There are about 860 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Indonesia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease with a relatively high mortality and morbidity rate, especially in developing countries such as Indonesia. In Indonesia, a previous study demonstrated that almost 71% of SLE patients experience hypovitaminosis D, with serum vitamin D 25 levels less than 30 ng/ml. Several factors contribute to the low vitamin D levels among SLE patients. Less exposure to sunlight or insufficient vitamin D intake contributes to SLE patients low vitamin D levels. Some other studies also revealed that vitamin D metabolism gene polymorphisms are also associated with patients with SLE. Vitamin D is essential for bone health and has an essential role in immune system modulation and controlling autoimmune diseases, including SLE. Another study demonstrates that curcumin supplementation in premenopausal women and dysmenorrhea improves vitamin D levels. Despite the promising properties of curcumin in improving vitamin D biological actions, our previous study reveals that the addition of curcumin in vitamin D administration do not significantly improve the disease activity or cytokine imbalance in SLE patients. The synergistic property of curcumin with vitamin D in regulating immune cells is an open opportunity for researchers to increase the response to vitamin D3 therapy. Several studies have reported the efficacy of vitamin D or curcumin for SLE treatment. However, none mentioned the combination of curcumin added with piperine and vitamin D3. We hypothesized that adding curcumin piperine with vitamin D3 as a complementary treatment in SLE patients would improve the clinical symptoms or cytokine balance among SLE patients. Therefore, this study aims to observe the effects of adding curcumin-piperine with vitamin D3 in clinical outcomes and cytokines levels in SLE patients with hypovitaminosis D.
The study was conducted to assess safety and immunogenicity of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) manufactured by Daewoong Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd was similar to biological products approved by the drug safety regulatory authority.
This study is a cohort study that aims to assess the relationship between Vitamin D Levels in infant and the risk of anemia, atopic dermatitis, diarrhea and cardiovascular disorders in newborn. The subjects of this study are 100 women who met the inclusion criteria, which are in their third trimester of pregnancy and agree to be included in this study. These subjects then will be examined for their weight using standardized CEBA digital scale, height, upper arm circumference, and blood sampling will also be done to these women to measure their vitamin D levels, calcium, parathyroid hormone, ferritin, Fe serum, IL-16, IL-10. When subjects give birth, the babies will also be included in this study. Anthropometric examination will also be done on the babies, to measure their birth weight, birth length, and head circumference. Blood samples will also be taken from their umbilical cord to assess their complete blood count, ferritin, Fe serum, vitamin D levels, vitamin D receptors, IL-6 and IL-10. All subjects then will be monitored, and home visits will be done when the babies reach 3 months old and 6 months old. An assessment of the incidence of diarrhea, atopic dermatitis, and an assessment of cardiovascular disorders (checking pulse and blood pressure) will be carried out during the visit. At the end of the study, venous blood sampling will be taken to see levels of vitamin D, calcium, parathyroid hormone, routine complete blood count, serum Fe, and ferritin, then data analysis is performed.
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is accepted as the first treatment choice for most urinary stones. Still, it has adverse effects on the kidneys. The mechanism underlying the shock wave induced renal injury is not entirely understood, and oxidative stress has been speculated to be involved in this process. The Investigator evaluated the role of allopurinol, which works as a xanthine oxidase inhibitor and free radical scavenger in renal protection against oxidative effects of ESWL. In a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial, a total of 70 patients with renal stones undergoing ESWL were randomly assigned to 2 groups. Group 1 receive allopurinol, and group 2 receive a placebo. Allopurinol 300mg was given orally for a total of 3 days, beginning a day before ESWL. The urinary excretion of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) were determined by quantitative double antibody sandwich direct ELISA at baseline before ESWL then repeatedly two h, and 24 h after ESWL. The resistive index (RI) change of the interlobar artery was asses along with the measurement of the shear wave velocity (SWV) in the focal zone of the treated kidney before, two weeks, and four weeks after ESWL. Multivariate analyses were performed using repeated measure ANOVA to control covariates.
This study aimed to evaluate the concurrent validity information of the 24-, 30-, and 36-month Indonesian ASQ-3 with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition (BSID-III) in Indonesian children. Children living in Tanah Tinggi subdistrict, Central Jakarta, were recruited conveniently from November to December 2019. Children within the 24-, 30-, or 36-month age group were assessed for Indonesian ASQ-3 concurrently with BSID-III as the reference standard according to their age groups. Screening test accuracy was measured in sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values for both overall dan specific domains.
Subject will be trained to do regular foot exercise during their visit to the clinic. We will evaluate foot sensitivity and peripheral perfussion after
The investigators aim to evaluate the effect of curcumin and virgin coconut oil extract supplementation on people with type 2 DM, including blood glucose, HbA1c levels, inflammation, body weight and insulin resistance evaluation
Liver dysfunction marked by elevated alanine transaminase enzymes is quite common in dengue patients and subsequently affects the disease's severity and healing process. Unfortunately, liver function tests cannot always be done, especially in hospitals with limited facilities. In contrast, routine hematology tests are considered regular and inexpensive tests that can be performed on dengue patients. Therefore, this study aims to determine hematological parameters as markers of elevated liver enzymes in dengue patients.
Background : Based on several clinical trials, eucalyptus oil can suppress edema formation and reduce inflammation, where the effect of 1,8-cineole is due to the inhibition of cytokine secretion by T lymphocytes. This but not limited to the reduction of interleukin (IL) of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-10 in nasal lavage fluids and levels of IL- 1β, IL-6, Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α), and Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in lung tissue of mice infected with influenza virus. Hence the researchers assume that Eucalyptus may possess benefits in COVID-19 as adjuvant therapy. Objectives : The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Eucalyptus oil as adjuvant therapy in mild-moderate COVID-19 patients. Hypothesis : Eucalyptus oil may reduce the inflammatory cytokines which eventually improves clinical symptoms
This study aimed to provide the validity and reliability of the Indonesian ASQ-3 questionnaires as a screening tool for developmentally delayed children aged less than one year old. This study was divided into 2 phases. The first phase (April-June 2018) included the transcultural adaptation of the ASQ-3 questionnaires for 2 to 12 months age groups from English to Indonesian. The second phase (July- September 2018) included a cross-sectional study of Indonesian ASQ-3 questionnaires for parents/caregivers of children aged 1-12 months, with 35 children in each age group by cluster sampling methods, in 2 district areas in East Jakarta.