There are about 2827 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Hong Kong. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Shoulder pain is the third most common type of musculoskeletal disorder after back and neck pain in primary care. The prevalence of shoulder pain has been reported between 7% and 26% in the general population, with a life prevalence of up to 67%. The most common cause of shoulder pain is subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS), accounting for 44-60% of all shoulder disorders. Pain caused by SAPS can cause functional impairment and heavy social burden. Before recommending surgery, exercise therapy should be used as the first choice to treat SAPS. Several systematic reviews suggested that supervised exercise therapy can effectively improve the function and pain of patients with SAPS, while several other systematic reviews illustrated that the equal effectiveness of supervised exercises and home-based exercises. Supervised exercise therapy requires substantial and specific resources and may be difficult to apply clinically. Thus, a home-based self-training program may allow individuals to treat SAPS with affordable and easily accessible treatments. The use of complementary and alternative medicine treatment is growing continuously. Yi Jin Bang is a form of mind-body exercise and was developed in Hong Kong in the 1950s based on the principle of traditional Chinese mind-body exercise "Yi Jin Jing". In Chinese, Yi means change, Jin means tendons and sinews, while Bang means stick. As with all other Chinese medical exercises, the focus of Yi Jin Bang is on the cultivation of Qi (energy), which is assumed to harmonize mind and body and so might reduce pain. After reorganizing by physiotherapists, Yi Jin Bang has now become an easy-to-learn exercise program. Many scientific studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of mind-body exercises on pain, such as yoga, Tai Chi, and Qigong. However, the efficacy of Yi Jin Bang exercise in SAPS is not scientifically evaluated. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to compare the effectiveness of ten weeks of home-based Yi Jin Bang exercise, versus home-based stretching and strengthening exercise, and versus waitlist control on pain, disability, flexibility, and muscular endurance in adults with SAPS. This study hypothesized that home-based Yi Jin Bang exercise and home-based stretching and strengthening exercise have similar effects in reducing pain and disability and improving flexibility and muscular endurance for individuals with SAPS.
We aim to conduct a feasibility study to determine the feasibility and suitability of implementing a musical training program for children surviving brain tumours. This study will demonstrate the feasibility of implementing a musical training program in improving the neurocognitive functioning of surviving brain tumours.
The objective of this study is to investigate possible factors that will affect the choice of androgen deprivation therapy in prostate cancer patients. This is a cross-sectional study performed in Prince of Wales Hospital in Hong Kong. One hundred patients will be recruited for this study.
This is a pilot diagnostic accuracy study to assess the ability to discriminate in a screening context Stage IV periodontitis from other stages of periodontitis. The index test is the assessment of masticatory dysfunction performed with a questionnaire and a chewing gum test. The reference standard is a full periodontal and functional assessment performed by a trained and calibrated specialist.
Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains a major health issue resulting in >800,000 deaths as of 30th August 2020. A concerning discovery of COVID-19 is the involvement of the myocardium. Several case studies including one from our group (recent study publication in JACC Cardiovascular Imaging led by the principal investigator of this grant application) have demonstrated subclinical myocardial inflammation in patients using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) who have recovered from COVID-19. Furthermore at a cellular level, a recent autopsy study indicated that the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 is present in the myocardial tissue. The study further described invasion and viral progeny occurring in the myocardial interstitial cells and as such is a concerning development with the longer-term implications being unknown. These concerns have been noticed by the cardiology and non-cardiology medical community, with some expressing concerns of a new cause for cardiomyopathy and heart failure secondary to COVID-195. Therefore, it is critical that further studies are conducted to determine the longer-term outcome for patients.
In Hong Kong, over 3000 Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructions (ACLR) are performed each year in order to restore knee function after an ACL injury. The ultimate goal of ACLR is to fulfil the return-to-play (RTP) criteria. Despite successful surgery and a demanding rehabilitation process, some athletes still fail to comply to RTP. For those who achieve RTP, 23% of those who return to their sports would suffer a second ACL injury. Quadriceps muscle strength is one of the key determinants for a patient's successful return- to-play after ACLR. Quadriceps muscle atrophy can persist beyond the completion of the rehabilitation program in almost half the patients and the reason behind this is still unknown. Therefore, there is need to find a more effective way to increase quadriceps strength. There are emerging evidences showing that pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) can modulate mitochondrial activities for muscle gain. PEMF exposure on top of regular exercise training may promote muscle regeneration and tissue healing. This study aims to conduct a double-blinded, randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of PEMF treatment during the late postoperative period on quadriceps muscle strength in ACL injured patient. Muscle endurance could only be investigated in late postoperative period. The investigators hypothesize that PEMF treatment is effective to reduce muscle weakness and promote gain in quadriceps muscle strength in ACLR patients. Based on the aim of this study, adult patients (aged 18-30) with a unilateral ACL injury, total quadriceps muscle volunme is equal or morn than 7% deficit on involved leg compared with uninvolved leg, sporting injury with a Tegner score of 7+, both knees without a history of injury/prior surgery will be recruited. To estimate the improvement of patients, Isokinetic muscle assessment, ultrasound imaging and MRI for quadriceps muscle thickness, self-reported outcomes with questionnaires, KT-1000 for knee laxity and biomechanical analysis, Xtreme CT for Bone mineral density will be performed. To investigate the mechanism of PEMF therapy on increasing quadriceps strength, samples of blood serum will be draw before and after intervention.
Proprioceptive deficits in degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a progressive neurological deficits in somatosensory and motor function which affects the body balance and motor control. DCM usually presents with body incoordination, hand clumsiness and gait disturbance associated with proprioceptive dysfunction that hinders the physical performance and functions. In this study, a non-invasive assessment protocol on proprioception will be developed for detecting subtle proprioceptive deficits at the early stage of disease through simple Physical Performance Tests for population older than 45. By adopting the physical performance tests as the diagnostic predictors of DCM, we aim to avoid the development of devastating consequences and disabilities.
Telecare consultation, which is defined as a two-way synchronized visual (voice and image) communication between patients and healthcare professionals using telecommunication applications such as Zoom, has become a major trend in recent years. The current COVID-19 pandemic provides an impetus to drive change and increase the uptake of telecare consultation in healthcare. To the best of investigators' knowledge, there is no translational research available that simultaneously implements and evaluates the telecare model of care delivered in a primary care setting. The present study will be the first in Hong Kong to fill this service and knowledge gap in the care of DM patients.
Since 2017, Hong Kong has provided post-acute stroke services in clinics operated by stroke advanced practice nurses (APNs). Currently, the applicability of the clinics has been further limited by the emergence of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic due to restrictions on visits to the clinics and tightened social distancing requirements. Telecare consultations may be a viable option for contributing more flexible, interactive, and cost-efficient care models to support stroke survivors over the longer run. The present study takes advantage of this opportunity by utilizing implementation science to simultaneously implement and evaluate a telecare model of care in a nurse-led post-acute stroke clinic.
Objective: This study examined the effects of weightlifting belts and wrist straps on the kinematics of the deadlift exercise, time to complete a deadlift and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in male recreational weightlifters. Methods: Twenty participants used various combinations of belt and straps during a conventional deadlift. The hip and knee flexion, cervical lordosis, thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis angles and time to complete a deadlift were measured using video analysis software. RPE was also recorded.