There are about 131 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Iceland. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The aim of the study is to investigate whether individuals with fall-related wrist fractures have impaired posterior control, reduced proprioception in their lower limbs and/or vestibular asymmetry compared with those who have not fallen and sustained a fracture. Secondly to investigate the effects of a new balance training method, directed at the sensory systems and training of fall-preventive movements on postural control and how it impacts the function of the sensory systems. Postural instability falls and fractures form one of the major problems associated with ageing. An association of vestibular- asymmetry with falls and fractures has been found and reduced vibration sensation in the lower limbs has been connected with imbalance. Wrist fractures are often precursor to the more serious hip fractures, which often result in decreased quality of life, even death and are costly for the society. Subjects will be individuals 50-75 years of age having sustained a fall-related wrist fracture. Measurements of sensory functions, postural control and functional ability will be conducted before and after balance training. Confidence in daily activities and self-perceived dizziness handicap will be obtained with questionnaires. The same evaluations will be performed on age and gender matched individuals without previous history of fall-related wrist fractures. This research might reveal the presence and frequency of vestibular asymmetry or/and other age related degenerative changes in the sensory systems, which decrease stability and increase the risk of falls and fractures. It could show preventive effects of specific balance training on fall risk, and thus increase quality of life of the individuals, improve healthcare services and decrease costs associated with falls and fractures.
This study will assess the benefits and harms of screening for monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). The overall and disease-specific mortality will be compared between screened and not screened participants. All individuals registered as inhabitants in Iceland and born in 1975 or earlier have been invited to participate. The hypothesis is that an early detection of multiple myeloma (MM), through follow-up of MGUS, will improve overall survival and decrease complications associated with diagnosis and treatment of MM.
This study is done to evaluate the effects of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) for primary care patients that have mild to moderate symptoms of depression and anxiety. Half of the study participants will receive treatment as usual (TAU), and the other half will receive TAU plus MBCT. The investigators will be comparing changes in symptoms of depression and anxiety between the groups, and hypothesize that the TAU plus MBCT group will have significantly lower symptoms of depression and anxiety compared to TAU group post-intervention
Hypertension is a common consequence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, not all individuals with OSA have hypertension and there are major individual differences in blood pressure response to positive airway pressure treatment of OSA. This project is focused on determining the basis of these individual differences in blood pressure response to OSA and will evaluate the possible underlying reasons for these differences. The results will help clinicians to know whether or not to expect a reduction in blood pressure (BP) to OSA treatment in a given patient and thereby personalize patient management.
Handling oxygenation targets (HOT) is standard of care in the intensive care unit (ICU), however the quality and quantity of evidence is low and potential harm has been reported. The aim of the HOT-ICU trial is to assess the overall benefits and harms of two levels of oxygenation targets in adult critically ill patients with acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure in the ICU.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of CNP520 on cognition, global clinical status, and underlying AD pathology, as well as the safety of CNP520, in people at risk for the onset of clinical symptoms of AD based on their age, APOE genotype and elevated amyloid.
The primary objective of this study is to observe the long-term safety of filgotinib in adults who have completed or met protocol specified efficacy discontinuation criteria in a prior Gilead-sponsored filgotinib treatment study in Crohn's disease (CD).
The primary objectives of this study are to evaluate the safety and efficacy of filgotinib during induction and maintenance treatment of moderately to severely active Crohn's disease (CD) in participants who are biologic-naive and biologic-experienced. Participants who complete the study, or do not meet protocol response or remission criteria at Week 10 will have the option to enter a separate long-term extension (LTE) study (Gilead Study GS-US-419-3896).
The primary objective of this study is to observe the long-term safety of filgotinib in adults who have completed or met protocol specified efficacy discontinuation criteria in a prior Gilead-sponsored filgotinib treatment study in ulcerative colitis (UC).
The primary objectives of this study are to evaluate the safety and efficacy of filgotinib in the induction and maintenance treatment of moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC) in participants who are biologic-naive and biologic-experienced. Participants who complete the study, or do not meet protocol response or remission criteria at Week 10 will have the option to enter a separate, long-term extension (LTE) study (Gilead Study GS-US-418-3899).