There are about 1879 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Chile. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Ankle fractures are one of the main causes of hospitalization due to injuries in Chile, which also have a discharge and partial load time of approximately 12 weeks in the recovery process. This generates disuse and atrophy of the posterior musculature of the leg called the triceps sural, which makes it difficult to restart and perform the gait. We conducted this research because practically all patients with this type of diagnosis have trigger points in these muscles, and dry needling technique is one of the best for its treatment, but has the disadvantage that it produces post dry needling pain of 48 hours and there is not enough information, or consensus on which method is better to reduce post dry needling pain. This study aims to prove wich technique is most useful in reducing pain post dry needling for the treatment of trigger points in the triceps sural muscle in ankle post fracture patients.
This a phase 2 multi-cohort, un-controlled, non-randomized, open-label, multi-center study assessing the antitumor activity and safety of non-alpha interleukin (IL-2) SAR444245 in participants aged 12 years and older with relapsed or refractory B cell lymphoma. This study is structured as a master protocol with additional sub-studies (cohorts) to be added for the investigation of SAR444245 with other anticancer therapies. Substudy 1-Cohort A aims to establish safety and preliminary anti-tumor activity for non-alpha interleukin (IL-2) SAR444245 combined with the anti-PD1 antibody, pembrolizumab in trial participants with classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) who are anti-programmed cell death-ligand (PD)-(L)1-naïve and have received at least 2 or 3 lines of systemic therapy.
Various modalities have been proposed for real-time confirmation of loss of resistance (LOR) for thoracic epidural blocks. With real-time ultrasound (US) guidance, the anesthesiologist attempts to visualize the sonographic advancement of the epidural needle and penetration of the epidural space (as detected by LOR) This observational study is set out to confirm the reliability of real-time ultrasound guidance as an adjunct to LOR for thoracic epidural blocks.
The purpose of this Phase III study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MEDI3506 Dose 1 and Dose 2 administered subcutaneously (SC) in adult participants with symptomatic COPD and history of ≥ 2 moderate or ≥ 1 severe exacerbation of COPD in the previous 12 months. Participants should be receiving optimised treatment with maintenance inhaled therapy (ICS/LABA/LAMA triple therapy, or dual therapy if triple is not indicated or contraindicated) in stable doses throughout at least 3 months prior to enrolment.
Research Problem: To know the immediate effects of high speed and low amplitude cervical manipulation on the electromyographic activity of the masseter muscles of physiotherapy students at the University of the Americas Course objective: To compare the immediate effects of high-speed, low-amplitude cervical manipulation on the electromyographic activity of the masseter muscles versus a placebo intervention in kinesiology students at the University of the Americas. Specific objectives: To describe the changes in the electromyographic activity of the masseter muscles of the high-speed cervical manipulation group in students of the physiotherapy school of the University of the Americas of the Santiago Centro campus. To describe the changes in the electromyographic activity of the masseter muscles of the placebo group in students of the physiotherapy school of the University of the Americas of the Santiago Centro campus. Methodology: Single-blind, randomized clinical trial. Expected results: Significant differences are expected between the intervention group and the control group. This is reflected in a decrease in electromyographic activity in the masseter muscles after high-speed cervical manipulation.
Background: For centuries, plants (and / or their products) were the only resource available for the prevention and treatment of many diseases. However, its indiscriminate use without phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological knowledge is a concern for health. The Malva sylvestris (family Malvaceae and popularly known as Malva) is mentioned in the literature as an ethnopharmacological medicine with anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, wound healing and other properties. For this reason, M. sylvestris presents empirical indications in dentistry, mainly in the treatment of periodontal diseases (gingivitis and periodontitis), which are highly prevalent worldwide. However, scientific evidence is scarce in information that supports the biological properties and clinical benefits attributed to it. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a mouthwash based on Malva sylvestris in the control of gingival inflammation and dental biofilm. Methods: A randomized, three-group, triple-masked clinical trial was designed. Patients from the Center of Dental Clinics of the Austral University of Chile participated with a diagnosis of gingivitis and chronic periodontitis. They were distributed randomly in three study groups: 1. Chlorhexidine mouthwash 0.12%; 2. Mouthwash with extract of M. sylvestris and 3. Mouthwash control group. The indications and dosage were identical for all groups: rinse with 10 ml, for 1 minute, every 12 hours for 7 days. The gingival index and plaque control record were recorded at the beginning and end of the follow-up period (7 days). The results obtained between the groups were compared through normality test and group analysis (ANOVA/Mann-Whitney/Dunnet p <0.05). Results: The pharmacological potential of M. sylvestris was determined in the reduction of the plaque control record and gingival index.
The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has claimed over 5 million lives globally. Fortunately, a substantial and growing number of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines with very high efficacy have been developed, manufactured, and rapidly approved. Novel mRNA vaccines such as the BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) and mRNA-1273 (Moderna) have reported a stunning >94% efficacy against COVID-19. However, global access has not been equitable, with many low- and middle-income countries having no vaccine access or access under emergency use mainly to traditional inactivated SARS-CoV2-2 vaccines such as BBIBP-CorV (Sinopharm Beijing), CoronaVac (Sinovac) and BBV152 (Bharat Biotech). Emerging studies have shown that lower concentrations of neutralizing antibodies (Nab) are attained after CoronaVac than after an mRNA-based vaccine in healthy individuals. This difference seems to be more pronounced in immunocompromised patients who are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 and death from COVID-19. As such, several countries including the United States, Israel and Chile have recommended a third vaccine dose for high-risk populations. However, it is not currently known which is the best vaccine combination regarding immunogenicity, particularly in these vulnerable patients. This observational study will explore the humoral and cellular response to a SARS-CoV-2 BNT162b2 vaccine booster in solid organ transplant patients who received two previous doses of the inactivated Coronavac or two doses of BNT162b2 vaccines.
This is a prospective, interventional pilot study to evaluate the feasibility of randomizing patients diagnosed with prostate cancer to different treatment schemes according to their risk. Patients with a diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma (confirmed by biopsy), without signs of metastasis outside the pelvis in the staging study and without prior radiotherapy (RT) to the pelvic region will be recruited. The definition of risk group from the international guide National Comprehensive Cancer Network will be used. - Low risk - Favorable intermediate risk - Unfavorable intermediate risk - High risk The use of hormonal blocking will be at the discretion of each treating physician. The radiotherapy simulation will be carried out according to the institutional protocol for the treatment of prostate cancer. According to the risk group of the patients, the following randomization will be carried out: - Low / intermediate favorable risk: Patients will be randomized to receive SBRT to prostate 36.25 Gy in 5 fractions, alternate days or weekly, with VMAT (technique and 6 Mega-voltage (MV) X-rays vs to SBRT to prostate 26 Gy in 2 fractions, 1 weekly fraction, with VMAT technique and 6 Mv X-rays. The volumes to be treated, ¨Clinical target volume¨ (CTV) will be defined as the prostate, according to the consensus of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG). - Intermediate unfavorable risk and high risk: Patients will be randomized to receive SBRT to the prostate and seminal vesicles, 36.25 Gy in 5 fractions, alternate days or weekly, with VMAT technique and 6 MV X-rays vs SBRT to pelvis scheme of 25 Gy in 5 fractions with simultaneous integrated boost up to 36.25 to the prostate and seminal vesicles, with the same technique. - Patients with positive pelvic node: Will be randomized to moderate hypofractionated RT , completing a dose of 44 Gy in 20 fractions to the pelvis with a simultaneous integrated boost up to 54-60 Gy in 20 fractions to metastatic lymphadenopathy and prostate with seminal vesicles, completing 60 Gy to prostate and seminal vesicles or to ultra hypofractionated RT to the prostate and macroscopic lymphadenopathy to 35 and 30-35 Gy respectively and 25 Gy in 5 fractions to the elective nodal areas.
The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has claimed over 5 million lives globally. Fortunately, a substantial and growing number of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines with very high efficacy have been developed, manufactured, and rapidly approved. Novel mRNA vaccines such as the BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) and mRNA-1273 (Moderna) have reported a stunning >94% efficacy against COVID-19. However, global access has not been equitable, with many low- and middle-income countries having no vaccine access or access under emergency use mainly to traditional inactivated SARS-CoV2-2 vaccines such as BBIBP-CorV (Sinopharm Beijing), CoronaVac (Sinovac) and BBV152 (Bharat Biotech). Emerging studies have shown that lower concentrations of neutralizing antibodies (Nab) are attained after CoronaVac than after a mRNA-based vaccine in healthy individuals. This difference seems to be more pronounced in immunocompromised patients who are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 and death from COVID-19. As such several countries including United States, Israel and Chile have recommended a third vaccine dose for this vulnerable population. In this observational study we will explore the humoral response to the BNT162b2 vaccine in patients who received two previous doses of the inactivated vaccine Coronavac or two doses of BNT162b2.
Mental health problems -particularly depression- are the main cause of morbidity in young people (1), which has a known association with different health and social problems, such as increased alcohol consumption and drug dependence, adolescent pregnancy, school dropouts , criminal behavior, self-harm, and even suicide (2-4). MBCT is an intervention that has been shown to reduce depression, stress and anxiety in the adult and university population; however, its duration and time demands make it difficult to implement. The available evidence of mindfulness interventions in university students is heterogeneous, with various methodological flaws, and is based on self-applied programs such as Mindful Mood Balance (MMB), without the participation of instructors. The current study aim to explore the acceptability and feasibility of an intervention based on a Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) program with training in mindfulness strategies for 8 weeks. The adapted MBCT intervention will consist of eight weekly group sessions of 1 hour and 30 minutes, led by a certified instructor, to address the depressive and anxiety symptoms in the university population. In addition, the intervention will be complemented with the inclusion of audiovisual material, aimed at guiding self-applied daily exercises.