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NCT ID: NCT04785352 Not yet recruiting - Parenting Clinical Trials

Grandi Byen: Supporting Child Growth and Development Through Integrated, Responsive Parenting, Nutrition and Hygiene

Start date: May 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The premise of this trial is that a combined nutrition (eggs) and parenting behavior intervention (responsive parenting combined with the reinforcement of animal source foods and improved WASH) will synergistically result in improved child growth, development, and reduced enteric disease outcomes over and above a nutrition only intervention and standard well baby care. This study is a 3-arm longitudinal randomized controlled trial (RCT) to compare the following groups for effectiveness in reducing young child stunted growth and enhancing overall development:1) standard well-baby care, (n=200); 2) nutrition intervention (one egg per day for 6 months), (n=200); and 3) multicomponent Grandi Byen intervention (responsive parenting, nutrition, hygiene + one egg per day for 6 months), (n=200). Infants will be enrolled between 6-8 months of age and followed longitudinally for one year.

NCT ID: NCT04692467 Recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Treatment of Early Hypertension Among Persons Living With HIV in Haiti

Start date: February 26, 2021
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The investigators are conducting an unblinded pilot randomized control trial of 250 persons living with HIV (PLWH), aged 18-65 years, who receive antiretroviral therapy care at Haitian Group for the Study of Kaposi's Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections (GHESKIO), are virally suppressed, and have pre-hypertension (systolic blood pressure (SBP) 120-139 or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 80-89 mmHg) to be randomized to early hypertension (HTN) treatment versus standard of care (SOC). Participants will be recruited from GHESKIO's HIV clinic. Eligible individuals will complete informed consent and be randomized to early HTN treatment vs. SOC. Participants in early HTN treatment will initiate amlodipine immediately versus those in SOC will initiate amlodipine only if they meet the HTN threshold (SBP ≥140 or DBP ≥90 mmHg) during the study period. All participants will be followed for 12 months.

NCT ID: NCT04311957 Not yet recruiting - HIV-1-infection Clinical Trials

Continuation of Protease-Inhibitor Based Second-Line Therapy vs. Switch to B/F/TAF in Virologically Suppressed Adults

Start date: September 1, 2020
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

This randomized trial compares the efficacy of switching to a fixed-dose combination of B/F/TAF versus continuing a boosted protease inhibitor (bPI) regimen in HIV-1 infected participants who are virologically suppressed (HIV-1 RNA <200 copies) on a second-line bPI regimen. Half of participants will receive B/F/TAF and half will continue a bPI regimen. The hypothesize is that B/F/TAF will have efficacy that is non-inferior to the boosted PI regimen.

NCT ID: NCT04272099 Recruiting - Diabetes Mellitus Clinical Trials

Social Determinants of Global Pediatric Diabetes

Start date: June 20, 2017
Study type: Observational

There is little data from low-income countries on setting and culture specific perception of childhood diabetes and disease specific stressors including stigma, and how these may affect disease related quality of life, coping strategies, self-efficacy and glycemic control. The goal of this study is to understand how socioeconomic, psychosocial, cultural, and diet and activity related factors in children and adolescents with diabetes in Haiti relate to quality of life, self-efficacy and glycemic control, and comparing the factor analysis to immigrant children of Haitian ancestry with diabetes living in Montreal. An innovative, participatory research approach will allow for a holistic evaluation of modifiable barriers to optimal pediatric diabetes care delivery in resource limited settings, while providing translational information for care delivery of diabetes in underserved, immigrant populations in high-income settings.

NCT ID: NCT04182217 Completed - Peritonitis Clinical Trials

Descriptive and Correlational Study of Peritonitis in Haiti.

Start date: September 10, 2018
Study type: Observational

The primary objective: To study the prevalence, etiology, and factors associated with the severity of peritonitis and its complications in the surgery department of the State University Hospital of Haiti. Secondary objectives: - Identify epidemiological characteristics. - Describe the main etiologies encountered in the service - Measure the time required for treatment and its consequences on the evolution of peritonitis.

NCT ID: NCT04177654 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Soil-transmitted Helminth Infections

Monitoring Drug Efficacy and Anthelmintic Resistance in Soil-transmitted Helminth Programs

Start date: May 15, 2019
Study type: Observational

Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are a group of parasitic worms that infect millions of children in sub-tropical and tropical countries, resulting in malnutrition, growth stunting, intellectual retardation and cognitive deficits. To control the morbidity due to these worms, school-based deworming programs are implemented, in which anthelminthic drugs are administered to children without prior diagnosis. The continued fight against these worms is aided by the London declaration on neglected tropical diseases, which helps sustain and expand global drug donation program, resulting in an unprecedented growth of deworming programs. However, the high degree of drug pressure makes deworming programs vulnerable to the development of anthelmintic resistance because they only rely on one drug with sometimes suboptimal efficacy and there is no availability of alternative drugs. Moreover, at present, there is no surveillance system to monitor the emergence and spread of anthelmintic resistance. It remains unclear to what extent the efficacy of drugs may have dropped and whether anthelmintic resistance is already present. This project aims to strengthen the monitoring and surveillance of drug efficacy and anthelmintic resistance in STH programs. As such, it will support deworming programs in their quest to eliminate STHs as a public health problem. The overall aim of this study is to pilot a surveillance system to assess anthelmintic drug efficacy and the emergence of AR in 9 countries were drug pressure has been high over a long period of time. The specific objectives are to: 1. Assess the prevalence of moderate/heavy intensity infections of the different STH 2. Assess the drug efficacy of a single dose of BZ drugs against STH infections in these countries 3. Assess the frequency of the ß-tubulin SNPs linked to BZ resistance 4. Identify implementation-related barriers and opportunities for monitoring drug efficacy and AR in national PC programs for STH. 5. Expand the Starworms repository of STH field samples

NCT ID: NCT04059328 Completed - Surgery Clinical Trials

Novel Surgical Checklists for Gynecologic Laparoscopy in Haiti

Start date: September 29, 2018
Study type: Observational

The researchers traveled to University Hospital Mirebalais in Haiti and provided a one week long laparoscopic training and simulation course to the 7 OBGYN faculty there. The researchers used novel checklists to help the faculty to set up for laparoscopic cases and care for the equipment needed. The researchers then asked the physicians their opinion of the checklists.

NCT ID: NCT04050449 Recruiting - HIV-1-infection Clinical Trials

Assess Therapeutic Efficacy and Emergence of HIV Drug Resistance Following Initiation of TLD

Start date: October 28, 2019
Study type: Observational

Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/lamivudine/dolutegravir (TLD) is being used more widely across the world to treat HIV. This is an observational study (a type of study in which participants are observed and certain outcomes are measured). The aim of this study is to observe how successful TLD is at treating HIV, in the following groups of people: - People switching to TLD, after taking anti-HIV medication that contains a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) drug (such as Efavirenz or Nevirapine) (Group 1). - People switching to TLD, after taking anti-HIV medication that contains a boosted protease inhibitor (PI) drug (such as Lopinavir or Atazanavir) (Group 2). - People taking TLD and receiving medication for TB that includes the drug rifampicin (RIF) (Group 3). These people must be starting one or both of these medications when they enter the study. - People starting TLD who have not taken anti-HIV medication before (Group 4). Another goal of this study is to use genetic testing of the virus (HIV) to see how often HIV is resistant to TLD. Genetic testing of the virus is one way to see if the TLD medication is not working to treat a person's HIV infection.

NCT ID: NCT04034381 Suspended - Malnutrition Clinical Trials

Dietary Intake, Health and Micronutrient Status in Haiti

Start date: January 18, 2018
Study type: Observational

The general objective of this project is to collect information on dietary intake and nutritional status of women and young children in Haiti, to inform the design and management of national and subnational micronutrient intervention programs, with a focus on large-scale food fortification, and to serve as a reference point for program evaluation.

NCT ID: NCT03943654 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Acute Respiratory Infection

Improving Nighttime Access to Care and Treatment (Part 2)

Start date: September 9, 2019
Study type: Observational

Children in resource-limited settings who develop illness at night are often isolated from pre-emergency care, resulting in progression to an emergency because families are forced to wait until morning to seek care. This is especially true in Haiti based on needs assessments (INACT Part 1; INACT1) surrounding access to healthcare. This study (INACT Part 2; INACT2) seeks to improve access to care by establishing a health hotline (healthline) and mobile pharmacy for families with children who become ill at nighttime. The healthline will be staffed by medical professionals and will provide phone based assessment and treatment recommendations based on standard of care practices according to Haitian and WHO guidelines. The healthline will focus on pre-emergency patients (those without danger signs as defined by WHO guidelines). Emergent patients will be advised to bypass the healthline and seek immediate care at the nearest medical facility. In the event that a non-emergent patient requires access to basic medications or fluids and is logistically accessible, the mobile pharmacy service will be offered. The specific aims of the study are as follows: Aim I. Evaluate congruence between healthline assessment over the phone and in-person assessment of participants (patients using the healthline) 10 years of age and younger. The investigators hypothesize that in-person assessments based on WHO guidelines will be discordant with those made by the healthline because the physical aspects of the call-center assessment will be performed by an untrained parent/ guardian. The study focuses on acute diarrheal disease (ADD) and acute respiratory illness (ARI) but is not exclusive to these two chief complaints. Aim II: Identify determinants that correlate with seeking care at a medical facility over the 8-12 day follow up period after the initial call. The findings from this study will determine if a healthline model is a safe and accurate method of providing high quality access to nighttime healthcare, averting the progression of non-emergent cases to emergencies.