There are about 137 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Iceland. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Multiple organizations endorse physical activity for cancer patients; however the structure for oncologist prescribed exercise has not been clearly established. A focus group study previously conducted at Gundersen Health System identified a patient preference for integrated care surrounding physical activity. Thus, the focus of this study will be to investigate the effects of a shared care model on the physical activity levels of cancer patients. The shared care model will consist of regularly scheduled visits with the patient's oncologist in combination with a clinical exercise physiologist. The clinical exercise physiologist (CEP) will assist in developing an individual activity plan with the patient. The Investigators predict the shared care model patients will have a higher level of activity, functional capacity and quality of life.
Multi center study of six Memory Clinics in four Nordic countries in validating a prognostic diagnostic investigation of qEEG in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). The study is in two parts, the first one is a follow up of a previous study conducted in 2011-2013 and the second half is new recruitment with two years follow up. End points are diagnosis of a dementing disorder, primarily dementia of Alzheimer´s type.
Over the past decades, advances in treatment have led to an increasing number of children who survive cancer, resulting in a growing population of childhood cancer survivors. After end of cancer treatment on common protocols survivors are enrolled in non-harmonized follow-up programs with frequent visits and blood samples. However, the evidence for the value of these follow-up programs with respect to the effect on detecting relapse and the effects on overall survival is scarce. The aim of the study is to give a comprehensive description of the detection mode of relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), including symptoms and blood test results. Further, we aim to evaluate if the mode of detection affects survival.
The aim of the study is to investigate whether individuals with fall-related wrist fractures have impaired posterior control, reduced proprioception in their lower limbs and/or vestibular asymmetry compared with those who have not fallen and sustained a fracture. Secondly to investigate the effects of a new balance training method, directed at the sensory systems and training of fall-preventive movements on postural control and how it impacts the function of the sensory systems. Postural instability falls and fractures form one of the major problems associated with ageing. An association of vestibular- asymmetry with falls and fractures has been found and reduced vibration sensation in the lower limbs has been connected with imbalance. Wrist fractures are often precursor to the more serious hip fractures, which often result in decreased quality of life, even death and are costly for the society. Subjects will be individuals 50-75 years of age having sustained a fall-related wrist fracture. Measurements of sensory functions, postural control and functional ability will be conducted before and after balance training. Confidence in daily activities and self-perceived dizziness handicap will be obtained with questionnaires. The same evaluations will be performed on age and gender matched individuals without previous history of fall-related wrist fractures. This research might reveal the presence and frequency of vestibular asymmetry or/and other age related degenerative changes in the sensory systems, which decrease stability and increase the risk of falls and fractures. It could show preventive effects of specific balance training on fall risk, and thus increase quality of life of the individuals, improve healthcare services and decrease costs associated with falls and fractures.
All patients starting an IVF-treatment at the clinics, and meeting the inclusion criteria, will be offered to participate in the study. Randomization will be performed on day 5 and the patients will be allocated into either morphology only group or time-lapse group. Embryos will be cultured to day five according to the clinics own routines. All embryos in both groups will be cultured using time-lapse incubation. In the control group the embryo selection will be based only on traditional morphological evaluation and in the treatment group a time-lapse selection model (KID Score day 5) will be used to select the embryo.
This study will assess the benefits and harms of screening for monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). The overall and disease-specific mortality will be compared between screened and not screened participants. All individuals registered as inhabitants in Iceland and born in 1975 or earlier have been invited to participate. The hypothesis is that an early detection of multiple myeloma (MM), through follow-up of MGUS, will improve overall survival and decrease complications associated with diagnosis and treatment of MM.
This study is done to evaluate the effects of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) for primary care patients that have mild to moderate symptoms of depression and anxiety. Half of the study participants will receive treatment as usual (TAU), and the other half will receive TAU plus MBCT. The investigators will be comparing changes in symptoms of depression and anxiety between the groups, and hypothesize that the TAU plus MBCT group will have significantly lower symptoms of depression and anxiety compared to TAU group post-intervention
Hypertension is a common consequence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, not all individuals with OSA have hypertension and there are major individual differences in blood pressure response to positive airway pressure treatment of OSA. This project is focused on determining the basis of these individual differences in blood pressure response to OSA and will evaluate the possible underlying reasons for these differences. The results will help clinicians to know whether or not to expect a reduction in blood pressure (BP) to OSA treatment in a given patient and thereby personalize patient management.
Handling oxygenation targets (HOT) is standard of care in the intensive care unit (ICU), however the quality and quantity of evidence is low and potential harm has been reported. The aim of the HOT-ICU trial is to assess the overall benefits and harms of two levels of oxygenation targets in adult critically ill patients with acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure in the ICU.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of CNP520 on cognition, global clinical status, and underlying AD pathology, as well as the safety of CNP520, in people at risk for the onset of clinical symptoms of AD based on their age, APOE genotype and elevated amyloid.