There are about 1764 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Chile. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Youth depression is a matter of concern worldwide. It affects an important part of the young population around the world and its consequences both physically and mentally make this issue an important research field for psychologists and other health related professionals (Zuckerbrot, Cheung, Jensen, Stein & Laraque, 2018). Two of the biggest challenges that clinicians and researchers face when dealing with youth depression are adherence and the establishment of a therapeutic alliance (TA; Nock & Ferriter, 2005). While several treatments are available to relief depressive symptomatology in youths, a significant number do not access them for a variety of reasons (DiMatteo, Lepper & Corgan, 2000). In the last decades, substantial research has been conducted on how youths and the general population perceive therapy, and different methods have been developed to assess clients and therapists in order to improve outcomes and other aspects of the psychotherapy process, such as feedback tools and real-time measurements like Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) (Shiffman, et al., 2008). With the aid of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) and eMental Health strategies, feedback and assessment tools can be presented in a friendly manner, providing a novel way to possibly improving adherence rates and TA scores. This study aims to develop and test the effectiveness of an Ecological Momentary Assessment mobile application to improve initial adherence and TA in psychotherapy for youths with depression. The hypotheses for this trial are: 1. Applying an EMA baseline screening application one week before the beginning of treatment for youth depression will significantly improve the TA. 2. Applying an EMA baseline screening application one week before the beginning of treatment for youth depression will significantly improve initial adherence.
Standard Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)is an effective treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), particularly for patients with significant behavioral and affective dysregulation, including suicidality. However, DBT in its original format is delivered in 12 months, and even though currently there are shorter versions of the treatment being developed and tested, in the context of public mental health care in Chile a shorter, intensive and lighter version of the treatment is likely needed to help patients seeking help for BPD symptoms. This study will test whether a 3 month, intensive and simplified version of DBT is at least equivalent to standard six months DBT with all its components (skills training, individual therapy, coaching calls, and treatment-team consulting). 120 patients diagnosed with BPD we'll be randomly assigned to receive either the short, intensive 3-month intervention or the longer standard 6-month DBT intervention. Baseline measures will be taken pre-treatment, upon treatment completion, and at a 4-month follow-up. Session-to-session change in BPD symptoms will also be measured throughout the treatments. Primary outcomes for the study are BPD symptoms, frequency, and intensity of suicidal activity. Secondary outcome measures include depression scores, quality of life, and ER visits, and days in inpatient care.
Well-being is a state defined as the optimal psychological functioning and the experience associated with it, integrating physical and subjective factors. It has been suggested that the bidirectional interaction between the brain and the rest of the body is fundamental in the regulation of wellbeing levels. In particular, the gastrointestinal system (modulated by the microbiota) sends information that is integrated by the brain, affecting its functioning and mental processes. However, the mechanism of such communication is still unknown. The aim of this proposal is to study the different ways in which psychological processes can influence gut signals and vice versa, and how this relationship might be trained or modified in order to improve wellbeing.
This study evaluates the efficacy of an early and intensive occupational therapy (OT) protocol in critical adult patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Evaluating the functional independence at hospital discharge.
Latin America is one of the worst-hit areas from the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide. Policy responses to COVID-19 in Latin America have sought to reduce viral spread, increase the capacity of the health system response, mitigate negative consequences, and strengthen governance. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of COVID-19 policies in Latin America or explored subnational variation in their effectiveness. In this observational study, the investigators will use a two-stage interrupted time series to estimate the effectiveness of nonpharmaceutical interventions in third-tier subnational units on SARS-COV2 transmission and COVID-19 mortality in Latin America. The investigators will estimate the effects in each local government, and then run a random-effects meta-analysis to obtain pooled effects for each intervention (and combinations of) and heterogeneity estimates. Finally, the investigators will explore potential explanations for the heterogeneity at the local level.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the drug levels, efficacy, safety, and tolerability of subcutaneous nivolumab versus intravenous nivolumab in participants with previously treated clear cell renal cell carcinoma that is advanced or has spread.
This study is designed to evaluate the energy requirements of two different Nonvascular ICD (NV-ICD) electrode configurations for achieving successful defibrillation of ventricular arrhythmias.
The goals of this single site trial are to study the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics of LUM-201 and effects of LUM-201 administration on growth hormone release over time in children with pediatric growth hormone deficiency (PGHD).
Currently there is no standardized management or single technique to manage postoperative pain after Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), there are many options available ranging from intravenous opioids, morphine or fentanyl Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), peripheral nerve blocks, intercostals, paravertebral and epidural blocks. Erector Spinal Block (ESP), this blocks the ventral and dorsal branch of the unilateral thoracic roots. It corresponds to an interfacial block that produces an extensive multidermatomal sensitive block with a single puncture, covering the anterior, lateral and posterior aspect of the thorax. One of its main advantages would be safety, possible less damage to nerves and pneumothorax, as well as the simplicity of execution of this block. What has positioned it as another analgesic alternative in this type of surgery. The pharmacokinetic profile that local anesthetics would have when injected into this interfacial compartment has not yet been described, and what the real impact of the use of vasoconstrictor will be in terms of plasma levels and duration of the block. Our objective is to compare the plasma levels of levobupivacaine achieved after performing an ESP Block with or without epinephrine.
This was an interventional, double-blind, placebo controlled, randomized, single dose, proof-of-concept study. It was a single-center clinical trial. The purpose of the study was to explore the clinical efficacy and safety of a single local IM injection of gonyautoxin 2/3 (GTX 2/3) compared to placebo in decreasing pain and improving lumbar functionality at short term follow-up in adult patients with acute low back pain, without radiculopathy.