There are about 120 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Iceland. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Hypertension is a common consequence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, not all individuals with OSA have hypertension and there are major individual differences in blood pressure response to positive airway pressure treatment of OSA. This project is focused on determining the basis of these individual differences in blood pressure response to OSA and will evaluate the possible underlying reasons for these differences. The results will help clinicians to know whether or not to expect a reduction in blood pressure (BP) to OSA treatment in a given patient and thereby personalize patient management.
Handling oxygenation targets (HOT) is standard of care in the intensive care unit (ICU), however the quality and quantity of evidence is low and potential harm has been reported. The aim of the HOT-ICU trial is to assess the overall benefits and harms of two levels of oxygenation targets in adult critically ill patients with acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure in the ICU.
Demonstrate superiority of secukinumab over ustekinumab in treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.
A randomized clinical trial investigating transcatheter (TAVR) versus surgical (SAVR) aortic valve replacement in patients 75 years of age or younger suffering from severe aortic valve stenosis. Study hypothesis: The clinical outcome (composite endpoint of all-cause mortality, MI and stroke) obtained within 1 year after TAVR is non-inferior to SAVR.
The purpose of this study is to determine the natural history of the hereditary forms of nephrolithiasis and chronic kidney disease (CKD), primary hyperoxaluria (PH), cystinuria, Dent disease and adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency (APRTd) and acquired enteric hyperoxaluria (EH). The investigator will measure blood and urinary markers of inflammation and determine relationship to the disease course. Cross-comparisons among the disorders will allow us to better evaluate mechanisms of renal dysfunction in these disorders.
This exploratory pilot study was an open-label, crossover, single-center and non-randomized clinical trial designed to compare the effect of the standardly employed doses of allopurinol (400 mg/day) and febuxostat (80 mg/day) on the urinary 2,8-dihydroxyadenine (DHA) excretion in patients with adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) deficiency.
The aim of the study is to demonstrate efficacy, safety and tolerability of 2 mL pre-filled syringe of 300 mg secukinumab in treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.
The main objective of this study is to compare subject adherence and satisfaction for two modes of treatment toenails infection (Onychomycosis) with Loceryl Nail Lacquer (Loceryl NL) and a Fungal Nail Treatment Set containing Urea 40% ointment (Urea) and Bifonazole cream 1% (Bifonazole).
The EuroSIDA study is a prospective observational cohort study of 20,000+ patients followed in 100+ clinics in 35 European countries, Israel and Argentina. The study is the largest pan-European cohort study and few studies of a comparable design are available on a global scale. The EuroSIDA study is an ongoing collaboration and patients have been enrolled into the study through 10 cohorts since 1994. The main objective of the study remains the same as in1994: to prospectively study, clinical, therapeutic, demographic, virological and laboratory data from HIV-1 positive persons across Europe in order to determine their long-term virological, immunological and clinical outcomes. Historically, EuroSIDA has been crucial in reporting key changes in the HIV epidemic, such as the dramatic changes in morbidity and mortality when combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART) was first introduced. As new anti-HCV treatment is introduced to HIV/HCV co-infected patients, it is important for EuroSIDA to remain in the forefront of investigating the treatment benefits and adverse effects. All study documents, study status, newsletters, scientific publications and presentations are available online and are updated continuously at project website. In general terms, the objective of the EuroSIDA study is to continue a long-term, prospective collection of clinical, laboratory and therapeutic data as well as plasma on a large cohort of consecutive HIV infected patients from across Europe in order to (1) assess the factors associated with the clinical, immunological and virological course of HIV infection and HIV-related co-infections and co-morbidities, and (2) continue to provide and develop a surveillance system to describe temporal changes and regional differences in the clinical course of HIV and HIV-related co-infections and co-morbidities in Europe.
The main objective is to investigate effects of perineal trauma at birth on women´s health and whether early physiotherapy improves pelvic floor strength. This will be achieved by an acknowledged/validated questionnaire sent electronically 6 weeks after first delivery. Women with symptomes of urinary incontinence according to the questionnaire will be offered participation in a single-blinded randomized intervention study to compare outcome after targeted physiotherapy with conventional advice and support. Intervention encompasses weekly pelvic floor training for 12 weeks. Pelvic strength will be measured and symptom information collected before and after intervention and 12 months postpartum in both groups. Pelvic floor problems after delivery are common and often persistent, including urinary/fecal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse and sexual problems. Such symptoms reduce QoL and handicap women in multiple ways, physically, psychologically and socially. More knowledge of whether interventions and guidelines in this field can improve health and QoL is required.