There are about 680 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Indonesia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Videolaryngoscopy highly improves success rate for endotracheal intubation in both normal and difficult airway. However, commercially available videolaryngoscope such as McGrath MAC® can be costly. The. investigators aim to study a more economical alternative by comparing the intubation time, first attempt success rate, laryngeal visualization, complications, and user satisfaction between our self-assembled modified macintosh videolaryngoscope (SAM-VL) and McGrath MAC® (McGrath). The study shows that endotracheal intubation using self-assembled modified videolaryngoscope is faster, had more successful first attempts, and allowed better glottis visualization compared with McGrath MAC®. It is a suitable alternative for videolaryngoscope in low resource setting.
In this study, researchers will test the effectiveness of probiotic consumption against oral pathogenic bacteria and reduce the occurrence of gingival inflammation in subjects using orthodontic fixed appliances (braces). Lactobacillus reuteri is one of the probiotic bacteria that has been identified for its health benefits. L. reuteri produces antimicrobial substances, reuterin and reutericyclin which are active against wide range of pathogenic organisms. Previously, investigator performed a pilot study on the beneficial health effect of probiotic L. reuteri containing lozenges on a few orthodontic patients and it was proven that taking this probiotic for two weeks could significantly reduce the number of pathogenic bacteria in the patients' saliva. In vitro study showed that L. reuteri has the ability to modulate the inflammatory response such as TNF alpha and interleukins. However, The ability of L. reuteri in modulating the inflammatory response viz. Interleukin 1-beta, Interleukin 6, interleukin 8, interleukin 10, TNF alpha, MMP-9 and RANKL and effect on oral metagenomic microbiome profile in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment has not been previously investigated. Objective: 1. To evaluate the effect of consumption of L. reuteri Prodentis probiotic lozenges on the inflammatory response (inflammation) of gingival fluid. 2. To evaluate the effect of consumption of the probiotic lozenges of L. reuteri Prodentis against oral pathogens in dental plaque and saliva. Research Benefits: This study was conducted to observe the effectiveness of L. reuteri (ProDentis) probiotic against oral pathogenic bacteria on patients using orthodontic fixed appliance, to reduce gum inflammation and improve oral health.
Vitamin D plays important role in musculoskeletal health and has been known to influence immune system. Inflammaging is one of risk factors that may contribute to development of frailty in elderly. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of cholecalciferol in pre-frail elderly receiving calcium supplementation on handgrip strength, gait speed, vitamin D receptor, IGF-1 and IL-6. Fall incidence and improvement of frailty status will also be assessed.
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a problem that is being faced in more than 200 countries in the world, including Indonesia. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic. The transmission of the virus occurred rapidly that 2 weeks from the first case diagnosed, 1000 patients tested positive. A week later, the number of positive cases exceeded 4600, reaching more than 30,000 patients and 2,500 deaths on March 18, 2020. The death rate due to COVID-19 in Indonesia is one of the highest in Asia. To date, no therapy has been shown to be effective for Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). A vaccine for SARS-CoV-2 also has not been found at this time and is in the research phase. Current management of COVID-19 patients focuses primarily on providing supportive care. Currently, several countries make treatment guidelines for COVID-19 patients by providing several types of anti-viral drugs and other drugs such as chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine, immunoglobulins, anti-cytokine agents or immunomodulators. The administration of these drugs does not escape the various side effects experienced by patients. Administration of chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine carries the risk of causing prolonged QT interval which can lead to arrhytmia disturbances such as torsades des pointes in certain people. Administration of chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine in combination with azithromycin increases the risk of developing arrhythmias. Giving anti-viruses such as lopinavir / ritonavir, umifenovir, remdesivir, favipiravir can also cause various side effects including gastrointestinal disturbances (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea), impaired liver function, and hyperuricaemia. Treatment with human immunoglobulins has been associated with a significantly increased risk of thrombotic events. Currently, no acupuncture research on COVID-19 patients has been published. However, acupuncture can play a role in several conditions that occur in COVID-19 according to the pathophysiology that occurs, this has been proven through several clinical studies conducted on non-COVID-19 cases that have pathophysiology that resemble COVID-19 conditions. In COVID-19 with mild-moderate symptoms, acupuncture can play a role in boosting the immune system, including increasing the number of Natural Killer cells and lymphocytes. Whereas in cases of severe COVID-19 symptoms, it is hoped that acupuncture can provide anti-inflammatory effect and prevent cytokine storm.
The COVID-19 pandemic has made severe impact worldwide for those inflicted by the disease, the caretakers, the general public, as well as the health care system. Hospitalized patients with COVID-19 experience physical isolation during treatment. Isolation may lead to psychological distress that could negatively affect well-being such as affective states of depression, anxiety, and loneliness. Thus, creative ways to deliver psycho-social support are needed when face-to-face therapy sessions may not possible. We investigated the effectiveness of video-based psychotherapy in reducing distress in patients with COVID-19 treated in a general hospital isolation ward in Jakarta. This study included 42 patients with COVID-19, who were asked to watch three brief psychotherapy videos about relaxation, managing thoughts and emotions, and mindfulness. Before and after watching the videos, patients were asked to complete the Subjective Units of Distress Scale (SUDS) to measure their stress level. 31 subjects experienced a significant decrease in SUDS score after the intervention. Our brief video-based psychotherapy intervention may have a positive effect on reducing distress in hospitalized COVID-19 patients in areas with scarce resources.
The study tries to see the effect of using a combination of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and autologous fat as a filler for injection laryngoplasty procedures to treat unilateral adductor vocal cord paralysis.
Background : Obesity prevalence rises among adults and leads to morbidity and mortality due to subsequent inflammation pathway activation. This activation is induced by higher lipid consumption which activates the Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-kB) pathway and alters the microbiota profile. The Oryza sativa extract contains anthocyanin which possibly affects the microbiota composition and NF-kb pathway which eventually preserves the protective layer and tight junction of the epithelial cells. Therefore it is important to address the impact of this extract on these parameters. Objective : To assess the effect of Oryza sativa extract on microbiota profile (Lactobacillus, Firmicutes, Bacteroides, Bifidobacteria, and Escherichia coli), Lipopolysaccharide/ LPS, and the tight epithelial junction (Zonula Occludens-1) among obese adults. Method: A two-arm Quasi-Experimental will be conducted, followed by two repeated measurements, at the baseline and 3 weeks after intervention Hypothesis: Oryza sativa extract lowers the LPS level, Firmicutes sp, Bacteroides sp, and increases ZO1 protein, Bifidobacteria, and Lactobacillus sp.
This study was an experimental, randomized clinical trial, with a parallel design, with aims were seeing the effectiveness of extracted Psidii guava on white blood cells (WBCs) count, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), high sensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP), proportion and duration COVID-19 seroconversion subjects compared to controls. One of the herbs standardized that was commonly used in Indonesia is extracted Psidii guava, which is known as a guava leaf extract. Extract Psidii guava contains chemical substances saponins, oleanolic acid, xylopyranoside, flavonoids, quercetin, arabinopyranoside, and Guaijavarin. The Previous study on Psidii guava stated that guava leaves contain lots of flavonoids, especially quercetin. An in vitro study of dengue virus type 2 found that quercetin significantly inhibited the activity of the DEN-2 virus, while other flavonoids looked weaker. On the other hand, in an in vitro test of glycosylated flavonoids from Psidium Geunesse, which is a guava leaf from Brazil, received the use of flavonoids in Psidium Geunesse to inhibit HIV-1 virus activity with a 50% inhibition concentration of about 8.5 μg / ml compared to single active substances. Quercetin with a 50% inhibitory concentration of about 53μg / ml. These flavonoids also inhibited the enzyme reverse transcriptase HIV-1(RT)with an inhibition concentration of 7.2 μM compared to quercetin 0.6 μM single. Another study found that quercetin in Psidii guava inhibits RNA polymerase, which is important in dengue virus replication. In addition, quercetin can inhibit protease enzyme, helicase domain, and viral ATPase enzyme. There is an antiviral effect based on limited in vitro studies but with quite a lot of literature studies, and considering that there are no effective antiviral drugs against COVID-19, especially mild and moderate cases, also considering the length of healing time for patients COVID-19 with the risk of isolation. For a long time with various consequences, researchers tried to examine the effectiveness of extract Psidii guava inpatients COVID-19 at the quarantine location of the West Sumatra Provincial Government. Extract Psidii guava is hypothesized to improve WBCs, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, NLR, hs-CRP level, to increase proportion and shorten the duration of COVID-19 seroconversion in mild and symptomless cases.
This is a Phase 2 prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, parallel group, single administration, multi-center study to assess the safety and efficacy of efineptakin alfa single treatment compared to placebo in elderly participants (adults ≥50years) with asymptomatic or mild COVID-19
An interventional study to evaluate the effect of tactile-kinesthetic stimulation (TKS) on growth, neurobehavior and development among preterm neonates in the neonatal unit of Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital.