There are about 216 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Costa Rica. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Economic and geographic barriers can limit access to rehabilitation therapies for children with cerebral palsy (CP). These barriers are magnified in developing countries like Costa Rica, where 43% of children with disabilities do not have access to basic health services. To address this accessibility gap, effective and engaging approaches are needed to motivate and support children in practicing motor therapies at home. Bootle Blast (BB) is a low-cost, movement-tracking video game that encourages upper limb (UL) exercises at home. BB is mixed-reality; using real-life objects (e.g., toys) in gameplay to target fine motor skills. It is customizable to diverse abilities and therapy goals. BB applies best practices in video game design, theories of motivation and motor learning, to optimize engagement and clinical effectiveness. This mixed-methods study will assess the feasibility of a family-centred BB home intervention among children with hemiplegic CP. We will address four areas of feasibility to 1) Understand the demand for the BB intervention (i.e., expressed interest in the program), 2) Establish probable efficacy for clinical outcomes related to UL function, activity, and participation, 3) Evaluate implementation of the 8-week BB intervention and 4) Explore acceptability (e.g., participants' experiences). Fifteen children with a diagnosis of hemiplegic CP (7-17 yrs) and one of their primary caregivers will participate. This study consists of three phases, each one contributing to the development of the next one. In Phase 1 (demand), recruitment rates and percentage of children with appropriate in-home technology to play will be collected during screening. A pre-intervention interview will explore participants' expectations for the intervention. In Phase 2, study assessments will be performed via videoconference (probable efficacy). Measures will target UL activity and related participation. Children will play BB at home for 8 weeks. Computer-system logs and data from reported technical barriers will be collected (implementation). In Phase 3 parents and children will participate in a post-intervention interview to explore their experiences and perceived value of the BB program (acceptability). Worldwide, children face accessibility barriers to motor therapy services. This study will provide learnings on how therapy gaming interventions can/should be implemented to bridge accessibility gaps, engage children and improve access to care.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the design concept and safety profile of a first in human fluid accommodating intraocular lens (FAIOL).
COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the novel coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2, that appeared in 2019. The World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the novel coronavirus a pandemic on 11 March 2020. The evolution of the pandemic is varying across countries, affected in part by different containment strategies ranging from extreme lockdown to relative inaction. As a result, there are regional waves of the disease and pockets of vulnerable populations. Globally, governments have acknowledged that effective vaccines against COVID-19 are the only way to guarantee a safe and sustained exit strategy from repeated lockdowns. The objective of this study is to estimate the vaccine effectiveness against hospitalizations due to circulating COVID-19 VoC among subjects eligible for vaccination with the AstraZeneca or any other COVID-19 vaccine provided in their country as per national/regional immunization recommendations prior to hospital admission. The study design is an observational prospective active-surveillance hospital-based study, with a test-negative case-control design (TNCC) of hospitalized COVID-19 like cases undergoing testing for SARS-CoV-2
This phase IV trial tests whether a single dose of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine works in preventing cervical cancer in young women in Costa Rica. Human papilloma viruses, called HPV, are a group of viruses that very frequently cause infection in both men and women, mainly in the genital organs. There are many types of HPV, and some can cause cancer. The World Health Organization recommends a two-dose schedule for adolescents 9-14 and three doses for individuals 15 years old or older. This study examines whether a single dose of HPV vaccine can reduce the frequency with which women between ages 18-30 become infected with HPV.
This is a Phase II, randomized, multi-center, multinational, open-label, cross-over study in adult participants with PD-L1-positive NSCLC. Two populations will be included: participants with resected Stage IIB-IIIB (early-stage) NSCLC who have completed adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy without evidence of disease relapse/recurrence, and chemotherapy-naïve participants with Stage IV NSCLC. The study will evaluate participant- and healthcare professionals (HCP)-reported preference for atezolizumab subcutaneous (SC) compared with atezolizumab intravenous (IV).
Early diagnosis of LC in the asymptomatic stage through intentional screening programs and/or incidental pulmonary nodule identification and follow-up are known to improve outcomes significantly. There are large gaps in the screening and early detection of LC, especially in LMIC - driven by multifactorial aspects, including a variety of socioeconomic and infrastructural factors, mainly due to limitations in the required network of specialized human resources and technical capacity. Identifying LC at an early stage allows for treatment that is more likely to be curative, thereby improving survival. The present study aims to characterize the lung nodule journey in different hospitals/clinics across Latin America, describing the use of health resources, time to diagnosis, stage at diagnosis, and time to treatment depending on the source of nodule identification in two different cohorts (retrospective and prospective).
A prospective, nonrandomized, open label study to evaluate the safety and IOP lowering effectiveness of the Streamline Surgical System, in patients with mild-to-moderate open angle glaucoma undergoing cataract surgery.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of an interactive parent-child book reading intervention. The intervention includes two components: the provision of five children's books to parent-child dyads and information about how to practice interactive book reading. The investigators expect to find an effect of this intervention on a) infants' expressive vocabulary, b) reading activity, c) parental expectations and knowledge about language development and d) parental use of interactive book reading strategies.
Primary immunodeficiencies represent a underdiagnosed group of rare diseases which if diagnosed well and in time can be treated in an efficient manner and prevent complications that may affect the quality of patients life in an severe manner. Neither in Costa Rica nor in Central America studies or national registries regarding the prevalence and characterization of primary immunodeficiencies in adult patients exist up to now. This study reflects for the first time the epidemiologic situation of primary immunodeficiencies in a Central American country, characterizing adult patients diagnosed with primary and idiopathic immune disorders treated in two specialized immunodeficiency clinics in Costa Rica.
Determine the prevalence of homologous recombination repair (HRR) gene mutations in participants with mCRPC in Latin America (LatAm) between February 2021 and January 2022.