality and quantity of evidence is low and potential harm has been reported. The aim of the HOT-ICU trial is to assess the overall benefits and harms of two levels of oxygenation targets in adult critically ill patients with acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure in the ICU.
The purpose of this randomized, actively controlled, double-blind study is to demonstrate the superiority of sacubitril/valsartan over enalapril in increasing non-sedentary physical activity chronic heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction. Physical activity will be continuously measured by means of a wrist-worn accelerometry device from 2 weeks before until 12 weeks after start of study therapy (sacubitril/valsartan or enalapril).
Demonstrate superiority of secukinumab over ustekinumab in treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.
A randomized clinical trial investigating transcatheter (TAVR) versus surgical (SAVR) aortic valve replacement in patients 75 years of age or younger suffering from severe aortic valve stenosis. Study hypothesis: The clinical outcome (composite endpoint of all-cause mortality, MI and stroke) obtained within 1 year after TAVR is non-inferior to SAVR.
The purpose of this study is to determine the natural history of the hereditary forms of nephrolithiasis and chronic kidney disease (CKD), primary hyperoxaluria (PH), cystinuria, Dent disease and adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency (APRTd) and acquired enteric hyperoxaluria (EH). The investigator will measure blood and urinary markers of inflammation and determine relationship to the disease course. Cross-comparisons among the disorders will allow us to better evaluate mechanisms of renal dysfunction in these disorders.
This exploratory pilot study was an open-label, crossover, single-center and non-randomized clinical trial designed to compare the effect of the standardly employed doses of allopurinol (400 mg/day) and febuxostat (80 mg/day) on the urinary 2,8-dihydroxyadenine (DHA) excretion in patients with adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) deficiency.
The aim of the study is to demonstrate efficacy, safety and tolerability of 2 mL pre-filled syringe of 300 mg secukinumab in treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.