There are about 1574 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Hong Kong. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases, (IBD) including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is increasing in the developing world. Our recent Asia-Pacific population-based study in 8 Asian countries and Australia has demonstrated that Hong Kong and China have amongst the highest disease incidences in Asia while Australia has the equal highest incidence of these diseases in the world. The ENIGMA project comprises three main enteric microbiome domains of central importance to Crohn's disease. Two specific organisms which may play a critical role in disease pathogenesis, including the candidate protective bacterium, and the novel pathogenic candidate, will be characterised and studied in detail. Microbial findings will be related to detailed assessment of environmental factors that permit microbial changes or expression.
Background: Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disease which affects approximately 70,000 patients in Hong Kong and 50 billion people worldwide. Among these patients one-third remained unresponsive to antiepileptic agents. Continual drug manipulation is an essential therapeutic option for these patients with refractory epilepsy. In particular, rational polytherapy has become the mainstay of treatment for the sub-group of patients who have failed two or more antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). A substantial amount of research has shown that N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDA) may play a key role in the pathophysiology of several neurological diseases, including epilepsy. Animal models of epilepsy and clinical studies demonstrate that NMDA receptors activity and expression can be altered in association with epilepsy and particularly in some specific seizure types. NMDA receptor antagonists have been shown to have antiepileptic effects in both clinical and preclinical studies. There is some evidence that conventional antiepileptic drugs may also affect NMDA receptor function. Aims: To investigate the medium to long-term effects of AMPA/NMDA receptor antagonist in an Asian cohort as there is a relative lack of clinical data in this population To explore the efficacy of AMPA/NMDA receptor antagonist in patients with partial onsets seizures that may secondarily generalize and the specific side effects of AMPA/NMDA receptor antagonist in relation to behavioral problems. Methods: A semi-prospective design is adopted to recruit patients who are indicated and started on AMPA/NMDA receptor antagonist aged 12 or above in Hong Kong. This study will collect information about demographic details, medical history and seizure information. Assessment of seizure frequency is based on seizure diary and interviews with family members. Physical examination, electrocardiogram and other medical information relevant to the follow-up of the patient will be collected.
To evaluate the safety and feasibility of a Foot Controlled Robotic Endoscope Enabled Robot (FREE) in performing functional endoscopic sinus surgery to answer the two key questions: 1. Is the FREE robot feasible to use in patients for endoscopic sinus surgery? 2. Is the FREE robot safe to use in patients for endoscopic sinus surgery?
Background: Traditional office blood pressure (BP) measurement is often inaccurate and is inferior to out-of-office measurements, such as ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), in predicting cardiovascular outcomes. A relatively new BP measurement method, called Automatic Office Blood Pressure measurement (AOBP), may provide similar BP readings to ABPM (latest clinical gold standard for BP measurements) and can easily be conducted in clinics. AOBP machines measure BP repeatedly 3-5 times with 1-min intervals and automatically provide the mean BP value. While AOBP was used in landmark trials (e.g. SPRINT trial) and was shown to eliminate white-coat effect, AOBP is rarely used in Hong Kong partly because there is no data concerning the accuracy of AOBP in Chinese. Almost all previous AOBP research used BpTRU (AOBP model), but BpTRU manufacturer was shut down permanently. Aim: To assess if WatchBP Office (another AOBP model) has superior diagnostic accuracy than traditional office BP measurements, when compared to ABPM readings. Method: 150 Chinese adult patients with a diagnosis of essential hypertension will be recruited consecutively from a Government-funded primary care clinic. All patients will have their BP measured by a 48-hour ABPM, a WatchBP office, and two traditional office blood pressure measurements. ABPM will be considered the gold standard; sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of AOBP and traditional BP to diagnose elevated BP level, masked hypertension and white-coat hypertension will be calculated and compared Implication: if WatchBP provides closer BP readings to ABPM, this can lead to its implementation in routine clinical practice
Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) suitable for endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) with Treovance were eligible to participate. Main inclusion criteria were: age 18-85 years; infrarenal AAA without significant infrarenal or distal iliac landing neck calcification or thrombus formation; infrarenal or distal iliac landing neck size requirements specified in the instructions for use. Main exclusion criteria: dissection/ruptured aneurysm or prior AAA endovascular or surgical repair. The primary endpoints were standard EVAR criteria.
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are commonly reported as source of distress, disability and mortality in schizophrenia. Despite proven efficacy of antipsychotics, many patients still experience drug-refractory AVH. It has been postulated that AVH is maintained by negative emotions. Yet, little is known about the temporal relationship and underlying mechanisms between negative affect and AVH. Utilizing both an ecologically-validated method and brain imaging technique, this study aims to uncover the role of emotions in the maintenance of psychotic symptoms.
Psychological studies have shown that individuals tend to attribute causes of positive and negative events differently. Specifically, individuals hold an internalising or externalising bias of attribution which, in the case of particular patient groups, was found to polarize to the extreme. Such extreme attributional styles have found to have a direct impact on emotions, leading to a waning course of psychiatric disorders. This project aims to further examine the theoretical links between attributions and emotions using a transdiagnostic approach, and the effect of a 4-session process-based intervention on attributional biases.
Obesity is a common global health problem. A three-arm randomised waitlist-controlled feasibility trial is proposed. A total of 54 subjects (18 subjects per arm) will be recruited. The three groups are AA plus smartphone application (experimental group); AA only (comparison group); and Waitlist control group. In the experimental group, seeds will be applied on six specific ear acupoints of the subjects by the researcher. Subjects will be requested to apply pressure on the acupoints thrice per day. They will install a smartphone App which will send out regular reminders for pressing, allow the subjects to input the number of bowel open, compliance rate, and difficulties entered during the process for timely advice. The total treatment period will be 8 weeks. Outcome measures will be conducted at baseline and postintervention at 8 weeks, including obesity and anthropometric index, leptin concentration and adiponectin level. Patient satisfaction towards the therapy, the use of the smartphone application and the implementation of the treatment protocol will be determined.
Objectives: 1) To examine whether the real transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) group would perform better in the cognitive training (CT) intervention than the sham tDCS group and the CT group; 2) To determine if, as a consequence of the stimulation generated by the use of tDCS, there would be a transfer effect to other cognitive domains and to cognitive tasks in activities of daily living; 3) To investigate the time and spatial responses of tDCS on the brain cortex during and after tDCS application. Hypothesis to be tested: By applying anodal tDCS with the combination of a CT delivered via the use of tablet PCs in older adults at risk of MCI, it will enhance their cognitive task performance in CT and subsequently generalize to other cognitive domains as well, involving a transferability to cognitive tasks in activities of daily living. Design and subjects: A multi-centered single-blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT) with three groups (CT alone/Sham tDCS with the combination of a CT/ Real tDCS coupling with CT) The participants who will take part of this study will be older adults at risk of MCI Study instruments: tDCS, Ipad, Neuron Up CT Apps, EEG. Interventions: The intervention will last for 9 sessions (3 sessions per week for 3 weeks). Sham tDCS and real tDCS, will be combined with the same CT which is used in the CT group. During the experimental intervention, anodal tDCS will be placed on left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and cathodal tDCS on the contralateral deltoid muscle with the combination of a CT. During the experimental intervention, anodal tDCS will be placed on left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and cathodal tDCS on the contralateral deltoid muscle with the combination of a CT. Main outcome measures: Cognitive assessments, CT performance, EEG. In addition, delta and theta frequency suppression and alpha increment power under the anode electrode will be observed.
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is among the most common psychiatric disorders among adolescents, and is associated with considerable psychosocial and functional impairments and an elevated risk of suicidal behaviour and completed suicide. Meanwhile, sleep disturbance, particularly insomnia, is among the most prevalent and prominent presenting complaints in adolescents with depression. Despite its high prevalence, insomnia often remains overlooked and under-treated in clinical practice. However, growing evidence suggests an intricate relationship between insomnia and depression, which has become an area in need of further focused attention. This project will involve a randomised controlled trial proposed to examine whether insomnia treatment confers additional benefit to depression treatment in adolescents with comorbid depression and insomnia, for improving sleep and depressive symptoms, and other clinical and daytime symptoms as well as overall functional improvement in both the short and long term. Eligible adolescent participants will be randomised to either intervention (8-week group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia, CBT-I, or 8-week group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Depression, CBT-D) or waiting-list control condition. Assessments will be conducted at pre-treatment (week 0), during the treatment (week 2, 4, 6) and post-treatment (week 8/at the conclusion of the last group session). The two active treatment groups will be additionally followed up at posttreatment one-month and six-month.