There are about 1283 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Chile. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
To minimize the effects of polymerization shrinkage in the restorative treatment, there are new composites called Bulk- Fill which the companies has developed this composites for example Tetric N Ceram(Ivoclar-Vivadent) and Filtek ( 3M ESPE). Its decreased polymerization shrinkage and properties allow the material to be inserted in one layer being quickly than traditional composite. This clinical study is designed to compare the clinical performance of the bulk fill composite resin in Class I (one-surface posterior), II (two-surface posterior) and V (cervical-surface posterior) fillings.
To examine the impact of health determinants at the individual (e.g. health related behaviors) and societal level (e.g. environmental factors, health related policy, quality of health systems) on health outcomes (e.g. death, non-communicable disease development) across a range of socioeconomic and health resource settings. Additional components of this study will examine genetic factors for non-communicable diseases. This will be examined both through a cross sectional component, and prospectively (cohort component).
Interscalene brachial plexus block constitutes the analgesic criterion standard for shoulder surgery. However it is associated with a high incidence of hemidiaphragmatic paralysis (HDP) that may not be tolerated by patients with chronic pulmonary disease. This randomized controlled trial will compare ultrasound-guided interscalene block (ISB) and supraclavicular block in patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery. The main outcome is static pain at 30 minutes after arrival in the post anesthesia care unit (PACU) as measured by a numerical rate scale (NRS) from 0 to 10. Our research hypothesis is that interscalene and supraclavicular blocks will result in equivalent postoperative analgesia at 30 minutes in the PACU. The equivalence margin is set at 2 points
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of pembrolizumab (MK-3745) in the neoadjuvant (prior to surgery) or adjuvant (after surgery) treatment of adults with gastric and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma. The primary hypotheses of this study are that pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy is superior to placebo plus chemotherapy in terms of overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS) and pathological complete response (pathCR) rate.
This is a non-interventional multi-center with investigational sites in Chile and Brasil diagnostic study to validate novel diagnostic technologies, such as Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) from both tissue and blood compared to the current gold standard. As a non-interventional study, patients will receive the treatment indicated by their doctor independently of their participation on this study. Many cancer cells look the same under the microscope. But as these cells are studied at the molecular level, some genetic alterations or defects that are more common to certain types of cancer are identified. In some cases, these defects are what make the cells grow and multiply abnormally. Biomarkers are the molecular fingerprints of these genetic defects. By testing a sample of your tumor for biomarkers, doctors can learn if your cancer has one of these defects, and that may point to a specific treatment choice. One of the genetic biomarkers that are believed to cause some cancers to grow is the ALK fusion gene. About 3% to 5% of people with NSCLC may test positive for ALK. ROS1 is a receptor found in 1 to 2% of people with this type of cancer. The present study is designed to advance the molecular testing methodologies to identify ALK+ and ROS1+ NSCLC patients. A positive correlation with these new technologies will mean an efficient, more accurate diagnostic test, which could impact a greater number of cancer patients around world.
The present study investigates whether it is possible to achieve equally satisfactory results between 37.5% hydrogen peroxide gel and 6% gel for teeth bleaching. A prospective, double-blind, randomized clinical trial was carried out. A total of 33 patients were selected from the clinic of the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Chile. The patients included men and women over 18 years old without prior tooth whitening treatments, tooth decay, or restorations of the upper front teeth. The patients had tooth colors of A3 or less according to the Vita Classical scale, which was determined with a Vita Easy® Shade spectrophotometer. The study was carried out with a "split-mouth" design. One side of each mouth was randomly treated with 37.5% hydrogen peroxide, and the other side was bleached with 6% hydrogen peroxide. Each group received 3 to 12 minutes of treatment with the respective gel applications. Two sessions of bleaching were carried out each week. Color was assessed at 7 different sessions for 3 months. The spectrophotometer was used to measure the total variation of color (ΔE) between the baseline (session 1) and different measurement times (sessions 2-7). We compared ΔE for both agents using the Mann-Whitney test.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Nivolumab, Ipilimumab combined with chemotherapy is more effective than chemotherapy by itself when treating stage IV NSCLC as the first treatment given for the disease
Human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV) is the main cause of lower respiratory tract infection in children under one year of age. This study will evaluate the safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of a recombinant Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine that expresses the human Respiratory Syncytial Virus Nucleoprotein (N), in adult males (18 to 50 years of age).
The objective of this project is to determine the effect of the verbal intervention on the decrease in sustained social withdrawal in late and moderately late preterm infants. The intervention will be performed by pediatricians trained in the Alarm Distress Baby Scale (ADBB). This scale has been applied to term and preterm newborns in multiple international studies, but it has not yet been applied in Chile, nor with moderately late and late preterm infants. Infants are social beings who are born with innate reciprocal communication skills that can be observed during the two first months after delivery in babies with normal development. These skills include abilities to make and maintain eye contact, to vocalize and to use facial expressions, body and head movements to start interactions. Micro-analytical studies have demonstrated the frequent appearance of short episodes of social withdrawal affecting the infant during mother-baby interactions, whose function is to regulate the interaction flow. This behavior can be perceived when the infant needs to calm down or when is tired, and as a reaction to transitory interaction disturbances. In contrast with these short episodes of social withdrawal, the occurrence of sustained social withdrawal in infants is significantly less and is frequently associated with pathological conditions, such as autism spectrum disorder, child depression, and severe or chronic pain. Additionally, sustained social withdrawal is a symptom of anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorders. Different studies have revealed a prevalence of 10-14% sustained social withdrawal in term infant populations and of 13-22% in pre-term infant populations. In addition, the increase in sustained social withdrawal has been related to deviations of the interaction skills, attachment, as well as to relational and behavioral disorders. The increase and chronification of sustained social withdrawal, used as a defensive conduct, imply a risk to the adequate development of an infant's potential and raise the probability of alterations in the development of his psychopathology.
Chronic pain is a major health problem. It causes high economic and social costs around the world and severely impairs the quality of life of those who suffer from it. Chronic pain and major depression frequently co-occur. Patients with both conditions have a worse prognosis and higher disability, and their treatment options are scarce. Behavioral activation (BA) may be an especially useful intervention for these patients. This intervention targets mechanisms of action that seem to be common to both disorders. In spite of this, the efficacy of this intervention has not been yet examined in people with both conditions. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to examine the efficacy of BA compared to usual care among Chilean women with fibromyalgia and mayor depression (N = 90). Women will be randomized to an experimental arm (n = 45) who will receive usual care (UC) for fibromyalgia with comorbid depression plus BA; and a comparison arm, who will receive only UC for fibromyalgia with comorbid depression (n =45). Primary and secondary outcomes will be assessed before, during, and after the intervention, as well as at a three month follow-up. The investigators expect to find that, after treatment, the group receiving BA will experience higher statistical and clinical significant reductions in depressive symptom severity (primary outcome), as well as in their levels of some pain-related variables (namely pain intensity, fibromyalgia impact, pain-related anxiety, catastrophism, and physical health symptoms severity). In addition, the percentage of women in remission from the diagnosis of depression (as well as the percentage of women responding to treatment) will be greater in the experimental arm than in the comparison arm. Also, the percentage of women who show a clinically significant reduction in pain intensity (decreases greater than two units in the pain intensity scale) will be greater in the experimental arm than in the comparison arm. Finally, the investigators hypothesize that the decrease observed in the pain-related variables will be mediated by the decrease observed in depressive symptoms severity. Regarding the outcomes assessed at a three months follow-up, the investigators expect to find that the differences found after treatment between the two arms will be maintained at follow-up. In order to test our hypothesis, Hierarchical Linear Models (HLM) and Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel tests will be performed. The results of these study might contribute to facilitate the integrated treatment of fibromyalgia and depression, and to reduce the burden on the health system due to the lack of effective therapeutic strategies to treat these comorbidity.