View clinical trials related to Iodine Deficiency.Filter by:
In this project, the investigators propose an intervention design testing the efficacy of a food reformulated with seaweed as an ingredient in meal, capsules against placebo and no intervention controls. The randomised control trial (supplementation) will last 24 weeks. The aim is to study the effect of the food matrix on variables associated with iodine nutrition: iodine status and thyroid function.
Physiological changes necessitate the use of pregnancy-specific reference ranges for thyrotrophin (TSH) and free T4 (FT4) to diagnose thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy. Although many centers use fixed upper limits for TSH of 2.5 or 3.0 mU/L, this may lead to overdiagnosis or even overtreatment. The new guidelines of the American Thyroid Association have considerably changed recommendations regarding thyroid function reference ranges in pregnancy accordingly. Any hospital or physician that is still using the 2.5 or 3.0 mU/l cut-off for TSH during pregnancy should evaluate their own lab-specific cut-offs. The investigator's objective is to establish a rational reference range of serum TSH for the diagnosis of subclinical hypothyroidism in the first, second, and third trimester of pregnant women in the Sancaktepe region in Turkey.
Many of the Caribbean island nations have no data on iodine status in their populations. Iodine deficiency in children can reduce IQ but can be easily corrected through a program of salt iodization. The study will be located at 11 islands of the Caribbean region. At each of the 11 study sites, we will measure the iodine status in school-age children by collecting morning spot urine samples for measurement of urinary iodine concentration (UIC). We will also measure height and weight in all children. We will collect a repeat, next-day spot urine sample in 1/3rd of children to adjust for intra-individual variation in spot UIC and calculate the distribution of population intake.
Full intellectual capabilities are achieved only if crucial nutrients are present during development. Iodine deficiency is the most common cause of preventable brain harm in infants. Because of its critical need during pregnancy, several countries implemented programs of iodine supplementation in preconception and pregnancy. In 2013, the prevalence of iodine deficiency in Portugal has led health authorities to issue a recommendation for iodine supplementation. This study aims to evaluate the impact of iodine supplementation on maternal and fetal iodine status and thyroid function, obstetric outcomes, quality of breast milk and child psychomotor development. It also intends to evaluate whether the time of iodine supplementation initiation influences all the above-mentioned parameters. The novelty and relevance of this study reside on the number of women/child and on the extent of health parameters that will be evaluated. The information collected will contribute to the detailed characterization of thyroid hormone homeostasis throughout pregnancy and its relationship with iodine supplementation (including time of initiation). The data will provide evidence on whether this iodine supplementation strategy impacted on iodine sufficiency of the mother and the newborns, or if it needs re-evaluation.
Data from 2007 regarding iodine status among Portuguese pregnant women indicate this is an iodine deficient population group, with only 16.8% presenting adequate urinary iodine values. This may have serious implications for normal cognitive development of the offspring and a concerning socioeconomic impact. In 2013, concerns by the Portuguese Directorate-General of Health lead to the implementation of a public health policy (nº 011/2013) recommending iodine supplementation during pregnancy. IoMum emerges from this context to monitor and update iodine status in Portuguese pregnant women and to evaluate the effectiveness of the above policy by assessing clinical compliance to iodine supplementation and the impact of iodine supplementation in this vulnerable group. IoMum will update data on iodine nutrition in Portuguese pregnant women, promoting political actions towards the elimination of iodine deficiency and thus to the reduction of nutritional, social and economic inequalities.
Iodine status in populations is assessed using urinary iodine concentration (UIC) measured in spot urine samples. The iodine intake is classified as deficient, sufficient, or excessive iodine based on the median UIC (mUIC). However, this approach has limitations, as it does not quantify the prevalence of individuals with habitually deficient or excess iodine intakes. The EAR cut-point method has the potential to quantify prevalence of iodine deficiency and excess. However, little is known about the effects of the inter- and intra-individual variance of UIC. The aim of the study is to quantify the intra-individual variability in dietary iodine intake. The overall goal is to estimate the prevalence of iodine deficiency and excess in the study population and propose sample size recommendations for future iodine nutrition population studies. The results will provide evidence guiding international recommendations for iodine nutrition studies.
The overall objective of this study is to develop a reliable method to obtain habitual iodine intakes from spot urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and to assess the prevalence of inadequate iodine intake in school-age children and women of reproductive age. We will evaluate different methods to estimate iodine intake from UIC and estimate the prevalence of inadequate and excess iodine intake in UIC studies conducted in populations with low, adequate and high iodine intakes using the the established estimated average requirement (EAR)/Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) cut-point method.
In 1994, the WHO and UNICEF Joint Committee on Health Policy recommended Universal Salt Iodization as a safe, cost-effective and sustainable strategy to ensure sufficient intake of iodine by all individuals. However, it is still absent in Latvia. A recent countrywide study in 2013 shows iodine deficiency among pregnant women in Latvia: 81 % of pregnant women had UIC levels below the WHO recommended range of 150-250 mcg/g Cr. Because mild to moderate iodine deficiency during pregnancy can adversely affect fetal brain development, WHO-UNICEF and ICCIDD advise an increase in the recommended daily dosage of iodine to 250 mcg/day for pregnant women and breastfeeding women and 150 mcg/day for women in the preconception period. Data from a survey of the Latvian population indicate that approximately 100 mcg of iodine per day is consumed through foods and iodized salt. To meet the increased iodine requirement in pregnancy, pregnant women should take a supplement containing 150 mcg of iodine daily from the earliest time possible. A sudden increase in iodine intake in an iodine-deficient population may increase thyroid autoimmunity. It is evident that thyroid disease has multiple adverse effects during pregnancy and in the developing fetus especially in women with elevated serum anti-thyroid antibody titers. Studies have considered supplementing with selenium to reduce the risk of auto-immune thyroiditis/post-partum autoimmune thyroid disease. Of the 11 trials of selenium supplementation in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis, 7 have shown benefit with treatment for 6 months or longer. Aim of study is to approve that 150 mcg of iodine daily improves iodine status in pregnant women and iodine 150 mcg in combination with selenium 100 mcg daily reduce risk of thyroid autoimmunity. Hypothesis of study is that 150 mcg iodine daily during pregnancy improves iodine status. Iodine in combination with selenium is less associated with thyroid autoimmunity. Study design: Pregnant women are randomized for either 150 mcg iodine intake daily or 150 mcg iodine combined with 100 mcg selenium daily. Interventional group is compared with controls without particular iodine supplementation. Participants are asked to complete a questionnaire on dietary habits concerning iodine. Thyroid function (thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxine) and thyroperoxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab) and urinary iodine are measured during first, second and third trimester of pregnancy and week 8 after delivery in both, intervention and control group.
A 4-week study was conducted in 25 Chinese euthyroid women. Unified diets with different iodine contents (cooked with non-iodized salt or iodized salt) were provided in two different periods. The total iodine intake from diet, water and air as well as the total iodine excretion by urine, faces and respiration were monitored and determined, and a total of 300 samples were collected. The sweat iodine loss was also considered. Moreover, the regression curve model between the 24-h iodine intake and 24-h iodine excretion was also established.
Urinary iodine concentration (UIC) is the recommended biomarker of iodine status in populations. Yet, the influence of climate on UIC remains unclear. Hot climate may reduce urine volume and consequently increase UIC independent of iodine status. This could lead to an overestimation of population iodine intake, thus masking iodine deficiency in vulnerable groups. In this longitudinal observational cohort study in women of reproductive age we will collect 24h and spot urine samples in the summer and winter season. The influence of high temperature climates on UIC, measured and estimated urinary iodine excretion will be estimated.