There are about 1748 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Hong Kong. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
A randomized controlled trial is proposed to compare the effectiveness of workshop-based and self-Help cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI), and sleep hygiene education (SHE) to treat insomnia in Hong Kong adolescent and adult patients, in terms of alleviation of insomnia severity, reduction in associated insomnia symptoms/ complications, and enhancement in quality of life. Insomnia is prevalent in Hong Kong and can cause severe impacts on patients and society, but there is a dearth of related research in the local population. Therefore, it is significant to conduct this study. A total of 180 participants aged > 18 with insomnia will be recruited and randomized into 3 groups to receive one of the 3 treatments. Outcomes will be measured using relevant questionnaires filled in at the baseline, 6 and 12 weeks afterwards. The results obtained will be compared within each group and among the 3 groups using statistical testing to determine the most effective treatment option for insomnia.
This is an open label, single arm, non-randomized, multi-site, phase 2 clinical trial of neoadjuvant pembrolizumab in combination with gemcitabine-cisplatin for 2 cycles,followed by concurrent pembrolizumab-cisplain-radiation, and then maintainence pembrolizumab monotherpy given every 3 weeks for a total treatment duration of 12 months, in previously untreated stage IVA ( UICC 8 th Edition ) nasopharyngeal cancer(NPC).
Stroke is a devastating illness that induces numerous impairments of body function and structure, and limitations to activities in all aspects of life, thus imposing multi-faceted restrictions on one's participation in daily living. It also has detrimental impacts on one's mental health, social relationship, and quality of life. Existing research focuses primarily on older adults stroke survivors; this study is set out to contribute to current knowledge of the effectiveness of arts-based rehabilitation on younger stroke survivors. Both psychological and physiological outcomes will be examined for a comprehensive understanding on the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual changes after participating in a non-pharmacological, engaging, safe and enjoyable multi-modal expressive arts-based intervention approach of rehabilitation.This current study will adopt a 2-arm randomized controlled design with treatment-as-usual control. Upon screening for inclusion exclusion criteria, baseline data will be collected; and eligible participants will be randomized into either an 8-week Expressive Arts-based intervention group or Treatment-As-Usual control group.
This study will examine the feasibility and efficacy of lifestyle medicine for the management of depression in Chinese adult population. The main components of lifestyle intervention typically include physical activity, diet, relaxation/mindfulness, and sleep. While lifestyle medicine has been recognized for centuries as a means to improve physical health, the field of lifestyle medicine in the context of mental health is still in its infancy. In the existing literature, there is increasing evidence demonstrating the efficacy of individual components of lifestyle medicine (e.g, physical activities and sleep) on depression. However, there is very limited research on the effectiveness of an integration of multiple lifestyle adjustments on depression.
Pain in commonly found in working population. The working population who aged from 15 to 64 is the largest portion of population in Hong Kong. Also, the prevalence of chronic pain in this population group is high. The issue requires special attention. Researches demonstrated pain affects a person in a multidimensional way. Pain induces negative effects to both the physical and psychological aspects. The levels of depression, anxiety, stress are increased and quality of life is decreased in people with chronic pain. They are interrelated to pain. As pain induced discomforts, people adopted self-initiated treatments as treatment. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain management interventions are commonly used. Although people used different ways to relieve the pain, they tend to bear the pain to work or take sick leave. This contributes to the work loss to the whole society. Pain service in Hong Kong is scarce in the public and private sectors. It takes months for a pain sufferer to be arranged for a pain clinic follow-up. It is possible for the pain get worsen while waiting for the pain service. The pain can be difficult to treat afterwards. As self-initiated treatments are welcomed by the pain sufferers, pain education can be focused on empowering the pain sufferers on their pain knowledge and self-management techniques. The pain self-efficacy can be enhanced. The pain sufferers can be benefited from lowering the pain intensity and negative emotions. It can be a solution to develop an online pain management programme to ease the service demand. Limited studies are found for online pain management programmes to improve the pain self-efficacy and self-management techniques. In order to fill the knowledge gap and service gap, the present study aims to evaluate an online pain management programme (ePain) in improving the self-efficacy, reduction of pain intensity, decreased levels of depression, anxiety and stress, and improving quality of life in pain management in adults with chronic pain. Participants are randomised to the intervention group or the control group.
Background More than 60% of the daily smokers in Hong Kong have never tried and have no intention to quit smoking. About 30.8% of daily smokers attempted to quit but failed. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is a safe and effective pharmacotherapy to reduce withdrawal symptoms during early stage of tobacco abstinence and increase quit rate. However, the prevalence of using NRT in Hong Kong is lower than most of the developed countries. The proposed project aims to test if providing free NRT sampling to smokers can increase quit attempt, the use of smoking cessation (SC) services and abstinence. Methods University undergraduate students will be trained, and will invite smokers at outdoor smoking hotspots to quit smoking and enroll into SC services. Eligible smokers will be randomized to experimental or control group according to a cluster randomization, using recruitment session as the randomization unit. The experimental group will be provided with 1-week free NRT sampling and medication counselling, whereas the control group will be provided medication counselling. Both groups are advised to enroll in the SC services. The two primary outcomes include (1) the proportion of smokers who enroll in any SC service in Hong Kong within 1 month of the recruitment; and (2) the proportion of smokers who report quit attempts at 1 month follow-up Discussions The findings will inform the feasibility and effectiveness of delivering free NRT sampling to increase quit attempt, the use of smoking cessation services and abstinence. It will yield more information on smokers' adherence to the NRT sampling, side effect and safety issue of the usage.
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) involves three-dimensional spinal deformity in children aged between 10 and 16. Traditional braces modify the natural dynamics and thus the mechanical behaviour of the scoliotic spine through external constraints. Patients usually develop pressure ulcers and skin irritation when prescribed brace treatment for 18-23 hours per day. The excessive pressure, unknown pressure distribution and pressure shifting between the human body and the brace causes the effects of brace treatment to be unpredictable. Dynamic pressure monitoring system will be developed based on the body landmarks of scoliotic patients and critical areas where active pressure is applied by the brace. The overall pressure distribution and dynamic pressure between the body and the thoraco-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO) rigid brace will be measured. The efficacy of the brace design will be evaluated, and the maximum compressive stresses that patients can endure on different body parts without pressure injury can be computed.
Pilot study on the association between allergic rhinitis and cognitive ability in 174 children aged 11-14 within the same year group at school in which 140 Allergic Rhinitis subjects and 34 non-Allergic Rhinitis subjects. Primary outcome measures include cognitive tests (Trait Making Test, Digit Span Test, Stroop Test, Chinese Auditory Verbal Learning Test, Verbal Fluency Test), so as to assess the cognitive ability of allergic rhinitis patients before and after treatment compared to a control group. Rhinitis Symptom Utility Index (RSUI) of patients will be the secondary outcome measured through questionnaires. Positive skin prick test and endoscopy examination (taking place in Prince of Wales hospital) will be required before the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis. The data will be analysed by the Multilevel models.
Having the advantages of being minimally invasive and simple, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) remains one of the treatment options for renal stones less than 2cm. Although SWL is the most minimally invasive surgical approach for stone, there are still some concern about its short and long term side effect. While, there are some evidences that SWL might lead to increase in new onset hypertension, investigator's recent study suggested it might also cause worsening of blood pressure control in patient with known hypertension. Therefore, further studies are needed to confirm the initial finding. This study recruits patients who have hypertension and are currently diagnosed to have renal stone and planned for SWL, in order to to investigate the effect of SWL on blood pressure control. After informed consent and background information have been obtained, patients will be randomized to either have routine SWL (treatment arm) or 6 months later (control arm). Group 1 patients will have blood pressure monitored for one day at home by an handy automated blood pressure measuring machine before SWL and 6 months after SWL. Group 2 patients will have blood pressure monitoring immediately and then 6 months later, just prior to the SWL.
Post ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) occurs in 4 to 5% of patients and is associated with significant morbidities and occasional mortalities. The use of rectall administered indomethacin and pancreatic duct stent (PDS) placement have independently been proven to reduce PEP. The comparative effectiveness of the two methods has however not been studied. It is argued that in the context of indomethacin, the placement of a PDS is unnecessary. Advocates for PDS insertion however believe that mechanical decompression of the pancreatic duct is critical in the prevention of pancreatitis. The investigators propose a multi-centre randomised controlled trial to compare the use of rectal indomethacin to PDS insertion in high risk patients in the prevention of PEP.