There are about 1272 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Chile. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The principal objective of this pilot trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of a psychosocial intervention to reduce self-stigma and improve treatment adherence and quality of life among people with a severe mental illness who attend to Community Mental Health Centers in Chile. The intervention is based on recovery and narrative therapy and considers 10 group sessions, mainly with patients, but also integrating relatives and professionals in some of the activities.
A correlation between the bispectral index values and electroencephalographic patterns at the loss of consciousness (LOC) when using propofol in elderly patients, has not been determined. Our aim is to describe the BIS values and the power of the alpha band in the electroencephalography in elderly patients, at the LOC moment.
The objective of the study is to compare two human milk fortifiers with different protein content and LCPUFA in a group of very low birth weight infants.
Background: Gastric cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths around the world. It is a serious problem in places like East Asia, Central and South America, and Eastern Europe. Researchers want to study the causes of gastric cancer. They want to reduce the number of people with stomach cancer. Objectives: To learn more about bacteria factors and other causes of gastric cancer. To study potential markers associated with precancer gastric lesions. Eligibility: Adults ages 40 70 at certain hospitals in Chile who: Are going to have endoscopies OR have stomach cancer and need surgery Design: Participants will give tissue samples about the size of a grain of rice. Some participants will donate a portion of the stomach tissue that is removed as part of their clinical care. Participants will give access to reports of their stomach exam. They will allow researchers to photograph the microscope slides of their tissue samples. Participants will answer questions. The topics of the questions include: Age, height, weight, ethnicity Education Habits including tobacco and alcohol Personal and family history of disease Reproductive history Diet Some participants will give blood, urine, saliva, and stool samples. Study staff will collect the blood. They will tell the participants how to collect the other samples themselves.
The primary objective is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the use of a formulation of snail slime and natural extracts, for the curative treatment of ulcer wonds in diabetic foot. The secondary objetives: 1. To evaluate the efficacy of the use of a formulation of snail slime Helix aspersa Müller and natural extracts (MU001) for the curative treatment of ulcer wonds in diabetic foot with respect to the standard of care, by means the application of patchs that containing the formulation in a treatment period of until 60 days. 2. To determine the safety of the use of a formulation of snail slime Helix aspersa Müller and natural extracts (MU001) in diabetic individuals in a treatment period of until 60 days.
Background. Gastric cancer (GC) is the world's second leading cause of neoplastic mortality. Genetic alterations, response to treatments and mortality rates are highly heterogeneous across different regions. In Chile, GC is the leading cause of cancer death, affecting 20 per 100,000 people and >3,000 deaths/year. Clinical outcomes and response to "one size fits all" therapies are highly heterogeneous and thus a better stratification of patients may aid cancer treatment and response. Study design/methods. The Gastric Cancer Task Force (GCTF) is a Chilean collaborative, non-interventional retrospective study that seeks to stratify gastric adenocarcinomas (GACs) using retrospect clinical outcomes and genomic, epigenomic and protein alterations in a cohort of 200 patients. Tumor samples from the pathology department and the Cancer Center at UC Christus healthcare network at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile will be analyzed using a panel of 143 known cancer genes (Oncomine Comprehensive Assay) at the Center of Excellence of Precision Medicine (CEMP) in Santiago, Chile. Additionally, gene promoter methylation will be performed and selected clinically relevant proteins (e.g. PD-L1, Erb-2, VEGFR2 among others) will be assessed by Tissue Microarray, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status will also be assessed. Observations will be correlated to 120 clinical parameters, including general patient information, cancer history, laboratory studies, comorbidity index, chemotherapy, targeted therapies, efficacy and follow-up. Discussion. The development of a clinically meaningful classification that encompasses comprehensive clinical and molecular parameters may improve patient treatment, predict clinical outcomes, aid patient selection for clinical trials and offer insights into future preventive and/or therapeutic strategies.
Adverse drug events (ADE) are one of the major problems affecting quality of care and achievement of therapeutic goals in older adults (OA), increasing re-admissions, hospital stays, resource use, and problems on patient safety. The present study aim is to determine the impact of the clinical pharmacist interventions on the prevention of ADE in OA at 3 months post-discharge compared to usual care. A randomized clinical trial of two parallel groups 1: 1 (control and intervention) plus a historical control group will be carried out at the Internal Medicine Service (IMS) of the teaching Hospital at the University of Chile. The sample will be of 611 patients (242 per each parallel group and 127 of the historical control group) of 60 years or older, admitted to the IMS for acute pathology or decompensation of chronic pathology, with survival over 6 months, who is under pharmacological therapy and have a caretaker or responsible contact person at discharge. The historical control group will receive usual care and the parallel control group will also receive training on pharmacogeriatrics. The intervention group will receive the care of a clinical pharmacist during hospitalization, at discharge and post-discharge, through a home visit at 30 days post-discharge and a telephone call at 60 days post discharge.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the study drug abemaciclib in participants with high risk, node positive, early stage, hormone receptor positive (HR+), human epidermal receptor 2 negative (HER2-), breast cancer.
This is a randomized clinical trial designed to evaluate the effectiveness, safety and acceptability of Sayana® Press when injected every 4 months (17-18 weeks) for 3 treatment cycles (12 months) of use.
Breast cancer has become a major public health problem in Latin America, as it is the most common form of cancer among women. Women are more likely to develop breast cancer at younger age, and to be diagnosed at an advanced stage compared to western women. Over the past twenty years, the mortality from breast cancer in Latin America has also been increasing very rapidly, and is currently the leading cause of cancer mortality. Little is known on specific risk factors for premenopausal breast cancer in general, and in Latin America in particular. There is a lack of specific knowledge on tumor molecular and pathological characteristics of breast cancer in Latin America premenopausal women, and this has major consequences on cancer treatment and survival. To improve our understanding on determinants of breast cancer incidence and mortality in young Latin America women and support preventive actions, we implemented an international, population-based multi-center study in Latin America: the PRECAMA study (Molecular Subtypes of Premenopausal Breast Cancer in Latin American Women (PRECAMA): a multicenter population-based case-control study). PRECAMA is coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), and is conducted within 4 Latin American countries: Mexico, Costa Rica, Colombia and Chile. Major aims of the project are the following: 1. To develop a multi-centric population-based case-control study on breast cancer in premenopausal women in several countries in Latin America with structured collection of individual, clinical, pathological information and biological specimens, according to strictly controlled protocols 2. To characterize, in these populations, the subtypes of premenopausal breast cancer on the basis of their molecular and pathological phenotypes 3. To improve the identification of specific endogenous/exogenous factors, and disentangle the interplay of these different factors with regard to breast tumor subtypes. 4. Provide advanced training, induce a structuring effect on the breast cancer research community in Latin America and influence the public health agenda regarding the management of breast cancer. The results of our study will be of utmost importance to understand the etiology of breast cancer in Latin America countries, and would provide important information on the role of modifiable exposures for breast cancer prevention.